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Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica ©Laurence Poh Website

Nagaland is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. With a population of nearly two million people, it has a total area of 6,401 sq mi (16,579 km²). - making it one of the smallest states in India.

Nagaland is largely a mountainous state. The Naga Hills rise from the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam to about 2,000 feet and rise further to the southeast, as high as 6,000 feet. Mount Saramati at an elevation of 12,552 feet is the state's highest peak - this is where the Naga Hills merge with the Patkai Range in Myanmar. Rivers such as the Doyang and Diphu to the north, the Barak river in the southwest and the Chindwin river of Myanmar in the southeast, dissect the entire state.

Nagaland is rich in flora and fauna. About one-sixth of Nagaland is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests - including palms, bamboo and rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests. While some forest areas have been cleared for jhum - cultivation - many scrub forests, high grass, reeds and secondary dogs, pangolins, porcupines, elephants, leopards, bears, many species of monkeys, sambar, deers, oxen and buffaloes thrive across the state's forests. The Great Indian Hornbill is one of the most famous birds found in the state.

Nagaland has a largely monsoon climate with high humidity levels. Annual rainfall averages around 70-100 inches - concentrated in the months of May to September. Temperatures range from 70 degrees to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. In winter, temperatures don't generally drop below 39 degrees Fahrenheit, but frost is common at high elevations.



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Number of Species

State Bird: Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii

Useful Reading

* Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering India as a whole - please see the main India page of Fatbirder

Useful Information

State Bird

Blyth`s Tragopan

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2015 [01 January] - Pritam Baruah

PDF Report

...The plan was to slowly walk up the road along disturbed vegetation south of the village, check the nearest stream for Forktails, sort through open-habitat mixed feeding flocks and find the Mountain Bamboo Partridge along the road. Within hardly a kilometer we came up with several mixed feeding flocks with various Phylloscopus and Mountain Bamboo Partridge. Among other good birds were Silver-eared Mesia, Blue-winged Minla & Pygmy Wren-Babbler...

2016 [01 January] - Prasad Basavaraj, Rofikul Islam, Rushi Tambe - Finding Mrs. Humes Pheasant in North-East India

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2016 [12 December] - Going Wild - Khonoma

PDF Report

...Some major highlight bird species from the afternoon session of birding were as follows :- Rusty-fronted Barwing, Orange-bellied Leafbird, Crested Goshawk ( a raptor). By 3:00 p.m. we wrapped up because of low light and fog. We returned to our homestay, had snacks, dinner and went off to sleep....

2017 [01 January] - S S Cheema - Khonoma


...I had given a list of birds that I had wished from Khonoma and one of the first one I had desired was the 'Bamboo Patridge' and we were taken through a path that generally produced the birds in the early morning and the evenings. We drove slowly and carefully trying peer at every movement, every sound, every bush. After fifteen - twenty odd minutes of the drive, the path was coming to the end and there were not partridges in sight. Finally as we were about to join the main road and we sighted them....