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Grallariidae - Antpittas

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea ©Dr George Cruz Website

Grallariidae is a family of smallish passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America known as antpittas. They are between 10 and 20 cm in length, and are related to the antbirds, Thamnophilidae, and gnateaters, Conopophagidae. They were also formerly placed in the Formicariidae, but studies by Rice (2005) indicated a distinct family was supported. There are 1 large and three fairly small genera.

They are forest birds that tend to feed on insects at or near the ground since many are specialist ant eaters. Most are drab in appearance with shades of (rusty) brown, black, and white being their dominant tones. Compared to other birds that specialise in following ants, this family is the most tied to the ground. The long, powerful legs, which lend the birds a distinctive upright posture, and an essentially vestigial tail aid this lifestyle. This led to their common name although they are notrelated to true pittas.

They lay two or three eggs in a nest in a tree, both sexes incubating.

This newly created family of Antpittas was split from the formicariidae after DNA sequencing confirmed the re-ordering. There are 53 species in this family which are:

Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera
Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea
Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia
Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni
Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis
Tachira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia
Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota
Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima
Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla
Watkins's (Scrub) Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi
Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi
Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri
Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus
Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha
Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea
Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi
Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis
Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri
White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula
Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta
White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca
Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii
Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis
Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca
Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula
Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei
Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis
Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri
Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis
Fenwick's Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum or Urrao Antpitta Grallaria urraoensis

Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus
Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius
Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis
Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives
White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris
Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi
White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
Snethlage's Antpitta Hylopezus paraensis
Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona
Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris
Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata
Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata
Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana
Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons
Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus
Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana
Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons
Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

Family Links

Antpittas Grallariidae

Family Account

Grallariidae is a family of smallish passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America known as antpittas. They are between 10 and 20 cm in length, and are related to the antbirds, Thamnophilidae, and gnateaters, Conopophagidae.

Antpittas Grallariidae

Family Account

Species List

Species Links

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

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(somewhat obscured) Image

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

Species Account

The masked antpitta (Hylopezus auricularis) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Bolivia.

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

Cornell Species Account

Formerly treated as a subspecies of Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius), Masked Antpitta is a poorly known, and apparently genuinely rare, bird that is endemic to northern Bolivia...

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

BirdLife Species Account

Hylopezus macularius (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) has been split into H. macularius and H. auricularis following SACC (2005)...

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

Species Account

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Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

HBW Species Account

Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis

IUCN Species Status

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Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Hylopezus whittakeri Carneiro et al., 2012, Figueiredo in Belterra, Floresta Nacional do Tapajós, Sucupira base, km 117 of the BR-163 highway, 03°21'22" S, 54°56'57" W, Pará, Brazil. Until recently, H. macularius was generally treated as comprising three races, i.e. nominate, paraensis, and diversus; however, a recent systematic revision, based on morphometric, plumage, vocal, and molecular characters recommends division into 3–4 species, with splitting of present species, paraensis, and possibly dilutus (incorporating diversus) from macularius; present species is very similar in morphology to paraensis, but vocally and genetically readily distinguished from it and indeed all other taxa previously grouped under H. macularius. In a 2009 thesis by the senior author, present species was initially named “H. oreni”, but this was unpublished, and so the name did not become available. Monotypic.

Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

Species Account

The Alta Floresta antpitta (Hylopezus whittakeri) is a species of antpitta of the Grallariidae family discovered in 2012.

Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

Species Account

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Alta Floresta Antpitta Hylopezus whittakeri

Information

Recognize newly described Hylopezus whittakeri and split Hylopezus macularius into two species

Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus

Cornell Species Account

Streak-chested Antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus) is a terrestrial insectivorous bird species found in lowland tropical forests from eastern Honduras south to northwestern Ecuador. The Spanish common name is Tororoi ("antpitta") pechilistado (literally "streak-chested"). The generic name is derived from the Greek hylo ("wood" or "matter") and the Latin pez ("foot" or "bottom").

Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus

Species Account

The streak-chested antpitta or spectacled antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus

Species Account

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Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Streak-chested Antpitta (Spectacled) Hylopezus perspicillatus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria perspicillata Lawrence, 1861, Isthmus of Panama. Five subspecies recognized.

Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

Species Account

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Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

Species Account

The spotted antpitta (Hylopezus macularius) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

Cornell Species Account

The Spotted Antpitta, as currently constituted, is represented by three subspecies, which echo the ‘breaks’ in the species’ range only to a limited extent, and are not especially well differentiated morphologically. However, the distinctly more obvious differences in their vocalizations hints at the presence of more than one species.

Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Pitta macularia Temminck, 1830, Brazil; error = Cayenne. Formerly considered conspecific with H. auricularis, but differs distinctly in plumage, voice and habitat. All three races differ distinctly in voice, suggesting that they should perhaps be treated as full species. Three subspecies recognized.

Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives

Species Account

The thicket antpitta (Hylopezus dives) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and perhaps Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives

BirdLife Species Account

The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations).

Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives

Cornell Species Account

Thicket Antpitta is found from eastern Honduras, discontinuously, southward to southwestern Colombia, and includes two Central American and one South American subspecies. Previously Thicket Antpitta was considered conspecific with White-lored Antpitta (Hylopezus fulviventris), which is an exclusively Amazonian species.

Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives

Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria dives Salvin, 1865, Tucurriquí, Costa Rica. Formerly considered conspecific with H. fulviventris, but differs distinctly in voice and plumage. Three subspecies recognized.

White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

BirdLife Species Account

Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations)

White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

Species Account

The white-lored antpitta or fulvous-bellied antpitta (Hylopezus fulviventris) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

Species Account

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White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

Species Account

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White-lored Antpitta Hylopezus fulviventris

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria fulviventris P. L. Sclater, 1858, Río Napo, Ecuador. Formerly considered conspecific with H. dives, but differs distinctly in voice and plumage. Possibly conspecific with vocally similar H. berlepschi. Two subspecies recognized.

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

BirdLife Species Account

Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations).

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

Species Account

The Amazonian antpitta (Hylopezus berlepschi) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

Species Account

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Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

Cornell Species Account

The Amazonian Antpitta is widely distributed over southern Amazonia, from the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil to eastern Peru and northern Bolivia, and it inhabits the dense undergrowth of terra firme forest below approximately 700 m.

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria berlepschi Hellmayr, 1903, Engenho do Gama, Rio Guaporé, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Possibly conspecific with vocally similar H. fulviventris. Racial affiliation of birds from SE Peru uncertain; currently placed in nominate race, but at least some may belong with yessupi. Two subspecies recognized

Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

IUCN Species Status

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

BirdLife Species Account

White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Species Account

The white-browed antpitta (Hylopezus ochroleucus) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Brazil.

White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Species Account

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White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Cornell Species Account

Until recently, White-browed Antpitta still was considered conspecific with Speckle-breasted Antpitta (Hylopezus nattereri) of the southern Atlantic Forest, but it now is separated on the basis of its strikingly different plumage, especially the white supercilium, and vocalizations, as well as its quite different habitat preferences.

White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus

Species Account

Taxonomy: Myioturdus ochroleucus Wied, 1831, Arraial da Conquista, southern Bahia, Brazil. Was for many years treated as conspecific with H. nattereri, despite striking differences in voice, plumage, habitat and distribution. Monotypic.

Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri

BirdLife Species Account

The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations).

Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri

Species Account

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Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri

Species Account

The speckle-breasted antpitta (Hylopezus nattereri) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri

Cornell Species Account

The southeastern representative of the genus Hylopezus is endemic to the Atlantic Forest of southeast Brazil, adjacent easternmost Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina. Like most antpittas, the Speckle-breasted Antpitta is usually first located by virtue of its mildly ‘haunting’ song, a short, evenly paced series of whistled notes lasting approximately 2.5 seconds...

Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria nattereri Pinto, 1937, Alto da Serra, São Paulo, Brazil. Was for many years inexplicably considered conspecific with H. ochroleucus, but shows striking differences in voice, plumage, habitat and distribution. Monotypic.

Snethlage's Antpitta Hylopezus paraensis

Species Account

The Snethlage's antpitta (Hylopezus paraensis) is a species of antpitta in the Grallariidae family. It was formerly considered conspecific with the spotted antpitta.

Snethlage's Antpitta Hylopezus paraensis

Species Account

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Snethlage's Antpitta Hylopezus paraensis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Pitta macularia Temminck, 1830, Brazil; error = Cayenne. Formerly considered conspecific with H. auricularis, but differs distinctly in plumage, voice and habitat. All three races differ distinctly in voice, suggesting that they should perhaps be treated as full species. Three subspecies recognized.

Snethlage's Antpitta Hylopezus paraensis

Information

Recognize newly described Hylopezus whittakeri and split Hylopezus macularius into two species...

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

Species Account

The thrush-like antpitta (Myrmothera campanisona) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family...

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Myrmornim campanisonam Hermann, 1783, Cayenne. Race subcanescens exhibits distinct vocal differences from other races; possibly a separate species. Plumage differences among other races very poorly defined; further study required. Six subspecies recognized.

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

Cornell Species Account

Five subspecies of the widely distributed, and generally fairly common, Thrush-like Antpitta are generally recognized, but at least one of these is probably meritorious of being elevated to species level, principally based on distinct vocal differences.

Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

Species Account

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Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

Species Account

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Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

Species Account

The tepui antpitta or brown-breasted antpitta (Myrmothera simplex) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family.

Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria simplex Salvin and Godman, 1884, Mount Roraima, 5000 feet [c. 1520 m], Venezuela. Four subspecies recognized

Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

BirdLife Species Account

he population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern

Tepui Antpitta (Brown-breasted) Myrmothera simplex

Cornell Species Account

Despite its relatively tiny range, in southern Venezuela and immediately adjacent parts of northernmost Brazil and westernmost Guyana, four subspecies of the Tepui Antpitta are recognised, although they appear to differ rather little in plumage and apparently not at all in their vocalizations.

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

BirdLife Species Account

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin, as well as deforestation taking place elsewhere within its extensive range, it is suspected that the population of this species will decline by 25-30% over the next three generations, and it has therefore been uplisted to Near Threatened.

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

Species Account

The ochre-breasted antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris) is a species of bird tentatively placed in the family Grallariidae; it might belong to a more distinct lineage though.

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

Species Account

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Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

Cornell Species Account

This tiny antpitta inhabits the undergrowth of wet montane forest at elevations of 500–2750 m, from Costa Rica south over both slopes of the Andes, as far as southern Ecuador in the west, and to central Bolivia on the east slope. Considerable morphological variation has led to the description of eight subspecies, which vary quite dramatically in underparts coloration and pattern, and to a lesser extent in face pattern, but to date the species’ vocalizations are so incompletely known that it is impossible to draw any conclusions as to whether more than one species is involved.

Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria flavirostris P. L. Sclater, 1858, Río Napo, Ecuador. In the past, distinctive races boliviana and similis have together been treated as forming a separate species; proposed reinstatement as such perhaps tenable, but vocalizations of all races inadequately known; further study required. In addition, although three races described from Pacific slope in Colombia and Ecuador on basis of differences in underpart pattern and bill colour, considerable variation exists among all that region’s populations, any one of which can span virtually entire range of variation in these characters; hence, mindoensis and possibly zarumae perhaps better considered as synonyms of ochraceiventris. Eight subspecies recognized.

Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small range and numbers are likely to be declining owing to habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

Species Account

The Scallop-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula loricata) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Venezuela.

Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

IUCN Species Status

This species has a small range and numbers are likely to be declining owing to habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

Cornell Species Account

Endemic to the north coastal mountains of Venezuela, the attractive and boldly-patterned Scallop-breasted Antpitta is infrequently seen and is not well studied. It is a range-restricted species confined to the northern Venezuelan mountains, and is considered Near Threatened.

Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

Species Account

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Scallop-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula loricata

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria loricata P. L. Sclater, 1857, near Caracas, Venezuela. Monotypic.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small known range and population at a few scattered location, where habitat loss is continuing (Collar et al. 1992). However, recent survey work has located the species in several areas between old locations and, if this trend continues, it may no longer qualify as Vulnerable.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

Species Account

The hooded antpitta (Grallaricula cucullata) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia and Venezuela.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

Cornell Species Account

This beautiful and diminutive antpitta is automatically immediately recognized within its range by the bright orange-rufous head and throat; the rest of the bird’s plumage is a mix of brown and gray, with a small white crescent on the lower throat. Hooded Antpitta is virtually endemic to Colombia, only occurring outside its borders in extreme western Venezuela.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Conopophaga cucullata P. L. Sclater, 1856, Bogotá, Colombia. Two subspecies recognized.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

IUCN Species Status

10 cm. Small, plump antpitta with bright orange bill. Bright orange-rufous head and throat. Olive-brown above. Grey below with narrow white crescent across chest. White belly and lower breast. Voice Unknown.

Hooded Antpitta Grallaricula cucullata

Species Account

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Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

Species Account

The Peruvian antpitta (Grallaricula peruviana) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Ecuador and northern Peru.

Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

Cornell Species Account

Like other Grallaricula, the Peruvian Antpitta is a poorly known inhabitant of Andean forests under intense pressures from human alterations. It is rather strongly patterned for this genus, with a uniformly brown back and distinctive markings on the face and breast.

Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

IUCN Species Status

This species has a small range and numbers are suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaricula peruviana Chapman, 1923, Chaupe, 6100 feet [c. 1860 m], north-west of Huancabamba, Peru. Probably forms a superspecies with G. ochraceifrons. Monotypic.

Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

Species Account

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Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana

BirdLife Species Account

Grallaricula peruviana is rare and very local on the east slope of the Andes in Ecuador and north Peru. There are recent records from the Cordillera de Cutucú and the Gualacio-Limón road (Morona-Santiago), Podocarpus National Park (Zamora-Chinchipe) and Cabañas San Isidro, 3 km west of the town of Cosanga (Napo) in Ecuador, and Chaupe (Cajamarca) and Cerro Chinguela (Piura) in Peru (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Greeney et al. 2004).

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

Species Account

The ochre-fronted antpitta (Grallaricula ochraceifrons) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Peru.

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

IUCN Species Status

10.5 cm. Small, predominantly brown antpitta. Ochraceous-buff forecrown and eye-ring are most obvious features of male (former lacking in female). Otherwise largely brown upperparts, and heavily black-streaked white underparts, with buff-tinged flanks

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaricula ochraceifrons Graves et al., 1983, Abra Patricia, 6200 feet [c. 1890 m], San Martín, Peru. Probably forms a superspecies with G. peruviana. Monotypic

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

Cornell Species Account

Listed by BirdLife International as Endangered, Ochre-fronted Antpitta is predominantly brown, with an ochraceous-buff forecrown and eye-ring (in males), and heavily black-streaked white underparts, with buff-tinged flanks. The species was discovered as recently as the mid 1970s, and still is known from just two localities on isolated ridges of the east Andes, in the departments of Amazonas and San Martín, in northern Peru south of the Marañón Valley.

Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

Species Account

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Ochre-fronted Antpitta Grallaricula ochraceifrons

BirdLife Species Account

The population is estimated to number 250-999 individuals based on an assessment of known records, descriptions of abundance and range size. This is consistent with recorded population density estimates for congeners or close relatives with a similar body size, and the fact that only a proportion of the estimated Extent of Occurrence is likely to be occupied. This estimate is equivalent to 167-666 mature individuals, rounded here to 150-700 mature individuals.

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Species Account

The rusty-breasted antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Cornell Species Account

Rusty-breasted Antpitta is distributed discontinuously through the Andes from northern and western Venezuela south to western Bolivia. Like other members of the genus Grallaricula, this species is a difficult bird to observe, even with playback, as these tiny birds can be incredibly difficult to spot as they perch low and inconspicuously in the undergrowth.

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria ferrugineipectus P. L. Sclater, 1857, near Caracas, Venezuela.

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus

Species Account

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Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

Species Account

The slaty-crowned antpitta (Grallaricula nana) is a species of bird tentatively placed in the family Grallariidae; it might belong to a more distinct lineage though.

Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

Species Account

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Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria nana Lafresnaye, 1842, Bogotá, Colombia. Races in coastal mountains of Venezuela suggested as forming a separate species, on basis of whiter belly and paler lower mandible, but vocally somewhat similar to other races; further study needed. Proposed race occidentalis (W & C Andes of Colombia) synonymized with nominate, as similar birds occur in extreme N Peru. Five subspecies recognized.

Slaty-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

Cornell Species Account

Slate-crowned Antpitta is one of the most widespread species of Grallaricula, inhabiting montane areas from north coastal Venezuela south and west, discontinuously, to northernmost Peru, as well as disjunctly in southeastern Venezuela and adjacent western Guyana.

Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

Species Account

The crescent-faced antpitta (Grallaricula lineifrons) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador.

Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

Cornell Species Account

Crescent-faced Antpitta is one of the most strikingly plumaged members of the genus,perhaps even of the entire family Grallariidae family. There is no recorded geographic variation within the limited range of this species. Adults are dark brown above with a slate-gray crown and nape, a bold white crescent in front of the eye, and densely streaked buff to whitish underparts.

Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small range and numbers are likely to be declining owing to habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

Species Account

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Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Apocryptornis lineifrons Chapman, 1924, Oyacachi, Ecuador. Monotypic.

Crescent-faced Antpitta Grallaricula lineifrons

IUCN Species Status

This species has a small range and numbers are likely to be declining owing to habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a very small range (and probably a small population), which is presumably declining in response to the impact of changing agricultural techniques and conversion to plantations. It would qualify as Endangered, but is known from seven locations, and is consequently listed as Vulnerable.

Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

Cornell Species Account

Until very recently, Sucre Antpitta was universally treated as a subspecies of the wide-ranging Slate-crowned Antpitta (Grallaricula nana). A recent morphological and vocal study, however, emphasized the strong geographical variation evident within this species complex, and led to its division into two species.

Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

Species Account

The Sucre antpitta (Grallaricula cumanensis) is a species of bird placed in the family Grallariidae.

Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

Species Account

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Sucre Antpitta Grallaricula cumanensis

IUCN Species Status

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Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

Cornell Species Account

A large-sized Grallariidae of the Andes, where it occurs from southwest Venezuela south to central Bolivia, the Undulated Antpitta can be devilishly difficult to see, in part due to its ventriloquial vocalizations, despite being at least locally quite common.

Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

Species Account

The undulated antpitta (Grallaria squamigera) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family.

Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

Species Account

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Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria squamigera Prévost and Des Murs, 1846, no locality = Bogotá, Colombia. Birds from Cordillera de Cutucú (SE Ecuador), though tentatively included with similarly plumaged Peruvian race canicauda, are isolated from nearest population of latter by an area occupied by nominate race, and probably represent an independent lineage; further study needed. Two subspecies recognized.

Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

Species Account

The giant antpitta (Grallaria gigantea) is a perching bird species in the antpitta family (Grallariidae).

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a very small range, within which its habitat is continuing to decline. It consequently qualifies as Vulnerable (Collar et al. 1992).

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

Cornell Species Account

The aptly-named Giant Antpitta is a huge antpitta, rare and seldom seen until recently. It is found largely in Ecuador, but also occurs in southernmost Colombia. It is replaced farther north in the Andes of Venezuela by Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa). Recently this awesome antpitta became much easier to see in a spot close to Quito, Ecuador where an entrepreneurial local man (Angel Paz) habituated a pair of these antpittas to take worms from him, luring them out into the trail so that birders could see the bird.

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria gigantea Lawrence, 1866, Ecuador. Forms a superspecies with G. excelsa. Possibly conspecific, or possibly only race lehmanni may be better placed with that species; or, conversely, race hylodroma may deserve full species rank; further research required. Three subspecies recognized.

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

IUCN Species Status

26.5 cm. Huge antpitta with thick, heavy bill. Olive-brown above. Pale grey hindcrown and nape. Deep rusty sides of head and entire underparts, with black edged throat and breast feathers giving wavy, barred appearance.

Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea

Species Account

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Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa

BirdLife Species Account

There are very few recent records of this species, indicating that the range and population are conceivably small, and that it may have undergone a rapid decline. It consequently qualifies as Vulnerable.

Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria excelsa Berlepsch, 1893, Montaña Aricagua, Andes of Mérida, Venezuela. Forms a superspecies with G. gigantea. Possibly conspecific, or, alternatively, race lehmanni of latter should perhaps be placed with present species; further study required. Two subspecies recognized.

Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa

Species Account

The great antpitta (Grallaria excelsa) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa

Cornell Species Account

Great Antpitta is thought to form a superspecies with Giant Antpitta (Grallaria gigantea), which replaces it farther south in the Andes. The two are so closely related that some authors believe them to be conspecific or, alternatively, that at least one subspecies of Giant Antpitta is actually better placed with Great Antpitta.

Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa

Species Account

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Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Formicarius varius Boddaert, 1783, Cayenne. Races form two geographically separate groups, N & W “varia group” also containing cinereiceps and distincta, and E & S “imperator group”; it has been suggested that these might represent two distinct species on basis of vocal differences, but geographical variation in song poorly studied. Racial affiliation of birds from SE Minas Gerais uncertain; currently included in intercedens, but further study required. Five subspecies recognized.

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

Species Account

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Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

Cornell Species Account

Variegated Antpitta is among the larger and more robust members of the genus Grallaria. It has a brownish back, slate gray crown, pale lores, and a prominent white or buffy submoustachial stripe. The pattern of the underparts is geographically variable, ranging from finely barred to streaked.

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

Species Account

The variegated antpitta (Grallaria varia) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in southeastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, the Guianas and the northern Amazon Basin. Variegated antpitta is found in the Guianas and Venezuela to the west; in the Amazon Basin, it is found in the downstream half of the Basin, also the Atlantic outlet region to the southeast, of the neighboring Tocantins-Araguaia River drainage.

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

BirdLife Species Account

This qualifies as Vulnerable because it has a small and severely fragmented range, which is contracting as a result of habitat destruction (Collar et al. 1992).

Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

IUCN Species Status

18 cm. Medium to large antpitta with white malar stripe. Dark rufescent-brown above. Slaty-grey crown and nape. Dark brown sides of head. Broad, white malar narrowly scaled black. Russet throat bordered by white chest-band. Olive-brown breast with few narrow white streaks. Buffy-white belly. Cinnamon washed flanks and undertail-coverts

Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

Species Account

The moustached antpitta (Grallaria alleni) is a species of bird tentatively placed in the family Grallariidae; it might belong to a more distinct lineage though.

Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria alleni Chapman, 1912, Salento, 7000 feet [c. 2140 m], Central Andes, Cauca, Colombia. Probably closely related to G. chthonia. Two subspecies recognized.

Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

Species Account

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Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni

Cornell Species Account

Named in honor of Arthur Augustus Allen, an American ornithologist and inspiring teacher at Cornell University, the Moustached Antpitta is a rare and little-known antpitta of the tropical Andes. Currently listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife International, this is a medium to large antpitta with a broad white malar stripe, slate-gray crown and nape, a russet-colored throat bordered by a white chest-band, and cinnamon-washed flanks and undertail coverts.

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

Species Account

The scaled antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis) is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae.

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

Cornell Species Account

Scaled Antpitta has a wide geographic range, from southern Mexico to central Bolivia, with a disjunct population in the pantepui region of southernmost Venezuela and adjacent northern Brazil and western Guyana. Throughout its wide range, this species rarely is anything other than a very difficult bird to actually see.

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

BirdLife Species Account

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

Species Account

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Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria guatimalensis Prévost and Des Murs, 1846, Guatemala. Races carmelitae and sororia only doubtfully distinct from regulus; moreover, distributional limits of the last two in C & S Peru remain to be clarified. Proposed race binfordi from SC Mexico (Mexico, Distrito Federal and Morelos), said to resemble ochraceiventris but with vertical stripes on breast, possibly valid, but its distinction from latter needs further corroboration; birds from N end of range described as race mexicana, but this generally regarded as a synonym of highly variable nominate race. Nine subspecies recognized.

Tachira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia

BirdLife Species Account

There have been no records of this species since 1956, and, although it may persist within a large national park, it probably has a tiny population which is likely to be declining owing to ongoing forest loss in the region (Collar et al. 1992). For these reasons it qualifies as Critically Endangered.

Táchira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia

Species Account

The Táchira antpitta (Grallaria chthonia) is a cryptical bird species. It is provisionally placed in the family Grallariidae, pending revision of this group. This species was only sighted and collected between 1955 and 1956, and may be extinct.

Táchira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia

Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria chthonia Wetmore and Phelps, 1956, Río Chiquito, 1800-2100 m, south-west Táchira, Venezuela. Probably closely related to G. alleni. Monotypic.

Táchira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia

Cornell Species Account

This incredibly poorly known species is documented solely from four specimens, all of which were taken at the same locality in southern Táchira, in westernmost Venezuela, in the mid-1950s. It has not been found since, despite occasional searches, and in the meantime deforestation has been rampant in this region.

Táchira Antpitta Grallaria chthonia

IUCN Species Status

There have been no records of this species since 1956, and, although it may persist within a large national park, it probably has a tiny population which is likely to be declining owing to ongoing forest loss in the region (Collar et al. 1992). For these reasons it qualifies as Critically Endangered.

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota

Species Account

The plain-backed antpitta (Grallaria haplonota) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in the Andes of Ecuador and the Venezuelan Coastal Range. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota

Cornell Species Account

Plain-backed Antpitta occurs, somewhat discontinuously, from northeastern Venezuela south to extreme northern Peru, and in the experience of many field observers is one of the hardest of the Grallariidae to actually catch a glimpse of.

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota

BirdLife Species Account

Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria haplonota P. L. Sclater, 1877, vicinity of Caracas, Venezuela. Racial allocation of birds from Amazonian slope of E Andes, in Colombia, and of others tape-recorded in San Martín, in N Peru, not yet determined; both populations tentatively placed with chaplinae, but further study required. Four subspecies recognized.

Plain-backed Antpitta Grallaria haplonota

Species Account

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Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

Species Account

The ochre-striped antpitta (Grallaria dignissima) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Ecuador, Peru and southern Colombia.

Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

Cornell Species Account

Ochre-striped Antpitta is one of only two truly lowland species of Grallaria antpittas; it inhabits low lying swampy areas and stream banks in terra firme forest of the western Amazon, in eastern Ecuador, northeastern Peru, and extreme southern Colombia.

Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

Species Account

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Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria dignissima P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880, Sarayacu, Ecuador. Previously placed with G. eludens, with which it forms a superspecies, in a separate genus Thamnocharis. Monotypic.

Ochre-striped Antpitta Grallaria dignissima

Species Account

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens

Cornell Species Account

The aptly named Elusive Antpitta is rare and local in terra firme and transitional forest south of the Amazon River in southeastern Peru and adjacent western Brazil. Elusive Antpitta is very closely related to Ochre-striped Antpitta (Grallaria dignissima) of northeastern Peru, southeastern Colombia, and eastern Ecuador.

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria eludens Lowery and O’Neill, 1969, vicinity of Balta, c. 300 m, Río Curanja, south-east Loreto, Peru. Previously placed with G. dignissima, with which it forms a superspecies, in a separate genus Thamnocharis. Monotypic

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens

Species Account

The elusive antpitta (Grallaria eludens) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Brazil and Peru.

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens

BirdLife Species Account

This species is classified as Least Concern as it is not thought to approach the thresholds for any of the IUCN criteria; however, further research is required on this poorly-known species.

Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens

Species Account

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Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

Species Account

The chestnut-crowned antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest, which it has a much greater tolerance for than most antpittas. Usually this bird lives at elevations of 1,900 to 3,100 m.

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria Ruficapilla Lafresnaye, 1842, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia. Was long considered conspecific with G. watkinsi, but distinct differences in voice, plumage and bare-part colours, and habitat; also, no intermediate specimens or songs known from area of range overlap in SW Ecuador. Racial affiliation of birds from Cerro Chinguela, in N Peru, uncertain; tentatively included in nominate race. Seven subspecies recognized.

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

Species Account

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Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

Cornell Species Account

This strikingly plumaged antpitta is both easily identified and one of the most easily seen of an extremely wary and notoriously shy family of birds. Chestnut-crowned Antpitta ranges from northern Venezuela south to central Peru, and is subdivided into seven subspecies, which mainly differ in the details of their head patterns.

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

IUCN Species Status

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

BirdLife Species Account

The population is also predicted to decline by 10-30% over the next three generations. For these reasons, the species has been uplisted to Near Threatened.

Watkins's (Scrub) Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

Species Account

The Watkins's antpitta or scrub antpitta (Grallaria watkinsi) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Ecuador and Peru.

Watkins's (Scrub) Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria watkinsi Chapman, 1919, Milagros, 2200 Was for many years treated as a race of G. ruficapilla, but differs markedly in voice, plumage, bare-part colours and habitat; in addition, no intermediate specimens or songs are known from area of range overlap in SW Ecuador. Exact location of type locality uncertain; originally said to be in Piura (Peru) but subsequently considered more likely to be located in Ecuador. Monotypic.

Watkins's (Scrub) Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

Cornell Species Account

Watkins's Antpitta is a shy resident of dry forest and secondary scrub, with a very restricted distribution in the lowlands of southwest Ecuador and northwest Peru. This species is reclusive, but can be very vocal and is heard more often than seen. Indeed the best way to locate a Watkins's Antpitta is to listen for the distinctive song, which consists of several short, hollow, whistled notes that descend in pitch, followed by a rising hollow whistle.

Watkins's (Scrub) Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi

Species Account

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Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

BirdLife Species Account

This species is classified as Vulnerable because it has a small range, which is fragmented and declining owing to habitat destruction caused by illegal agriculture, logging and burning. It is currently described as common, but its population size is unknown. However, it is likely to be undergoing a rapid decline as a result of habitat loss.

Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria bangsi J. A. Allen, 1900, El Líbano, 7000 feet [c. 2140 m], Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Probably fairly closely related to G. kaestneri. Monotypic.

Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

Cornell Species Account

Santa Marta Antpitta is confined to the endemic hotspot of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia, where its voice is a common sound of humid cloud, predominantly between 1600 m and 2400 m.

Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

Species Account

The Santa Marta antpitta (Grallaria bangsi) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Colombia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

IUCN Species Status

18 cm. Large, rather poorly-marked antpitta. Brown above with white lores and eyering. Underparts white streaked brown, except for bright ochraceous buff throat, brownish flanks (streaked white) and cinnamon buff underwing coverts.

Santa Marta Antpitta Grallaria bangsi

Species Account

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Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri

BirdLife Species Account

This species is listed as Endangered as it is suffering an ongoing decline in its very small range, in which it is known from just three locations. The suspected decline in its population size is expected to worsen over the next three generations, as pressures on its habitat accelerate.

Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri

Species Account

The Cundinamarca antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Colombia.

Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri

Cornell Species Account

Cundinamarca Antpitta was described little more than a decade ago and is known from only a few locations on the east slope of the East Andes in Colombia, all of them reasonably close to the country’s capital, Bogotá.

Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri

Species Account

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Cundinamarca Antpitta Grallaria kaestneri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria kaestneri Stiles, 1992, c. 3 km ENE of Monterredondo, Amazonian slope, Cundinamarca, Colombia. Considered to be close relative of larger G. bangsi. Monotypic.

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus

Species Account

The stripe-headed antpitta (Grallaria andicolus) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Peru and western Bolivia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Hypsibamon andicolus Cabanis, 1873, Maraynioc, Junín, Peru. Relationships uncertain; possibly merits separation in monspecific genus. Song of race punensis remains unknown, but call differs; may be better treated as a separate species. Species name andicolus is a noun and as such is invariable, so and must not be altered to “andicola”. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus

Cornell Species Account

The Stripe-headed Antpitta occurs from northern Peru south to northwestern Bolivia. Principally brown above, the underparts and face are boldly streaked and spotted, and there are some white shaft streaks evident over the mantle in northern populations.

Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicolus

Species Account

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Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

Species Account

The grey-naped antpitta (Grallaria griseonucha) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Venezuela.

Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

Cornell Species Account

Gray-naped Antpitta is endemic to the Andes of Venezuela, where it is a shy and poorly known bird of dense forest undergrowth, especially where there is bamboo. Despite its small range, two subspecies are recognized...

Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

Species Account

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Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria griseonucha P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871, Páramo de Culata, Andes of Mérida, Venezuela. Two subspecies recognized.

Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

IUCN Species Status

Although this species may have a small range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Grey-naped Antpitta Grallaria griseonucha

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

Species Account

The bicolored antpitta (Grallaria rufocinerea) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

IUCN Species Status

16.5 cm. Medium-sized antpitta with grey underparts and rufous upperparts. Dark rufous-brown head, throat and upperparts. Dark grey chest to crissum. Black bill.

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small range and population, which are declining in response to habitat loss. It is consequently classified as Vulnerable (Collar et al. 1992).

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria rufo-cinerea P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1879, Santa Elena, Antioquia, Colombia. Two subspecies recognized.

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

Cornell Species Account

Long considered to be endemic to Colombia, a new population of Bicolored Antpitta recently was discovered in northeastern Ecuador. As the English name suggests, this antpitta basically is two-toned, rufous above and gray below, with a slightly brighter reddish head.

Bicolored Antpitta Grallaria rufocinerea

Species Account

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Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

BirdLife Species Account

Although the range of this species has been extended considerably recently, it is still only known from five locations, and much of the intervening habitat is likely to be unsuitable. It occurs at a very low density and has highly specific habitat requirements, so it probably has a very small population. Habitat loss is ongoing within its range so it is likely to be declining. For these reasons it is listed as Endangered.

Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

Species Account

The jocotoco antpitta (Grallaria ridgelyi) is an endangered antpitta, a bird from Ecuador and Peru. It was discovered in 1997, and scientifically described in 1999.

Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

Cornell Species Account

Jocotoco Antpitta is a striking species of antpitta, not only because of its massive size, but also because of the broad snowy white malar stripe that contrasts sharply with the glossy black crown.

Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

IUCN Species Status

22 cm. Remarkably plumaged, large antpitta. Black crown. Dark grey nape and much of face, except bold white moustachial. Grey-brown upperparts, with more rusty-tinged wings and dark-streaked mantle and scapulars. Whitish grey underparts. Grey legs and all-black, deep-based bill. Reddish irides.

Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria ridgelyi Krabbe et al., 1999, Quebrada Honda, 2520 m, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador. Closest relative probably G. carrikeri; related also to sympatric G. nuchalis. Monotypic.

Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi

Species Account

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Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

BirdLife Species Account

Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

Species Account

The chestnut-naped antpitta (Grallaria nuchalis) is a species of bird tentatively placed in the family Grallariidae; it might belong to a more distinct lineage though.

Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

Cornell Species Account

The Chestnut-naped Antpitta is a typical ground-dwelling Grallaria, although it sings from a low perch, and which strongly prefers bamboo thickets in humid montane forest at 1900 to 3150 m.

Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

Species Account

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Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria nuchalis P. L. Sclater, 1860, Río Napo, Ecuador. Possibly a sister-species of G. carrikeri; related also to G. ridgelyi. Vocal differences of race obsoleta suggest that it may be a separate species. Three subspecies recognized.

Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis

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Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

Species Account

The pale-billed antpitta (Grallaria carrikeri) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to highland forests in the Andes of northern Peru.

Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

Cornell Species Account

High on the ‘wish list’ of many Neotropical birders is an encounter with the comparatively recently described Pale-billed Antpitta. This antpitta is a stunning, uncommon and difficult-to-see Peruvian endemic, which is found only in the north central Andes at 2350-2900 m

Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

Species Account

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Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

IUCN Species Status

Grallaria carrikeri is endemic to Peru, where it occurs on the east side of the Andes, south and east of the río Marañón, from central Amazonas to southern La Libertad (del Hoyo et al. 2003, Schulenberg et al. 2007). It is described as uncommon to fairly common...

Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

BirdLife Species Account

This species has been uplisted from Least Concern because an improvement in the estimation of its distribution indicates that it has a small range. It is listed as Near Threatened because, although its small range is in decline owing to habitat loss and degradation, with parallel declines in the population inferred as a result, it is not regarded as severely fragmented or restricted to a few locations; it almost qualifies for a threatened.

Pale-billed Antpitta Grallaria carrikeri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria carrikeri Schulenberg and M. D. Williams, 1982, Cordillera de Colán, south-east of La Peca, 2450 m, Amazonas, Peru. Sometimes considered a sister-species of G. nuchalis, but possibly more closely related to G. ridgelyi. Monotypic.

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

Cornell Species Account

he White-throated Antpitta has the southernmost range in the Andes of its genus. It occurs, discontinuously, from southeastern Peru south as far as to northwestern Argentina.

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria albigula Chapman, 1923, Santo Domingo, 6000 feet [c. 1830 m], Puno, Peru. May belong in the superspecies formed by G. erythroleuca, G. capitalis, G. przewalskii, G. hypoleuca and G. flavotincta. Birds from Jujuy, in NW Argentina, described as race cinereiventris on basis of two specimens with darker belly and sepia-olive (rather than olive-grey) flanks; validity of this taxon requires confirmation. Monotypic.

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

Species Account

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White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

Species Account

The white-throated antpitta (Grallaria albigula) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru.

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

IUCN Species Status

The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

BirdLife Species Account

Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation).

Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta

Species Account

The yellow-breasted antpitta (Grallaria flavotincta) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family.

Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta

Cornell Species Account

This rather simply, yet attractively plumaged antpitta is uniform warm chestnut or rufous-brown above, with pale yellow underparts. Yellow-breasted Antpitta can appear bold and confident, but like most antpittas it is not easily seen, even when using playback or whistled imitations of its song.

Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria flavotincta P. L. Sclater, 1877, Frontino, Antioquia, Colombia. Forms a superspecies with G. erythroleuca, G. capitalis, G. przewalskii and G. hypoleuca; formerly considered conspecific with last of those. Monotypic.

Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta

Species Account

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White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

Species Account

The white-bellied antpitta (Grallaria hypoleuca) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru.

White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

Cornell Species Account

Formerly, White-bellied Antpitta often was often classified as conspecific with Yellow-breasted Antpitta (Grallaria flavotincta); the two species occur on opposite sides of the Andes, but are similarly plumaged, except for the obvious differences in underparts coloration.

White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria hypoleuca P. L. Sclater, 1855, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia. Forms a superspecies with G. erythroleuca, G. capitalis, G. przewalskii and G. flavotincta, and in the past was commonly treated as conspecific with last-mentioned of those. Two subspecies recognized.

White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca

Species Account

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Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii

BirdLife Species Account

Based on a model of future deforestation, and its sensitivity to fragmentation, it is suspected that the population of this species will decline rapidly over the next three generations, and it has therefore been uplisted to Vulnerable.

Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii

Species Account

The rusty-tinged antpitta (Grallaria przewalskii) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Peru.

Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii

Cornell Species Account

Rusty-tinged Antpitta replaces White-bellied Antpitta (Grallaria hypoleuca) south of the Río Marañón in northern Peru. This is a range-restricted species, endemic to Peru, where its range spans the eastern Andes in just three departments

Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria przewalskii Taczanowski, 1882, Ray-Urmana, 8000 feet [c. 2440 m], above Chirimoto, Huayabamba Valley, north Peru. Forms a superspecies with G. erythroleuca, G. capitalis, G. hypoleuca and G. flavotincta; formerly treated as a race of one or other of those. Monotypic.

Rusty-tinged Antpitta Grallaria przewalskii

Species Account

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Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria capitalis Chapman, 1926, Rumicruz, 9700 feet [c. 2960 m], Junín, Peru. Forms a superspecies with G. erythroleuca, G. przewalskii, G. hypoleuca and G. flavotincta; on different occasions this species variously been treated as a race of one or of other of those species. Monotypic.

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

Cornell Species Account

The Bay Antpittia is a central Peruvian endemic, and is found only on the east slope of the Andes in the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín. This species is fairly common and principally occurs at 1800-3000 m, although it occasionally is found as low as 1525 m.

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

Species Account

The bay antpitta (Grallaria capitalis) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Peru.

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

Species Account

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Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

IUCN Species Status

Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion.

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

Cornell Species Account

Endemic to a small area of southcentral Peru, in the Vilcabamba and Vilcanota mountains, the Red-and-white Antpitta is, as its name suggests, principally rufous and white, becoming rather browner over the back. In shape and structure, it is a typical member of the genus Grallaria.

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

Species Account

The red-and-white antpitta (Grallaria erythroleuca) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Peru.

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria erythroleuca P. L. Sclater, 1874, Huasampilla, Cuzco, Peru. Forms a superspecies with G. capitalis, G. przewalskii, G. hypoleuca and G. flavotincta; sometimes treated as conspecific with some or all of those. Populations from N Cordillera Vilcabamba, differing from others in plumage and song, may be racially distinct; furthre investigation required. Monotypic.

Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca

Species Account

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Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

Species Account

The rufous antpitta (Grallaria rufula) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family.

Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

Cornell Species Account

The Rufous Antpitta is widely distributed, found from western Venezuela south to central Bolivia.

Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria rufula Lafresnaye, 1843, Bogotá, Colombia. Forms a superspecies with G. blakei. Considerable geographical differences in vocalizations, including within nominate race and, possibly, obscura, indicate that some races may be better treated as full species; taxonomy requires further study. Seven subspecies currently recognized.

Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula

Species Account

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Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

BirdLife Species Account

This species has a small range, and numbers are likely to be declining as a result of continuing habitat loss. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

Cornell Species Account

Just one of several species of Grallaria named for keynote Neotropical ornithologists, the scientific name of the present species pays homage to Emmet Reid Blake. Discovered as recently as the 1980s, the Chestnut Antpitta is endemic to the east slope of the Andes in central and northern Peru, where the species is, at best, locally common at elevations between 1700 and 3100 m.

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

IUCN Species Status

Grallaria blakei is very patchily distributed in the Andes of north and central Peru where it is generally uncommon (Ridgely and Tudor 1994). Disjunct populations occur in San Martín, Amazonas, Huánuco and Pasco (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Hornbuckle 1999b).

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria blakei Graves, 1987, east slope of Carpish Mountains near the Central Highway, c. 2400 m, Huánuco, Peru. Forms a superspecies with G. rufula. No geographical races recognized, but birds from Pasco possibly merit subspecific rank on basis of plumage differences. Monotypic.

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

Species Account

The chestnut antpitta (Grallaria blakei) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Peru.

Chestnut Antpitta Grallaria blakei

Species Account

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Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

Species Account

The tawny antpitta (Grallaria quitensis) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family.

Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria quitensis Lesson, 1844, vicinity of Quito, Ecuador. Races differ vocally from each other, and may represent three separate species; alticola particularly distinctive. In addition, the taxon saltuensis, currently treated as a race of G. rufula, may possibly be better placed with present species. Three subspecies currently recognized

Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

Cornell Species Account

Among a family of notoriously skulking species, Tawny Antpitta is the veritable "exception that proves the rule"! This dull plumaged species is found in the high Andes from northern Colombia to northern Peru, where it is fairly common in elfin forest and adjacent páramos at elevations above 2200 m, generally above 2800 m.

Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis

Species Account

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Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

Species Account

The brown-banded antpitta (Grallaria milleri) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Colombia.

Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

IUCN Species Status

18 cm. Medium to large antpitta with breast-band. Uniform dark brown with dingy white lores, throat and belly, forming broad, brown breast-band.

Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

BirdLife Species Account

This species was known from very few locations within a very small range in which habitat loss and degradation are continuing, and therefore qualified as Endangered.

Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

Cornell Species Account

Currently considered Vulnerable under IUCN criteria, Brown-banded Antpitta's known range is a tiny area within Colombia's Central Andes, a region that is subject to considerable habitat loss and degradation.

Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria milleri Chapman, 1912, Laguneta, 10,300 feet [3140 m], Central Andes, near Quindío Pass, Cauca, Colombia. Monotypic.

Brown-banded Antpitta Grallaria milleri

Species Account

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Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis

BirdLife Species Account

The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis

Species Account

he rufous-faced antpitta (Grallaria erythrotis) is a species of bird in the Grallariidae family. It is endemic to Bolivia.

Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria erythrotis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876, Tilotilo, western Yungas, Bolivia. Monotypic.

Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis

Species Account

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Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis

Cornell Species Account

Rufous-faced Antpitta is a medium sized Grallaria that is confined to humid montane forests of northern and central Bolivia.

Fenwick's (Urrao) Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum

Species Account

The Urrao antpitta or Fenwick's antpitta (Grallaria urraoensis or fenwickorum) is a highly threatened species of bird found in the understory of cloud forest in the Andean highlands of Colombia.

Fenwick's (Urrao) Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum

Species Account

The Urrao antpitta or Fenwick's antpitta (Grallaria urraoensis or fenwickorum) is a highly threatened species of bird found in the understory of cloud forest in the Andean highlands of Colombia.

Fenwick's (Urrao) Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum

BirdLife Species Account

This recently described species qualifies as Critically Endangered because current knowledge suggests that it has an extremely small population, occupying an extremely small range, which is restricted to one location and in decline owing to habitat loss. Ongoing deforestation is suspected to be driving a population decline outside adequately protected areas.

Fenwick's (Urrao) Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum

IUCN Species Status

A new species of Grallaria antpitta has been described and named as G. fenwickorum and G. urraoensis in two separate papers by different authors (Barrera et al. 2010; Carantón-Ayala and Certuche-Cubillos 2010). Fenwickorum was recognised by BirdLife as the specific name before SACC voted to use urraoensis for this taxon; BirdLife will continue to use fenwickorum pending any ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.

Fenwick's (Urrao) Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Grallaria fenwickorum Barrera and Bartels, 2010, Colibrí del Sol Bird Reserve, Vereda El Chuscal, 3130 m, Páramo del Sol, Urrao, Antioquia, Colombia. The name has priority over G. urraoensis, which was published one month later: the two descriptions caused considerable controversy, initially because of ethical concerns, but also because validity of type material (feather samples and photograph) used for the first publication was questioned. Closely related to G. milleri. Monotypic.

Fenwick's Antpitta Grallaria fenwickorum
Urrao Antpitta Grallaria urraoensis

Cornell Species Account

Amid much controversy, the recently-described Urrao Antpitta already has been assigned two scientific names and at least three common names. It is a Colombian endemic, known only from a tiny area in the northern tip of the western Andes.

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 53