Tropical Hainan Island is the most southerly part of China, and its’ sandy, palm-fringed beaches are popular with visitors from the colder parts of the country. It was visited by Robert Swinhoe (1860s) and by John Whitehead (1890s), who discovered the spectacular White-winged Magpie there. Whitehead died (1899) of malaria near the capital Haikou .
Hainan is home to a number of endemic island races of birds that it has in common with the adjacent province of Guangxi and with Vietnam, such as Yellow-billed Nuthatch and Rufous-eared Laughingthrush.
The National Nature Reserve of Bawangling, four hours by bus from Haikou, is home to the world’s rarest primate, the Hainan Gibbon, as well as some interesting birds like Hainan Peacock Pheasant, Hainan Partridge and Red Junglefowl. Closer to Sanya in the south of the island, the more visitor-friendly Jianfengling National Nature Reserve is a place to see Sultan Tit, Silver Pheasant and Ratchet-tailed Treepie.
A lot of research work on Hainan is being assisted by the Hongkong-based Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, with new species being added to the Hainan Island birdlist all the time.
Haikou and Sanya are served by short, direct flights from Guangzhou and Hong Kong. Wintertime – October to April – is probably the most comfortable time to visit.
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 459
(As at August 2018)
Number of endemics: 3
Hainan Hill Partridge Arborophila ardens Hainan Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron katsumatae & Hainan Leaf Warbler Seicercus hainanus plus two breeding endemics: Swinhoe's Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis & Alström's Leaf Warbler Seicercus soror
Atlas of Birds in Dongzhaigang, Hainan
By Liang Bin | Hua Ling | 2015 | Paperback | 184 pages, colour photos | Chinese Text |
ISBN: 9787516905258Buy this book from NHBS.com
Birding South East China
By Tim J Woodward | Tim Woodward | 2006 | Paperback | 423 pages, 88 colour photos, 160 maps |
ISBN: 9628508423Buy this book from NHBS.com
The Birds of Hong Kong and South China
By Clive Viney, Karen Phillips & Lam Chiu Ying | Hong Kong Government Information Service | 2005 | Paperback | 255 pages, 91 colour plates, b/w illus, 4 maps |
ISBN: 9620204042Buy this book from NHBS.com
Hainan Hill Partridge Arborophola ardens
The Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve is a nature reserve in Changjiang County, western Hainan, China. It is home to the Hainan black crested gibbon, which is on the verge of extinction, and the endemic Hainan Hill Partridge. The total area of the reserve is 8,444.3 hectares.
Small shallow sea bay of extensive intertidal mudflats and mangrove swamps. The swamps are important feeding and nursery areas for waterbirds… Also see their Facebook Page
ianfengling National Nature Reserve is located in the southwest of Hainan, it is home to 7 species of animal that are protected at the national level, namely Hainan Eld's deer, Hainan black gibbon, clouded leopard, peacock pheasant, the monitor lizards, Hainan Partridge, and pythons. It's also rich in butterflies...
NNR Sanya Coral Reef
The seawater there is limpid and transparent, and in the water there are more than 100 species of reef corals…
...a wealth of exciting biodiversity, including species new-to-science such as the Yinggeling Tree Frog (Rhacophorus yinggelingensis), new China records such as the tropical tree Trigonobalanus verticillata, and over 160 new Hainan records such as the tree Bretschneidera sinensis and Pygmy Wren Babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla)....
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2005 [01 January] - Björn Anderson - Bawangling
A weekend trip with the purpose of seeing Hainan Hill-Partridge and Hainan Peacock-Pheasant. Given all the trouble I had with logistics and inflexible reserve staff, I counted myself lucky to see the former species. The Peacock-Pheasant is very difficult to find during the winter and I could not find any sign of it during a total of seven hours spent at the best sites and known territories…
2008 [07 July] - Bjorn Anderson
…Hainan Peacock-Pheasant (HPP) has in the past been regarded as a subspecies of Grey Peacock-Pheasant, but morphological differences and recent genetic data clearly shows that it qualifies for species rank…
2013 [02 February] - Craig Brelsford
…In it were a white-bellied erpornis, a white-throated fantail, a few Hainan leaf warblers, a pair of grey-chinned minivets, and a Phylloscopus warbler…
Birding In Hainan Province
Located in the far south of China, Hainan province covers 35400 square kilometers of land territory and 2000000 square kilometers of ocean territory which make it the province own the smallest land area and largest ocean area in China. including Hainan Island, Xisha (Paracel) Islands, Zhongsha Islands and Nansha (Spratly) Islands and the ocean surround them. The elevation of Hainan Island slopes down from center to edge. Mountians, hills, terraces and plains form the landscapes of Hainan Island.