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Bucorvidae

Ground Hornbill
Abyssinian Ground Hornbill (Female) Bucorvus abyssinicus ©Trevor Hardaker Website

The Bucorvidae or Ground Hornbills are a family of the order Bucerotiformes, with a single genus Bucorvus and two extant species (though possibly including another genus with six extant species). The family is endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa: the Abyssinian Ground Hornbill occurs in a belt from Senegal east to Ethiopia, and the Southern GroThey are large, with adults around a metre tall. Both species are ground-dwelling, unlike other hornbills, and feed on insects, snakes, other birds, amphibians and even tortoises. They are among the longest-lived of all birds and the larger southern species is possibly the slowest-breeding (triennially) and longest-lived of all birds.

It is currently thought that the ground hornbills, along with Tockus and Tropicranus, are almost exclusively carnivorous and lack the gular pouch that allows other, less closely related hornbill genera to store fruit.

According to the IOC the two species of Ground Hornbill in the family Bucorividae are:

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus
Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbetteri

Family Links

Ground Hornbills Bucorvidae

Family Account

Ground-Hornbills are huge prehistoric-appearing beasts of open grasslands & savanna in sub-Saharan Africa. If you have any doubt that birds are descended from dinosaurs, check out a young ground-hornbill and become a believer! Watching a family group of these huge birds scavenge along a roadside in Kruger National Park, South Africa, was one of the highlights of our visit thereā€¦

Ground Hornbills Bucorvidae

Family Account

The ground hornbills (Bucorvidae) are a family of the order Bucerotiformes, with a single genus Bucorvus and two extant species (though possibly including another genus with six extant species). The family is endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa: the Abyssinian ground hornbill occurs in a belt from Senegal east to Ethiopia, and the southern ground hornbill occurs in Southern and East Africa.

Species Links

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

Species Account

The Abyssinian ground hornbill or northern ground hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) is an African bird, found north of the equator, and is one of two species of ground hornbill. The other is the slightly larger southern ground hornbill; the two are the largest species of hornbills found in Africa.

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

Species Account

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

BirdLife Species Account

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Buceros abyssinicus Boddaert, 1783, Gondar, Ethiopia. Monotypic.

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

Species Account

The southern ground hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri; formerly known as Bucorvus cafer), is one of two species of ground hornbill and is the largest species of hornbill. The other species of the genus Bucorvus is the Abyssinian ground hornbill, B. abyssinicus.

Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife species profile...

Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

IUCN Species Status

Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

HBW Species Account

Southern Ground Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 2