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Tierra del Fuego

Austral Negrito
Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa ©James Lowen Website

Tierra del Fuego (officially Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is an Argentine province entirely separated from mainland Argentina by the Strait of Magellan. It includes:

The eastern part of the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego (the western part is the Chilean province of Tierra del Fuego).

There are low mountains and sandy beaches at the north of the island, ascending to the south. The north is somewhat similar to the steppe of the Santa Cruz Province. In the middle of the island, the end of the Andes mountain system runs horizontally, and its highest peak, Mount Cornú, rises only 1,490 meters. There are a number of short rivers (Grande, Moneta, Ona, Lasifashaj, etc.), and due to the low temperature, there are many small glaciers that descend towards the sea. The annual average temperature of the island is 5.3 °C, with precipitation of 300 mm in the north and 550 mm in the south.

The most visited destinations include Ushuaia, the Tierra del Fuego National Park and the Tren del Fin del Mundo, Fagnano Lake, Museum of the End of the World, the Beagle Channel, Les Eclaireurs lighthouse, the old jail, and the Isla de los Estados.

Oil and gas production and sheep farming are the main impacts on the land although there is a growing manufacturing base and development of tourism.


Number of Species

Number of bird species: 221

As at July 2016

Number of bird species: 555

As at July 2016

Useful Reading

Birds of Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego and Antarctic Peninsula

The Falkland Islands and South Georgia E Couve and C Vidal 656 pages, 200 col photos, distrib maps. Fantastico Sur Distributed by NHBS 2003

ISBN: 9789568007188

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Books, CDs, DVDs etc.

See the main Brazil page for guides etc. covering the whole country…


Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)

Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego


Satellite View

Among the 90 species of birds are the Kelp Goose, Torrent Duck, Austral Parakeet, Andean Condor, Blackish Oystercatcher, and Magellanic Oystercatcher…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Magellanic Nature Tours

Tour Operator

We have been working in Tierra del Fuego for over fifteen years in order to meet the expectations of the increasing demand for nature–oriented tourism. We love nature and in touch with local researchers in order to collaborate in the preservation of our environment and to be able to share its diversity with our visitors. We are experts in nature-oriented programs.

Trogon Tours

Tour Operator

Trogon Tours is the official nature travel company of Birding Argentina, the leading birding and nature specialists for southern South America since 2001… Birding Trips are available to ALL provinces!

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2005 [04 April] - Richard Rae - Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, Iguazu and Buenos Aires


The birding highlights included Black-fronted Piping Guan, White-throated Caracara, Gentoo Penguin, Giant and Slaty-breasted Wood Rails, Short-tailed Antthrush, Spot-backed and Tufted Antshrikes, Blond-crested, Robust, Yellow-fronted and Magellanic Woodpeckers and some nice hummingbirds. The forest birding at Iguazu was really superb with a steady stream of high quality birds…

2016 [03 March] - Rafael Galvez

PDF Report

...We rounded Cape Horn on the fifth day. That morning, as we observed the distant contour of jagged islands at the end of the earth, the seas were filled with Wilson’s Storm-Petrels and Black-browed Albatrosses....


Aficionado a las Aves


Blog dedicada a la observacion de aves en Tierra del Fuego, por parte de un simple aficionado principiante en esta actividad…

Aves del Canal Beagle


Este Blog intenta ser una ayuda en el avistaje de Aves acuáticas del Canal Beagle y Ushuaia…