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State of Wyoming

WMeadow
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta ©USFWSmidwest - Creative Commons Website

Wyoming is the least populated state in the US, covering about 97,809sq miles [253,326sq km], yet with a population of about 465,000 people. The topography and environments of the state are very diverse, the average elevation is about 4,500ft above sea level. The lowest elevation is in the north east corner at 3,009ft [912m] where the Belle Fouche River enters South Dakota, the highest point is Gannet Peak in the west central portion of the state in the Wind River Mountains at 13,804ft [4183m]. The topography of the state is mostly easily conceived of in thirds, reaching north to south. Wyoming is about 260 mile north to south and 300 miles east to west. Because of the dry climate and rugged terrain, more of the worlds geologic history is exposed to view here than anywhere else on the planet.

The eastern third consists of high short grass prairie and broken badlands, bordered on the northeast by the Black Hills (Mt. Rushmore); and on the west by the Bighorn Mountains. Between the Black Hills and the Big Horn Mountains lies the Thunder Basin National Grassland, the buffalo hunting grounds and homeland to the Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne Indians, and the site of many battles. It's a good place to view prairie-dog towns and see Burrowing Owls, Ferruginous Hawks, Prairie Falcons, and Sharp-tailed Grouse.

The centre of the state is most easily conceived of as series of basins, long rolling hills of Sage Brush, scattered with evaporative salt flats covered with Salt Brush, with high snow-capped mountains always visible in the background. First on the south is the Continental Divide Basin, holding the Red Desert, the largest unfenced area in the Continental US, with its unique desert Wapiti, large herds of pronghorn antelope, wild horses, and desert ponds important to migrating birds. North of the Red Desert over arange of hills, lies the Wind River Basin opening like a great fan with its handle to the west, tucked between the meeting of the Wind River Mountains and their northerly neighbours the Absaroka Mountains. The Wind River Basin stretches east more than 100 miles to the edge of the Laramie Mountains to the south and the southern end of the Big Horn Mountains to the north. The north side of the basin is bounded by the Owl Creek Mountains connecting the Absaroka Mountains to the Big Horn Mountains.

The Wind River flowing out of the western mountains makes an improbable turn, instead of flowing east to the adjacent prairies, it takes a sharp left turn straight through the heart of the Owl Creeks to form the Wind river Canyon, one of the most revealing sites of geologic history in the world, the river through the canyon is warmed by hot springs and shelters large flocks of waterfowl all winter. As the Wind River exits the north side of the mountains it has become the Bighorn River and flows north into the Big Horn Basin. The eastern edge of the basin is flanked by the Bighorn Mountains, the western edge by the Absaroka Mountains and to the north 100 miles away on the Montana border are the Pryor Mountains, the heart of the homeland of the Crow Indians.

Visibility in the Big Horn Basin on an average day is 60 to 100 miles. Sage Grouse is the bird of the basins, though summer will find areas with nesting populations of Mountain Plover and Greater Curlew. Large lakes support several species of gulls and terns as well as white pelicans and double crested cormorants. Irrigated farmlands have nesting Sandhill Cranes and Wilson Snipe. Water, wherever it is found will support a variety of waterfowl and shore birds. Bald Eagles are resident, but winter brings concentrations of migrants along all the larger rivers.

The Western portion of the state is a series of mountain ranges, north to south, with confused river drainage systems. In the centre of this portion of the state is the continental divide, within just a few miles of each other, begin the three great river drainages of the western US. The Colorado, the Missouri, and the Snake Rivers. The Northwestern corner of Wyoming is occupied by the world's first national park, Yellowstone. The greater area around Yellowstone National Park is called the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, not only is it the last large intact ecosystem in the continental US, it holds the largest most diverse population of large mammals in North America. It also contains one of the largest roadless areas in the continental U.S. It is home to grizzly bear, wolves, puma, wolverine, wapiti, moose, mule deer, white tail deer, bighorn sheep, and mountain goats. Yellowstone is the southern end of the range of the Great Grey Owl, home to Trumpeter Swans, and Whooping Cranes occasional migrate along its western edge.

There are over 260 species of birds found in Wyoming. Some of the rarest are Trumpeter Swans, Mountain Plover, Ferruginous Hawk, Northern Goshawk, and Peregrine Falcon. There are many north-south running rivers in the state and these are busy spring and fall corridors for migrating birds. Many geese and ducks will over winter here if the rivers don't freeze solid. Winters can be quite cold -40F degrees, and a summers hot +100F degree, neither extreme is uncommon, temperature differences between night and day are typically 20F to 40F. [Thehighest temperature recorded +114F(+45C); the lowest temperature recorded -63F(-53C)]. The mountains normally receive heavy snow cover, the eastern prairie moderate precipitation, while the central basins, caught between mountain ranges are quite dry. Birds that live here year round are very hardy animals. Horned Larks, and Towndsend's Solitaire come to mind as two of the hardiest, but there are also the ubiquitous Robin, Waxwings, Black-billed Magpies and quite a few others.

Excellent birding can be had just about anywhere there is water. Most of the state is very dry and life flows to water just as water flows down hill. The major river drainages are a good place to start. The North Fork of the Platte River in south east Wyoming, the Big Horn and Shoshonie Rivers in the central region, Yellowstone Lake and River in the Park, the Snake River and Jackson's Hole along the Grand Teton Mountains, the Green River and Flaming Gorge in the southwest. Summer drives through any of the mountain ranges will produce abundant bird watching opportunities.

Wyoming is the quintessential American west, with its wide-open vistas, low human population density, amazingly spectacular vista and colours created by its exposed geology, abundant wildlife, and western charm it is a great place to visit. It is both wild and friendly at the same time. About 80% of Wyoming is in government ownership and open to the public for recreation.

Contributor

Sean Sheehan

Head of Wyoming Nature Tours

ssheehan@tritel.net

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 437

As at January 2011

Checklist

Checklist

WebBirder Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

A Birder's Guide to Wyoming

(ABA Lane Birdfinding Guides Series) by Oliver Scott Paperback (December 1992) American Birding Association Sales

ISBN: 1878788027

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of Wyoming

by Douglas Faulkner - Roberts & Co 2010

ISBN: 1936221020

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

State Bird

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

Forums & Mailing Lists

Wyobirds

Mailing List

List contact: WYOBIRDS-request@HOME.EASE.LSOFT.COM

To subscribe to list: LISTSERV@HOME.EASE.LSOFT.COM

This list is created by a Wyoming birder, for current (and prospective) birders in the region. It is designed to provide a forum for avian biology, birding, bird id, and any other related avifauna topics. It also serves as a means to communicate bird sightings (rare and otherwise). Birders, Ornithologists, Biologists, naturalists, and backyard birders alike are welcome to subscribe and submit.

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal

Information

Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

CloudBirders

Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2012 [09 September] - Richard Coomber & Paul Rogers - Utah & Wyoming

Report PDF

…Two single Great Egrets were seen during the morning, a bird we don’t see on every trip at this time of the year. Along the drainage canals, and the sweeping bends of the Bear River, Great Blue Herons and Snowy Egrets were frequently encountered, where they were joined by Double-crested Cormorants and some American White Pelicans. Franklin’s Gulls were hawking insects over parts of the refuge, feeding up before their long migration to winter off the coasts of Peru and Chile. Most of the white-headed gulls were Ring- billed, but we did manage to see a few California Gulls, which is Utah’s state bird, accorded the honour for saving the crops of the first Mormon settlers from a plague of grasshoppers. The only terns today were a few Forster’s Terns fishing along the river and a Caspian Tern found by Roger later in the afternoon….

2013 [01 January] - Terry McEneaney

Report

…Another relatively rare sighting was of 5 Trumpeter Swans flying over the Old Faithful geyser just before it erupted in a column of steam. This is a very rare sighting for birds in this thermal area, especially in the winter. We also saw a record number of 181 Common Redpolls for the trip, 175 of them in Yellowstone NP….

2014 [01 January] - Terry & Karen McEneaney - Yellowstone in Winter

Report

The 2014 Field Guides Yellowstone In Winter tour materialized into a wonderful experience, right up there as one of the best. 2014 also marked the 15th anniversary of our inception of the YIW tour. We think it offers a perfect Yellowstone winter experience, combining Yellowstone birds and mammals with the field experience of your guides, former rangers in the park….

2015 [01 January] - Terry & Karen McEneaney - Yellowstone in Winter

Report

...Red Crossbills feeding on Lodgepole Pine cone seeds in early morning light; Rough-legged Hawks following snowstorms in search of voles; American Dippers diving for submerged invertebrate prey...

2015 [10 October] - Richard Coomber - Utah & Wyoming

PDF Report

...Yellowstone with its splendid geysers and other thermal areas and herds of Bison and Elk kept the pot boiling and the weather held fine except for the time we were staying at Old Faithful. On the positive side we saw Gray Wolves, several Grizzlies, a Black Bear and cub and both Bighorn Sheep and Mountain Goats and watched a hunting Coyote springing to pounce on small rodents. Birding highlights included Trumpeter Swans, Bald Eagles, American Three-toed Woodpecker and Townsend’s Solitaire....

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Jakey's Fork Homestead B&B

Accommodation

Through the gardens and down the boardwalk are the original sod covered homestead buildings. North of them lay the original stable and corrals. To the south, the pond attracts a variety of birds, deer, moose and other wildlife.

Melissa's Cottages

Accommodation

These quaint 1900’s cottages located near historic downtown Sheridan all provide very spacious home getaways. Each cottage is unique with it's own varied architectural or decorating details, including hardwood/tile floors, plush or oriental carpets and other details to add to their charm.

The Wildflower Inn B&B

Accommodation

Location and hospitality make The Wildflower Inn one of Jackson`s most rewarding places to stay! Add a breakfast that you can`t get at anywhere else and you will understand what makes The Wildflower special.

Organisations

Audubon Society in Wyoming

Website

The usual list of local chapters.

Audubon Wyoming

Website

Audubon Wyoming was founded in 1998 as a state office of the National Audubon Society and supports the National Audubon vision. Our goal is to connect people with nature through education and conservation programs, to protect Wyoming’s wildlife and wild lands…

Bighorn Audubon Society

Website

Bighorn Audubon offers engaging programs, field trips to observe birds, and conservation campaigns. Bighorn Audubon is an independent non-profit organization affiliated with the National Audubon Society. The local chapter is the core strength of the Audubon network and plays a critical role on behalf of birds, wildlife and people.

Cheyenne High Plains Audubon

Website

Serving the communities of Laramie County, Platte County, Goshen County…

Laramie Audubon Society

Website

Laramie Audubon Society promotes the conservation and appreciation of birds and other wildlife through education, outreach, and habitat stewardship. Officers and Board members are elected by our membership at the November public meeting.

Meadowlark Audubon Society

Website

Welcome to the Meadowlark Audubon Society, serving the four counties of the Big Horn Basin in northwestern Wyoming. Here you will find meeting and field trip information, the Chapter's newsletter and other helpful data such as directions to local birding spots. Come on in and browse around…

Murie Audubon Society

Website

The Mission of Murie Audubon Society is to promote the conservation of birds and other wildlife through education and enhancements of natural habitats, understanding, appreciation, conservation and advocacy…

Nature Conservancy in Wyoming

Website

Wyoming's wild spaces and working places live on—more so than in most places in the West. But our natural treasures aren’t a secret anymore. And our wide open spaces are no longer endless. We believe the best way to preserve Wyoming’s way of life is to support the people who have protected it all along. To convene and collaborate with landowners, government, industry and other conservation groups…

Red Desert Audubon Society

Website

P.O. Box 882, Lander, WY 82520 - Contact Person: Bob Hargis

Wyoming Bird Records Committee

Webpage

The Wyoming Bird Records Committee was formed in 1989. It consists of five voting members who evaluate and offer opinions on records and new species. The Committee`s three main functions are (1) to solicit, organize and maintain records, documentation, photographs, tape recordings and other materials relative to occurrence of birds in Wyoming; (2) to review reports of rare species or species new to the State and to maintain an official list of the birds recorded in Wyoming; (3) to disseminate useful and pertinent material concerning the field identification of Wyoming birds. They request that all documentation of rare birds in the State be sent to their address.

Reserves

Bridger-Teton National Forest

Webpage

Satellite View

With its 3.4 million acres, the Bridger-Teton National Forest in western Wyoming is the second largest National Forest outside Alaska. Included are more than 1.2 million acres of the National Wilderness Preservation System in the Teton, Gros Ventre, and Bridger Wildernesses. It is a land of varied recreational opportunities, microclimates, and abundant wildlife. Its spacious skies are punctuated by awesome mountain ranges south of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks which include the Teton, Gros Ventre, Wind, and Wyoming ranges, which rise vertically from 5,900 to 13,785 feet. From these ranges, spring the headwaters of the Green, Snake and Yellowstone Rivers. The Forest is part of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining area of undeveloped lands in the conterminous United States.

Garden Creek Audubon Center

Webpage

Satellite View

101 Garden Creek Road, Casper, WY 82604 - Phone: 307-473-1987

Grand Teton National Park

Webpage

Satellite View

Today the park encompasses nearly 310,000 acres and protects the Teton Range, Jackson Hole (mountain valley); a 50-mile portion of the Snake River, seven morainal lakes, over 100 backcountry and alpine lakes, and a wide range of wildlife and plant species…

Yellowstone National Park

Website

Satellite View

Our website is dedicated to Yellowstone National Park and the surrounding communities. Yellowstone vacations start here. Plan your entire trip to Yellowstone - from hiking, fishing and camping, to guided tours and snowmobiling. Whether you prefer cabins, hotels, or a cozy lodge, you can book your lodging accommodations here…

Blogs

Cheyenne Bird Banter

BLOG

About birds and birding in Southeast Wyoming

Other Links

Bald Eagle Viewing Directory

Website

A stretch of the Snake River just N and S of Jackson, from jackson Lake to the Idaho border. Bald eagles year round; about 30 pairs in summer and 50 to 100 birds in winter. In summer, float down river through Grand Teton National Park to see eagles.

Video Clip - Wyoming Birds May 08

Video

Video Journal of my Camping trip in Wyoming…

Wyoming Birds

Website

Wyomingbirds.com is designed to provide information for those interested in wild birds. Our specific goals including providing information in the following categories: Information on feeding birds; Information on birds and events, primarily relating to some aspect of backyard birds; Information broader in scope including new products and wild bird related news and events…

Yellowstone Bird Info

Website

The following list of birds is not exhaustive, but it does include the most common Yellowstone birds and other birds of interest…