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Thinocoridae - Seedsnipe

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus ©James Lowen Website

Thinocoridae or seedsnipes are a small family of small gregarious waders which have adapted to a herbivorous diet. The family is divided into two genera, Attagis and Thinocorus, each containing two species. The family has a South American distribution, in the Andean and Patagonian regions. Their relationships with other families within the order Charadriiformes are uncertain, it has been suggested that the plains wanderer of Australia, the jacanas and the painted snipes are their closest relatives. The plains wanderer in particular has a similar feeding ecology, although differs markedly in breeding biology. The family's common name is misleading, as they do not resemble true snipe, having short bills on small heads, and seeds do not form a major part of their diet.

They resemble grouse, quail and sandgrouse, only with long wings. The seedsnipes in the genus Thinocorus are smaller, ranging in size from a sparrow to a snipe, whereas the genus Attagis are larger, the size of a ptarmigan. They have short legs (but long toes) and tails. The colour of their plumage is generally cryptic. There is some sexual dimorphism in the plumage of the Thinocorus species, the males have grey faces, necks and breasts.

Seedsnipes inhabit a variety of harsh environments, including grasslands, grass steppes, semi-arid deserts and alpine habitats. One species, the Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe ranges as far up as to the snowline (5500 m).

According to the IOC there are just 4 species in this family, which are:

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi
White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus
Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Family Links

Seed Snipe Thinocoridae

IBC Family Account

IBC family account & taxonomy...

Seed Snipe Thinocoridae

HBW Family Account

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Seed Snipe Thinocoridae

Species Account

Species Links

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Species Account

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Cornell Species Account

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Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

HBW Species Account

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Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

BirdLife Species Account

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Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

IBC Species Account

IBC species account and taxonomy...

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Image

Brilliant images from Glenn Bartley Nature Photography...

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Species Account

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife species profile...

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

HBW Species Account

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White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Cornell Species Account

Cornell species account...

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map...

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

IBC Species Account

IBC species account & taxonomy...

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Article

243 [Dutch Birding 35: 243-249, 2013] White-bellied Seedsnipe South America is home to a large number of much-desired bird species that are odd, extremely rare, secretive or found in extremely remote places – species that get the pulses running and are high on the wish list of visiting birders. Among these are the four species of the wader family of seed-snipes Thinocoridae, if only because they bear no resemblance at all to other waders. ...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Species Account

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife species profile...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

IBC Species Account

IBC species account & taxonomy...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Cornell Species Account

Cornell species account with image...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map etc...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

HBW Species Account

HBW species account...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Species Account

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife species profile...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

HBW Species Account

HBW species account...

Number of Species

Number of bird species: Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

...has three subspecies:
T. r. cuneicauda, (Peale, 1848): southwest Ecuador & coastal Peru
T. r. bolivianus, (Lowe, 1921): southern Peru, western Bolivia, northern Chile & northwestern Argentina
T. r. rumicivorus, (Eschscholtz, 1829): Patagonia to Tierra del Fuego

Number of bird species: 4

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

...has two subspecies of the grey-breasted seedsnipe:
T. o. ingae, (Tschudi, 1843): northern Peru to northern Chile & northwestern Argentina
T. o. orbigyianus, (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire & Lesson, 1831): north-central Chile & west-central Argentina to Tierra del Fuego

Number of bird species: Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

...has three sub-species
A. g. latreillii Lesson, 1831 - N Ecuador.
A. g. simonsi Chubb, 1918 - C Peru (Lima) through N Chile and W Bolivia to NW Argentina (Jujuy).
A. g. gayi I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire & Lesson, 1831 - Andes of Chile and Argentina, from Antofagasta and Salta S to Tierra del Fuego.

Number of bird species: White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

... is monotypic

Other Links

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Article

Nuptial Vocalizations of Male Least Seedsnipe: Structure and Evolutionary Significance. The Condor - Vol. 98, No. 2 (May, 1996), pp. 418-422

Photographers & Artists

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Image

Image etc...

Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi

Video

Feeding Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe, Papallacta Pass, Ecuador

White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus

Video

White-bellied Seedsnipe on a windy day in Patagonian Steppe. May 2010...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Video

The Grey-breasted Seedsnipe (Thinocorus orbignyianus) is a species of bird in the Thinocoridae family. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. Its natural habitats are temperate grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, and swamps...

Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus

Image

Superb images from Glenn Bartley Nature Photography...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Video

Puco-Puco Menor, Least Seedsnipe (Thinocorus rumicivorus) en Arequipa

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Video

IBC video collection...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Webpage

IBC species account with taxonomy...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Image

Brilliant images from Glenn Bartley Nature Photography...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Webpage

Species account and image from Birding Patagonia...

Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

Webpage

Species account and images...