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Jiangxi Province

Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler
Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus swinhoei ©Craig Brelsford Website

Jiangxi is a southern province of the People's Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south.

The name of the province does not mean 'west of the Yangtze' as a literal reading would imply, but originated as a contraction of 'Jiangnan Xi', 'West Jiangnan', or more literally 'the west of the south of the Yangtze'. The name was coined when Jiangnan ('south of the Yangtze') Circuit was split into western and eastern halves during the Tang Dynasty. The short name for Jiangxi is 'Gan', for the Gan River.

Jiangxi borders Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest.

The provincial capital of Jiangxi is Nanchang.

Mountains surround Jiangxi on three sides, with the Mufu Mountains, Jiuling Mountains, and Luoxiao Mountains on the west; Huaiyu Mountains and Wuyi Mountains on the east; and the Jiulian Mountains and Dayu Mountains in the south. The southern half of the province is hilly with ranges and valleys interspersed; while the northern half is flatter and lower in altitude. The highest point in Jiangxi is Mount Huanggang in the Wuyi Mountains, on the border with Fujian. It has an altitude of 2157 m.

The Gan River dominates the province, flowing through the entire length of the province from south to north. It enters Lake Poyang in the north, the largest freshwater lake of China; that lake in turn empties into the Yangtze River, which forms part of the northern border of Jiangxi. Important reservoirs include the Xiushui Tuolin Reservoir in the northwest of the province on the Xiushui River, and the Wan'an Reservoir in the upper section of the Gan.

Jiangxi's climate is subtropical. Average temperatures are about 3 to 9°C in January and 27 to 31°C in July. Annual precipitation is 1200 to 1900 mm.

Top Sites

Poyang Hu


Satellite View

Poyang Hu is a huge area of flooded land north of the city of Nanchang. A wintering ground for tens of thousands of duck, geese and cranes. Probably the best and most reliable site in the world for Siberian Crane, with Hooded, White-naped and Red-crowned as a supporting cast. Also great for Oriental Stork, Black-faced Spoonbill and Swan Goose. Mid-November through to early March. (Fog can be a real problem!)



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Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)

Lushan Nature Reserve


Satellite View

Located in the south of Jiujiang City, north of Jiangxi Province, Lushan Nature Reserve covers a total area of 30,466 hectares. The highest peak of Lushan Mountain is 1,474 meters above sea level. Its main protection targets are forest ecosystem, cultural heritages, glacier features and natural landscape. More than 40 species of plants found here are either rare or local special species including Katsura tree, Manglietia fordiana, Chinese tulip and eucommia. Animals under the state protection are leopard, giant salamander, civet, python, pangolin, Hydropotes inermis, muntjac, silver pheasant, white crane, mandarin duck and so on. In addition, there are 26 ancient glacier heritages such as cirque, icehouse and deep valleys. In December1996, the Lushan Reserve was listed as World Nature Heritage.

Poyang Lake Nature Reserve


Satellite View

In southern Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province and at the foot of Lushan Mountain lies Poyang Lake, the biggest freshwater lake in China…

Poyanghu Nature Reserve - Crane Network Site


Satellite View

A large freshwater lake subject to seasonal fluctuations, within a region of subtropical, deciduous broad-leaved and evergreen forest surrounded by marshes and wet grassland fed by five major rivers…

Wuyishan National Key Nature Reserve


Satellite View

The Wuyi Mountain stretches for thousands of miles like a green dragon all the way across the provinces of Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Guangdong. The world-famous Wuyishan National Key Nature Reserve just sits on the highest section on the north of the Mountains. It is the single biggest and the most comprehensive surviving semi-subtropical forest system in the south-east mainland China. It is within the World biosphere Protection Network of the United Nations and is ranked Class-A global nature reserve…

Guides & Tour Operators

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Tour Operator

Outstanding among China's birds are its fabulously evocative cranes and we expect to see six species, including majestic Red-crowned Cranes on the edge of the Yellow Sea, rare Black-necked Cranes at Caohai Lake and mythical Siberian, White-naped and Hooded Cranes at Poyang Hu National Nature Reserve, the site of what has been described as "the greatest avian spectacle in Asia."

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2013 [01 January] - Jeff Hopkins - Poyang Hu


…When the fog started to lift, the cranes were distant. But with a scope we could clearly make out many white-naped cranes, along with large flocks of taiga bean geese (probably taigas, anyway). While scoping the cranes, a small flock of oriental white storks flew over and landed in the fog. As the fog continued to lift, we found a close Chinese grey shrike that flitted around from stalk to stalk…

2013 [02 February] - Jeremy Mark Hurley - Nanchang



2015 [03 March] - Keith Barnes - Japan, Taiwan and SE China in Winter

Report PDF

...We then made for the amazing wetland complex of Poyang Hu in SE China. Here we encountered another four species of cranes, including White-naped, Hooded and the remarkable Siberian Crane, as well as other amazing birds in the form of Swan Goose and Oriental Stork.