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Shandong Province

Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi ©Alister Benn Website

Birding Shandong

Shandong is a coastal province of eastern People's Republic of China. Shandong's name is literally translated as: east of the mountain, which refers to the province's location east of the Taihang Mountains. The province is located in the lower reaches of the Huang He (Yellow River) and extends out to sea in the form of the Shandong Peninsula. Shandong borders the Bohai Bay to the north, Hebei to the northwest, Henan to the west, Jiangsu to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast; it also shares a very short border with Anhui, between Henan and Jiangsu.

Shandong is mostly flat in terrain. The northwestern, western, and southwestern parts of the province are all part of the vast North China Plain. The centre of the province is more mountainous, with the Taishan Mountains, Lushan Mountains, and Mengshan Mountains being the most prominent. The east of the province is the hilly Shandong Peninsula extending into the sea; it separates Bohai Sea in the northwest from the Yellow Sea to the east and south. The highest peak of Shandong is Jade Emperor Peak, with a height of 1545 m.

The Yellow River passes through Shandong's western areas, entering the sea along Shandong's northern coast; in its traversal of Shandong it flows on a levee, higher than the surrounding land, and dividing western Shandong into the Hai He watershed in the north and the Huai He watershed in the south. The Grand Canal of China enters Shandong from the northwest and leaves on the southwest. Lake Weishan is the largest lake of the province.

Shandong's coastline is 3000 km long. Shandong Peninsula has a rocky coastline with cliffs, bays, and islands; the large Laizhou Bay, the southernmost of the three bays of Bohai Sea, is found to the north, between Dongying and Penglai; Jiaozhou Bay, which is much smaller, is found to the south, next to Qingdao. The Miaodao Islands extend northwards from the northern coast of the peninsula.

Shandong has a temperate climate, with moist summers and dry, cold winters. Average temperatures are -5 to 1°C in January and 24 to 28°C in July. Annual precipitation is 550 to 950 mm.

With Jinan serving as the province's economic and cultural centre, the province's economic prowess has led to the development of modern coastal cities located at Qingdao, Weihai, and Yantai.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 408

(As at August 2018)


But one 'breeding endemic': Red-billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus

Useful Information


The provincial capital of Shandong is Jinan


Dong Ying Bird Watching Society


Address: Room 305, Management Office, Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve, Shangdong, Postal Code F257091 Contact no.: 13563388846 Nature Reserve 0546-8306700 Office Fax: 0546-8307752 E-mail: bbsbird@tom.com; kaishan9@hotmail.com Website: www.hhkgn.org Contact person Dan Kai Website in Chinese only

Dong Ying Bird Watching Society


DongYing Bird Watching Society (DYBWS) was formed by journalists and reserve staff in August 2004, and it was formally established on 6 November 2004. The DYBWS is now a voluntary, professional, non-profit and community-base organization…


Abbreviations Key

NNR Shandong Yellow River Delta


Satellite View

The reserve is now home to 1,626 types of wild animals, including 368 kinds of birds. There are 12 species of birds in the top national protection class and 51 species in the second. First-class national protection birds include the red-crowned crane and the white-headed crane. Second-class national protection birds include the grey crane, whooper swan and mandarin duck. Millions of birds look for food and shelter in the area as they pass through during migration seasons every year. Domestic and foreign experts call the reserve the birds’ international airport.

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Birding In Shandong Province


Statistics show that Shangdong has recorded about 400 bird species, of which only over 50 are residents and over 300 are either wintering or traveling birds. Therefore, Shangdong Province is an ideal place for bird-watching or migratory birds study in China. Of the 227 species listed in China-Japan Migratory Bird Protection Agreement, Shangdong Province has 200 species. Thus, most of the migratory birds are under the protection list.