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State of Paraná

White-faced Whistling Duck
White-faced Whistling Duck Dendrocygna viduata ©Lee Dingain Website

The state of Parana has over 700 bird species across its 199,709 square kilometers, inhabited important areas as Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, Araucaria Forests, Mashes and Coastal Restinga. Has limits with São Paulo to the north, Mato Grosso do Sul to the northwest, Paraguay and Argentina to the west, Santa Catarina to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

The state capital, Curitiba, is considered environmentally friendly because the large amount of green area per capita, its many parks and ecological awareness of its residents. Only the city of Curitiba has nearly 400 species recorded, some of great interest as the Canebrake Groundcreeper, Olive Spinetail, Araucaria Tit-Spinetail, Long-Tufted Screech-Owl and the Azure Jay, bird symbol of the state.

Located in the west, border with Argentina, are the magnificent Iguazu Falls, one of the world's largest and one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil.

On the east coast, border with the state of São Paulo, is located the largest preserved area of Atlantic Forest in Brazil. At elevations ranging from sea level to over 1900 meters, you can find species like the endemics Red-tailed Parrot, Parana Antwren, Restinga Tyrannulet, Kaempfer's Tody Tyrant and the Black-backed Tanager, among many others.

Top Sites

Estrada da Graciosa


Satellite View

Turn left off the main BR116 400km from São Paulo and 40 km before Curitiba. In 1998 the junction was being redone and was not signposted. Look for a building with Lanchonete Portal da Serra written on the roof, beside a double arch over the beginning of the road. At the start it is flat with areas for grassland species (Lesser Grass-finch Emberizoides ypiranganus, and Great Pampa-finch Embernagra platensis, for example). After 3km there is a turning to the right signposted to Quatro Barras which is said to be good. After a further c.5km, just where the road drops down the serra, turn right and double back along a rough but driveable track. Pass some semi-demolished buildings on your left and then when you come to a clearing, after about 800m, you should find Canebrake Ground-creeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides without difficulty, especially if you play a tape. We didn't have one but had no trouble in seeing a pair once we heard their loud vocalisation.

It rained on the two days we were there and we only spent a few hours in the field but even so I was most impressed. The forest, at about 900m, is almost untouched and very quiet for recording. There are Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis and Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullatus calling all over the place, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae and White-breasted Tapaculo Scytalopus indigoticus side by side, Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea, Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus, Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus, Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla, Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera, Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti and lots more. There is plenty of bamboo and I see no reason why one shouldn't find Purple-winged Ground-dove Claravis godefrida there.

There is also excellent birding lower down. Drive to the bottom of the serra and in São João da Graciosa fork right towards Morretes. In Porto de Cima, before Morretes, immediately after crossing a long, narrow bridge over the Rio Nhundiaquara, turn right and drive along the rough track that follows the river up into the forest. We drove up to about 300m. It was pissing with rain and we saw practically nothing but Parrini says in drier conditions the site is first class.

The best place for accomodation is probably Antonina (fork left in S. João da Graciosa).


Arnaldo B. Guimarães Jr.

Ornatur Birding Tours


Number of Species

Number of bird species: 780

As at November 2016


Number of endemics: 1

Buff-throated Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis

Useful Reading

Books, CDs, DVDs etc.

See the main Brazil page for guides etc. covering the whole country…


IBAMA Paraná


Atualmente o IBAMA, a nível nacional, passa por uma fase de Reorganização Institucional. Está sendo desenvolvida uma nova arquitetura organizacional, que visa refletir o modelo de gestão por resultados, compatibilizando as diretrizes do Ministério do Meio Ambiente - MMA e da Reforma do Estado…


Abbreviations Key

Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaraqueçaba


Satellite View

The municipality contains the 819 hectares (2,020 acres) Salto Morato Private Natural Heritage Reserve, created in 1994. It contains the 400 hectares (990 acres) Sebuí Private Natural Heritage Reserve, created in 1999. It contains the Guaraqueçaba Ecological Station in the coastal mangrove area. It also holds 53% of the 34,179 hectares (84,460 acres) Bom Jesus Biological Reserve, a strictly protected conservation unit established in 2012.

Floresta Nacional do Açungui


Satellite View

The National Forest Açungui has an area of 728.78 hectares covering part of the municipality of Campo Largo . It stands out because it is an Araucaria forest...

Parque Estadual da Ilha do Mel


Satellite View

122 species of mammals, representing 66% of the State of Paraná diversity, such as armadillos, bush dog, raccoon, caleto, deer, capybara, agouti and others. There are about 177 species of birds. The flora of the park is composed of 460 species, especially the palmiteiro, caxeta, guanandi, and bromeliads and orchids. Its has several habitats such as dunes and mangroves.

Parque Estadual de Vila Velha


Satellite View

The sandstone formations of Vila Velha State Park , one of the main attractions of the state of Paraná , can already be seen from the road. There are two tours: the sandstones, rocks formed over millions of years, and the trail that leads to three caves, similar groundwater lakes flooded craters and Golden Pond.

Parque Estadual do Pico do Marumbi


Satellite View

Criado em 1990 e com 2.340,00 hectares, o Parque Estadual do Pico do Marumbi resguarda aspectos significativos da Floresta Atlântica Brasileira. Abriga em seu território o Conjunto Marumbi, que tem como ponto culminante o Olimpo, conquistado em 1879 por Joaquim Olímpio de Miranda.

Parque Estadual Mata dos Godoy


Satellite View

The State Park Mata of Godoy (PEMG) is located in the Santa Helena - District of Espiritu Santo, 15 km from the center of Londrina. It has 675.70 hectares of subtropical forest, a fragment of Atlantic Forest, with approximately 200 species of trees. Considered one of the main areas of environmental preservation of the state and one of the richest genetic reserves of the country.

Parque Estadual Vila Rica do Espírito Santo


Satellite View

The park preserves one of the last remnants of rainforest, sheltering several species of interest.

Parque Nacional de Ilha Grande


Satellite View

É constituído por ilhas e ilhotas fluviais que somam 78.875 Ha., e encontra-se no último trecho livre de represamento do Rio Paraná, em território brasileiro, sendo este ambiente único no mundo, caracterizado com área ecotonal.

Parque Nacional do Superagüi


Satellite View

O Parque é considerado um dos cinco ecossistemas costeiros mais notáveis do globo terrestre, faz parte do complexo estuarino lagunar integrado por Cananéia, Iguape e Paranaguá, uma das regiões mais importantes do País sob o ponto de vista de sustentação alimentar.

Parque Nacional Iguaçu


Satellite View

Located in the far western reaches of Paraná State, Iguaçu National Park's 185,000 hectare area borders against the country of Argentina as well as several Paraná counties. The Park was originally established on January 10, 1939 and was later reconized in 1986 by UNESCO as a Natural Heritage Preserve. Today it constitues one of South America's largest forest reserves, and is under the protection of the State's renewable natural resources program. The predominant vegetation is rain forest and araucária pine, along with palm trees, walnut, caviúna, and matte herb, among others.

Reserva Ecológica Itáytyba - Tibagi


Satellite View

The region's fauna is relatively abundant, due mostly to the presence of a great variety of birds. These can be easily seen, thanks to the nearness of grain plantations and the existence of continuous and long stretches of preserved native forests. A striking presence is that of the crested seriema (a tall, elegant bird with a distinctive cry that can be heard over long distances); as well as that of the buff-necked ibis, the heron, the wide-tailed hawk, the blue crow, the toucan, the partridge, and particularly the hummingbird, the Preserve's symbol-bird, due to its stunning, colorful plumage, predominantly of a bright, eye-catching green…

Reserva Natural Salto Morato


Satellite View

The Reserva Natural Salto Morato (Salto Morato Natural Reserve) is located in Guaraqueçaba, in the coast of Paraná. The area was purchased in 1994 with financial support from The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and, in that same year, it was acknowledged as a Private Natural Heritage Reserve (PNHP). It has been opened to visitors since 1996 and became one of the tourist attractions of Guaraqueçaba (state of Paraná). In 1999, it was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The Reserva Natural Salto Morato shelters a 2,253 hectare-area of Atlantic Forest and it is located in a region presenting an expressive concentration of bird species that are endemic – that is, that occur only in this particular biome – several of which are endangered.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2009 [12 December] - Derek Kverno - Iguacu Falls


The highlight of the region that Aimee is covering in the new edition of Lonely Planet Brazil is without a doubt Iguacu Falls. Located on the border of Brazil and Argentina, the system of waterfalls is among the most spectacular in the world, compromised of over 250 individual waterfalls, some plunging over 80 meters, and spanning almost 3km of the Iguacu River…

2016 [09 September] - Kevin Zimmer - Iguaçu Falls National Park

PDF Report

This short extension was centered on three days of birding in Iguaçu Falls National Park (Paraná state, Brazil), where the spectacle of the world’s greatest waterfalls provided the backdrop for some great birding. Our hikes along the river from our lovely hotel were highlighted by close encounters with Toco Toucans, mobs of elegant Plush-crested Jays, restless pairs of kaleidoscopic Green-headed Tanagers, and, for those who stayed out until near dusk, hordes of Great Dusky Swifts.

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Pousada Bella Ilha - Superagüi


Venha visitar o Parque Nacional do Superagui, criado em 1989 com uma área de 21.400 ha, englobando quasea totalidade da Ilha do Superagui e Ilha das Peças, excluídas as comunidades de pescadores. É uma das regiões mais importantes do país sob o ponto de vista de sustentação alimentar. Inclui restingas, diversas formas de vegetação, mangues, elevações isoladas, grandes áreas de praias desertas, além da trilha ecológica (foto). Abriga diferentes espécies de animais, algumas raras ou em extinção, como o papagaio chauá, o jacaré-do-papo-amarelo e o mico-leão-da-cara-preta, além de vegetais como: ipês, jacarandás, caxetas e orquídeas.

Pousada Praia do Farol - Ilha do Mel


Imagine… Uma Ilha repleta de encantos naturais, com mata exuberante e contruções de valor histórico. Agora imagine um notável café da manhã com frutas tropicais, salgados e doces caseiros servidos fartamente. Ou então relaxantes passeios que incluí até mesmo untensílios de praia para maior comodidade do hóspede.

Pousadas Ilha do Mel


Maps, Pictures, and booking info.


Universidade Federal do Paraná


O Setor de Ciências Biológicas, foi criado a partir do Instituto de Biologia e Instituto de Bioquímica, e instituído pelo Decreto 72.782 de 12/09/73, quando da reforma da Universidade Federal do Paraná.

Other Links

Aves de Curitiba - Bird of Curitiba


Annotated list….

Aves de Rapina Brasil


Welcome to the biggest Brazilian website dedicated to raptors. The webmaster, Willian MenQ, is a graduate student in Biological Sciences. He works in conservation and ornithology in the region the northwest of the Paraná, studying raptors…



Birding in Curitiba which possesses 30 Parks and about 81 million square meters of preserved green areas…

Raphael Sobania - Ornithologist


Several videos of birds in the state as well as much more info about birding in Parana…

Photographers & Artists

Webcam - Ornithos - Espaço Birdwatching


Live webcam in South Brazil…