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Eurylaimidae - Broadbills

Broadbill
Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae ©JJ Harrison (Creative Commons) Website

The broadbills are a clade of small passerine birds, Eurylaimidae (named after the type genus Eurylaimus). The Smithornis and Pseudocalyptomena species occur in sub-Saharan Africa; the rest extend from the eastern Himalayas to Indonesia and the Philippines. The family also also includes the sapayoa from the Neotropics and the asities from Madagascar, although some taxonomists separate each of the three into distinct families.

Many of the broadbills are brightly coloured and have broad heads, large eyes and a hooked, flat and broad beak. They live in the dense canopies of wet forests, allowing them to be inconspicuous despite their brightly coloured plumage. The plumage of the juveniles eurylaimids are similar to those of the adults, differing in being duller and shorter-winged and shorter-tailed in some cases.

They are mostly insectivorous and carnivorous. Prey taken include insects, spiders, centipedes, and millipedes, as well as lizards and tree frogs, usually obtained by sallying from a perch to snatch insects in flight, or by gleaning the prey off leaves and branches while flying. Some species may take some fruit, but only the green broadbills of the genus Calyptomena and the Grauer's broadbill are primarily frugivores (also taking some insects).

They are generally gregarious, with many species moving about in flocks of about 20 individuals. Broadbills attach their purse-shaped nests to suspended vines, and leave a tail of fibres hanging below it. This gives the nest the appearance of being random debris caught in the tree, an effect further enhanced by the birds covering the nest with lichen and spider webs. Broadbills typically lay two to three eggs.

There are 20 species in this family; they are:

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis
Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis

Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis
Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii
Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus
Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii
Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis

Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea
Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans
Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

Family Links

Sunbird Asities of Madagascar

Family Account

The genus Neodrepanis is endemic to the eastern rainforests of Madagascar, and is now considered to belong in the subfamily Philepittidae (asities) of the family Eurylaimidae (broadbills). It comprises two species, Common Sunbird Asity, N. coruscans, and Yellow-bellied Sunbird Asity, N. hypoxantha.

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

Family Account

Fact index…

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

Family Account

Full family account…

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

Family Account

The Broadbills are among the most spectacular birds on earth, and yet I can offer only a piteously poor photo of perhaps the dullest member of the family, the African Broadbill (left). This is because broadbills are exceptionally difficult to observe and harder yet to photograph…

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

Family Account

The broadbills are a clade of small passerine birds, Eurylaimidae (named after the type genus Eurylaimus). The Smithornis and Pseudocalyptomena species occur in sub-Saharan Africa; the rest extend from the eastern Himalayas to Indonesia and the Philippines. The family possibly also includes the sapayoa from the Neotropics and the asities from Madagascar, although many taxonomists now separate each of the three into distinct families.

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

HBW Family Account

Broadbills & Asities eurylaimidae

IBC Species Account

Small to medium-sized, arboreal birds, with large head and wide bill, usually slow-moving, many with strikingly patterned plumage...

Species Links

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

Species Account

The African broadbill, also known as the Black-capped Broadbill or Delacour's broadbill (Smithornis capensis) is a species of bird in the sub-oscine family Eurylaimidae...

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern...

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

HBW Species Account

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution maps...

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis

Article

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis is an uncommon endemic resident in Africa. It is the only broadbill in the southern African subregion and inhabits a variety of habitats, including dense woodland, riparian forest, miombo woodland, lower storeys of evergreen forest, and deciduous thickets...

Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Smithornis sharpei Alexander, 1903, Mount Ysabel, 4000 ft [1220 m], Bioko. Considered more closely related to S. capensis than is S. rufolateralis. Three subspecies recognized...

Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei

Species Account

The grey-headed broadbill (Smithornis sharpei) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei

BirdLife Species Account

...The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern...

Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis

Species Account

The rufous-sided broadbill (Smithornis rufolateralis) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is found in Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis

Species Account

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Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis

IBC Species Account

Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis

Species Account

The green broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) also known as the lesser green broadbill is a small bird in the broadbill family....

Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Calyptomena viridis Raffles, 1822, Bengkulu District, south-west Sumatra. Distinctive race siberu may warrant species status. Birds from S Myanmar S to C Malay Peninsula described as race continentis, but indistinguishable from earlier-named taxon caudacuta. Bornean population possibly separable as race gloriosa, but existing museum specimens too old and faded for assessment, and insufficient recent material available for examination. Three subspecies recognized.

Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis

IUCN Species Status

Although this species remains common in many parts of its large range, it is considered Near Threatened as it is highly sensitive to habitat loss and degradation, which are likely to have caused moderately rapid population declines throughout its range.

Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii

BirdLife Species Account

This species is likely to be in moderately rapid decline owing to habitat loss and degradation in the lower parts of its elevation range, and is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii

Species Account

Hose's broadbill (Calyptomena hosii) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It was named after zoologist Charles Hose. It is endemic to highland forests in northern Borneo.[2] It is threatened by habitat loss. It has a blue belly, but otherwise it resembles the other members of the genus Calyptomena.

Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii

IUCN Species Status

This species is likely to be in moderately rapid decline owing to habitat loss and degradation in the lower parts of its elevation range, and is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Hose's Broadbill Calyptomena hosii

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Calyptomena Hosii Sharpe, 1892, Mount Dulit, 3000 ft [c. 900 m], Borneo. Monotypic.

Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

Species Account

The Whitehead's broadbill (Calyptomena whiteheadi) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is restricted to montane forest in northern Borneo. It is the largest member of the genus Calyptomena. It is named after the British explorer John Whitehead (1860–1899) who collected natural history specimens in Borneo and elsewhere in Southeast Asia.

Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

BirdLife Species Account

...The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern...

Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

HBW Species Account

Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi

Image

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Species Account

The black-and-red broadbill (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos) is a species of bird in the broadbill family. It is monotypic within the genus Cymbirhynchus. It is found in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

BirdLife Species Account

...The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern...

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Species Account

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Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: [Todus] macrorhynchos J. F. Gmelin, 1788, no locality = Borneo. Considerable individual variation throughout most of range renders defining of geographical races difficult; apparent general clinal trend in certain characters, such as increase in size and decrease in amount of white in tail from N to S, but no constant differences between populations; variation in characters used to define races requires further study. Described races lemniscatus (Sumatra, Bangka I and Belitung I) and tenebrosus (SE Sumatra) considered synonymous with nominate; siamensis possibly inseparable from malaccensis. Four subspecies recognized.

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Image

Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Species Account

Black-and-red Broadbill (Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family...

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

Species Account

The long-tailed broadbill (Psarisomus dalhousiae) is a species of broadbill that is found in the Himalayas, extending east through Northeastern India to Southeast Asia. It is the only bird in the genus Psarisomus. The long-tailed broadbill is about 25 cm (10 inches) in length and weighs between 50 and 60 grams. It can be identified by its shrill call...

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

BirdLife Species Account

...The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern...

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

HBW Species Account

[Eurylaimus] Dalhousiae Jameson, 1835, Himalayas, at 10,000 feet [c. 3000 m], northern India; this altitude is above normal range and type probably from near Simla. Variation within accepted races unclear and somewhat complex. In particular, birds from N Indochina (possibly also S China) with more white in collar are sometimes separated subspecifically as “assimilis”, while race divinus may be closer to latter or is possibly indistinguishable from some cyanicauda; Peninsular Malaysian birds, although included in psittacinus, are less distinctively patterned than Sumatran population and may be closer to nominate, or possibly represent an undescribed race. Further taxonomic study required. Five subspecies recognized.

Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae

Image

Like something from a Disney cartoon, the striking colours of Long-tailed Broadbill can hardly fail to impress as one flicks through Robson's Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand or Lekagul & Round's Guide to the Birds of Thailand in preparation for ones first birding trip to Thailand.

Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

Species Account

The silver-breasted broadbill (Serilophus lunatus) is a species of bird in the broadbill family Eurylaimidae. It is monotypic (the only species) within the genus Serilophus.[2] There are ten currently recognised subspecies, one of which, rubropygius, was formerly treated as a separate species...

Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

HBW Species Account

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Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus

Image

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus

Species Account

The banded broadbill (Eurylaimus javanicus) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is found in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is a large broadbill (21.5–23 cm), with purple, yellow and black plumage. It eats predominantly insects, including grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, various beetles, caterpillars and larvae...

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus

HBW Species Account

...Breeds mainly during dry period following NE monsoon, with apparently extended season in S: Mar in S Myanmar, Jul and Dec in Thailand...

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus

BirdLife Species Account

...The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus

Species Account

Banded Broadbill (Eurylaimus javanicus) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family...

Horsfield's Broadbill (Purple-headed Broadbill) Eurylaimus javanicus brookei

Image

Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

BirdLife Species Account

This species is likely to be declining moderately rapidly throughout its range as a result of the continuing destruction and degradation of forest habitats. It is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

Species Account

The black-and-yellow broadbill (Eurylaimus ochromalus) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss...

Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Eurylaimus ochromalus Raffles, 1822, Singapore. Birds from Banyak Is (off NW Sumatra) described as race mecistus and those from W Borneo (Saribas District of Sarawak) as race kalamantan; there is, however, considerable individual variation among all populations, which makes recognition of any geographical races hardly tenable. Monotypic.

Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

Species Account

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Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

IUCN Species Status

This species is likely to be declining moderately rapidly throughout its range as a result of the continuing destruction and degradation of forest habitats. It is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus

Image

...of nest

Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

BirdLife Species Account

This species qualifies as Vulnerable because it has a small, seriously fragmented population, and is declining rapidly as a result of lowland deforestation...

Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

IUCN Species Status

17 cm. Small, brightly coloured passerine. Black throat and face. Green eye surrounded by large, prominent sky-blue wattle. Large, broad, pale blue bill. Maroon-purple crown, bordered by white nuchal collar. Dark grey mantle, bright chestnut rump and tail. Black wings with prominent white and yellow bar across tertials and secondaries. Lilac underparts becoming yellowish-white on lower belly. Female as male but gleaming white breast and belly. Juvenile duller. Voice Unknown. Hints Unobtrusive, joins mixed feeding flocks. Frequents understorey and middle layers of forest.

Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

Species Account

The wattled broadbill or Mindanao broadbill (Eurylaimus steerii) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is endemic to the islands of Mindanao, Basilan, Dinagat and Siargao in the Philippines...

Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

Species Account

Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

Species Account

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Wattled (Mindanao) Broadbill Eurylaimus steerii

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Eurylæmus Steerii Sharpe, 1876, Basilan, Philippines. Genus often merged into Eurylaimus, but significant morphological differences. At the same time was considered conspecific with S. samarensis, but the two differ strikingly in plumage coloration and better treated as forming a superspecies. Race mayri possibly not always separable from nominate; further study needed. Two subspecies recognized.

Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis

Species Account

The Visayan broadbill (Eurylaimus samarensis) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family. It is endemic to the islands of Samar, Leyte and Bohol in the central Philippines.

Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis

IBC Species Account

PDF

Visayan Broadbill Eurylaimus samarensis

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Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

Species Account

The dusky broadbill (Corydon sumatranus) is a species of bird in the family Eurylaimidae, the broadbills. It is native to Southeast Asia. It may be slowly declining due to habitat loss, especially from logging, but it has a large enough range that it is still considered to be a least-concern species...

Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Coracias Sumatranus Raffles, 1822, interior of Sumatra. Individual variation considerable. Several described races considered probably untenable: morator (from S Thailand), ardescens (SE Thailand) and khmerensis (Cambodia and S Indochina) regarded as inseparable from laoensis, and pallescens (Thai-Malay Peninsula) better treated as synonymous with sumatranus; orientalis possibly indistinguishable from brunnescens; further study of geographical variation is desirable. Four subspecies recognized.

Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution Map

Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus

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Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

Species Account

The Grauer's broadbill or African green broadbill (Pseudocalyptomena graueri) is a species of bird in the Eurylaimidae family, and is monotypic within the genus Pseudocalyptomena.[3] Its name commemorates the German zoologist Rudolf Grauer who collected natural history specimens in the Belgian Congo

Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

IUCN Species Status

This species has a small and fragmented range, within which its montane forest habitat continues to be degraded and cleared. Therefore it is likely to have a small and declining population, and is classified as Vulnerable.

Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Pseudocalyptomena graueri Rothschild, 1909, 50 miles [80 km] west of Russisi, north of Lake Tanganyika, 2000 m, east Zaire. The populations in Zaire and Uganda, respectively, were once thought to represent geographical races, separable by bill width, but the difference now considered to be due to individual variation; they do, however, exhibit apparent differences in ecology and behaviour, and further study may demonstrate that they merit taxonomic separation. Monotypic.

Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small and fragmented range, within which its montane forest habitat continues to be degraded and cleared. Therefore it is likely to have a small and declining population, and is classified as Vulnerable.

Grauer's Broadbill (African Green Broadbil) Pseudocalyptomena graueri

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Species Account

The sapayoa or broad-billed sapayoa (Sapayoa aenigma) is a suboscine passerine found in lowland rainforests in Panama and northwest South America. As the epithet aenigma ('the enigma') implies, its relationships have long been elusive. It is easy to overlook, but appears to be common in a wide range and is not considered threatened by the IUCN...

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Sapayoa aenigma Hartert, 1903, River Sapayo [= Zapallo Grande], Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Systematic position and affinities enigmatic. Seems to be close to the Tyrannidae, and has sometimes been placed in its own separate family, Sapayoaidae. Traditionally included in present family, although nest (only recently discovered) and social organization unlike those of typical piprids; this treatment retained, pending further study. Monotypic.

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Cornell Species Account

The Sapayoa is an evolutionary enigma, and its convoluted taxonomic history has included placement in Tyrannidae, Pipridae, and even its own, monotypic family Sapayoaidae. Molecular evidence has revealed that it is in fact the only representative of the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) in the New World.

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Species Account

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Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Species Account

In tropical lowland forests from Panama to northwest Ecuador lives an American enigma. Its formal name is Sapayoa aenigma; even this means "enigma" in Latin. It is an inconspicuous, dull-colored bird of the forest understory where it is rare to uncommon. The bird is now known as Sapayoa...

Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma

Species Account

The Sapayoa (Sapayoa aenigma) is an elusive bird of the pristine forest streams of the foothills of eastern Panama. It is a small (14 cm, 5.5 in.) olive-yellow, flycatcher-like bird with a yellowish throat and crown patch.

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea

Species Account

The velvet asity (Philepitta castanea) is a species of bird in the Philepittidae family. It is endemic to Madagascar.

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Turdus castaneus Statius Müller, 1776, Madagascar. Monotypic.

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea

Species Account

Bibliography

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

BirdLife Species Account

Evidence that this species is experiencing a rapid decline or has a small population may qualify it for up-listing to a higher threat category.

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

Species Account

The Schlegel's asity (Philepitta schlegeli) is a species of bird in the Philepittidae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Philepitta schlegeli Schlegel, 1867, Madagascar. Monotypic

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

Species Account

Sound archive & distribution map

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

IUCN Species Status

A small, round frugivore. Males are black on the head, with a large lobed wattle that is green behind and in front of the eye and blue in the centre. The back is green with a yellow collar, and the underparts are bright yellow. The female is green above, pale yellow streaked darker below, and lacks the wattles, but has a narrow pale flesh eyering. The tail is rather short.

Schlegel's Asity Philepitta schlegeli

Species Account

The Schlegel's asity (Philepitta schlegeli) is a species of bird in the Philepittidae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Neodrepanis coruscans Sharpe, 1875, Madagascar. Monotypic.

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

Genus Account

Neodrepanis is a bird genus in the asity family Philepittidae, the sunbird-asities.

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans

Species Account

Bibliography

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

BirdLife Species Account

This species is listed as Vulnerable because it has a small range that is severely fragmented and suspected to be declining, owing to reductions in the the extent and quality of its habitat.

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

IUCN Species Status

9-10 cm. Tiny, brilliantly-coloured bird with very short tail and fine, fairly long and decurved bill. Males have blackish upperparts, edged iridescent blue. Underparts are unsullied yellow, bill and legs blackish...

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

Species Account

The yellow-bellied sunbird-asity (Neodrepanis hypoxantha) is a small species of passerine bird from the asity family. The male has black upper parts with a bluish sheen and yellow underparts, and is sometimes known simply as the yellow-bellied asity. It is found only in montane rainforests of Madagascar where it feeds on nectar that it sips from flowers, defending a good nectar source from other nectar-feeding birds. It is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as "vulnerable" due to the diminution and fragmentation of its forest habitat.

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Neodrepanis hypoxantha Salomonsen, 1933, east of Antananarivo, eastern Madagascar. Monotypic.

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha

Species Account

he yellow-bellied sunbird-asity (Neodrepanis hypoxantha) is a small species of passerine bird from the asity family. The male has black upper parts with a bluish sheen and yellow underparts, and is sometimes known simply as the yellow-bellied asity. It is found only in montane rainforests of Madagascar...

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 20

Useful Reading

Pittas, Broadbills & Asities

By Frank Lambert, Martin Woodcock Pica Press

ISBN: 1873403240

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