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La Pampa

White Monjita Xolmis irupero ©James Lowen Website

La Pampa is a province of Argentina, located in the Pampas in the center of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise San Luis, Córdoba, Buenos Aires, Río Negro, Neuquén and Mendoza.

Situated in the middle of the pampas, the low, flat steppe receives 500 mm of rain a year, diminishing towards the West. The low humidity and temperate weather result in high contrast in temperature between day and night, which is reflected in the vegetation of the region.

Northwestern La Pampa is part of the pampa humida, adjacent to the Province of Buenos Aires. The influence of the Cuyo region can be seen in the west, with a low mountain range of 600 meters.

There are only two major rivers in the province: the Colorado ("Red River") on the border with the Province of Río Negro, and the Salado ("Salty River") crossing it. The Salado's level has been dropping, as its tributaries in the Province of Mendoza are diverted for irrigation.

La Pampa has long been Argentina's most economically agricultural province, producing almost 20% above the national average. It contibutes a fourth to La Pampa's economy, the most important activity being cattle ranching with other livestock including sheep, goats and pigs. The Northeast, on the more fertile lands, has also an important activity with wheat, maize, alfalfa, barley, and other cereals. There's also a dairy industry of 300 centres of extraction and 25 cheese factories, honey production, and salt extraction from salt basins. La Pampa is home to very little industry, construction or mining.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 279

As at July 2016

Useful Reading

Books, CDs, DVDs etc.

See the main Brazil page for guides etc. covering the whole country…


Abbreviations Key

Parque Nacional Lihué Calel


Satellite View

Lihué Calel National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Quebrada del Condorito) is a national park in Argentina, in the Lihue Calel Department of La Pampa Province. Covering 99 square kilometres, it was established in 1977…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Trogon Tours

Tour Operator

Trogon Tours is the official nature travel company of Birding Argentina, the leading birding and nature specialists for southern South America since 2001… Birding Trips are available to ALL provinces!

Trip Reports


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

Other Links

Aves de la Region Pampeana


Una mañana, en la primavera del año 2000, estaba desayunando en la cocina de casa como todos los días antes de ir a trabajar. La cocina da al parque del fondo y me llamó la atención el "concierto" de una cantidad de pájaros que no podía identificar. Desde luego podía ver a alguno de ellos y a otros los escuchaba de lejos…