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White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smymensis ©Laurence Poh Website

Tripura is a state in North-East India, with an area of 4,036 sq. mi. or 10,453 km². Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, south, and west. The Indian states of Assam and Mizoram lie to the east. The capital is Agartala and the main languages spoken are Bengali and Kokborok (also known as Tripuri). It was formerly an independent Tripuri kingdom and was merged with independent India on 15 October 1949 by the Tripura Merger Agreement. It was also known as Hill Tippera (anglicized version of Tipra) during the British Raj period and has a history of over 2500 years and 186 kings

Tripura is a landlocked hilly state in northeastern India with altitudes varying from 50 to 3080 ft above sea level, though the majority of the population lives in the plains. Tripura has a tropical climate and receives rainfall during the monsoons. It is surrounded on the north, west, and south by Bangladesh and is accessible to the rest of India through the Karimganj district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram in the east. The state extends between 22°56'N and 24°32'N and 90°09'E and 92°10'E. Its maximum stretch measures about 184 km from north to south and 113 km from east to west with an area of 10,492 km². Tripura is the third smallest state of the country.

Although landlocked, Tripura has many rivers including the Manu River which originates here.

The state is located in the bio-geographic zone of 9B-North-East Hills and possesses an extremely rich bio-diversity. The local flora and faunal components of Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese sub-regions. There are 379 species of trees, 320 shrubs, 581 herbs, 165 climbers, 16-climbing shrubs, 35 ferns, and 45 epiphytes.

Wildlife sanctuaries of the state include Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary, Gumti Wildlife sanctuary, Roa Wildlife Sanctuary, and Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary. National parks of the state include Clouded Leopard National Park, Sepahijola, and Rajbari National Park, Trishna.



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Number of Species

State Bird: Green Imperia Ducula aenea

Useful Reading

* Field Guides & Bird Song

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Useful Information

State Bird

Green Imperial Pigeon


Abbreviations Key

Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary


Satellite View

More than 100 species of birds are found here. Wonderful habitat of Sepahijala attracts lot of migratory birds of which lesser whistling teal, white ibis, open billed stork is of prime importance…

Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary


Satellite View

In Tripura, there are four Wildlife Sanctuary viz. Sepahijala, Trishna, Gumti and Rowa of which Trishna is of unique type. One can appreciate both in-situ and ex-situ conservation of flora and fauna at Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary…

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Bengal Birds


Bengalbirds is an initiative made by some amateur birders who aims to guide common people to identify local birds, know about different types and helps to understand bird conservation…