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Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur

Garnet Pitta Erythropitta granting ©Cheong Weng Chun Website

The geography of Kuala Lumpur is characterized by a huge valley known as Klang Valley. The valley is bordered by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east, several minor ranges in the north and the south and the Strait of Malacca in the west. Kuala Lumpur is a Malay term which translates to 'muddy confluence' as it is located at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers.

Located in the center of Selangor state, Kuala Lumpur was previously under the rule of Selangor State Government. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was separated from Selangor to form the first Federal Territory governed directly by the Malaysian Federal Government. Its location on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which has wider flat land than the east coast, has contributed to its faster development relative to other cities in Malaysia.

The municipality of the city covers an area of 243.65 km2 (94.07 sq mi), with an average elevation of 21.95 m (72 ft).

Protected by the Titiwangsa Mountains in the east and Indonesia's Sumatra Island in the west, Kuala Lumpur has a year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along with abundant rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon season from September to April. Temperatures tend to remain constant. Maximums hover between 31 °C and 33 °C (88-92 °F) and have never exceeded 37 °C (99 °F), while minimums hover between 22 °C and 23.5 °C (71-74 °F) and have never fallen below 19 °C (66 °F). Kuala Lumpur typically receives 2,266 mm (89.2 in) of rain annually; June and July are relatively dry, but even then rainfall typically exceeds 125 mm (5 in) per month.

Flooding is a frequent occurrence in Kuala Lumpur whenever there is a heavy downpour, especially in the city centre and downstream areas. Dust particles from forest fires from nearby Sumatra sometimes cast a haze over the region. It is a major source of pollution in the city together with open burning, emission from motor vehicles and construction work.

Top Sites

Taman Rimba Ampang


Satellite View

Taman Rimba Ampang, part of the Selangor State Park, is located a few kilometers away from the tallest twin-tower in the world - KLCC twin tower. It is a great alternative for birders who can only spend a day or two in Malaysia. This small patch of forest is a recreational forest with a small stream flowing along the main walking path. Over the years, many birdwatchers have frequented this spot and found several jewels including rufous-backed kingfisher, blue-banded kingfisher, red-bearded bee-eater, emerald dove, banded broadbill, and gold-whiskered barbet.


Cheong Weng Chun



Useful Reading

*Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering Malaysia as a whole - please see the Malaysia page of Fatbirder

Useful Information

Malaysian Nature Society

Address: Malaysian Nature Society, JKR 641, Jalan, Kelantan, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel : 603 - 2287-9422
Fax : 603 - 2287-8773
Email : natsoc@po.jaring.my
URL : http://www.mns.my/


Malaysian Nature Society


Based in Kuala Lumpur…


Abbreviations Key

Bukit Nanas Wildlife Reserve


Satellite View

Amidst Malaysia's sprawling concrete jungle metropolis of Kuala Lumpur lays a remnant of the country's pre historic tropical rainforest. This ancient virgin jungle ecosystem flourished at the core of the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve…

Trip Reports


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Places to Stay

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Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia hotels


Asia's leading hotel information and reservation service on the internet. The following hotel(s) are available in Malaysia…

Other Links

Kuala Lumpur Bird Park


Located in the serene and scenic Lake Gardens, close to the Orchid Garden and the Tun Abdul Razak Memorial, the Bird Park is one of the largest covered bird park in the world, sprawling 8 acres of verdant valley terrain. Here, for the first time in Malaysia, bird lovers can have a field day watching more than 3000 birds perching and winging about freely-in a totally natural and beautifully landscaped enviroment… among which are many native birds.