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State of Goiás

Rufous-tailed Jacamar
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda ©Lee Dingain Website

Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. The most central of the Brazilian states and most populous of the region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost 2 km (1 mile) of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. Neighboring states are (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, the Federal District, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.

At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), 132 km (82 miles) from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year.

Goiás lies wholly within the Brazilian Highlands, which are located in the center of the country. It occupies a large plateau, the vast almost level surface of which stands between 750 and 900 m above sea level and forms the divide between three of Brazil's largest river systems: to the south Goiás is drained by the Paranaíba River, a tributary of the Paraná River; to the east it is drained by tributaries of the São Francisco River; and northward the state is drained by the Araguaia River and the Tocantins River and their tributaries.

The state's highest point is Pouso Alto, at 1676 meters above sea level, in the Chapada dos Veadeiros.

Other major rivers in the state are the Meia Ponte, Aporé, São Marcos, Corumbá River, Claro, Paranã, Maranhão, Paranã and Preto. None of these rivers is navigable except for short distances by small craft.

The state is covered with a woodland savanna known in Brazil as campo cerrado, although there are still tropical forests along the rivers. This cerrado has been seriously diminished in recent years due to cattle raising and soybean farming with great loss of animal life and forest cover.

The climate of the plateau is tropical. Average monthly temperatures vary from 26°C (78.8°F) in the warmest month to 22°C (71.6°F) in the coldest. The year is divided into a rainy season (October–March) and a dry season (April–September). Average annual rainfall is about 1,700 mm, but this varies due to elevation and microclimate.

The Great Central West Region, consisting of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, and the Brazilian Federal District, is among the fastest-growing regions of Brazil. The population of Goiás state tripled in size in the period from 1950 to 1980 and is still growing very quickly. However, outside the Federal District and the Goiânia metropolitan region (with a population of over a million) most of Goiás is very thinly populated. The chief concentration of settlement is in the southeast, in the area of Goiânia (Goiânia and Aparecida de Goiânia), across the border from Minas Gerais, (Catalão, Rio Verde, Jataí, and Caldas Novas), and around the Federal District (Formosa, Planaltina de Goiás, and Luziânia).

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Wikipedia

GNU Free Documentation License

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goiás

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 623

As at July 2016

Checklist

Checklist

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Useful Reading

Books, CDs, DVDs etc.

See the main Brazil page for guides etc. covering the whole country…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

CloudBirders

Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2012 [01 January] - Derek Kverno - Chapada dos Veadeiros

Report

Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Veadeiros is the nearest significant reserve to Brasilia, and I had long romanticized about birding its rocky wilderness, which is home to standout Cerrado specialties such as the Blue Finch, Horned Sungem, and Brazilian Merganser…

Places to Stay

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Fazenda Quinta Pousada Ecológica

Accommodation

Fazenda Quinta, uma propriedade centenária, criou um recanto para os amantes da natureza. São 6 chalés equipados com frigobar, TV com antena parabólica e ventilador de teto na sala e no quarto.

Pousada Águas de Março - Chapada dos Veadeiros

Accommodation

Tempo de descansar é tempo de hospedar-se na Pousada Águas de Março, que por sua localização, construção, ambientação e concepção é próxima, geográfica e culturalmente, do espirito da região, propiciando uma estadia aconchegante e inesquecível. Construída a partir de uma casa típica de interior do Estado de Goiás, antiga sede da primeira Cia de Cristal do Município de Alto Paraíso, seus ambientes foram adaptados e decorados com objetos de roça, que despertam o lado criança e propiciam tecer novos sonhos, liberando a criatividade e as emoções.

Pousada Casa das Flores - Chapada dos Veadeiros

Accommodation

A Chapada dos Veadeiros é uma região muito famosa por sua beleza natural e seus excelentes passeios. Localizada a nordeste do estado de Goiás, é uma das regiões mais belas do Brasil. Abriga nascentes que formam as maiores bacias hidrográficas brasileiras. Aqui é o berço das águas. Sua formação rochosa é das mais antigas do planeta. São quartzitos com afloramento de cristal de rocha que está intimamente ligado à história da região. Antigamente, eram os garimpeiros em busca do minério, exportado para o Japão e Inglaterra, para fins industriais. Hoje, são místicos, terapeutas e amantes da natureza que buscam a energia e o poder de cura dos cristais e dos lugares daqui. Devido a sua paisagem belíssima, a Chapada dos Veadeiros recebe visitantes de todos os lugares do mundo que buscam sintonia com a natureza. Cachoeiras, amplas piscinas naturais, Cannyons e montanhas.

Pousada Casa Grande - Chapada dos Veadeiros

Accommodation

Para começar o dia, oferecemos um delicioso café da manhã com alguns ítens de produção caseira, tais como: iogurte, mel, granola, gelatina, ovos, suco de frutas, café, pão de queijo, bolo, biscoitos, manteiga, pães, queijo, presunto e prato surpresa.

Pousada dos Anões - Anões

Accommodation

A 180km de Brasília existe um paraíso. Numa RPPN, Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural da Humanidade, você encontra cachoeiras, barragem com passeio de barco, cavalgadas, tour de Jeep pelas montanhas, tem até planetário natural. Nesse recanto, você encontra tudo o que precisa para descansar e aproveitar o contato revitalizante com a natureza…

Pousada Mundo Dha Lua - near PN da Chapada dos Veadeiros

Accommodation

A POUSADA MUNDO DHA LUA está localizada no Distrito de São Jorge - Alto Paraíso - GO, a 1 km da entrada do Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Veadeiros - Sítio do Patrimônio Mundial da Humanidade e Reserva da Biosfera…

Pousada Villa das Pedras - Pirenópolis

Accommodation

A Pousada Villa das Pedras foi inaugurada no início do ano de 1999 e veio oferecer um lugar diferente, agradável, aconchegante e que possa atender às necessidades das pessoas que visitam Pirenópolis. Almejamos conquistar o carisma de nossos hóspedes oferecendo um bom atendimento e sempre incrementando nosso estabelecimento.

Recanto Bonsucesso - Pirenópolis

Accommodation

Turismo ecológico em Pirenópolis - Goiás. Conheça uma área de rara beleza com sete (07) lindas cachoeiras de águas cristalinas … lindas quedas e piscinas naturais … e mais … os visitantes poderão conhecer um calçadão e um muro de pedras construídos pelos escravos no século XVIII, hospedados numa casa de campo ao lado das cachoeiras. O local é cercado por montanhas, ideal para quem deseja curtir a natureza e se isolar da civilização…

Organisations

Alto Paraíso Ecological Association

Website

AECOAP is an environmental ONG with no profitable purpose. It was founded on September 8, 1992 and its main objective is to protect Reserva da Biosfera Goiás (Goiás Biosphere Reserve) and the biome Savannah in every ecosystem related to them….

Museums

Universidade Federal de Goiás

http://www.ufg.br/

Reserves

Parque Estadual de Terra Ronca - São Domingos

Information

Satellite View

The Terra Ronca State Park was created by decree nr. 10,879 of 7 July 1989 and had its area and boundaries established by decree nr. 4,700 of 21 August 1996, covering the municipality of São Domingos. Around the state park they created the environmental protection area (APA).

Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina

Information

Satellite View

The flora and fauna are highly varied. Although there are few large mammals, there is a wide variety of reptiles, amphibians, birds, insects and small mammals. The flora mainly consists of small scrubland bushes, orchids and cactus…

Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Veadeiros

Information

Satellite View

Chapada dos Veadeiros is in Goiás, in the municipal district of Alto Paraíso de Goiás, about 220km to the north of Brasília and 400km of Goiânia…

Parque Nacional das Emas

Information

Satellite View

Emas National Park shows a typical cerrado ecosystem; a treeless savannah with tall termite houses and an interesting amount of wildlife: the giant anteater, the maned wolf, giant armadillo, pampas deer and the namesake greater rhea, among others.

Reserva Biológica Prof. José Ângelo Rizzo - Serra Dourada

Information

Satellite View

The reserve is of interest for its vegetation, geological formation, wildlife and scenic beauty.[2] The area includes slopes of the Sierra, and is well preserved. It displays cerrado characteristics, including the presence of endemic species.

Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Mata Funda - Alto Paraiso

Webpage

Satellite View

Alto Paraiso Environmental Protection Area