President Bush Asks Congress
Ratify Key International Conservation Treaty(Washington, D.C. – September 29, 2008) President Bush transmitted The Agreement for the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP) to the Senate Friday for approval. ACAP is an international treaty between fishing nations for the protection of albatrosses and petrels, wide-ranging seabird species, many of which are threatened with extinction due to poor fishing practices, pollution, and invasive species on their breeding islands. Member countries agree to take actions necessary to conserve these birds.
“Seabirds are among the most magnificent and most threatened birds on earth, yet are often overlooked,” said Dr. George Fenwick, president of American Bird Conservancy. “We applaud the President for extending his support of migratory birds to this vulnerable group.”
The Senate Foreign Relations committee must now approve the treaty before it goes to the full Senate for ratification, which requires a two-thirds majority. An accompanying legislative package to implement the agreement will also need to be approved by both the House and Senate. Votes on the treaty and implementing legislation are not expected until next year."Albatrosses and petrels are facing growing threats, but if we move quickly on the provisions contained in this treaty, they stand a better chance of survival," said Betsy Loyless, Audubon's Senior Vice President for Policy. "We strongly urge the Senate to approve the treaty as quickly as possible."
Eleven countries (Argentina, Australia, Chile, Ecuador, France, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, South Africa, Spain, and the United Kingdom) have now signed and ratified the treaty, which went into effect in 2001. Brazil and Uruguay have both passed national legislation to enable their countries to become Parties to the Agreement. Their membership will follow 3 months after submission of their instruments of ratification and accession to the Agreement Depository, in Canberra, Australia.
The United States is already in compliance with the provisions of the treaty, but U.S. participation offers an important opportunity to engage other countries in the protection of seabirds when they range outside of U.S. waters. Doing so will help level the playing field for American fishermen, who must currently observe U.S. regulations that are far more stringent than the laws that govern the actions of many of their foreign competitors.“The United States has been an active participant in the work of the Agreement, attending both preparatory meetings and subsequent meetings of ACAP’s Advisory Committee and Meeting of the Parties. It has been, and continues to be, very influential in international efforts to conserve these magnificent global wanderers,” said Warren Papworth, ACAP Executive Secretary. “By joining the Agreement, the United States would send a clear message to the international community of its resolve to prevent the extinction of albatrosses and petrels and in particular to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for those species listed under the Agreement. “
Ten out of the 22 albatross species are Critically Endangered or Endangered, and another eight are considered to be Vulnerable to Extinction, according to the IUCN-World Conservation Union. The most important threats to these species are accidental deaths in longline fishing gear, loss of eggs and chicks to introduced predators on breeding islands, and exposure to contaminants and floating plastic trash, which the birds accidentally consume. Solving these problems requires coordinated efforts by governments, scientists, fishermen, and conservation organizations.
“Migratory species such as seabirds cannot be protected by the actions of one country alone”, added Jessica Hardesty, American Bird Conservancy’s Seabird Program Coordinator. “International coordination, such as that offered by ACAP, is the only way to ensure that our future generations will also be able to enjoy these birds.”
4th July 2014