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Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsitsirupa © Trevor Hardaker http://www.hardaker.co.za

According to the IOC there are 183 species of Thrushes, Alethes, Shortwings, Solitaires, Bluebirds and allies in the family Turdidae; they are:

Red-tailed Rufous Thrush Neocossyphus rufus
White-tailed Rufous Thrush Neocossyphus poensis

Fraser's Rufous Thrush Stizorhina fraseri
Finsch's Rufous Thrush Stizorhina finschii

Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush Myophonus blighi
Shiny Whistling Thrush Myophonus melanurus
Javan Whistling Thrush Myophonus glaucinus
Bornean Whistling Thrush Myophonus borneensis
Brown-winged Whistling Thrush Myophonus castaneus
Malayan Whistling Thrush Myophonus robinsoni
Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii
Taiwan Whistling Thrush Myophonus insularis
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus

Geomalia Geomalia heinrichi

Slaty-backed Thrush Zoothera schistacea
Buru Thrush Zoothera dumasi
Seram Thrush Zoothera joiceyi
Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres
Enggano Thrush Zoothera leucolaema
Red-backed Thrush Zoothera erythronota
Peleng Thrush Zoothera mendeni
Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi
Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii
Ashy Thrush Zoothera cinerea
Orange-sided Thrush Zoothera peronii
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
Everett's Thrush Zoothera everetti
Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica
Abyssinian Ground Thrush Zoothera piaggiae
Crossley's Ground Thrush Zoothera crossleyi
Orange Ground Thrush Zoothera gurneyi
Oberländer's Ground Thrush Zoothera oberlaenderi
Black-eared Ground Thrush Zoothera cameronensis
Kibale Ground Thrush Zoothera kibalensis
Grey Ground Thrush Zoothera princei
Spotted Ground Thrush Zoothera guttata
Spot-winged Thrush Zoothera spiloptera
Sunda Thrush Zoothera andromedae
Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima
Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni
White's Thrush Zoothera aurea
Amami Thrush Zoothera major
Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
Nilgiri Thrush Zoothera neilgherriensis
Sri Lanka Thrush Zoothera imbricata
Fawn-breasted Thrush Zoothera machiki
Russet-tailed Thrush Zoothera heinei
Bassian Thrush Zoothera lunulata
Black-backed Thrush Zoothera talaseae
White-bellied Thrush Zoothera margaretae
Guadalcanal Thrush Zoothera turipavae
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola
Dark-sided Thrush Zoothera marginata

Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius

Aztec Thrush Ridgwayia pinicola

Sulawesi Thrush Cataponera turdoides

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides

Omao Myadestes obscurus
Kamao Myadestes myadestinus
Puaiohi Myadestes palmeri
Olomao Myadestes lanaiensis
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis
Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops
Varied Solitaire Myadestes coloratus
Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides
Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor

Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys

Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus gracilirostris
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater
Russet Nightingale-Thrush Catharus occidentalis
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus
Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus
Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus

Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

Black Solitaire Entomodestes coracinus
White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis

Groundscraper Thrush Psophocichla litsitsirupa

Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes
Pale-eyed Thrush Turdus leucops
African Thrush Turdus pelios
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus
Sao Tome Thrush Turdus olivaceofuscus
Principe Thrush Turdus xanthorhynchus
Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus
Abyssinian Thrush Turdus abyssinicus
Karoo Thrush Turdus smithii
Somali Thrush Turdus ludoviciae
Taita Thrush Turdus helleri
Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis
Comoros Thrush Turdus bewsheri
Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor
Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis
Japanese Thrush Turdus cardis
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul
Common Blackbird Turdus merula
Tibetan Blackbird Turdus maximus
Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus
Kessler's Thrush Turdus kessleri
Grey-sided Thrush Turdus feae
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus
Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus
Brown-headed Thrush Turdus chrysolaus
Izu Thrush Turdus celaenops
Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis
Naumann's Thrush Turdus naumanni
Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Chinese Thrush Turdus mupinensis
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco
Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus
Andean Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps
Eastern Slaty Thrush Turdus subalaris
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei
Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater
Maranon Thrush Turdus maranonicus
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis
Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus
Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus
Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli
Unicolored Thrush Turdus haplochrous
Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi
Spectacled Thrush Turdus nudigenis
Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris
White-eyed Thrush Turdus jamaicensis
White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis
Dagua Thrush Turdus daguae
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Rufous-backed Thrush Turdus rufopalliatus
Rufous-collared Thrush Turdus rufitorques
American Robin Turdus migratorius
La Selle Thrush Turdus swalesi
White-chinned Thrush Turdus aurantius
Grand Cayman Thrush Turdus ravidus
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus

Tristan Thrush Nesocichla eremita

Forest Thrush Cichlherminia lherminieri

Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea
Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis
Sumatran Cochoa Cochoa beccarii
Javan Cochoa Cochoa azurea

Fruithunter Chlamydochaera jefferyi

Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus

Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana

Great Shortwing Heinrichia calligyna

White-tailed Alethe Alethe diademata
Fire-crested Alethe Alethe castanea

Red-throated Alethe Pseudalethe poliophrys
Brown-chested Alethe Pseudalethe poliocephala
White-chested Alethe Pseudalethe fuelleborni
Thyolo Alethe Pseudalethe choloensis

Family Links

Thrushes Turdidae


Thrushes are small to medium-sized songbirds that have ten primaries and a turdine 'thumb' on the syrinx. Many are accomplished songsters, and some have vocalizations that are among the most lovely on earth. It has been difficult to define this family as its boundaries are constantly changing in the ornithological literature. Keith, Urban & Fry's (1992) Birds of Africa said: "We prefer to retain Turdidae as a family until its relationships with sister groups are worked out, while recognizing that this is probably in part an artificial grouping…

Thrushes Turdidae


The Thrushes in the family Turdidae is a group of passerine birds which occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. The taxonomic treatment of this large family has varied significantly in recent years. Traditionally it included the small Old World species, like the Nightingale and European Robin in the subfamily Saxicolini, but now often either that group or the whole family is now placed in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae…

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 183