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Grenada

Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi ©Anthony Jeremiah Website

Birding Grenada

Grenada is a Tri-island Caribbean island nation of tropical lush green vegetation. Its Eco-tourism opportunity is great, Bird Watching being no exception, always rewarding to the visitor who goes the extra mile to their visit. Grenada is located to the most Southern point in the Caribbean archipelago. Trinidad and Tobago to the South and St.Vincent and the Grenadines to the North as closest neighbours; its exact geographic location is 12 North and 21.45 West. Grenada as the main island with sister isles Carriacou and Petite Martinique having a total landmass of 133 square miles, inhabited by approximately 95,000 people of predominantly Afro-Caribbean heritage. It has a tropical climate of two seasons wet and dry with temperatures ranging between 24 C and 30 C on average. The island is volcanic in geological formation and it rich soils provide fertility for diverse vegetation thus creating a blend of natural and enhanced foliage to the benefit of a striving human and animal population. Many visitors to our shore are amazed at the greenery of the vegetation and the natural beauty of the landscape in general. Our wildlife opportunity is not as diverse as some other Caribbean islands, but we can provide you with a great and rewarding opportunity to see some unique plant and animal species. Bird Watching in particular is one such opportunity for both recreation and scientific purposes.

Bird Life in Grenada Grenada has recorded total of over 170 species of birds including numerous migratory species and many vagrants. The bird population comprises of terrestrial, wetland /shore and sea birds species. Some of the unique species to be found are specifically, the Grenada Dove Liptotilla wellsi and Hook billed kite Condroherux uncinatus mirus as endemics. Other Regional endemics are the Grenada flycatcher, Lesser Antillean Tanager, lesser Antillean Bullfinch and Yellow-bellied Elenia. In addition to these you can find many of the other birds as found on other Caribbean Islands. Also Because of our location being close to the South American main land we have the occasional migrants from the south such as Humming birds, hawks and many others in transit during migration. Some of the natural habitats for bird life include wetlands; lakes, grasslands/savannahs, Rain forest and numerous beaches and coastlines. The Grenadines islands to the North is a heaven for Sea Birds.

Birding in Grenada Birds can be seen almost everywhere on the island. You can start birding from the time you arrive at the airport, so be prepared to have your binoculars and field guide ready. Any place you choose to stay or traveling in a vehicle you can see birds. The island had a very diverse road network and getting around is generally easy. Road maps and guides to the island are always available at hotels and at the airport, if not help is available from the next person you meet. Wherever you choose to stay, you can travel around the island in a day and have a wonderful bird watching trip although (2) two to (3) three days will give the best experience. Most people on the island are not very enthusiastic about birds and the average person will provide only basic information on just the commonly seen species. Local bird guides are very few and generally not professional.

Bird watching is not yet seen as a viable eco-economic opportunity for many locals. However, Grenada is signatory to many international conventions in relation to natural resource management such as CITIED. UNCCD etc. and equally supported by local government agency with policy and legislation to this effect. But, the opportunity is now explored by knowledgeable persons like me tonydove200@yahoo.com One very rewarding experience for the avid bird watcher can be a visit to Mt.Hartman National Park.

The early bird catches the worm so be prepared to be up early in the morning to start a day bird watching. I trust you will want to visit us some day, if so feel free like a bird to contact a guide at your convenience. A warm and hospitable atmosphere is awaiting your arrival. Grenada, Isle of Spice of the Caribbean

Top Sites

Mount Hartman Dove Sanctuary

Information

Satellite View

Mt. Hartman National Park and Bird sanctuary is one of the two habitats for the Grenada Dove, an endemic with a population of just under 200 and very much threatened with depleting habitat. A visiting experience would require fitness, proper equipment and keen eyes. Be prepared to wear protective clothing and tough boots for thorny vegetation at times.

Contributor

Anthony Jeremiah - Jerry

Forestry Conservation Officer with the Government of Grenada and Bird Guide for Hire

Operating out of EcoGuide Expeditions - Mobile # 473-416-0191

tonydove200@yahoo.com

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 177

(As at September 2018)

National Bird: Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi

Endemics

Number of endemics: 1

Grenada Dove Leptotila wellsi

Endemic Subspecies: Grenada Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus mirus
Shared only with St Vincent: Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator

Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

Fieldguides

For further fieldguides covering the area, refer to useful reading on the general regional page HERE

The Birds of the West Indies

By Herbert Raffaele, James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele | Christopher Helm | 2003 Paperback | 216 pages, 92 colour plates, 181 colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 0713654198

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Reserves

Abbreviations Key

BS Mount Hartman Dove Sanctuary

Webpage

Satellite View

Near scenic Woburn Bay and Secret Harbor lies the protected dry cactus scrub ecosystem supporting the endangered endemic Grenada Dove (only found in Grenada - Lepotila wellsi). The savanna-like flat grassland areas were previously used for grazing livestock and agricultural products. The dove is currently considered one of the most endangered birds in the world; less than 100 of the species remain. Conservation of the dove, ecological research, and education are the primary management objectives of the National Park.

National Parks of Grenada

Webpage

A system of national parks and protected areas is being developed in Grenada and Carriacou, and to date approximately 17% of the tri-island state has been dedared national park land. The focal point of the system is the Grand Etang National Park, which covers more than 3,800 acres…

NP Grand Etang

Information

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A series of trails have been developed which are well worth the effort for the beautiful forest and views, but can be muddy and slippery after rain…

NP Levera

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Satellite View

Established in 1992, this 450-acre park holds an unbeaten reputation as Grenada’s most scenic and spectacular coastal area. Its picture-perfect beach is quite popular on weekends, and its pond is one of the most important wildlife habitats on the island. Unfortunately, the government made a failed attempt at developing a luxury resort here, and ownership of some of the land is currently (2018) in flux.

NR La Sagesse Nature Centre

Information

Satellite View

This quiet mangrove estuary along the southern coast is one of the best bird-watching locales on Grenada. The area contains some 22 hectares, representative of the dry coastal belt with dry evergreen woodland and cactus scrub. In addition to the estuary, La Sagesse includes three fine beaches edged with palm trees, a very good coral reef for snorkeling, a pristine example of dry thorn scrub and cactus woodland, and a salt pond. The pond attracts an abundance of different species.

NR Lake Antoine

Information

Satellite View

The lake's perimeter trail, a beautiful walk in itself, is another of Grenada's excellent attractions for bird watchers. From the top of a hill you'll have a fine overview of this perfectly shaped crater. Assuming the access path is in decent shape, take the track down and walk the perimeter of the shallow crater lake, which covers 16 acres. Among the species frequently sighted are the Snail Kite, the Fulvous Whistling Duck, Large- Billed Seed Finch, Gray Kingbird, and Limpkin.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

CloudBirders

Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2015 [06 June] - Pete Morris

PDF Report

It’s always strange birding on islands with so few targets, but with so many islands to pack-in, we were never really short of things to do. All of the endemics showed well and there were some cracking highlights, including the four smart endemic amazons, the rare Grenada Dove, the superb Lesser Antillean Barn Owl, the unique tremblers and White-breasted Thrashers, and a series of colourful endemic orioles to name just a few!

2015 [07 July] - Petri Hottola

Report PDF

For a globetrotting lister, there are four main target species in Grenada: Lesser Antillean Barn Owl, Grenada Dove, Grenada Flycatcher and Lesser Antillean Tanager. Out of them, only Grenada Dove is a one island endemic. In this report, the treatment of Lesser Antillean Barn Owl (Tyto insularis) as a species is based on König et. al. 2009: Owls of the World. Their arguments appear to be sound. Grenada Wrens (Troglodytes (aedon) grenadensis) need to be seen, too.

2016 [01 January] - Wilton Farrelly - Lesser Antilles Cruise

PDF Report

...Birding was worked around family time and activities. Indeed cruises are not great for birding in that ships arrive in the centre of towns and birding sites are rarely close by. However I had pre-booked local bird guides in St Lucia and Grenada...

2016 [02 February] - David Ascanio - Lesser Antilles Cruise

PDF Report

Our treasure wasn’t gold, nor sugar. It was every one of the endemic or the restricted distribution birds. It seemed as if every island offered a unique challenge to finding these treasures. Barbados was the easy task. In Dominica and Martinique we practiced patience. In Guadeloupe we built a successful group dynamic, while St. Lucia and St. Vincent challenged us with trails. Each day offered a unique experience, as if each of the Lesser Antilles had a distinctive personality.

2017 [06 June] - Mark Van Beirs

PDF Report

Antigua, Barbuda, Montserrat, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Santa Lucia, Saint Vincent, Barbados and Grenada were the ten islands we visited on our recent Lesser Antilles tour. Some are independent countries in their own right, while others are Overseas Territories. All these islands exude a quite different flavour, as some are rich and well developed and some are obviously quite poor with pothole-riddled roads and limited infrastructure....

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Grenada Hotels

Accommodation

A useful list of hotels and guest houses.

MoonFish Beach Houses

Accommodation

MoonFish is an ideal base for birdwatching and nature walks being close to Levera National Park (walking distance) and Lake Antoine National Park (10 minute drive), as well as Telescope and the abandoned airfield at Pearls (20 minute drive). Grenada boasts between 150-170 species of birds to discover, 70% of which are neotropical migrants - especially the water birds and seabirds – making birdwatching an excellent day out or indeed an excuse for an entire holiday…

Other Links

Caribbean Birding Trail

Website

Located at the southern end of the Lesser Antilles chain of islands, Grenada is a tri-island state comprised of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. Grenada is considered the mainland as it is the biggest geographically of the three islands and holds the largest population of around 90,000. It is 312 sq km and has 121 km of coastline.

Grenada - Ecological Attractions

Website

Grenada has in recent years begun to protect some of its most remarkable natural assets through a system of national parks and protected areas. Ranging from the magnificent Grand Etang Forest Reserve to the tranquil intimacy of La Sagesse estuary, these areas hold considerable attraction for hikers and birdwatchers as well as for those who simply want to become better acquainted with the peerless natural beauty of the island.

Grenada Dove

Information

This species is considered Critically Endangered because it has an extremely small and fragmented population which has declined owing to habitat loss and fragmentation caused by hurricanes, fire and clearance for tourism, industry, residential housing and roads, as well as grazing and predation by invasive species. A 2008 recovery plan aims to urgently prevent further population decline due to habitat loss and other threats, and increase the wild population through protection and restoration to allow for four self-sustaining subpopulations.

Grenada Dove Campaign

Information

Help save the dove from the insensitive developers…