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Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers

Tyrant
Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra ©James Lowen Website

The Tyrannidae are a family of passerines, which occur throughout North and South America. They are commonly called tyrant flycatchers. They are considered the largest family of birds, with more than 400 species. They are the most diverse avian family in every country in the Americas, except for the United States and Canada. As could be expected from a family this large, the members vary greatly in shape, patterns, size and colours. Some tyrant flycatchers superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, which they are named after but not related to. They are members of suborder Tyranni (suboscines), which do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of most other songbirds.

Most, but not all, species are rather plain, with various hues of brown, grey and white commonplace. Obvious exceptions include the bright red Vermilion Flycatcher, blue, black, white and yellow Many-colored Rush-tyrant and some species of tody-flycatchers or tyrants, which are often yellow, black, white and/or rufous, from the Todirostrum, Hemitriccus and Poecilotriccus genera. Several species have bright yellow underparts, from the Ornate Flycatcher to the Great Kiskadee. Some species have erectile crests. The crest is taken to the extreme in the Royal Flycatcher, which is plain but for a large black-spotted, red-and-blue crest which it fans out like a peafowl tail when excited. Several of the large genera (i.e. Elaenia, Myiarchus or Empidonax) are quite difficult to tell apart in the field due to similar plumage and some are best distinguished by their voices. Behaviourally they can vary from species such as spadebills which are tiny, shy and live in dense forest interiors to kingbirds, which are relatively large, bold, inquisitive and often inhabit open areas near human habitations. As the name implies, a great majority of tyrant flycatchers are entirely insectivorous (though not necessarily specialised in flies). Tyrant flycatchers are largely opportunistic feeders and often catch any flying or arboreal insect they encounter. However, food can vary greatly and some (like the large Great Kiskadee) will eat fruit or small vertebrates (e.g. small frogs). In North America, most species are associated with a 'sallying' feeding style, where they fly up to catch an insect directly from their perch and then immediately return to the same perch. Most tropical species however do not feed in this fashion and several types prefer to glean insects from leaves and bark. Tropical species are sometimes found in mixed-species foraging flocks, where various types of passerines and other smallish birds are found feeding in proximity.

Species richness of Tyrannidae, when compared to habitat, is highly variable, although most every land habitat in the Americas has at least some of these birds. The habitats of tropical lowland evergreen forest and montane evergreen forest have the highest single site species diversity while many habitats including rivers, palm forest, white sand forest, tropical deciduous forest edge, southern temperate forest, southern temperate forest edge, semi-humid/humid montane scrub, and northern temperate grassland have the lowest single species diversity. Regionally, the Atlantic Forest has the highest species richness with the Chocó following closely behind.

According to the IOC, there are 433 species of Tyrant Flycatchers & allies in the family Tyrannidae; they are:

Grey-headed Piprites Piprites griseiceps
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata

Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
Yungas Tyrannulet Phyllomyias weedeni
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
White-fronted Tyrannulet Phyllomyias zeledoni
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens
Reiser's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias reiseri
Urich's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias urichi
Sclater's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias sclateri
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla
Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps
Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet Phyllomyias plumbeiceps
Black-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias nigrocapillus
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias cinereiceps
Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias uropygialis

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus

Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii
Grey Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps
Foothill Elaenia Myiopagis olallai
Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens
Yellow-crowned Elaenia Myiopagis flavivertex
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
Jamaican Elaenia Myiopagis cotta

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica
Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis
Noronha Elaenia Elaenia ridleyana
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps
Chilean Elaenia Elaenia chilensis
Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris
Olivaceous Elaenia Elaenia mesoleuca
Slaty Elaenia Elaenia strepera
Mottle-backed Elaenia Elaenia gigas
Brownish Elaenia Elaenia pelzelni
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis
Coopmans's Elaenia Elaenia brachyptera
Rufous-crowned Elaenia Elaenia ruficeps
Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
Great Elaenia Elaenia dayi
Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae
Tepui Elaenia Elaenia olivina
Greater Antillean Elaenia Elaenia fallax

Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum
Brown-capped Tyrannulet Ornithion brunneicapillus
White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme

Northern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum

Suiriri Flycatcher Suiriri suiriri
Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri affinis

White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys
White-tailed Tyrannulet Mecocerculus poecilocercus
Buff-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus hellmayri
Rufous-winged Tyrannulet Mecocerculus calopterus
Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet Mecocerculus minor
White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus

Black-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes nigrocristatus
Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes reguloides
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes alpinus
Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Anairetes flavirostris
Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus
Juan Fernandez Tit-Tyrant Anairetes fernandezianus

Agile Tit-Tyrant Uromyias agilis
Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant Uromyias agraphia

Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea
River Tyrannulet Serpophaga hypoleuca
Sooty Tyrannulet Serpophaga nigricans
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
White-bellied Tyrannulet Serpophaga munda
Straneck's Tyrannulet Serpophaga griseicapilla

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina
Tumbesian Tyrannulet Phaeomyias tumbezana

Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola

Bearded Tachuri Polystictus pectoralis
Grey-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris

Cocos Flycatcher Nesotriccus ridgwayi

Dinelli's Doradito Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana
Crested Doradito Pseudocolopteryx sclateri
Subtropical Doradito Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis
Warbling Doradito Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris
Ticking Doradito Pseudocolopteryx citreola

Bronze-olive Pygmy Tyrant Pseudotriccus pelzelni
Hazel-fronted Pygmy Tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex
Rufous-headed Pygmy Tyrant Pseudotriccus ruficeps

Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi

Tawny-crowned Pygmy Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus
Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus

Grey-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis
Greater Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura budytoides

Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus
Mistletoe Tyrannulet Zimmerius parvus
Specious Tyrannulet Zimmerius improbus
Venezuelan Tyrannulet Zimmerius petersi
Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus
Red-billed Tyrannulet Zimmerius cinereicapilla
Mishana Tyrannulet Zimmerius villarejoi
Chico's Tyrannulet Zimmerius chicomendesi
Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes
Guianan Tyrannulet Zimmerius acer
Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops
Coopmans's Tyrannulet Zimmerius minimus
Choco Tyrannulet Zimmerius albigularis
Loja Tyrannulet Zimmerius flavidifrons
Peruvian Tyrannulet Zimmerius viridiflavus

Variegated Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus poecilotis
Chapman's Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus chapmani
Marble-faced Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus
Spectacled Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus orbitalis
Venezuelan Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus venezuelanus
Antioquia Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus lanyoni
Southern Bristle Tyrant Pogonotriccus eximius

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
Alagoas Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ceciliae
Restinga Tyrannulet Phylloscartes kronei
Bahia Tyrannulet Phylloscartes beckeri
Panamanian Tyrannulet Phylloscartes flavovirens
Olive-green Tyrannulet Phylloscartes virescens
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet Phylloscartes gualaquizae
Black-fronted Tyrannulet Phylloscartes nigrifrons
Rufous-browed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes superciliaris
Rufous-lored Tyrannulet Phylloscartes flaviventris
Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Phylloscartes parkeri
Minas Gerais Tyrannulet Phylloscartes roquettei
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulista
Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus

Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
McConnell's Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli
Tepui Flycatcher Mionectes roraimae
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris
Rufous-breasted Flycatcher Leptopogon rufipectus
Inca Flycatcher Leptopogon taczanowskii

Northern Scrub Flycatcher Sublegatus arenarum
Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior
Southern Scrub Flycatcher Sublegatus modestus

Slender-billed Inezia Inezia tenuirostris
Plain Inezia Inezia inornata
Amazonian Inezia Inezia subflava
Pale-tipped Inezia Inezia caudata

Flavescent Flycatcher Myiophobus flavicans
Orange-crested Flycatcher Myiophobus phoenicomitra
Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus inornatus
Roraiman Flycatcher Myiophobus roraimae
Olive-chested Flycatcher Myiophobus cryptoxanthus
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus

Handsome Flycatcher Nephelomyias pulcher
Orange-banded Flycatcher Nephelomyias lintoni
Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher Nephelomyias ochraceiventris

Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant Culicivora caudacuta

Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Brown-breasted Bamboo Tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus
Flammulated Bamboo Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus
Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minor
Yungas Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus spodiops
Acre Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus cohnhafti
Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus josephinae
White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus
Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus
Johannes's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus striaticollis
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Pelzeln's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus inornatus
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis
Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus mirandae
Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus
Kaempfer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi
Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus

Eared Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
White-bellied Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis albiventris
Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis atricapillus
Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus

Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare
Southern Bentbill Oncostoma olivaceum

Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus
Long-crested Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus eulophotes
Double-banded Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus
Helmeted Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus

Pale-eyed Pygmy Tyrant Atalotriccus pilaris

Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus ruficeps
Lulu's Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus luluae
White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus albifacies
Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus capitalis
Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus senex
Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus russatus
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus fumifrons
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris
Slaty-headed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus sylvia
Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus calopterus
Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus pulchellus

Black-chested Tyrant Taeniotriccus andrei

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Maracaibo Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum viridanum
Painted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum pictum
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum nigriceps

Brownish Twistwing Cnipodectes subbrunneus
Rufous Twistwing Cnipodectes superrufus

Eye-ringed Flatbill Rhynchocyclus brevirostris
Olivaceous Flatbill Rhynchocyclus olivaceus
Pacific Flatbill Rhynchocyclus pacificus
Fulvous-breasted Flatbill Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus

Yellow-olive Flatbill Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Orange-eyed Flatbill Tolmomyias traylori
Zimmer's Flatbill Tolmomyias assimilis
Yellow-margined Flatbill Tolmomyias flavotectus
Grey-crowned Flatbill Tolmomyias poliocephalus
Ochre-lored Flatbill Tolmomyias flaviventris
Olive-faced Flatbill Tolmomyias viridiceps

Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata

Cinnamon-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus saturatus
Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus
Yellow-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus flavigularis
White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos
Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus

Cinnamon Neopipo Neopipo cinnamomea

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus

Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Grey-breasted Flycatcher Lathrotriccus griseipectus

Tawny-chested Flycatcher Aphanotriccus capitalis
Black-billed Flycatcher Aphanotriccus audax

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus

Belted Flycatcher Xenotriccus callizonus
Pileated Flycatcher Xenotriccus mexicanus

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya

Northern Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Olive Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes olivaceus

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris
Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus
Ochraceous Pewee Contopus ochraceus
Western Wood Pewee Contopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood Pewee Contopus virens
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Tumbes Pewee Contopus punensis
White-throated Pewee Contopus albogularis
Blackish Pewee Contopus nigrescens
Cuban Pewee Contopus caribaeus
Hispaniolan Pewee Contopus hispaniolensis
Jamaican Pewee Contopus pallidus
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum
White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii
American Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri
American Grey Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii
Pine Flycatcher Empidonax affinis
Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis
Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa
Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas

Cinereous Tyrant Knipolegus striaticeps
Hudson's Black Tyrant Knipolegus hudsoni
Amazonian Black Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus
Jelski's Black Tyrant Knipolegus signatus
Plumbeous Tyrant Knipolegus cabanisi
Blue-billed Black Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Rufous-tailed Tyrant Knipolegus poecilurus
Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis
White-winged Black Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus
Sao Francisco Black Tyrant Knipolegus franciscanus
Crested Black Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes
Velvety Black Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus

Spectacled Tyrant Hymenops perspicillatus

Drab Water Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis

Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys

Little Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola fluviatilis
Spot-billed Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola maculirostris
Taczanowski's Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola griseus
Puna Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis
Cinereous Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola cinereus
White-fronted Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola albifrons
Ochre-naped Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha
Rufous-naped Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex
Dark-faced Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola maclovianus
White-browed Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora
Paramo Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola alpinus
Cinnamon-bellied Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus
Black-fronted Ground Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montanus
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis albicauda
Great Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis lividus
Grey-bellied Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis micropterus
Lesser Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis murinus

Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope
Grey Monjita Xolmis cinereus
Black-crowned Monjita Xolmis coronatus
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velatus
White Monjita Xolmis irupero
Rusty-backed Monjita Xolmis rubetra
Salinas Monjita Xolmis salinarum

Black-and-white Monjita Heteroxolmis dominicana

Streak-throated Bush Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis
Santa Marta Bush Tyrant Myiotheretes pernix
Smoky Bush Tyrant Myiotheretes fumigatus
Rufous-bellied Bush Tyrant Myiotheretes fuscorufus

Red-rumped Bush Tyrant Cnemarchus erythropygius

Rufous-webbed Bush Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis

Chocolate-vented Tyrant Neoxolmis rufiventris

Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa

Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant Muscipipra vetula

Pied Water Tyrant Fluvicola pica
Black-backed Water Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer
Masked Water Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta

White-headed Marsh Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala

Cock-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus tricolor
Strange-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus risora

Tumbes Tyrant Tumbezia salvini

Crowned Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix frontalis
Kalinowski's Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix spodionota
Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix pulchella
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix diadema
Jelski's Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix jelskii

Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris
Blackish Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca nigrita
Maroon-belted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca thoracica
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor
D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides
White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys
Piura Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca piurae

Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

Short-tailed Field Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda

Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosa

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius

White-bearded Flycatcher Phelpsia inornata

Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Grey-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis
Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor

White-ringed Flycatcher Conopias albovittatus
Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parvus
Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgatus
Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti

Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus
Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus
Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua

Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus

Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis
White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans
Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Grey Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Giant Kingbird Tyrannus cubensis
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus

Greyish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
Pale-bellied Mourner Rhytipterna immunda
Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra

Sibilant Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
White-rumped Sirystes Sirystes albocinereus
Todd's Sirystes Sirystes subcanescens
Choco Sirystes Sirystes albogriseus

Rufous Casiornis Casiornis rufus
Ash-throated Casiornis Casiornis fuscus

Rufous Flycatcher Myiarchus semirufus
Yucatan Flycatcher Myiarchus yucatanensis
Sad Flycatcher Myiarchus barbirostris
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Venezuelan Flycatcher Myiarchus venezuelensis
Panamanian Flycatcher Myiarchus panamensis
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Apical Flycatcher Myiarchus apicalis
Pale-edged Flycatcher Myiarchus cephalotes
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens
Nutting's Flycatcher Myiarchus nuttingi
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Galapagos Flycatcher Myiarchus magnirostris
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator
Rufous-tailed Flycatcher Myiarchus validus
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae
Stolid Flycatcher Myiarchus stolidus
Puerto Rican Flycatcher Myiarchus antillarum
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi

Flammulated Flycatcher Deltarhynchus flammulatus

Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum
Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda
Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda

Rufous-tailed Attila Attila phoenicurus
Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus
Ochraceous Attila Attila torridus
Citron-bellied Attila Attila citriniventris
White-eyed Attila Attila bolivianus
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus

Family Links

Tyrant Flycatchers & Allies Tyrannidae

Family Account

Family account

Tyrant Flycatchers & Allies Tyrannidae

HBW Family Account

Annotated species list

Tyrant Flycatchers & Allies Tyrannidae

IBC Family Account

Family profile and species list etc...

Tyrant Flycatchers & Allies Tyrannidae

Cornell Family Account

Annotated species list

Tyrant Flycatchers & Allies Tyrannidae

Family Account

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) are a family of passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America.

Species Links

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum

Cornell Species Account

A small, nondescript flycatcher of northern wet thickets, the Alder Flycatcher is difficult to distinguish from the Willow Flycatcher by any feature other than voice.

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens

Species Account

The eastern wood pewee (Contopus virens) is a small tyrant flycatcher from North America. This bird and the western wood pewee (C. sordidulus) were formerly considered to be a single species. The two species are virtually identical in appearance, and can be distinguished most easily by their calls.

Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus

IBC Species Account

Taxonomy: Tyrannula minima W. M. Baird and S. F. Baird, 1843, near Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA. Probably diverged from other members of genus c. 1·8 million years ago, in late Pliocene or early Pleistocene. Monotypic…

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis

Species Account

The Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) is a passerine bird. It is a medium-sized tyrant flycatcher….

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Cornell Species Account

An extremely common and widespread bird of the American tropics, the Tropical Kingbird barely reaches the United States in south Texas and southern Arizona….

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Species Account

The many-coloured rush tyrant (Tachuris rubrigastra) or many-colored rush tyrant is a small passerine bird of South America belonging to the tyrant flycatcher family. It is the only member of the genus Tachuris and its relationships with the other members of the family are uncertain. It inhabits marshland and reedbeds around lakes and rivers. It is particularly associated with stands of Scirpus.

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Species Account

Sound archive and distribution map.

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

BirdLife Species Account

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

Cornell Species Account

The Many-colored Rush Tyrant is truly a well-named bird. Among a family of frequently dull-plumaged and similar birds, it is positively gaudily attired, and it is wholly dependent on reedy marshes and lake edges for breeding.

Many-colored Rush Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra

HBW Species Account

Taxonomy: Sylvia rubrigastra Vieillot, 1817, Paraguay. Distinctive monotypic genus hypothesized by some as being closest to Pseudocolopteryx. Four subspecies recognized.

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 433