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Free and Sovereign State of Campeche

Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata ©Gábor Orbán Website

Birding Campeche

The State of Campeche is a state in the south-east region of the Mexican Republic. It is bordered by the Mexican states of Yucatán to the north east, Quintana Roo to the east, and Tabasco to the south west. To the south it is bordered by the Petén department of Guatemala and to the west by the Gulf of Mexico. Since 1996, Campeche also shares a short border with the nation of Belize to the east, although the anexation of this area by Campeche remains disputed by Quintana Roo.

The area of Campeche is 56,798 square kilometers (21,929.8 sq mi), and the population was only 754,730 inhabitants at the 2005 census. This makes Campeche one of the states with the lowest population densities in Mexico (fifth behind Baja California Sur, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua).

The capital city of the state is the city of San Francisco de Campeche.

Top Sites

BR Calakmul


Satellite View

Calakmul Biosphere reserve is also an area accepted by UNESCO as a natural heritage site. It has more than 1.7 million acres and it is the second largest protected area of Mexico. It is compose basically of a jungle area connecting with the jungle of Guatemala representing the second largest jungle in America after the Amazon.

Calakmul has just recently started to been studied. There is not a lot of information on the reserve and the number of species, nevertheless it is known by the abundance and diversity of species that can be seen in the area. There are several groups working in the area such as WWF and Pronatura. A trip to the reserve early in the morning can provide you with a good cross section of bird species as well as other animals of the area.



GNU Free Documentation License


Number of Species

Number of bird species: 578

As at June 2018 (for whole peninsula)


Number of endemics: 7

Yucatan Nightjar Antrostomus badius Cozumel Emerald Chlorostilbon forficatus Yucatan Jay Cyanocorax yucatanicus Yucatan Wren Campylorhynchus yucatanicus Cozumel Thrasher Toxostoma guttatum Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis Orange Oriole Icterus auratus

Useful Reading

Mexico: Birds – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

By Robert Dean & Mark Wainwright | Rainforest Publications | 2012 | Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 1 colour map |

ISBN: 9780984010745

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Mexico: Butterflies – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

By Jannah Brown & Enrique Leal C | Rainforest Publications | 2012| Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 1 colour map |

ISBN: 9780984010752

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Mexico: Mammals – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

By Mark Wainwright | Rainforest Publications | 2012 | Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 2 colour maps |

ISBN: 9780984010721

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Abbreviations Key

Calakmul Biosphere Reserve


Satellite View

Calakmul Biosphere Reserve is one of the largest protected areas in Mexico, covering more than 14 percent of Campeche State in the Yucatan Peninsula…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2013 [01 January] - Michael R Greenwald - Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche

PDF Report

...2 Thicket Tinamous (heard only), 4 Red-billed Pigeons, 2 White-winged Doves, 6 Olive-throated Parakeets, an Ivory-billed Woodcreeper, a Great-crested Flycatcher, 2 Boat-billed Flycatchers, 3 Couch’s Kingbirds, 2 Rosethroated Becards, a White-eyed Vireo, a Wood Thrush, 3 Brown Jays, 12 Yucatán Jays, 2 Black-and-White Warblers, an American Redstart, 2 Magnolia Warblers, a Summer Tanager, and 3 Yellow-throated Euphonias. I also heard a Mottled Owl calling...

2017 [11 November] - Ed Drewitt

PDF Report

Maya, Monkeys & Turtles

2017 [12 December] - Aidan G Kelly

PDF Report

Mexico was a country I had yet to visit, and I thought that the defined area of the Yucatán peninsula would be a good place to do a first birding trip. The Yucatán is generally a very safe area of Mexico to do an independent visit. The roads are very good, traffic is light and people are friendly.

2018 [03 March] - Mark Van Beirs

PDF Report

A very well-behaved Lesser Roadrunner posing for scope views in a derelict meadow near Rio Lagartos became the Bird of the Tour on our 2018 Yucatan trip. Our explorations of the different habitats of the Yucatan Peninsula produced many more splendid observations.

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Holiday Inn


Located on the main avenue of Carmen, across the street from the Pemex and Bechtel headquarters. A great place to relax after a long working day…

Other Links

Dan Mennill's Bird Songs of the Yucatan Peninsula


Mexico`s Yucatan Peninsula is home to an amazing diversity of birds, yet the vocalizations of most resident birds have not been studied in detail. By recording the songs and calls of tropical birds and presenting an analysis of their vocalizations on this website I hope to accomplish three things…