Liaoning is a northeastern province of the People's Republic of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Liao.
'Liáo' is an ancient name for this region, which was adopted by the Liao Dynasty (Khitan Empire) which ruled this area between 907 and 1125. 'Níng' means 'peacefulness'. The modern province was established in 1907 as Fengtian province and the name was changed to Liaoning in 1929. Under the Japanese puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name, but the name Liaoning was restored in 1945.
Liaoning is located in the southern part of China's Northeast. Liaoning borders the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay) and the Bohai Gulf in the south, North Korea in the southeast, Jilin Province to the northeast, Hebei Province to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
The Yalu River marks the border between North Korea and the Chinese provinces of Jilin and Liaoning. It empties into the Korea Bay between Dandong (Liaoning) and Sinŭiju (North Korea).
The provincial capital of Liaoning is Shenyang.
It is possible to think of Liaoning as three approximate geographical regions: the highlands in the west, plains in the middle, and hills in the east.
The highlands in the west are dominated by the Nulu'erhu Mountains, which roughly follow the border between Liaoning and Inner Mongolia. The entire region is dominated by low hills.
The central part of Liaoning consists of the watersheds of rivers such as the Liao, Daliao, and their tributaries. This region is mostly flat and at low altitudes.
The eastern part of Liaoning is dominated by the Changbai Shan and Qianshan ranges, which extends into the sea to form the Liaodong Peninsula. The highest point in Liaoning, Mount Huabozi (1336 m), is found in this region.
Liaoning has a continental monsoon climate, and rainfall averages to about 440 to 1130 mm annually. Summer is rainy while the other seasons are dry.
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Dandong Birdwatching Society
Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)
Dalian National Spotted Seal Nature Reserve
A coastal area of the Bohai Sea, 20km from Dalian City, consisting of sea floor covered by pedestal rock of between 5 and 40 meters' depth and including over 70 islands and islets with rocky coasts and reefs…
Shuangtai Estuary National Nature Reserve
The estuary of the Liao River at Liaodong Bay in northeastern China, the site includes the essential part of the world's largest reed marsh..“Currently a nature reserve in title only”
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2011 [10 October] - Paul Holt, Terry Townsend & Peter Cawley
2013 [10 October] - Paul Holt and Terry Townshend
…We had such a superb time that I was keen to visit Laotie Shan again in autumn 2012. I did just that and, arrived on the 5th September and spent three weeks in the area. Per Alström came out on the 20th and left at the same time as me – on the 25th. Terry arrived on the 22nd and was able to stay a day later than Per and me. Tom Beeke and Stephen Cairns joined me for a day on the 16th September while Leighton (Tian Yang) arrived on the 22nd and birded with us that afternoon and part of the following morning….
China Bird Report
For the most part these are just lists of birds seen on individual dates at locations across the whole of China - but none-the-less, useful… In Chinese and [mostly] English.