Neuquén is a province of Argentina, located in the west of the country, at the northern end of Patagonia. It borders Mendoza Province to the north, Rio Negro Province to the southeast, and Chile to the west. It also meets La Pampa Province at its northeast corner.
The province's limits are set by the Colorado River to the Northeast, separating it from the Mendoza Province, the Limay River to the Southeast facing the Río Negro Province, and the Andes mountain range to the west, separating it from Chile.
There are two main distinctive landscapes; the mountainous fertile valleys with forest on the West, and the arid plateau with fertile land only near the basins of the rivers on the East, mainly the Limay River and Neuquén River.
The lacustrine system includes other less important rivers such as Aluminé River, Malleo, and Picún Leufú River, and a series of lakes including the Nahuel Huapi Lake (550 km²), shared with the Río Negro Province, the Aluminé Lake (58 km²), Lácar Lake (49 km²), Huechulaufquen Lake (110 km²), Lolog (35 km²), Traful, Hermoso, Quillén, Ñorquinco, Tromen and Falkner.
The weather is continental and cold, with temperate summers, and in the arid regions a wide difference in temperature between day and night. There is also a big contrast in humidity, with regular precipitations of up to 4.000 mm in some regions of the Andean part of the province.
The province is home of the magnificent Arrayanes (Luma apiculata) forest at the Los Arrayanes National Park. Other National parks include Lanín National Park and the Lanín extinct volcano, the Nahuel Huapí National Park shared with the Río Negro Province, and the Laguna Blanca National Park.
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Number of Species
Number of bird species: 275
As at July 2016
Guides & Tour Operators
Trogon Tours is the official nature travel company of Birding Argentina, the leading birding and nature specialists for southern South America since 2001… Birding Trips are available to ALL provinces!
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
COA Tintica - Villa La Angostura
Club de Observadores de Aves de Villa La Angostura, Neuquen, Argentina. Lugar de difusión de actividades, registros, publicaciones y fotografías…
Parque Nacional Arrayanes
Los Arrayanes National Park is a national park of Argentina with an area of 17.53 square kilometres. It covers the Quetrihué Peninsula on the shore of the Nahuel Huapi Lake in the province of Neuquén, 3 km from Villa la Angostura…
Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca
The park around the lagoon was created in 1940 to protect the lagoon and particularly the population of black-necked swans Cygnus melancoryphus. It has an area of 112.5 km². The lagoon is situated in the Patagonian steppe, surrounded by hills and gorges….
Parque Nacional Lanín
De su avifauna acuática, el componente más pintoresco es el pato de los torrentes. Nadando contra Ia corriente en arroyos caudalosos, busca larvas de insectos, a las que captura buceando con gran destreza y dando vuelta las piedras con su pico…
Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi
Animals include river otters (Lontra longicaudis), southern Andean huemuls (Hippocamelus bisulcus), pudus (small deer), foxes, cougars, guanacos and maras. Huillin (Lontra provocax), an endangered native otter, has been reported in the park. Avifauna reported include Magellanic Woodpeckers, green Austral Parakeets, geese, ducks, swans, blue-eyed cormorants, Andean condors (Vultur gryphus) and Green-backed Firecrowns (Saphonoides sephaniodes)...