Bremen is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states. The state consists of the city of Bremen as well as the small exclave of Bremerhaven, both are surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony. The hinterland of the Free and Hanseatic City of Bremen, strongly characterised by its waterways, has a natural and cultivated countryside which few other major cities can offer. The river lowlands with their wetland meadows represent a diverse landscape of natural as well as historically cultural interest.
The typically open marsh landscape has developed as a result of hundreds of years of human management. Flooding and drainage with an extensive network of ditches have transformed the swampy countryside into usable wet grassland.
The low-lying countryside offers a varied habitats for a wide range of animals, birds and plants, including 722 endangered species and 114 species of trans-regional importance. Almost nowhere else in Northern Germany has the characteristic biodiversity of open water meadows been preserved as it has here.
Excellent examples are the Corncrake Crex crex, Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Shoveler Anas clypeata, Marsh Frog Rana ridibunda, Marsh Lousewort Pedicularis palustris and Water Soldier Stratiotes aloides.
An exceptionally rich and outstanding natural world lies on Bremen’s doorstep.
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 234
(As at March 2019)
Bremen Ornithological Working Group (OAG)
The Bremen ornithological working group organised in the federal BUND nature organisation. Members systematically collect and collate observation data in an index and data bank to support practical conservation work. In addition they take part in annual of breeding bird mapping projects and the International Waterbird Census… Joachim Seitz, Am Dobben 44, 28203 Bremen
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