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Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides ©Zill Niazi Website

Pakistan is a country of diverse wild life in its Indus valley planes, fresh water lakes, ice capped mountains, deserts, plateaus, and its 1000 KM coastline. There is wide variety of bird species in this region.

Pakistan is not well equipped for birding activities in general. There are no regularly planned birding trips. The sites below are recommended for safe birding activities.

The ideal bird watching season is winter when a wide variety of birds visit the wetlands and planes of Pakistan from Siberia. However, during summer the high altitude mountain areas (from 5,000m to 8,000m) of Northern Pakistan can be visited for watching unique species of resident birds. Famous areas include: Chitral National Park, Gilgit Valley, Biltistan, Khunjrab National Park, Hunza Valley and Nanga Parbat tracking area. There are ample facilities for bird watching tourists in these areas.

Some other important areas are, among others: Chiltan National Park at Hazar Ganji, Ayubia National Park, Doesai National Park, and Kirthar National Park.

Top Sites

Hadero Lake


Satellite View

Hadeiro Lake is situated 5 km north of Haleji. It is a small lake famous for pelicans and flamingos.

Haleji Lake


Satellite View

It is Asia's greatest waterfowl reserve. Haleji lake is situated about 70km from Karachi. During winter thousands of birds fly down to Haleji from Siberian colder areas. It is the largest bird sanctuary of Pakistan.

Kinjhar Lake


Satellite View

Kinjhar Lake is the largest fresh water lake of Pakistan. It is situated further 50km from Haleji near 2,500 years old civilization of Makli, Thatta and Bhambhore. It houses variety of tourist huts and boating facilities.

Lal Suhanra National Park


Satellite View

This Park is situated in Choolistan desert about 40km from Bahawalpur. It is a nice place for watching desert species. It houses tourists huts and watch towers.

Mai-Kolachi by-pass

Satellite View

This by-pass road is situated right in he heart of Karachi near 5-Star hotel complex off M T Khan road. It is a unique spot for watching flamingos in sea lagoons across the road even on a very short trip to Karachi.

Margalla Hills National Park


Satellite View

Margalla hills form the skyline of Islamabad. There are a variety of resident birds which can be seen there during a normal jogging trip on the hills or on a special birding trip.

Rawal Lake & Shakar Parian National Park


Satellite View

Visitors to the lush green capital of Pakistan can enjoy birding in and around Rawal Lake area in the heart of Islamabad. It is famous for resident as well as visiting birds.

Ucchali Lake Complex


Satellite View

Ucchali Lake Complex consists of three small lakes. It is situated in the salt range plateaus in north-central Punjab. This area is famous for the regular winter visitor white-headed duck Oxyura Leucocephala.


T R Aashi

Secretary Pakistan Birdwatchers Association


Number of Species

National Bird: Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar

Number of bird species: 709


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

* Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering Asia as a whole - please see the Asia page of Fatbirder - for guides etc. covering the Indian sub-continent please see the India page

A Field Guide to Birds of the Indian Subcontinent

Krys Kazmierczak, Ber van Perlo (Illustrator) Hardcover - 336 pages (30 May, 2000) The Pica Press

ISBN: 1873403798

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Photographic Guide to Birds of India

[Including Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Pakistan, Bangladesh & Bhutan] Bikram Grewal, Bill Harvey and Otto Pfister 512 pages, 850 col photos, 800 maps. Christopher Helm

ISBN: 0713664037

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of Pakistan

by Richard Grimmett, Tom Roberts and Tim Inskipp | 256 pages, col plates throughout | Christopher Helm | Softcover | 2009 | £24.99 | approx. $36/€28

ISBN: 0713688009

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Helm Identification Guides

By Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp & Tim Inskipp | Christopher Helm | Softcover | 2012 | Edition: 2 | 528 Pages | 226 Colour Plates | Colour Distribution Maps | Black & White Illustrations

ISBN: 9781408127636

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Birdwatchers Club of Pakistan


The Birdwatcher's Club of Pakistan (BCP) was founded in summer 2005 by a group of dedicated birdwatchers in Pakistan to conserve the diverse and beautiful avifauna of Pakistan. Our aim is to help promote and encourage bird watching among fellow birders who are interested in the birds of Pakistan and the neighboring countries…

Ornithological Society of Pakistan


Block D Near Farawa Chowk, PO Box 73, Dera Ohazi Khan, 32200. + 92 641 62339osp@mul.paknet.com.pk


Abbreviations Key



Pakistan presently has 19 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 1,343,627 hectares…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Trip Reports


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.


Birding Islamabad


I have decided to create a Blog of my birding exploits in and around Islamabad in Pakistan. Probably a little late as I have just recorded my 300th species. Islamabad is a wonderful place to watch birds; situated as it is at the base of the beautiful Margalla Hills and on the migration highways of many species. Each season brings new birds to the areas around the city as others depart. I hope, in some small way, to generate interest in the birds of Islamabad and the surrounding areas…

Birding Pakistan


Reports, reflections, and resources of an independent birder living in Pakistan. For the last ten years, the author has lived, worked, birded, and blogged in Ecuador, Tanzania, and Brazil, some of the most bird-rich countries in the world.

Other Links

Bird Watching in Pakistan


Two major Zoogeographical zones overlap along the length of Pakistan and even the third faunal zone, which is over Africa, has its influence in extreme southern Pakistan. Bird life is particularly rich because of the latitudinal zones of the mighty Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindukush ranges…

Birds of Pakistan


Some species accounts and pictures…

Birdwatching in Pakistan


Pakistan is a country with rich wildlife that offers great opportunities for wonderful birdwatching. Moderate weather conditions throughout the year and diverse habitat from coastal areas to northern mountains make different species of birds available in all seasons…

Protected Areas in Pakistan