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Psophiidae

Trumpeter
Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans ©Mark Van Beirs Website

The Psophiidae commonly called trumpeters, are a family of birds restricted to the humid forests of the Amazon and Guiana Shield in South America. They are named for the trumpeting or cackling threat call of the males. The three species resemble chickens in size; they measure 45cm to 52cm long and weigh 1kg to 1.5kg. They are dumpy birds with long necks and legs and curved bills and a hunched posture. Their heads are small, but their eyes are relatively large, making them look 'good-natured'. The plumage is soft, resembling fur or velvet on the head and neck. It is mostly black, with purple, green, or bronze iridescence, particularly on the wing coverts and the lower neck. In the best-known taxa the secondary and tertial flight feathers are white, grey, or greenish to black, and hairlike, falling over the lower back, which is the same colour. These colours give the three generally accepted species their names.

Trumpeters fly weakly but run fast; they can easily outrun dogs. They are also capable of swimming across rivers. They spend most of the day in noisy flocks, sometimes numbering more than 100, on the forest floor. They feed on fallen fruit (particularly fruit knocked down by monkeys). They also eat a small amount of arthropods, insects such as ants and flies, and even some reptiles and amphibians. At night they fly with difficulty into trees to roost 6 to 9 metres (20 to 30 feet) above the ground

They nest in a hole in a tree or in the crown of a palm tree. They lay 2 to 5 eggs with rough, white shells, averaging about 76 grams. In the Pale-winged Trumpeter and the Grey-winged Trumpeter groups of adults care for a single clutch.

According to the IOC there are just three species in this family, which are:

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans
Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera
Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis

Family Links

Trumpeters Psophiidae

Family Account

Family account…

Trumpeters Psophiidae

Family Account

The trumpeters are a family of birds restricted to the humid forests of the Amazon and Guiana Shield in South America. They are named for the trumpeting or cackling threat call of the males.

Trumpeters Psophiidae

HBW Family Account

Annotated species list

Species Links

Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis

Species Account

The dark-winged trumpeter (Psophia viridis) is a species of bird in the Psophiidae family. It is found in the Amazon rainforest of Brazil, but only south of the Amazon River and east of the Madeira River. The eastern range of dark-winged trumpeter extends into the lower adjacent Tocantins River drainage in the Brazilian state of Pará. As of 2012, this species is listed as Endangered,[2] with the easternmost subspecies obscura rare.

Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis

Cornell Species Account

A strict Brazilian endemic, the Dark-winged Trumpeter is found in southeast and south-central Amazonia, from the Rio Madeira east to around the mouth of the Amazon, and south almost to the Bolivian border.

Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis

HBW Species Account

Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

Species Account

The grey-winged trumpeter (Psophia crepitans) is a member of a small family of birds, the Psophiidae. It is found in the northern Amazon rainforest and Guiana Shield in tropical South America. Unlike all other trumpeters, the rump and back are grey in the grey-winged trumpeter.

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

HBW Species Account

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

BirdLife Species Account

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans

Cornell Species Account

The Gray-winged Trumpeter is one of three closely related chicken-like birds in the family Psophiidae, all of which are endemic to South America.

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

Species Account

The pale-winged trumpeter (Psophia leucoptera), also known as the white-winged trumpeter, is a species of bird in the Psophiidae family. It is found in the southwestern Amazon rainforest of Brazil, northern Bolivia, and eastern Peru.

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

Cornell Species Account

Of the three species of trumpeter, this is the southwestern representative of the superspecies.

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

HBW Species Account

Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera

BirdLife Species Account

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 3