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Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsitsirupa ©Trevor Hardaker Website

According to the IOC there are 183 species of Thrushes, Alethes, Shortwings, Solitaires, Bluebirds and allies in the family Turdidae; they are:

Red-tailed Rufous Thrush Neocossyphus rufus

White-tailed Rufous Thrush Neocossyphus poensis

Fraser's Rufous Thrush Stizorhina fraseri

Finsch's Rufous Thrush Stizorhina finschii

Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush Myophonus blighi

Shiny Whistling Thrush Myophonus melanurus

Javan Whistling Thrush Myophonus glaucinus

Bornean Whistling Thrush Myophonus borneensis

Brown-winged Whistling Thrush Myophonus castaneus

Malayan Whistling Thrush Myophonus robinsoni

Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii

Taiwan Whistling Thrush Myophonus insularis

Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus

Geomalia Geomalia heinrichi

Slaty-backed Thrush Zoothera schistacea

Buru Thrush Zoothera dumasi

Seram Thrush Zoothera joiceyi

Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres

Enggano Thrush Zoothera leucolaema

Red-backed Thrush Zoothera erythronota

Peleng Thrush Zoothera mendeni

Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi

Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii

Ashy Thrush Zoothera cinerea

Orange-sided Thrush Zoothera peronii

Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina

Everett's Thrush Zoothera everetti

Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica

Abyssinian Ground Thrush Zoothera piaggiae

Crossley's Ground Thrush Zoothera crossleyi

Orange Ground Thrush Zoothera gurneyi

Oberländer's Ground Thrush Zoothera oberlaenderi

Black-eared Ground Thrush Zoothera cameronensis

Kibale Ground Thrush Zoothera kibalensis

Grey Ground Thrush Zoothera princei

Spotted Ground Thrush Zoothera guttata

Spot-winged Thrush Zoothera spiloptera

Sunda Thrush Zoothera andromedae

Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima

Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni

White's Thrush Zoothera aurea

Amami Thrush Zoothera major

Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma

Nilgiri Thrush Zoothera neilgherriensis

Sri Lanka Thrush Zoothera imbricata

Fawn-breasted Thrush Zoothera machiki

Russet-tailed Thrush Zoothera heinei

Bassian Thrush Zoothera lunulata

Black-backed Thrush Zoothera talaseae

White-bellied Thrush Zoothera margaretae

Guadalcanal Thrush Zoothera turipavae

Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola

Dark-sided Thrush Zoothera marginata

Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius

Aztec Thrush Ridgwayia pinicola

Sulawesi Thrush Cataponera turdoides

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis

Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana

Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides

Omao Myadestes obscurus

Kamao Myadestes myadestinus

Puaiohi Myadestes palmeri

Olomao Myadestes lanaiensis

Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi

Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis

Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth

Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis

Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops

Varied Solitaire Myadestes coloratus

Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides

Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor

Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys

Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus gracilirostris

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris

Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater

Russet Nightingale-Thrush Catharus occidentalis

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii

Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus

Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas

Veery Catharus fuscescens

Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus

Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli

Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus

Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus

Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

Black Solitaire Entomodestes coracinus

White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis

Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsitsirupa

Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes

Pale-eyed Thrush Turdus leucops

African Thrush Turdus pelios

Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus

Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus

Sao Tome Thrush Turdus olivaceofuscus

Principe Thrush Turdus xanthorhynchus

Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus

Abyssinian Thrush Turdus abyssinicus

Karoo Thrush Turdus smithii

Somali Thrush Turdus ludoviciae

Taita Thrush Turdus helleri

Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis

Comoros Thrush Turdus bewsheri

Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum

Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor

Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis

Japanese Thrush Turdus cardis

White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus

Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus

Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul

Common Blackbird Turdus merula

Tibetan Blackbird Turdus maximus

Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus

Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus

Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus

Kessler's Thrush Turdus kessleri

Grey-sided Thrush Turdus feae

Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus

Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus

Brown-headed Thrush Turdus chrysolaus

Izu Thrush Turdus celaenops

Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis

Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis

Naumann's Thrush Turdus naumanni

Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus

Fieldfare Turdus pilaris

Redwing Turdus iliacus

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos

Chinese Thrush Turdus mupinensis

Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus

Great Thrush Turdus fuscater

Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco

Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens

Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus

Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus

Andean Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps

Eastern Slaty Thrush Turdus subalaris

Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei

Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater

Maranon Thrush Turdus maranonicus

Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris

Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris

Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas

Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus

Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis

Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii

Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus

Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus

Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli

Unicolored Thrush Turdus haplochrous

Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi

Spectacled Thrush Turdus nudigenis

Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris

White-eyed Thrush Turdus jamaicensis

White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis

Dagua Thrush Turdus daguae

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis

Rufous-backed Thrush Turdus rufopalliatus

Rufous-collared Thrush Turdus rufitorques

American Robin Turdus migratorius

La Selle Thrush Turdus swalesi

White-chinned Thrush Turdus aurantius

Grand Cayman Thrush Turdus ravidus

Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus

Tristan Thrush Nesocichla eremita

Forest Thrush Cichlherminia lherminieri

Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea

Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis

Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii

Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea

Fruithunter Chlamydochaera jefferyi

Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus

Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra

Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys

White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana

Great Shortwing Heinrichia calligyna

White-tailed Alethe Alethe diademata

Fire-crested Alethe Alethe castanea

Red-throated Alethe Pseudalethe poliophrys

Brown-chested Alethe Pseudalethe poliocephala

White-chested Alethe Pseudalethe fuelleborni

Thyolo Alethe Pseudalethe choloensis

Family Links

Thrushes Turdidae


IBC family account

Thrushes Turdidae


HBW family account

Thrushes Turdidae


Thrushes are small to medium-sized songbirds that have ten primaries and a turdine 'thumb' on the syrinx. Many are accomplished songsters, and some have vocalizations that are among the most lovely on earth. It has been difficult to define this family as its boundaries are constantly changing in the ornithological literature. Keith, Urban & Fry's (1992) Birds of Africa said: "We prefer to retain Turdidae as a family until its relationships with sister groups are worked out, while recognizing that this is probably in part an artificial grouping…

Thrushes Turdidae


The Thrushes in the family Turdidae is a group of passerine birds which occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. The taxonomic treatment of this large family has varied significantly in recent years. Traditionally it included the small Old World species, like the Nightingale and European Robin in the subfamily Saxicolini, but now often either that group or the whole family is now placed in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae…

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 183