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Tephrodornithidae - Woodshrikes & Allies

Flycatcher-shrike
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus ©Francesco Veronesi (Creative Commons) Website

The Tephrodornithidae are a passerine familly of Woodshrikes and allies newly delineated after DNA sequencing. It includes the genera Hemipus, Tephrodornis and Philentoma. The family was proposed in 2006 on the basis of a molecular phylogenetic study by Moyle which showed a close relation between Hemipus and Tephrodornis. Some taxonomists argue for a broader treatment of the genera under the Vangidae. According to the IOC there are 8 species, which are:

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus
Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinus

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum
Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum

Family Links

Woodshrikes Tephrodornithidae

Family Account

Tephrodornithidae is a family of birds that includes the genera Hemipus, Tephrodornis and Philentoma.

Species Links

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

Species Account

The bar-winged flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus picatus) is a small passerine bird formerly placed in the cuckooshrike family but probably closer to the woodshrikes. It is found in the forests of tropical southern Asia from the Himalayas and hills of the Indian subcontinent east to Indonesia.

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

BirdLife Species Account

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Muscicapa picata Sykes, 1832, The Deccan, India. Four subspecies recognized.

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus

Species Account

The black-winged flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) is a species of bird in the flycatcher-shrike genus, Hemipus. It is traditionally included in the cuckooshrike family, but most taxonomists place it with the woodshrikes.

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus

BirdLife Species Account

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Muscicapa hirundinacea Temminck, 1822, Java. Monotypic.

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus

Species Account

The large woodshrike (Tephrodornis gularis, the name T. virgatus provided as a substitute on insufficient grounds.[2]) is a species in the woodshrike family Tephrodornithidae. The woodshrikes were formerly placed in the Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes) sometimes.

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Lanius virgatus Temminck, 1824, Java.

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis virgatus

BirdLife Species Account

Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola

Species Account

The Malabar woodshrike (Tephrodornis sylvicola) is a species of bird in the woodshrike family Tephrodornithidae. It is found in western India. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the large woodshrike.

Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola

IUCN Species Status

Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinus

Species Account

The Sri Lanka woodshrike (Tephrodornis affinis ) is a species of bird in the woodshrike family Tephrodornithidae. It is found on Sri Lanka. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the common woodshrike.

Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinus

IUCN Species Status

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum

Species Account

The rufous-winged philentoma (Philentoma pyrhoptera) is a bird species. Long placed in the flycatcher family (Muscicapidae) when these were used as a "wastebin taxon", they are now tentatively assigned to the Tephrodornithidae pending detailed study. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum

IUCN Species Status

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum

BirdLife Species Account

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Muscicapa pyrhoptera Temminck, 1836, Borneo. Relationships of genus uncertain: has been considered, on grounds of DNA-DNA hybridization, to belong with the vangas in the family Vangidae, and also linked with the bush-shrikes in Malaconotidae; more refined molecular analyses currently being undertaken in order to elucidate its true affinities. Two subspecies recognized.

Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Drymophila velata Temminck, 1825, Java. Relationships of genus uncertain: has been considered, on grounds of DNA-DNA hybridization, to belong with the vangas in the family Vangidae, and also linked with the bush-shrikes in Malaconotidae; more refined molecular analyses currently being undertaken in order to elucidate its true affinities. Two subspecies recognized.

Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum

BirdLife Species Account

Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum

Species Account

The maroon-breasted philentoma (Philentoma velata) is a bird species. Long placed in the flycatcher family (Muscicapidae) when these were used as a "wastebin taxon", they are now tentatively assigned to the Tephrodornithidae pending detailed study. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velatum

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus

Species Account

The common woodshrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus) is a species of bird found in Asia. It has been placed in the cuckoshrike (Campephagidae) and helmetshrike (Prionopidae) families in the past and is now considered a member of the family Tephrodornithidae. It is small and ashy brown with a dark cheek patch and a broad white brow. It is found across Asia mainly in the thin forest and scrub habitats. The form found in Sri Lanka which was treated as a subspecies is now usually considered a separate species, the Sri Lanka woodshrike.

Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: [Muscicapa] pondiceriana J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Coromandel Coast = Pondicherry, south-east India.

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 8