Falkirk is one of 32 unitary authority council areas of Scotland. It was formed (1996) prior to 1975 the majority of the council area was part of the county of Stirlingshire, and a small part, namely Bo'ness and Blackness, was part of the former county of West Lothian.
The council area borders with North Lanarkshire, Stirling and West Lothian, and, across the Firth of Forth to the northeast, Clackmannanshire and Fife.
The small county has a number of reserves.
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Where to Watch Birds in Scotland
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Bonnyfield Nature Reserve
Bonnyfield Nature Reserve is situated on the former Bonnyfield sand and gravel quarry just to the north of the Bonny Water and to the west of Duncan Stewart Park. It is a large area offering natural habitat to a wide range of plants and animals. One of the most important and unusual habitants is the Burnet Moth.
Central Scotland Forest
The Central Scotland Forest Trust (CSFT) leads the partnership which is creating the Forest. It is supported by formal partners (the Scottish Executive, Scottish Enterprise and the LECs, the Forestry Commission, the area's five Local Authorities and Scottish Natural Heritage) and informal partners including local communities, voluntary organisations, the private sector and the area's farmers and landowners…
Kinneil Local Nature Reserve
A former colliery site in Bo'ness became Falkirk Council’s second Local Nature Reserve in March 2013. Official local nature reserve status was conferred on part of the Bo’ness and Kinneil Foreshore, once home to Kinneil Colliery. The new reserve stretches from Bo’ness harbour in the east to the site of the former Kinneil Colliery and Snab Lane in the west. The mudflats and "island" off the foreshore are internationally important for seabirds and are already designated as a Special Protection Area for their conservation value.
Muiravonside Country Park
Muiravonside is Falkirk's only Country Park, providing 170 acres of stunning woodland and parkland, a mini demonstration farm, a sculpture trail, children's play area and a café at the Visitor Hub courtyard. The park is free to access all year round and offers spectacular scenery accessible through a network of paths.
Bean Geese in Central Scotland
Bean Geese were once the most common of the grey geese to visit Scotland in winter. At the turn of the century however their numbers started to decline sharply and they are now uncommon.