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Thraupidae

Tanager
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis ©James Lowen Website

The Thraupidae comprises the tanagers and allies. The family has an American distribution. The Thraupidae are the second-largest family of birds and represent about 4% of all avian species and 12% of the Neotropical birds. Traditionally, about 240 species of tanagers were described, but the taxonomic treatment of this family's members is currently in a state of flux. As more of these birds are studied using modern molecular techniques, some genera are expected to be relocated elsewhere. Already, species in the genera Euphonia and Chlorophonia, which were once considered part of the tanager family, are now treated as members of Fringillidae, in their own subfamily (Euphoniinae). Likewise, the genera Piranga (which includes the Scarlet Tanager, Summer Tanager, and Western Tanager), Chlorothraupis, and Habia appear to be members of the cardinal family, and have been reassigned to that family. On the other hand a whole raft of species not formerly seen as tanagers are part of the Thraupidae .

Tanagers are small to medium-sized passerines. The shortest-bodied species, the White-eared Conebill, is 9cm long and weighs 6g, barely smaller than the Short-billed Honeycreeper. The longest, the Magpie Tanager is 28cm and weighs 76g. The heaviest is the White-capped Tanager which weighs 114g and measures about 24cm. Both sexes are usually the same size and weight. Tanagers are often brightly coloured, but some species are black and white. Birds in their first year are often duller or a different colour altogether. Males are typically more brightly coloured than females. Most tanagers have short, rounded wings. The shape of the bill seems to be linked to the species' foraging habits.

Tanagers are restricted to the New World and mainly to the tropics. About 60% of tanagers live in South America, and 30% of these species live in the Andes. Most species are endemic to a relatively small area. Most tanagers live in pairs or in small groups of three to five individuals. These groups may consist simply of parents and their offspring. Birds may also be seen in single-species or mixed flocks. Many tanagers are thought to have dull songs, though some are elaborate

Tanagers are omnivorous, and their diets vary from genus to genus. They have been seen eating fruits, seeds, nectar, flower parts, and insects. Many pick insects off branches. Other species look for insects on the undersides of leaves. Yet others wait on branches until they see a flying insect and catch it in the air. Many of these particular species inhabit the same areas, but these specialisations alleviate competition.

The breeding season is March through June in temperate areas and in September through October in South America. Some species are territorial, while others build their nests closer together. Little information is available on tanager breeding behaviour. Males show off their brightest feathers to potential mates and rival males. Some species' courtship rituals involve bowing and tail lifting.

Most tanagers build cup nests on branches in trees. Some nests are almost globular. Entrances are usually built on the side of the nest. The nests can be shallow or deep. The species of the tree in which they choose to build their nests and the nests' positions vary among genera. Most species nest in an area hidden by very dense vegetation. No information is yet known regarding the nests of some species. The clutch size is three to five eggs. The female incubates the eggs and builds the nest, but the male may feed the female while she incubates. Both sexes feed the young. Five species have helpers assist in feeding the young. These helpers are thought to be the previous year's nestlings.

According to the IOC there are 396 species of Tanagers, Dacnis, Honeycreepers, Conebills, Flowerpiercers, Seedeaters, Warbling Finches etc. and allies in the family Thraupidae; they are:

Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei

Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata
Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis
Masked Cardinal Paroaria nigrogenis
Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata

Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus

Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera
Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca

Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca

Scarlet-throated Tanager Compsothraupis loricata

White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei

Rufous-crested Tanager Creurgops verticalis
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentatus

Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii
Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus

Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus

Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus
White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis
Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus calophrys
Parodi's Hemispingus Hemispingus parodii
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris
Grey-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus reyi
Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis
Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis
Western Hemispingus Hemispingus ochraceus
Piura Hemispingus Hemispingus piurae
Slaty-backed Hemispingus Hemispingus goeringi
Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris
Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis
Drab Hemispingus Hemispingus xanthophthalmus
Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingus trifasciatus

Grey-hooded Bush Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris

Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps
Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata
Brown-flanked Tanager Thlypopsis pectoralis
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida
Buff-bellied Tanager Thlypopsis inornata
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps

Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps

White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea

Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli

Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops

Grey-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata

Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer
Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus
Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius

Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius
White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax
Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor

Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis
Crimson-backed Tanager Ramphocelus dimidiatus
Huallaga Tanager Ramphocelus melanogaster
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilia
Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis
Flame-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus
Lemon-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus

Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Glaucous Tanager Thraupis glaucocolpa
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata
Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis

Vermilion Tanager Calochaetes coccineus

Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus

Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei
Black-and-gold Tanager Bangsia melanochlamys
Golden-chested Tanager Bangsia rothschildi
Moss-backed Tanager Bangsia edwardsi
Gold-ringed Tanager Bangsia aureocincta

Orange-throated Tanager Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron

Hooded Mountain Tanager Buthraupis montana
Black-chested Mountain Tanager Buthraupis eximia
Golden-backed Mountain Tanager Buthraupis aureodorsalis
Masked Mountain Tanager Buthraupis wetmorei

Santa Marta Mountain Tanager Anisognathus melanogenys
Lacrimose Mountain Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus
Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanager Anisognathus igniventris
Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus
Black-chinned Mountain Tanager Anisognathus notabilis

Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii

Rufous-bellied Mountain Tanager Pseudosaltator rufiventris

Buff-breasted Mountain Tanager Dubusia taeniata

Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris

Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus

Purplish-mantled Tanager Iridosornis porphyrocephalus
Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis
Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii
Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex
Yellow-scarfed Tanager Iridosornis reinhardti

Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota

Shrike-like Tanager Neothraupis fasciata

Glistening-green Tanager Chlorochrysa phoenicotis
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea
Multicolored Tanager Chlorochrysa nitidissima

Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata
Cabanis's Tanager Tangara cabanisi
Grey-and-gold Tanager Tangara palmeri
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis
Seven-colored Tanager Tangara fastuosa
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris
Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata
Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata
Dotted Tanager Tangara varia
Rufous-throated Tanager Tangara rufigula
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola
Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata
Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa
Scrub Tanager Tangara vitriolina
Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei
Rufous-cheeked Tanager Tangara rufigenis
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix
Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides
Blue-browed Tanager Tangara cyanotis
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii
Green-naped Tanager Tangara fucosa
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii
Black-capped Tanager Tangara heinei
Sira Tanager Tangara phillipsi
Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis
Straw-backed Tanager Tangara argyrofenges
Black-headed Tanager Tangara cyanoptera
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia
Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys

Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis

White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata
Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer
Turquoise Dacnis Dacnis hartlaubi
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Viridian Dacnis Dacnis viguieri
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus
Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrimus

Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons
Scarlet-browed Tanager Heterospingus xanthopygius

Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis

Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas
Scarlet-and-white Tanager Chrysothlypis salmoni

Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
White-eared Conebill Conirostrum leucogenys
Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor
Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum
Tamarugo Conebill Conirostrum tamarugense
White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre
Rufous-browed Conebill Conirostrum rufum
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons

Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri

Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea
Rusty Flowerpiercer Diglossa sittoides
Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosissima
Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii
Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis
Merida Flowerpiercer Diglossa gloriosa
Black Flowerpiercer Diglossa humeralis
Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris
Grey-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa carbonaria
Venezuelan Flowerpiercer Diglossa venezuelensis
White-sided Flowerpiercer Diglossa albilatera
Scaled Flowerpiercer Diglossa duidae
Greater Flowerpiercer Diglossa major
Indigo Flowerpiercer Diglossa indigotica
Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer Diglossa glauca
Bluish Flowerpiercer Diglossa caerulescens
Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossa cyanea

Black-backed Bush Tanager Urothraupis stolzmanni

Tanager Finch Oreothraupis arremonops

Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma

Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis

Grey Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
Red Pileated Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus

Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus

Black-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus atriceps
Peruvian Sierra Finch Phrygilus punensis
Grey-hooded Sierra Finch Phrygilus gayi
Patagonian Sierra Finch Phrygilus patagonicus
Mourning Sierra Finch Phrygilus fruticeti
Plumbeous Sierra Finch Phrygilus unicolor
Red-backed Sierra Finch Phrygilus dorsalis
White-throated Sierra Finch Phrygilus erythronotus
Ash-breasted Sierra Finch Phrygilus plebejus
Carbonated Sierra Finch Phrygilus carbonarius
Band-tailed Sierra Finch Phrygilus alaudinus

White-bridled Finch Melanodera melanodera
Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma

Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor

Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdi

Black-crested Finch Lophospingus pusillus
Grey-crested Finch Lophospingus griseocristatus

Long-tailed Reed Finch Donacospiza albifrons

Gough Finch Rowettia goughensis

Inaccessible Island Finch Nesospiza acunhae
Nightingale Island Finch Nesospiza questi
Wilkins's Finch Nesospiza wilkinsi

White-winged Diuca Finch Diuca speculifera
Common Diuca Finch Diuca diuca

Short-tailed Finch Idiopsar brachyurus

Cinereous Finch Piezorina cinerea

Slender-billed Finch Xenospingus concolor

Great Inca Finch Incaspiza pulchra
Rufous-backed Inca Finch Incaspiza personata
Grey-winged Inca Finch Incaspiza ortizi
Buff-bridled Inca Finch Incaspiza laeta
Little Inca Finch Incaspiza watkinsi

Bay-chested Warbling Finch Poospiza thoracica
Bolivian Warbling Finch Poospiza boliviana
Plain-tailed Warbling Finch Poospiza alticola
Rufous-sided Warbling Finch Poospiza hypocondria
Rusty-browed Warbling Finch Poospiza erythrophrys
Cinnamon Warbling Finch Poospiza ornata
Black-and-rufous Warbling Finch Poospiza nigrorufa
Black-and-chestnut Warbling Finch Poospiza whitii
Buff-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza lateralis
Grey-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza cabanisi
Rufous-breasted Warbling Finch Poospiza rubecula
Collared Warbling Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis
Ringed Warbling Finch Poospiza torquata
Black-capped Warbling Finch Poospiza melanoleuca
Cinereous Warbling Finch Poospiza cinerea
Chestnut-breasted Mountain Finch Poospiza caesar

Cochabamba Mountain Finch Compsospiza garleppi
Tucuman Mountain Finch Compsospiza baeri

Stripe-tailed Yellow Finch Sicalis citrina
Puna Yellow Finch Sicalis lutea
Bright-rumped Yellow Finch Sicalis uropigyalis
Citron-headed Yellow Finch Sicalis luteocephala
Greater Yellow Finch Sicalis auriventris
Greenish Yellow Finch Sicalis olivascens
Monte Yellow Finch Sicalis mendozae
Patagonian Yellow Finch Sicalis lebruni
Orange-fronted Yellow Finch Sicalis columbiana
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Grassland Yellow Finch Sicalis luteola
Raimondi's Yellow Finch Sicalis raimondii
Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii

Wedge-tailed Grass Finch Emberizoides herbicola
Lesser Grass Finch Emberizoides ypiranganus
Duida Grass Finch Emberizoides duidae

Pampa Finch Embernagra platensis
Serra Finch Embernagra longicauda

Many-colored Chaco Finch Saltatricula multicolor

Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
Orinoco Saltator Saltator orenocensis
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps
Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris
Masked Saltator Saltator cinctus
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis
Lesser Antillean Saltator Saltator albicollis
Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis
Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris
Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea
Tropeiro Seedeater Sporophila beltoni
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina
Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia
Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana
Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola
Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris
Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides
Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola
Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
White-throated Seedeater Sporophila albogularis
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana
Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex
Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa
Copper Seedeater Sporophila bouvreuil
Pearly-bellied Seedeater Sporophila pileata
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta
Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha
Rufous-rumped Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma
Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis
Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris
Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea
Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco

Thick-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus funereus
Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis
Nicaraguan Seed Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi
Large-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris
Great-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani
Black-billed Seed Finch Oryzoborus atrirostris

Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra

White-naped Seedeater Dolospingus fringilloides

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata
Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa

Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus
Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscurus
Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor
Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosus

Yellow-shouldered Grassquit Loxipasser anoxanthus

Puerto Rican Bullfinch Loxigilla portoricensis
Greater Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla violacea
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis
Barbados Bullfinch Loxigilla barbadensis

Orangequit Euneornis campestris

St. Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni

Large Ground Finch Geospiza magnirostris
Medium Ground Finch Geospiza fortis
Small Ground Finch Geospiza fuliginosa
Sharp-beaked Ground Finch Geospiza difficilis
Common Cactus Finch Geospiza scandens
Large Cactus Finch Geospiza conirostris

Vegetarian Finch Platyspiza crassirostris

Large Tree Finch Camarhynchus psittacula
Medium Tree Finch Camarhynchus pauper
Small Tree Finch Camarhynchus parvulus
Woodpecker Finch Camarhynchus pallidus
Mangrove Finch Camarhynchus heliobates

Green Warbler-Finch Certhidea olivacea
Grey Warbler-Finch Certhidea fusca

Cocos Finch Pinaroloxias inornata

Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus

Black-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus palmarum
Grey-crowned Tanager Phaenicophilus poliocephalus

Western Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus tertius
Eastern Chat-Tanager Calyptophilus frugivorus

Western Spindalis Spindalis zena
Hispaniolan Spindalis Spindalis dominicensis
Puerto Rican Spindalis Spindalis portoricensis
Jamaican Spindalis Spindalis nigricephala

Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea

Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema

Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis

Family Links

Tanagers & Allies Thraupidae

HBW Family Account

Annotated species list…

Tanagers & Allies Thraupidae

Family Account

Family account

Tanagers & Allies Thraupidae

BTO Family Account

The tanagers are a large family of brightly coloured species, restricted to the Americas, particularly tropical South America. They are very diverse family of sparrow to starling sized birds which feed on seeds, fruit, insects or nectar, according to species. While the tropical species are non-migratory, a few species fly north to breed in temperate North America. Two of these species are extremely rare vagrants to Britain.

Tanagers & Allies Thraupidae

Family Account

The tanagers (singular /ˈtænədʒər/) comprise the bird family Thraupidae, in the order Passeriformes. The family has an American distribution.

Species Links

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis

Species Account

The blue-and-yellow tanager (Pipraeidea bonariensis) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, the tanagers.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis

Cornell Species Account

The Blue-and-yellow Tanager is a brightly colored member of the Thraupidae that ranges widely from Argentina northwest to Andean Ecuador.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Loxia bonariensis J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Recent molecular-genetic data do not support monophyly of genus as currently constituted: six of eight species sampled embedded with Tangara, a finding that makes genus Tangara paraphyletic; present species appears to be most closely related to Pipraeidea and Iridosornis, not Tangara. Geographical variation in plumage substantial; darwinii dullest race, sometimes considered a separate species, also differing somewhat in song from others; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis

BirdLife Species Account

Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius

Image

(Excellent) Image + The Brazilian Tanager is endemic to the east coast of Brazil from Paraíba to Santa Catarina. In many ways it is similar to the Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo) which is much more widespread but does not occur on the east coast…

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis

IBC Species Account

Images etc…

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis

Species Account

The paradise tanager (Tangara chilensis) is a brilliantly multicolored, medium-sized songbird whose length varies between 13.5 and 15 cm.

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis

Cornell Species Account

The Paradise Tanager is the quintessential multicolored neotropical bird. This spectacular tanager delights visiting birders throughout much of the Amazon basin, where it forages in the canopy of lowland evergreen forests and at forest edge.

Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala

Image

(Good) Image + The Red-necked Tanager is found along the east coast of Brazil from Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul and into northern Argentina. It is a very colourful…

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo

BirdLife Species Account

Full species account

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana

IBC Species Account

Full species account…

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 391

Photographers & Artists

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

Gallery

(Rather dark) Image

Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata

Gallery

(Good) Image