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Fringillidae - Finches, Seedeaters, Euphonias & Allies

Euphonia
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster ©Trevor Hardaker Website

The true finches are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Fringillidae. Finches have stout conical bills adapted for eating seeds and often have colourful plumage. They occupy a great range of habitats where they are usually resident and do not migrate. They have a worldwide distribution except for Australia and the polar regions.

The smallest classical true finches are the Andean Siskin (Spinus spinescens) at as little as 9.5cm and the Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria) at as little as 8gm. The largest species is probably the Collared Grosbeak (Mycerobas affinis) at up to 24cm and 83 gm, although larger lengths, to 25.5 cm in the Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator), and weights, to 86.1gm in the Evening Grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertinus), have been recorded in species which are slightly smaller on average. They typically have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large; however, Hawaiian honeycreepers are famous for the wide range of bill shapes and sizes brought about by adaptive radiation. All true finches have 9 primary remiges and 12 rectrices. The basic plumage colour is brownish, sometimes greenish; many have considerable amounts of black, while white plumage is generally absent except as wing-bars or other signalling marks. Bright yellow and red carotenoid pigments are commonplace in this family, and thus blue structural colours are rather rare, as the yellow pigments turn the blue colour into green. Many, but by no means all true finches have strong sexual dichromatism, the females typically lacking the bright carotenoid markings of males.

Finches are typically inhabitants of well-wooded areas, but some can be found on mountains or even, like Trumpeter Finches, in deserts. They are primarily granivorous, but euphoniines include considerable amounts of arthropods and berries in their diet, and Hawaiian honeycreepers evolved to utilise a wide range of food sources, including nectar. The diet of Fringillidae nestlings includes a varying amount of small arthropods. True finches have a bouncing flight like most small passerines, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings. Most sing well and several are commonly seen cagebirds; foremost among these is the domesticated canary (Serinus canaria domestica). The nests are basket-shaped and usually built in trees, more rarely in bushes, between rocks or on similar substrate

Many birds in other families are also commonly called finches, including some species in the very similar-looking waxbills or estrildid finches (family Estrildidae) of the Old World tropics and Australia; several groups of the bunting and American sparrow family (Emberizidae); and the Darwin's finches of the Galapagos islands, now considered members of the tanager family (Thraupidae).

The scientific name Fringillidae, comes from the Latin word fringilla for the common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), a member of the family which is common in Europe. The name was coined by the English zoologist William Elford Leach in 1820. The Fringillidae family is divided into three subfamilies, the Fringillinae containing a single genus with the chaffinches, the Carduelinae containing 183 species divided into 49 genera, and the Euphoniinae containing the Euphonias and the Chlorophonias.

Since DNA sequencing has revealed relationships, there are, according the IOC, 226 Fringillidae, they are:

Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Tenerife Blue Chaffinch Fringilla teydea
Gran Canaria Blue Chaffinch Fringilla polatzeki
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes

Evening Grosbeak Hesperiphona vespertina
Hooded Grosbeak Hesperiphona abeillei

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria
Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis
Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Grey-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythaca
White-cheeked Bullfinch Pyrrhula leucogenis
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula murina

Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus
African Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys alienus

Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus
Mongolian Finch Bucanetes mongolicus

Blanford's Rosefinch Agraphospiza rubescens

Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni

Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta

Dark-breasted Rosefinch Procarduelis nipalensis

Plain Mountain Finch Leucosticte nemoricola
Brandt's Mountain Finch Leucosticte brandti
Asian Rosy Finch Leucosticte arctoa
Grey-crowned Rosy Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis
Black Rosy Finch Leucosticte atrata
Brown-capped Rosy Finch Leucosticte australis

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Scarlet Finch Carpodacus sipahi
Bonin Grosbeak Carpodacus ferreorostris
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla
Blyth's Rosefinch Carpodacus grandis
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys
Himalayan Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus
Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus davidianus
Pink-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus waltoni
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus
Sharpe's Rosefinch Carpodacus verreauxii
Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus
Taiwan Rosefinch Carpodacus formosanus
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus
Pale Rosefinch Carpodacus stoliczkae
Tibetan Rosefinch Carpodacus roborowskii
Sillem's Mountain Finch Carpodacus sillemi
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus
Pallas's Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus
Three-banded Rosefinch Carpodacus trifasciatus
Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura
Chinese White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus dubius
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus
Crimson-browed Finch Carpodacus subhimachalus

Poo-uli Melamprosops phaeosoma

Oahu Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata
Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea
Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana

Akikiki Oreomystis bairdi

Laysan Finch Telespiza cantans
Nihoa Finch Telespiza ultima

Palila Loxioides bailleui

Lesser Koa Finch Rhodacanthis flaviceps
Greater Koa Finch Rhodacanthis palmeri

Kona Grosbeak Chloridops kona

Ou Psittirostra psittacea

Lanai Hookbill Dysmorodrepanis munroi

Iiwi Drepanis coccinea
Hawaii Mamo Drepanis pacifica
Black Mamo Drepanis funerea

Ula-ai-hawane Ciridops anna

Akohekohe Palmeria dolei

Apapane Himatione sanguinea
Laysan Honeycreeper Himatione fraithii

Greater Amakihi Viridonia sagittirostris

Lesser Akialoa Akialoa obscura
Oahu Akialoa Akialoa ellisiana
Kauai Akialoa Akialoa stejnegeri
Maui-nui Akialoa Akialoa lanaiensis

Oahu Nukupuu Hemignathus lucidus
Kauai Nukupuu Hemignathus hanapepe
Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis
Akiapolaau Hemignathus wilsoni

Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys

Anianiau Magumma parva

Hawaii Creeper Loxops mana
Akekee Loxops caeruleirostris
Hawaii Akepa Loxops coccineus
Oahu Akepa Loxops wolstenholmei
Maui Akepa Loxops ochraceus

Hawaii Amakihi Chlorodrepanis virens
Oahu Amakihi Chlorodrepanis flava
Kauai Amakihi Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri

Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus
Cassin's Finch Haemorhous cassinii
House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus

European Greenfinch Chloris chloris
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Chloris spinoides
Vietnamese Greenfinch Chloris monguilloti
Black-headed Greenfinch Chloris ambigua

Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta
Socotra Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus socotranus
Arabian Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali
Somali Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus louisae

Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus

Principe Seedeater Crithagra rufobrunnea
Sao Tome Grosbeak Crithagra concolor
African Citril Crithagra citrinelloides
Western Citril Crithagra frontalis
Southern Citril Crithagra hyposticta
Black-faced Canary Crithagra capistrata
Papyrus Canary Crithagra koliensis
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops
White-rumped Seedeater Crithagra leucopygia
Black-throated Canary Crithagra atrogularis
Yellow-rumped Seedeater Crithagra xanthopygia
Reichenow's Seedeater Crithagra reichenowi
Arabian Serin Crithagra rothschildi
Yellow-throated Seedeater Crithagra flavigula
Salvadori's Seedeater Crithagra xantholaema
Lemon-breasted Canary Crithagra citrinipectus
Yellow-fronted Canary Crithagra mozambica
White-bellied Canary Crithagra dorsostriata
Ankober Serin Crithagra ankoberensis
Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis
Cape Siskin Crithagra totta
Drakensberg Siskin Crithagra symonsi
Northern Grosbeak-Canary Crithagra donaldsoni
Southern Grosbeak-Canary Crithagra buchanani
Yellow Canary Crithagra flaviventris
Brimstone Canary Crithagra sulphurata
Reichard's Seedeater Crithagra reichardi
Streaky-headed Seedeater Crithagra gularis
West African Seedeater Crithagra canicapilla
Black-eared Seedeater Crithagra mennelli
Brown-rumped Seedeater Crithagra tristriata
White-throated Canary Crithagra albogularis
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata
Yellow-browed Seedeater Crithagra whytii
Kipengere Seedeater Crithagra melanochroa
Protea Canary Crithagra leucoptera

Twite Linaria flavirostris
Common Linnet Linaria cannabina
Yemen Linnet Linaria yemenensis
Warsangli Linnet Linaria johannis

Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea

Arctic Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni

Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Hispaniolan Crossbill Loxia megaplaga

Mountain Serin Chrysocorythus estherae

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella
Corsican Finch Carduelis corsicana

Red-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
European Serin Serinus serinus
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus
Atlantic Canary Serinus canaria
Cape Canary Serinus canicollis
Yellow-crowned Canary Serinus flavivertex
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps
Black-headed Canary Serinus alario

Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus
Lawrence's Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis
Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus
Antillean Siskin Spinus dominicensis
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
Black-capped Siskin Spinus atriceps
Black-headed Siskin Spinus notatus
Black-chinned Siskin Spinus barbatus
Yellow-bellied Siskin Spinus xanthogastrus
Olivaceous Siskin Spinus olivaceus
Hooded Siskin Spinus magellanicus
Saffron Siskin Spinus siemiradzkii
Yellow-faced Siskin Spinus yarrellii
Red Siskin Spinus cucullatus
Black Siskin Spinus atratus
Yellow-rumped Siskin Spinus uropygialis
Thick-billed Siskin Spinus crassirostris
Andean Siskin Spinus spinescens

Jamaican Euphonia Euphonia jamaica
Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plumbea
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Trinidad Euphonia Euphonia trinitatis
Velvet-fronted Euphonia Euphonia concinna
Orange-crowned Euphonia Euphonia saturata
Finsch's Euphonia Euphonia finschi
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
Green-chinned Euphonia Euphonia chalybea
Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima
Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica
Fulvous-vented Euphonia Euphonia fulvicrissa
Spot-crowned Euphonia Euphonia imitans
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa
White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis

Yellow-collared Chlorophonia Chlorophonia flavirostris
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys
Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys

Family Links

Finches Fringillidae

Species Account

List and notes

Finches Fringillidae

Cornell Family Account

Annotated list of North American species

Finches Fringillidae

HBW Family Account

Annotated species list

Finches Fringillidae

BTO Family Account

The finches form a large family and some authorities split them in two, the majority in the Carduelidae, with the Chaffinch and Brambling being considered sufficiently distinct to merit a family of their own (along with the Blue Chaffinch, found only on the Canary Islands).

Finches Fringillidae

Species Account

The Fringillids, sometimes called the True Finches, are a very large set of specialized seedeaters found around the globe. Most have modified beaks for holding and shelling seeds.

Species Links

African Citril Serinus citrinelloides

Species Account

Southern African demographyThe Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella) is a small songbird, a member of the true finch family Fringillidae. For a long time, this cardueline finch was placed in the genus Serinus, but it is apparently very closely related to the European Goldfinch…

Alpine Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife Species Profile

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

IUCN Species Status

IUCN Species Profile

Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii

Cornell Species Account

Species account with images et al…

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

HBW Species Account

HBW species account

Cape Canary Serinus canicollis

BirdLife Species Account

Full species account

Forest Canary Serinus scotops

BirdLife Species Account

Full species account...

Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguinea

HBW Species Account

HBW Species account

Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

Species Account

Images and sound recordings

European Serin Serinus serinus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

BirdLife Species Account

BirdLife species profile

Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus

Species Account

The brimstone canary or bully canary, (Crithagra sulphuratus), is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is a resident breeder in central and southern Africa.

Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus

HBW Species Account

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Species Account

Images and several sound recordings

Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

RSPB Species Account

Scarlet rosefinches are sparrow sized birds, mottled brown above with a streaked breast, pale belly and forked tail.

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Species Account

The common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) or scarlet rosefinch is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe.

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

BirdLife Species Account

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Loxia erythrina Pallas, 1770, Volga and Samara Rivers, Russia. Forms a superspecies with C. purpureus. Geographical variation weak and, except for race roseatus, not well defined; races not always separable when in worn plumage. Previously published phylogeographical analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences, however, suggested existence of three recently diverged groups, corresponding to, respectively, Caucasus, CW Eurasia and NE Eurasia; recent re-evaluation of mtDNA data using coalescence methods, and addition of sequence data from a sex-linked gene, supported distinctiveness of Caucasian group but not the two other groups; overall, coalescence methods indicated lack of gene flow among the three groups and population expansion in CW Eurasian and NE Eurasian groups, the three groups corresponding to described races, further supporting their validity. Five subspecies recognized.

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

Species Account

The black-chinned siskin (Spinus barbatus) is a species of finch in the family Fringillidae. Found in Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands, its natural habitats are temperate forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

BirdLife Species Account

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Fringilla barbata Molina, 1782, Valparaíso, Chile. Monotypic.

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

Cornell Species Account

The Black-chinned Siskin is the most southerly-distributed of the siskins. It is common in edge habitats, scrub, and towns in central and southern Chile, southern Argentina, and on the Falkland Islands.

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Black-headed Siskin Carduelis notata

BirdLife Species Account

Species account...

Black-headed Siskin Carduelis notata

Species Account

The black-headed siskin (Spinus notatus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Black-headed Siskin Carduelis notata

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Carduelis notata du Bus de Gisignies, 1847, Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. Three subspecies recognized.

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

IBC Species Account

Species account...

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

Species Account

The black-throated canary (Crithagra atrogularis), also known as the Black-throated seedeater, is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family.

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Linaria atrogularis A. Smith, 1836, around Kurrichane (Zeerust), North West Province, South Africa. Thought to form a superspecies with S. reichenowi and S. xanthopygius, and previously considered conspecific with both. Was often considered to form a superspecies with S. leucopygius, but relationships with latter unclear; previously treated as conspecific with S. rothschildi. Race somereni tentatively recognized, but morphological and vocal differences from nominate not well established; further study desirable. Birds from SW Zambia (Chunga pool, in Sesheke) with cinnamon-buff tinge on underparts described as race seshekeensis, but differences from semideserti considered minimal. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 226

Useful Reading

Finches & Sparrows

Peter Clement, Alan Harris & John Davis Helm 1993

ISBN: 0713680172

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Ecology and Evolution of Darwin's Finches

by Peter R Grant - 492 pages, col photos, b’w photos, illus, figs, tabs. Princeton University Press 1999

ISBN: 0691048665

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Hawaiian Honeycreepers

by H Douglas Pratt [Illustrated by the author] OUP 2005

ISBN: 019854653X

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Other Links

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Website

All the information that you will find on this site is from Dr.Massimo Natale. It is a study of the variations of European Goldfinches.

Crossbills

Website

Audio-visual guide to Crossbills from the American Museum of Natural History

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Image

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Good image

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Crisp image

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

[Brief] species account

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Close-up image

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Excellent images

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Website

Full image

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

The Purple Finch is the bird that Roger Tory Peterson famously described as a “sparrow dipped in raspberry juice.” For many of us, they’re irregular winter visitors to our feeders, although these chunky, big-beaked finches do breed in northern North America and the West Coast….

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Original species account by Audubon plus his illustrations

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Profile

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Canadian distribution

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Excellent images

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Webpage

HBW species account

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Excellent [female] portrait

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Website

Distribution maps

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs

Website

Images & notes

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Website

Fact file and [painted] image

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Image

Image

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Website

Image

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Website

Image

Asian Rosy-Finch Leucosticte arctoa

Image

Excellent Image

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

Webpage

Good image

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

Image

Very good image

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

Image

Brilliant close-up image

Brown-capped Rosy-Finch Leucosticte australis

Webpage

BirdLife Species Profile

Brown-capped Rosy-Finch Leucosticte australis

Website

Excellent image

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Species account and image

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Great image and factsheet and distribution maps

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Image

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Audubon`s original species account and painting

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Image, facts and distribution maps

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Factsheet and image

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Website

Canadian distribution

Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii

Image

Brilliant images

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

Webpage

HBW species account with images et al…

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

Website

Full species account with images et al…

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

Webpage

BirdLife species profile...

Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus

Wikipedia

The Vinaceous Rosefinch (Carpodacus vinaceus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family….

Pallas` Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus

Website

Good image

Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus

Website

Profile and [painted] image

Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus

Website

Sound recording

Crossbill Natural History

Website

Notes on all species

Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica

Website

Species account

Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica

Website

Sound recording

Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica

Website

Research on specific status

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Webpage

Distribution map

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

Canadian distribution…

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

Distribution in Wisconsin

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

Superb image

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

Excellent images

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

Species account and [poor] image

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Website

[very large] image

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Webpage

Distribution map

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

A stocky finch of mature coniferous forests, the Red Crossbill is dependent on the seed cones that are its main food. Its peculiar bill allows it access to the seeds, and it will breed whenever it finds areas with an abundance of cones. It may wander widely between years to find a good cone crop…

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Crisp images

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Very full species account with sound recordings et al…

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Profile with image

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

[Mainly distant] images

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Canadian distribution

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Wisconsin distribution

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Images & sound recordings

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Website

Image

Crossbills

Website

Audio-visual guide…

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

Website

Notes and [drawn] image and photograph

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

Website

Remains after various deaths!

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

Website

Images

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

Website

Images & sound recordings

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Webpage

BirdLife Species profile

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Webp

Canadian distribution

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Image

Excellent images

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Website

Image and links to others

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Website

Notes and links

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Website

Very comprehensive species account

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Website

Excellent image

Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret

Website

Species profile including [painted] image

Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret

Website

Audubon`s original account

Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret

Website

Image & notes

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Webpage

BirdLife species profile

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Website

Image, links and N American range map

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Website

Canadian Distribution

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Website

Excellent image

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Website

North American winter range map

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Website

Sound recording

Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

Website

Image

Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

Website

Excellent image

Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

Website

Excellent image

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

Webpage

HBW species account

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

Website

Full species account and images

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

Website

Extensive species profile

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

Website

Images, links, distribution and range maps etc.

Siskins of the World

Website

Brief accounts and images

Red Siskin Carduelis cucullata

Information

Species account

Red Siskin Carduelis cucullata

Website

Notes on species as cage bird

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Webpage

IUCN species profile

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Extensive species profile

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Good images

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

HBW species account...

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Images and notes on ID etc.

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Good images

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Brilliant image

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Species profile

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Comprehensive species account

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Website

Sound recordings

Lawrence`s Goldfinch Carduelis lawrencei

Website

Superb images

Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

Image

Image

Twite Carduelis flavirostris

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Twite Carduelis flavirostris

Website

Good image

Oriental Greenfinch Carduelis sinica

Website

Image and sound recordings

Oriental Greenfinch Carduelis sinica

Website

Excellent image

Oriental Greenfinch Carduelis sinica

Website

Image

Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina

Website

Images and sound recordings

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Website

Images and sound recordings

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Website

Notes and images

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Website

Image

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Website

Species account and status in New Zealand and image

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

Image

[in-hand] images etc…

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

Webpage

Audubon's original species account and image

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

Webpage

Full species profile with [excellent] image and distribution & range maps etc.

European Serin Serinus serinus

Website

Image

European Serin Serinus serinus

Website

[Very slow opening] Image

European Serin Serinus serinus

Website

Good image

Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus

Website

Image

Island Canary Serinus canaria

Information

Full profile

White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus

Webpage

HBW species profile...

Yellow Canary Serinus flaviventris

Website

Image

White-throated Canary Serinus albogularis

Information

Full species account...

Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus

Webpage

BirdLife species profile...

Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni

Webpage

BirdLife species profile....

Protea Canary Serinus leucopterus

Information

Full species account...

Cape Siskin Serinus totta

Information

Full species account...

Drakensberg Siskin Serinus symonsi

Website

Very comprehensive species account

Bullfinch

Website

Notes on the several bullfinch species

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Website

Very comprehensive species account

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Website

Excellent image

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Website

Good images

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Website

Simple species profile with UK distribution map and some good images…

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Website

Images and sound recordings…

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Website

Excellent image

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Webpage

Distribution map

Long-tailed Rosefinch Uragus sibiricus

Website

Image

Long-tailed Rosefinch Uragus sibiricus

Website

Fine image

Long-tailed Rosefinch Uragus sibiricus

Website

Sound recording

Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea

Information

Full species account…

Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

Image

Excellent image

Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

Website

Good image

Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

Website

Sound recording

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Webpage

IUCN species profile

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Full species profile and images etc.

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Profile and essays

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Audubon`s original species account and illustration

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Good images

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Brief profile with excellent image and distribution maps etc…

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Full species account and images

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Canadian distribution

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Biography and good image

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Website

Very good image at feeder

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Webpage

BirdLife species profile...

Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Webpage

Species profile with image etc…

Hawaiian Honeycreeper Vestiaria coccinea

Website

The colorful i`iwi is an extremely rare bird that can be found in the upper forests of Hawai`i, Maui, and Kauai`i. A favorite food of these birds is the nectar from the lehua blossom of the native `o`hi`a tree. The i`iwi is one of over fifty species of the Hawaiian honeycreeper that are believed to have evolved from a common ancestral species that arrived in Hawai`i millions of years ago…

Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Webpage

BirdLife species profile...

Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Webpage

The Bullfinch is a large, plump finch which feeds on buds and fruit in woodlands, hedgerows, parklands, gardens and orchards. Beautiful, easy to tame and skilful at mimicry, it was often taken as a cage-bird in times past. Shy and secretive, its melancholy call may be the only indication of its presence in a thicket. Bullfinches usually nest in shrubs, such as hawthorn and blackthorn, making a flimsy nest out of twigs and moss.

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Webpage

Cornell species account...

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Webpage

Collins 'New Naturalist' volumes have accumulated through the post-war years to provide an invaluable library. Earlier issues have become collector's items among them 'The Hawfinch' by Guy Mountford published in 1957. Seeking a copy of this excellent monograph reflects the difficulties in observing an often highly-elusive bird...

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Webpage

HBW species profile...

Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus

Webpage

HBW species profile...

Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus

Webpage

IUCN species account....

Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni

Webpage

HBW species profile...

Twite Carduelis flavirostris

Webpage

HBW species account...

Twite Carduelis flavirostris

Webpage

RSPB species account, image etc...

White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus

Webpage

BirdLife species account...

Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus

Webpage

IBC Species account and video

Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus

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