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Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus ©Laurence Poh Website

Johor is a state of Malaysia between 1°20"N and 2°35"N. It is one of the most developed states in Malaysia. The capital city and royal seat of Johor is Johor Bahru, formerly Tanjung Puteri (English: Princess' Cliff). The old state capital is Johor Lama. The Arabic honorific of the state is Darul Ta'zim ("Abode of Dignity'). It is surrounded by Pahang to the north, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan to the northwest, and the Straits of Johor to the south which is divided by the international border between Malaysia and the Republic of Singapore. Tanjung Piai, in the district of Pontian, is the most southerly point of mainland Asia.

In the official census of 2000, the population of Johor was 2.75 million people with 54% Malays, 35% Chinese, 7% Indians and 4% others. It is the fifth largest state (18,984 km²) of Malaysia. It is the southernmost state in Peninsular Malaysia, being south of Melaka, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang and north of Singapore, from which it is separated by the Straits of Johor. The highest point in Johor is Gunung (mountain) Ledang (1276 m). Gunung Ledang is also known as Mount Ophir. Johor is the only state in Malaysia which has a 400 km beach stretching on both the East and the West coast. Johor has 8 large islands with numerous smaller ones.

Johor experiences wet equatorial weather with monsoon rain from November until February blowing from the South China Sea. Average annual rainfall is 1778 mm with average temperature of between 25.5 °C (78 °F) and 27.8 °C (82 °F). Humidity is between 82 and 86%.

Johor is also noted for its national parks. Johor currently has five national parks, with a combined area of more than 700 km² and several smaller recreational forest. Almost all recreational parks are based around a mountain. Johor also has the third largest mangrove forest reserve in Peninsular Malaysia (167 km²).

I have spent just one day in the state some years ago… it was a fabulous day's birding; principally in Panti Forest. This is the state contiguous with Singapore, which is a common stopover for long-haul flights. So Johor is well within reach for a day trip when based in Singapore - be sure to be up early in the morning as the causeway is traffic clogged at rush hours. Unfortunately Panti forest is, at the time of writing, closed for logging - but it is a large area and, no doubt, it will re-open. I hope so as it is a terrific place for birds and other wildlife - we saw and heard gibbons and saw the paw prints of several middle sized cat species. Birds seen included, Litle Spiderhunter, Tiger Shrike, Great Hornbill, two tree swift species, minivets, several babblers and many others. Beach areas were good for waders [such as Malaysian Plover], fishing terns etc. Farmland and suburbs were also good for commoner species… I saw enough to know I want to spend a couple of weeks here one day! - Fatbirder



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Useful Reading

*Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering Malaysia as a whole - please see the Malaysia page of Fatbirder


Malaysia Nature Sociey - Johore Branch


Contact info…


Abbreviations Key

Endau-Rompin National Park


Satellite View

The Endau-Rompin area covers the boundary between Johor and Pahang. Sprawling over an estimated area of almost nine hundred suqare kilometers, it is one of the few remaining lowland forests in Peninsular Malaysia.

Protected Areas of Johor


Wki article with details of National Parks etc…

Pulau Kukup State Park


Satellite View

Part of a large area of mangroves in the South-west region of Johor be given protection and conservation status, which includes the Sungai Pulai MFR and Tanjung Piai State Park…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2011 [08 August] - Ian Reid


PDF …After dipping on the night birds, I had high hopes for dawn, but the day took quite a while to get going. Even when birds did start to appear, I was finding it tough to get on them. Eventually at 7am I got decent of views of a Lesser Green Leafbird and Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker for my first unequivocal birds of the day, the former the first lifer…

2014 [08 August] - Oscar Campbell - Panti Forest Bird Sanctuary

PDF Report

...This was plenty for any day out but notable species also rounded up included Great Argus (two calling on the left near the streams several km in), Lesser Fish Eagle (soaring low over the forest alongside White-bellied Sea-Eagle), Wrinkled Hornbill (in canopy near the temple clearing), Banded Broadbill (very noisy; group of five seen closely), Banded Bay Cuckoo (low off trail beyond the streams), Banded Kingfisher (surprisingly high in the canopy in a mixed feeding flock), Red-crowned Barbet (common on voice; several seen; only other barbet identified was Brown) and Banded and Chequer-throated Woodpeckers. Both Whiskered Treeswift and Brown-backed Needletail showed along the main trail, as did three species of malkoha (including Chestnut-bellied)...

2015 [04 April] - Peter Marsh - Panti Forest

Report PDF

I, like many birders, am chasing the intermediate goal of seeing a representative of every bird family. I chose a trip to the Panti Forest in southern Peninsular Malaysia to seek the Rail Babbler, the only member of the family Eupetidae. While this was the prime target of the trip I was, of course, open to the enjoyment of any and all birds encountered on the trip.

Places to Stay

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Johor Bahru - Malaysia hotels


Asia's leading hotel information and reservation service on the internet. The following hotel(s) are available in Malaysia.

Photographers & Artists

Photographer - Paul Huang - Birds of Panti Forest


An exhibition of photographs on line…