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State of Pará

Moustached Wren
Moustached Wren Pheugopedius genibarbis ©Lee Dingain Website

Pará is a state in northern Brazil traversed by the lower Amazon River. It borders the Brazilian states of (clockwise from north) Amapá, Maranhão, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, Amazonas and Roraima. To the northwest it also borders Guyana and Suriname, and to the northeast it borders the Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city is Belém, located at the mouth of the Amazon at the Atlantic Ocean and the 11th most populous city in the country.

Pará is the most populous state of the northern region, with a population of over 7.5 million, being the ninth-most populous state in Brazil. It is the second-largest state of Brazil in area, with 1,2 million km², second only to Amazonas upriver. Its most famous icons are the Amazon River and the Amazon Rainforest.

The climate is typical of a tropical rainforest climate with no dry season – all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in). Although much of the state is still covered in rainforest large tracts suffer from illegal deforestation and land occupation, mostly due to cattle ranching and soya farming. The controversial Belo Monte Dam is a proposed hydroelectric dam complex to be built on the Xingu River; opponents believes that it threatens the habitat of a relatively undisturbed area of Pará's rainforest, and would endanger several endemic fish species. It also is likely to attract further development and migration to the state, to the detriment of the state's rainforest.

Below are some of its top attractions and websites to the reserves and many places to stay where birding is an option.

Top Sites

Floresta Nacional de Carajás


Satellite View

This mining town is administered by the Companhia do Vale do Rio Doce (091-327-5322 – Claudete or Thaís, 327-4126 - Venâncio). There is a good hotel and birding is along 40km of road through excellent, varied habitat, from humid forest to cerrado. Permission to bird outside the town limits is required and is obtainable from Ibama, in the town (091-346-1218 – Orlando Maia). The Carajás National Forest covers the Serra dos Carajás (Carajás Mountains), an area with large deposits of iron ore, and attempts to combine the roles of supporting mineral extraction with preserving the environment and maintaining biodiversity.

Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã


Satellite View

A reserve owned by the Goeldi Museum in Belém. You fly to Breves from Belém or take a boat (13 hours) and then go by launch (voadeira) to Caxiuanã. Accomodation is said to be comfortable but is expensive. Golden parakeet Guarouba guaruba is said to be a cert. Reservations through the Goeldi Museum in Belém (217-6058, caxiuana@museu-goeldi.br or caxiuana@amazon.com.br)

Parque Nacional da Amazônia


Satellite View

Get to know the morototó, a tree looking not unlike a cecropia. When fruiting it is a magnet for tanagers, aracaris, cotingas, white-crested guan Penelope pileata, brown-chested barbet Capito brunneipectus and harlequin antbird Rhegmatorhina berlepschi
NB Take plenty of bottled water as the Tapajós is polluted by mercury.

Pousada Salto do Thaimaçu


Satellite View

This fishing lodge on the Rio São Benedito is four hours drive on dirt roads from Alta Floresta.


Satellite View

The Floresta Nacional (FLONA) de Tapajós is administered by Ibama for the controlled exploitation of timber. There are two roads into the forest, one at km67 and the other at +/- km80, off the asphalt road south from Santarém. Permission to enter the FLONA is required from IBAMA in Santarém and the LBA, the research organisation studying the area.


Jeremy Minns

São Paulo


Number of Species

Number of bird species: 1030

As at November 2016


Number of endemics: 1

Sulphur-breasted Parakeet Aratinga maculata

Useful Reading

Books, CDs, DVDs etc.

Books, CDs, DVDs etc. See the main Brazil page for guides etc. covering the whole country…


Abbreviations Key

Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã


Satellite View

Caxiuanã is noted for its rich biodiversity, geographic isolation, and a very low population density. The national forest is the oldest in Amazônia Legal, a region that contains all 9 states in the Amazon Basin, and is also the second oldest national forest in Brazil.

Trip Reports


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Fazenda Apoema - Óbidos

Facebook Page

Após cruzar a porteira típica das fazendas do interior, tem-se acesso a estradinha particular de 2 km que leva à casa-sede. Os sulcos dos automóveis junto ao capim começam a indicar que estamos mais distantes da vida urbana e cada vez mais próximos do paraíso.Uma das opções é, em vez de ir de carro ou moto, caminharmos da porteira até a casa principal. Durante o trajeto já começamos a esquecer de nossos problemas e passamos a apreciar a paisagem. É um momento de relax, de concentração no seu mais profundo eu, para conhecer-se a si mesmo. Isto é quase como o Caminho de Santiago de Compostela, mas numa escala bem menor.

Hotel Ilha do Marajó - Soure


The Island rises between river sea. Large, strinking, cut out by channels and creeks that form a superb natural mosaic. On one side its is cloaked with forest; on the other, prairies stretch out as far as the eye can see. A profusion of water, a vast expanse of land, duality and contrast in amazingly beautiful settings. Marajó, the largest maritime fluvial island in the world, is a perfect blend of art and nature. Rich in history, the island atracted a host of different people as of the Pre-Columbian age. Today it has its own identity. Its architecture typifies the wisdom of people adjusting to a unique enviroment. Its culture exemplifies a complexity resulting from countless legacies, vigorously expressed in the world-famous Marajoara pottery, and in the landscape that teems with na impresive variety of plant and animal life. The magic of Marajó Island springs exactly from this mixture of prodigality and diversity. The island`s wealth is made up of simple things, but things brimming with life.

Pousada Beira Rio - Rio Araguaia


Em um local paradisíaco, à beira do Rio Araguaia e com vista para as praias do Muricí e Escapole, a Pousada Beira Rio oferece aos seus visitantes, um variado serviço de hospedagem, alimentação, travessia para a praia, pescarias e passeios de barco. Proporcionando a você, uma viagem ao Rio Araguaia, agradável e inesquecível…

Pousada Canoeiros - Araguaia


Located at 150 feet from the shores of the Araguaia River, Pousada Canoeiros offers you all the necessary support and structure so you can enjoy ecological and fishing expeditions…

Pousada dos Guarás - Salvaterra, Ilha de Marajó


Um paraíso para você e sua família ter momentos inesquecíveis de lazer, aventura e descanso, em meio a um belo recanto Amazônico natural…


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi


O Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi foi criado em Belém, a 6 de outubro de 1866, por Domingos Soares Ferreira Penna e consolidado por Emílio Goeldi no período de 1894 a 1907. O Museu nasceu de idealistas que acreditavam no futuro da Amazônia e da necessidade de se pesquisar os seus recursos naturais, a flora, a fauna, as rochas e minerais, os grupos indígenas, a geografia e a história da região e de se organizar coleções científicas e exposições públicas para divulgar os conhecimentos gerados…