Grenada is a Tri-island Caribbean island nation of tropical lush green vegetation. Its Eco-tourism opportunity is great, Bird Watching being no exception, always rewarding to the visitor who goes the extra mile to their visit. Grenada is located to the most Southern point in the Caribbean archipelago. Trinidad and Tobago to the South and St.Vincent and the Grenadines to the North as closest neighbors; its exact geographic location is 12 North and 21.45 West. Grenada as the main island with sister isles Carriacou and Petite Martinique having a total landmass of 133 square miles, inhabited by approximately 95,000 people of predominantly Afro-Caribbean heritage. It has a tropical climate of two seasons wet and dry with temperatures ranging between 24 C and 30 C on average. The island is volcanic in geological formation and it rich soils provide fertility for diverse vegetation thus creating a blend of natural and enhanced foliage to the benefit of a striving human and animal population. Many visitors to our shore are amazed at the greenery of the vegetation and the natural beauty of the landscape in general. Our wildlife opportunity is not as diverse as some other Caribbean islands, but we can provide you with a great and rewarding opportunity to see some unique plant and animal species. Bird Watching in particular is one such opportunity for both recreation and scientific purposes.
Bird Life in Grenada Grenada has recorded total of approximately 150 species of birds including numerous migratory species. The bird population comprises of terrestrial, wetland /shore and sea birds species. Some of the unique species to be found are specifically, the Grenada Dove Liptotilla wellsi and Hook billed kite Condroherux uncinatus mirus as endemics. Other Regional endemics are the Grenada flycatcher, Lesser Antillean Tanager, lesser Antillean Bullfinch and Yellow-bellied Elenia. In addition to these you can find many of the other birds as found on other Caribbean Islands. Also Because of our location being close to the South American main land we have the occasional migrants from the south such as Humming birds, hawks and many others in transit during migration. Some of the natural habitats for bird life include wetlands; lakes, grasslands/savannahs, Rain forest and numerous beaches and coastlines. The Grenadines islands to the North is a heaven for Sea Birds.
Birding in Grenada Birds can be seen almost everywhere on the island. You can start birding from the time you arrive at the airport, so be prepared to have your binoculars and field guide ready. Any place you choose to stay or traveling in a vehicle you can see birds. The island had a very diverse road network and getting around is generally easy. Road maps and guides to the island are always available at hotels and at the airport, if not help is available from the next person you meet. Wherever you choose to stay, you can travel around the island in a day and have a wonderful bird watching trip although (2) two to (3) three days will give the best experience. Most people on the island are not very enthusiastic about birds and the average person will provide only basic information on just the commonly seen species. Local bird guides are very few and generally not professional.
Bird watching is not yet seen as a viable eco-economic opportunity for many locals. However, Grenada is signatory to many international conventions in relation to natural resource management such as CITIED. UNCCD etc. and equally supported by local government agency with policy and legislation to this effect. But, the opportunity is now explored by knowledgeable persons like me firstname.lastname@example.org One very rewarding experience for the avid bird watcher can be a visit to Mt.Hartman National Park.
The early bird catches the worm so be prepared to be up early in the morning to start a day bird watching. I trust you will want to visit us some day, if so feel free like a bird to contact a guide at your convenience. A warm and hospitable atmosphere is awaiting your arrival. Grenada, Isle of Spice of the Caribbean
Mt. Hartman National Park
Mt. Hartman National Park and Bird sanctuary is one of the two habitats for the Grenada Dove, an endemic with a population of just under 200 and very much threatened with depleting habitat. A visiting experience would require fitness, proper equipment and keen eyes. Be prepared to wear protective clothing and tough boots for thorny vegetation at times.
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 144
National Bird: Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi
Number of endemics: 1
Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi
Endemic Subspecies: Grenada Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus mirus
Shared only with St Vincent: Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator
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The Birds of the West Indies
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CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2015 [07 July] - Petri Hottola
For a globetrotting lister, there are four main target species in Grenada: Lesser Antillean Barn Owl, Grenada Dove, Grenada Flycatcher and Lesser Antillean Tanager. Out of them, only Grenada Dove is a one island endemic. In this report, the treatment of Lesser Antillean Barn Owl (Tyto insularis) as a species is based on König et. al. 2009: Owls of the World. Their arguments appear to be sound. Grenada Wrens (Troglodytes (aedon) grenadensis) need to be seen, too.
2016 [01 January] - Wilton Farrelly - Lesser Antilles Cruise
...Birding was worked around family time and activities. Indeed cruises are not great for birding in that ships arrive in the centre of towns and birding sites are rarely close by. However I had pre-booked local bird guides in St Lucia and Grenada...
2016 [02 February] - David Ascanio - Lesser Antilles Cruise
Our treasure wasn’t gold, nor sugar. It was every one of the endemic or the restricted distribution birds. It seemed as if every island offered a unique challenge to finding these treasures. Barbados was the easy task. In Dominica and Martinique we practiced patience. In Guadeloupe we built a successful group dynamic, while St. Lucia and St. Vincent challenged us with trails. Each day offered a unique experience, as if each of the Lesser Antilles had a distinctive personality.
Places to Stay
A useful list of hotels and guest houses.
MoonFish Beach Houses
MoonFish is an ideal base for birdwatching and nature walks being close to Levera National Park (walking distance) and Lake Antoine National Park (10 minute drive), as well as Telescope and the abandoned airfield at Pearls (20 minute drive). Grenada boasts between 150-170 species of birds to discover, 70% of which are neotropical migrants - especially the water birds and seabirds – making birdwatching an excellent day out or indeed an excuse for an entire holiday…
Grand Etang National Park
A series of trails have been developed which are well worth the effort for the beautiful forest and views, but can be muddy and slippery after rain…
Mt. Hartman Dove Sanctuary
Near scenic Woburn Bay and Secret Harbor lies the protected dry cactus scrub ecosystem supporting the endangered endemic Grenada Dove (only found in Grenada - Lepotila wellsi). The savanna-like flat grassland areas were previously used for grazing livestock and agricultural products. The dove is currently considered one of the most endangered birds in the world; less than 100 of the species remain. Conservation of the dove, ecological research, and education are the primary management objectives of the National Park.
National Parks of Grenada
A system of national parks and protected areas is being developed in Grenada and Carriacou, and to date approximately 17% of the tri-island state has been dedared national park land. The focal point of the system is the Grand Etang National Park, which covers more than 3,800 acres…
Grenada - Ecological Attractions
Grenada has in recent years begun to protect some of its most remarkable natural assets through a system of national parks and protected areas. Ranging from the magnificent Grand Etang Forest Reserve to the tranquil intimacy of La Sagesse estuary, these areas hold considerable attraction for hikers and birdwatchers as well as for those who simply want to become better acquainted with the peerless natural beauty of the island.
In 1990, Grenadians love affair with the bird named after their country led to the Grenada dove being declared the national bird…
Grenada Dove Campaign
Help save the dove from the insensitive developers…