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Sulawesi

Endemic
Minahassa Masked Owl (Endemic) Tyto inexspectata ©Chris Lotz Website

Birding Sulawesi

Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes is an island in Indonesia. One of the four Greater Sunda Islands, and the world's eleventh-largest island, covering an area of 174,600 km2 (67,413 sq mi).

It is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. The landmass of Sulawesi includes four peninsulas: the northern Minahasa Peninsula; the East Peninsula; the South Peninsula; and the Southeast Peninsula. Three gulfs separate these peninsulas: the Gulf of Tominibetween the northern Minahasa and East peninsulas; the Tolo Gulf between the East and Southeast peninsulas; and the Bone Gulf between the South and Southeast peninsulas. The Strait of Makassar runs along the western side of the island and separates the island from Borneo. The central part of the island is ruggedly mountainous, such that the island's peninsulas have traditionally been remote from each other, with better connections by sea than by road.

The Selayar Islands make up a peninsula stretching southwards from Southwest Sulawesi into the Flores Sea are administratively part of Sulawesi. The Sangihe Islands and Talaud Islands stretch northward from the northeastern tip of Sulawesi, while Buton Island and its neighbours lie off its southeast peninsula, the Togian Islands are in the Gulf of Tomini, and Peleng Island and Banggai Islands form a cluster between Sulawesi and Maluku. All the above-mentioned islands, and many smaller ones are administratively part of Sulawesi's six provinces. Sulawesi, in contrast to most of the other islands in the biogeographical region of Wallacea, is not truly oceanic, but a composite island at the centre of the Asia-Australia collision zone. Parts of the island were formerly attached to either the Asian or Australian continental margin and became separated from these areas by vicariant processes.

Sulawesi is part of Wallacea, meaning that it has a mix of both Indomalayan and Australasian species that reached the island by crossing deep-water oceanic barriers. There are 8 national parks on the island, of which 4 are mostly marine. The parks with the largest terrestrial area are Bogani Nani Wartabone with 2,871 km2 and Lore Lindu National Park with 2,290 km2. Bunaken National Park which protects a rich coral ecosystem has been proposed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Sulawesian bird species tend to be found on other nearby islands as well, such as Borneo. However, 31% of Sulawesi's birds are found nowhere else. One endemic bird is the largely ground-dwelling, chicken-sized maleo, a megapode which uses hot sand close to the island's volcanic vents to incubate its eggs. Others (also found on small neighboring islands) include the flightless snoring rail and the Sulawesi masked owl. There are around 350 known bird species in Sulawesi. An international partnership of conservationists, donors, and local people have formed the Alliance for Tompotika Conservation, in an effort to raise awareness and protect the nesting grounds of these birds on the central-eastern arm of the island.Birding in Sulawesi is an amazing experience not least because nearly 100 of the 500 or so birds which have been recorded are endemic (67) or near endemic (26) (some say as many as 100 full endemic species) First-time visitors will be forgiven for thinking that they are in that avian paradise they have always dreamt of, where almost every different species they see is a new one.

Furthermore, it is possible to see a high percentage of these unique and often extraordinary birds by visiting just three sites: Tangkoko NR and Dumoga – Bone NP at the northeastern corner of Sulawesi.

Top Sites

Banggai

Satellite View

A nice selection of Sula endemics after a short boat ride from Luwuk, including the newly rediscovered Banggai Crow.

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park (Formerly Dumoga Bone NP)

Information

Satellite View

A massive national park which has only partially been explored. Known sites include Tambun for Maleo and some nice lowland birding…

Gunung Ambang

Satellite View

Montane birding in north Sulawesi. Not as many species as Lore Lindu, but a few things are easier to see here.

Gunung Mahawu

Satellite View

Just outside Manado and a great spot for Scaly Kingfisher.

Lake Tondano

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Near Manado and good for waterbirds and migrant raptors.

Lore Lindu National Park

Information

Satellite View

Lore Lindu NP is home to most of Sulawesi’s endemic species, including the magnificent Red-Knobbed Hornbill (Rhyticeros cassidix) which is common and the largest bird in the park with a wing span of over one meter. Speckled Boobook, Yellow-breasted and Golden-mantle Racquet-tail, Green Imperial Pigeon, Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon, Sulawesi Hanging parrot, Pygmy and Ashy Woodpeckers, Purple-bearded Bee-eater (Jul – Sep); White-neck Myna, Red-bellied pitta, etc. And the Maleo bird, a megapode that buries its single large egg in the warm sand to be incubated by the heat of underground hot springs. Two other endemic birds are the Sulawesi woodcock (Scolopax celebensis) and Heinrich’s Nightjar. Sulawesi woodcock is rarely seen; many birdwatchers visit this park but miss it.

Makassar Environs

Satellite View

An endemic white-eye and some good migrant shorebirds can be found by those with a few hours to kill between flights.

Sangihe, Talaud & Siau

Satellite View

The string of islands off north Sulawesi including Sangihe, Siau and Talaud are not so easy to get to, but loads of great endemics await those who try it.

Tangkoko Nature Reserve

Information

Satellite View

Easy access and a great introduction to Sulawesi's birds.

Contributor

Royke Mananta

Tankoko And Dumoga Bone Birdwatching Tours

Sulawesi

lorelindu@yahoo.com

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 505

(As at February 2019)

Endemics

Number of endemics: 90

Maleo Macrocephalon maleo, Sulawesi Ground Dove Gallicolumba tristigmata, White-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula forsteni, Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula radiata, Red-eared Fruit Dove Ptilinopus fischeri, Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus subgularis, Sombre Pigeon Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa, Heinrich's Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus, Sulawesi Nightjar Caprimulgus celebensis, Bay Coucal Centropus celebensis, Yellow-billed Malkoha Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus, Sulawesi Cuckoo Cuculus crassirostris, Snoring Rail Aramidopsis plateni, Bald-faced Rail Gymnocrex rosenbergi,i Isabelline Bush-hen Amaurornis isabellina, Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus, Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps, Spot-tailed Goshawk Accipiter trinotatus, Dwarf Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus, Minahassa Masked Owl Tyto inexspectata, Sulawesi Masked Owl Tyto rosenbergii, Togian Boobook Ninox burhani, Ochre-bellied Boobook Ninox ochracea, Cinnabar Boobook Ninox ios, Speckled Boobook Ninox punctulata, Sulawesi Scops Owl Otus manadensis, Nicobar Scops Owl Otus alius, Sulawesi Hornbill Penelopides exarhatus, Knobbed Hornbill Rhyticeros cassidix, Ashy Woodpecker Mulleripicus fulvus, Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos temminckii, Purple-bearded Bee-eater Meropogon forsteni, Purple-winged Roller Coracias temminckii, Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx fallax, Green-backed Kingfisher Actenoides monachus, Scaly Kingfisher Actenoides princeps, Talaud Kingfisher Todiramphus enigma, Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher Cittura cyanotis, Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail Prioniturus flavicans, Red-and-blue Lory Eos histrio, Ornate Lorikeet Trichoglossus ornatus, Yellow-and-green Lorikeet Trichoglossus flavoviridis, Sulawesi Hanging Parrot Loriculus stigmatus, Sangir Hanging Parrot Loriculus catamene, Pygmy Hanging Parrot Loriculus exilis, Lesser Streaked Honeyeater Myza celebensis, Greater Streaked Honeyeater Myza sarasinorum, Sulawesi Myzomela Myzomela chloroptera, Wakolo Myzomela Myzomela wakoloensis, Caerulean Cuckooshrike Coracina temminckii, Pied Cuckooshrike Coracina bicolor, White-rumped Cuckooshrike Coracina leucopygia, Sulawesi Cicadabird Edolisoma morio, Pygmy Cuckooshrike Celebesica abbotti, Maroon-backed Whistler Coracornis raveni, Sulphur-bellied Whistler Pachycephala sulfuriventer, Sulawesi Drongo Dicrurus montanus, Rusty-bellied Fantail Rhipidura teysmanni, Piping Crow Corvus typicus, Banggai Crow Corvus unicolor, White-tipped Monarch Symposiachrus everetti, Cerulean Paradise-flycatcher Eutrichomyias rowleyi, Yellow-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum aureolimbatum, Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum nehrkorni, Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum, Elegant Sunbird Aethopyga duyvenbodei, Malia Malia grata, Sulawesi Leaf Warbler Seicercus sarasinorum, Streak-headed White-eye Heleia squamiceps, Pale-bellied White-eye Zosterops consobrinorum, Lemon-throated White-eye Zosterops anomalus, Togian White-eye Zosterops somadikartai, Sangir White-eye Zosterops nehrkorni, Black-crowned White-eye Zosterops atrifrons, Seram White-eye Zosterops stalkeri, Sulawesi Babbler Trichastoma celebense, Hylocitrea Hylocitrea bonensis, Pale-bellied Myna Acridotheres cinereus, Sulawesi Myna Basilornis celebensis, White-necked Myna Streptocitta albicollis, Fiery-browed Myna Enodes erythrophris, Finch-billed Myna Scissirostrum dubium, Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hoevelli, Matinan Blue Flycatcher Cyornis sanfordi, Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis colonus, Great Shortwing Heinrichia calligyna, Rufous-throated Flycatcher Ficedula rufigula, Lompobattang Flycatcher Ficedula bonthaina, Geomalia Geomalia heinrichi, Sulawesi Thrush Cataponera turdoides

Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea

(Sulawesi, The Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia) | By Brian J Coates & K David Bishop | Dove Publications | 1997 | Hardback | 535 pages, 64 col plates [697 species], colour photos, maps, illustrations |

ISBN: 9780959025736

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Birds of Sulawesi

By Derek Holmes | Oxford University Press | 1996 | Hardback | 120 pages, 142 col & 22 b/w illustration |

ISBN: 9789835600050

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Reserves

Abbreviations Key

NP Bantimurung – Bulusaraung

Information

Satellite View

Located in the transition area of Asia and Australia zone, the national park has many unique animals collection, such as Sulawesi moor macaque (Macaca maura), the red-knobbed hornbill (Aceros cassidix, Penelopides exarhatus), cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis), Sulawesi palm civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii), bat, and pot-bellied boar (Sus scrofa vittatus). Recently, in March 2008, staffs of Bantimurung – Bulusaraung National Park had documented the existence of Tarsius fuscus and they also found its nest inside the area.

NP Bogani Nani Wartabone

Information

Satellite View

The park has been identified by Wildlife Conservation Society as the single most important site for the conservation of Sulawesi wildlife and is home to a large number of species endemic to Sulawesi. The maleo megapode is endemic to the island and is the park's mascot. Maleo birds have been bred successfully in this park, and as per February 2012, about 3,300 birds have been released to their habitat. Hungoyono camp in Bone Bolango is the largest maleo habitat which the conservationists have 4 breeding sites.

NP Bunaken

Information

Satellite View

A very rich coral ecosystem covers most of Bunaken National Park, dominated by fringing reef and barrier reef corals. On land, the islands are rich in species of palm, sago, woka, silar and coconut. Among the animal species that live on the land and the beaches are Celebes crested macaque, Timor Deer, and Sulawesi bear cuscus.

NP Gandang Dewata

Information

Satellite View

LIPI research in 2013 shows that Gandang Dewata is a habitat for a number of endemic bird species, and even found a number of new species that need to be maintained

NP Kepulauan Togean

Information

Satellite View

Kepulauan Togean National Park is a largely marine national park, including the Togian Islands, near Sulawesi island.

NP Lore Lindu

Information

Satellite View

Lore Lindu National Park is a forested protected area on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, in the province of Central Sulawesi. The area of the national park is 2,180 km² covering both lowland and montane forests. It provides habitat to numerous rare species, including 77 bird species endemic to Sulawesi…

NP Rawa Aopa Watumohai WII

Information

Satellite View

It contains the Aopa peat swamp, the largest in Sulawesi, and is recognised as a wetland of international importance. The park has varied vegetation: sub-montane rain forests, mangrove forests, coastal forests, savanna and freshwater swamp forests. It is home to Babirusa, both species of endangered Anoa – miniature water buffaloes – and 155 bird species, of which 37 are endemic to Sulawesi. Birds in the park include the maleo, lesser adjutant, woolly-necked stork, collared kingfisher, Yellow-crested cockatoo, vinous-breasted sparrowhawk, Sulawesi black pigeon and Nicobar pigeon. The park also provides habitat to a population of 170 endangered milky storks.[1] Primates in the park include the spectral tarsier and the vulnerable booted macaque.

NP Wakatobi

Information

Satellite View

It consists of four larger islands: Wangi-Wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia and Binongko, as well as many small islands such as Tokobao, North Lintea, South Lintea, Kampenaune, Hoga and Tolandono. Habitats found in the national park are mangrove forest, coastal forest, lowland swamp forest, riverbank vegetation, lowland rainforest, mountain rainforest and coral reefs.

NR Tangkoko Batuangus

Information

Satellite View

The reserve covers an area of 8,700 hectares and includes three mountains: Mount Tangkoko (1,109 meters), Mount Dua Saudara (1,361 meters) and Mount Batuangus (450 meters). Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve protects at least 127 mammal, 233 bird and 104 reptile and amphibian species. Of these 79 mammal, 103 bird and 29 reptile and amphibian species are endemic to the island. Birds include the knobbed hornbill, Sulawesi hornbill and maleo

WR Gunung Manembo-nembo

Information

Satellite View

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Ecotours

Tour Operator

The fauna of the vast island country of Indonesia is characterized by high levels of biodiversity and endemism due to its distribution over a vast tropical archipelago. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species-rich country on earth. Indonesia is divided into two ecological regions; western Indonesia, which is more influenced by Asian fauna, and the east, which is more influenced by Australasian species.

Delina Panontongan - Tourist Guide

Tour Operator

For those who want to have an experinces to Morowali Reserves and the Togian Islands also available to start after Lore Lindu Trip. In Lore Lindu National Park we can also do a Lore Lindu birdwatching for searching the Geomalia, Diabolical Nightjars, Great shortwings, Olive Flanked Whistlers, etc

Rockjumper Birding Tours

Tour Operator

Our Sulawesi & Halmahera - Wallacean Endemics tour comprehensively covers much of the area’s available habitats, maximizing our chance to find the more than one hundred range-restricted bird species confined to this fabulous region…

Sulawesi Birding

Tour Operator

Began from hobby and interest to outdoor activity and community development, in 2002 we established Adventurindo. One of our division is ‘adventurindo’, which purpose to managed professionally the natural wonder of North Sulawesi and make wild nature adventure become tourist attraction. Hopefully, by serving you this wild nature adventure we share you the pleasure of natural beauty and build your respect to it.

Sultan Birding Tours

Tour Operator

Sultan Birding Tours Indonesia is a local birding tour operator based in Manado, North Sulawesi of Indonesia and offering unforgettable private guided birding and wildlife photography trips to West Papua for Bird-of-Paradise; Arfak Mountains, Jayapura-Nimbokrang, Waigeo-raja ampat island, Biak, Ballliem Valley, also We guided birding trip all over Sulawesi; Tangkoko Nature Reserve, Gunung Mahawu Tomohon, Dumoga Nani Wartabone National Park, Lore Lindu National Park, Karaenta forest and other part of including Bali, Kalimantan, Java, Sumatera, Kalimantan, Flores and other birding destinations in Indonesia.

Vacation Indonesia Tours

Tour Operator

Vacation Indonesia Tours, owned by Nurlin Djuni & Darwin Sumang, is your gateway to Indonesia. We can immerse you in our culture, heritage and our extraordinarily diverse natural history. The Islands of Indonesia are justly famous for birdwatching. Over 372 species have been recorded and many are found nowhere else. Nurlin Djuni specialises in Birdwatching/Holidays Tours in Sulawesi, Halmahera, Papua, Java, Bali, Kalimantan, Lesser Sundas and Sumatera…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

CloudBirders

Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2010 [08 August] - Stijn De Win

Report

Highlights in Lore Lindu National Park were numerous, Piping Crow, Sulawesi Thrush, Diabolical Nightjar, Savannah Nightjar, Red-eared Fruit Dove, Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Purple-bearded Bee-eater, Greater Sulawesi Honeyeater, the hard to find Maroon-backed Whistler gave away great views in the end and we found an obliging Great Shortwing for excellent photo opportunities even though the species wasn’t active singing during our stay…

2011 [08 August] - Peter Ericsson

Report

When Stijn De Win from B2A asked me if I could act as tour leader to Sulawesi/Halmahera I was more then thrilled. Having visited Sulawesi with Stijn back in 2009 I knew the exciting birds waiting in these exotic lands. The tour had 4 participants besides Royke and me. All experienced global birders in the 4-5000 ‘birds seen’ region. Thus it was no surprise that the tour ended up with 239 species recorded and a record 105 endemics…

2013 [09 September] - Robert Hutchinson

PDF Report

…Our success continued on Halmahera with all endemic night-birds seen (plus amazing views of Moluccan Scrubfowl which is very much a night-bird!), Wallace’s Standardwings at a spectacular lek site, great views of Ivory-breasted Pitta, Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove and the difficult Purple Dollarbird. Moluccan King Parrot, Barking Owl and ‘Halmahera’ Leaf Warbler were among the less regular species found…

2013 [09 September] - Sam Woods

PDF Report

Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher initially gave us the run around in Tangkoko, before Samuel’s keen eyesight put us out of our misery, when he found a quietly perched bird a short time before lunch on our last day, which headlines a star-studded cast of 15 kingfisher species seen on the tour (in the end we found two more after then!); and a contender for the world’s most handsome thrush, Red-backed Thrush was stalked as it foraged on the forest floor in Tangkoko; some very close, and long looks, at the tricky Pygmy Hanging-Parrot proved very popular all round too.

2013 [10 October] - Peter Ericsson

Report

… We did several stops along the way and caught up with a number of common birds which included 40 enigmatic and endemic Grosbeak Starling roosting in a dead tree. This bird is so attractive that it has made it on the cover of the Birds of Wallacea by Coates, Bishop and Gardener…

2014 [08 August] - Rob Gordijn

PDF Report

A three week independent trip to Sulawesi and Halmahera, a popular combination of islands since they offer two very different sets of species with lots endemics on both islands. In the first two weeks we visited Central and North Sulawesi: Lore Lindu, Tangkoko, Dumago Bone and Gunung Ambang. The last week we travelled to Halmehera to visit three more sites: Binagara, Galela and Weda...

2014 [09 September] - Dave Farrow

PDF Report

Another great Birdquest tour to Sulawesi and Halmahera, we enjoyed great success despite the effects of ever-increasing habitat destruction at some sites. On Sulawesi we enjoyed many superb endemics such as Green-backed, Lilac-cheeked, Sulawesi Dwarf and Great-billed Kingfishers, (some of the 14 Kingfisher species recorded!), a daytime roosting Sulawesi Scops Owls and both Ochre-bellied and Speckled 2 BirdQuest Tour Report: Ultimate Sulawesi & Halmahera www.birdquest-tours.com Boobooks, Cinnabar Boobook, Sulawesi Masked Owl, Sulawesi and Satanic Nightjars (to make five Nightjar species seen), that marvel of evolution the Maleo, Knobbed and Sulawesi Dwarf Hornbills, Red-eared and Oberholser’s Fruit Doves, Sulawesi Serpent Eagles, Sulawesi Hawk Eagles, Spot-tailed and Sulawesi Goshawks, Small Sparrowhawk, Purple-bearded Bee-eaters...

2014 [09 September] - David Hoddinott - Wallacean Endemics

PDF Report

... Here we found a good variety of species including the range-restricted Javan Plover and, most importantly, the south Sulawesi endemic, Palebellied Myna. Other notable sightings included a splendid Spotted Harrier, White-headed Stilt, Long-toed Stint and breeding Little Tern, Sacred Kingfisher, Yellow-vented Bulbul, Clamorous Reed Warbler, Pied Bush Chat, Pale-headed Munia and Paddyfield Pipit....

2014 [09 September] - Peter Ericsson

Report

...Scarlet Mysomela is a tiny bird with a bright red head and something everyone enjoyed. Several were seen. Slender-billed Cuckoo Doves were common, a Great Sulawesi Hanging Parrot showed well. A juvenile Rufous-bellied Eagle came crashing through the woods being mobbed by some Slender-billed Crows. Sulawesi Babbler also gave reasonable views as did Island Verditer Flycatcher. The Barred Rail came in full view on the roadside and a Black Eagle soared on high....

2014 [09 September] - Rob Hutchinson

PDF Report

...On Sulawesi the list of star birds is a long one but the likes of Geomalia, Maleo, Sulawesi Thrush, Great Shortwing, Maroon-backed Whistler, Scaly Kingfisher (among a whole set of stunning endemic kingfishers), Red-backed Thrush certainly stand out. Mention should also be made of the Hylocitrea which is now a monotypic family found only in the uplands of this island and a fine set of night-birds of which we saw all expect species including Cinnabar Boobook, Sulawesi Masked Owl and both Diabolical Nightjar and Ochre-bellied Boobooks at their day roosts. A short hop across the water to Halmahera gave us a whole new set of species, best of which was arguable the amazing Wallace’s Standardwing display, although there is stiff competition from the likes of Moluccan Scrubfowl, Moluccan King Parrot, all night-birds including the bizarre Moluccan Owlet Nightjar, Ivory-breasted Pitta and the fabulous Purple Dollarbird...

2014 [10 October] - Frank Lambert

PDF Report

...The birds made us work hard as usual, and we had many early-morning starts, but our commitment paid off with excellent views of nearly all the species seen. Highlights on Sulawesi included species such as Geomalia, Maleo, Red-backed Thrush, Malia, Purple-bearded Bee-eater, Great Shortwing, Purple-winged Roller, Matinan Flycatcher, Hylocitrea, four species of endemic myna, Sulawesi Pitta (split by Clements), several stunning endemic kingfishers, and three of the four endemic Accipiter species. We also had some surprise species such as the rarely observed Sulawesi Ground Dove and the undescribed ‘Sulawesi Brown Flycatcher’...

2015 [04 April] - Peter Marsh

PDF Report

I chose a trip to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi to seek the Hylocitrea (Olive–flanked Whistler), the only member of the family Hypocoliidae. While this was the prime target of the trip I was, of course, open to the enjoyment of any and all birds encountered on the trip.

2015 [08 August] - Dave Farrow - Sulawesi & Halmahera.

PDF Report

Of the 12 species of Kingfisher recorded on the tour, on Sulawesi we saw Green-backed, Lilac-cheeked, Sulawesi Dwarf and Great-billed Kingfishers. Nightbirds are always pleasing and we saw Ochre-bellied, Speckled and Cinnabar Boobooks, Sulawesi Scops Owls, and five Nightjar species that included a pair of Great Eared at roost, a Satanic on its nest and a Sulawesi Nightjar. We saw Knobbed Hornbills, Red-eared Fruit Doves, Sulawesi Serpent Eagles, Sulawesi Hawk Eagles, Spot-tailed and Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawks, Purple-bearded Bee-eaters, Purple-winged 2 BirdQuest Tour Report: Sulawesi & Halmahera www.birdquest-tours.com Roller, Piping Crow, Malia, Hylocitrea, Red-backed and Sulawesi Thrushes.

2015 [09 September] - Sam Woods - Sulawesi & the Moluccas

PDF Report

...stunning birds to boot, and are rightly revered as some of the most highly desired species in all of the region; a quick perusal of our final bird list reveals exquisite birds like Sulawesi Dwarf-Kingfisher, Lilac-cheeked and Green-backed Kingfishers, Knobbed and Blyth’s Hornbills, Moluccan and Ivory-breasted Pittas, Purple-winged and Azure Rollers (A.K.A “Purple Dollarbird”), Rusty-backed (Red-backed) Thrush, and the astonishing Wallace’s Standardwing.

2017 [09 September] - Sam Woods

PDF Report

...we ended up with more species than ever before, 292 species, including 131 regional endemics (89 on Sulawesi and 42 on Halmahera; depending on taxonomy), and featured 27 Pigeons and Doves, 17 parrots and cockatoos, 17 raptor species (including all 4 of Sulawesi’s endemic accipiters and Moluccan Goshawk), 16 kingfishers, 12 cuckooshrikes, 9 starlings and mynas, 8 owls, 6 white-eyes, 5 nightjars, 4 megapodes, 3 pittas, and 2 birds-of-paradise.

2017 [09 September] - Zoothera

PDF Report

The list of highlight species above, seen on this birding tour to Sulawesi and Halmahera, gives a quick insight to why it remains a highly-desirable destination for birding trips with not only a wealth of endemic species but a large number of really striking birds. We found a very high proportion of our target species which included birds from a wide range of families and almost all of our top priority targets

2017 [11 November] - David Blair - Sulawesi and Halmahera

PDF Report

We could not fit in with any organised tours to Sulawesi & Halmahera and because of annual leave restrictions we couldn’t do the full standard Birdtour Asia itinerary, our preferred option after looking at alternative tour companies, even as a private tour. So we decided after discussion with Rob Hutchinson from birdtourASIA not to go for the Scrubfowl on Halmahera (avoiding long 8 hour drive for a single bird) and also dropped Lompobatang to fit in with our preferred dates.

2017 [11 November] - Mike Nelson

PDF Report

When Alfred Russel Wallace arrived on Sulawesi he noticed the distinctly Australasian tone of the avifauna compared to the Malay Archipelago with its distinct Asian tone. This dividing line between Borneo and Sulawesi extending south to Bali became known as Wallace’s Line and it began his independent development of the idea of evolution through natural selection. It was also his work in these islands where he noticed habitat preferences among species which led to him being known as the father of biogeography. Over 150 years later the fou pronged isl and of Sulawesi and its smaller cousin Halmahera still represent that Australasian flavour and their isolation over millennia have created an array of endemics much sought-after by birders.

2018 [03 March] - Bengt Legnell

PDF Report

This short trip to the northern part of Sulawesi came about in a hurry. After having completed my birding-programs in South-east Asia for this season there were a couple of weeks left before I had to return to Sweden. A trip to Noch Linh in Vietnam had fallen through so I quickly decided to travel to Sulawesi and survey this beautiful tropical island in preparations for a couple of upcoming birding-tours there in 2018 & 19. Since this was my first visit to Wallace, Theo from Manado

2018 [06 June] - Carlos Bocos - Southwest and Central Sulawesi, and Halmahera

PDF Report

Our first tour of the year to Sulawesi and Halmahera was another endemic fest, as expected. This custom tour, focused in the southern and central parts of Sulawesi followed by Halmahera, covered the lowlands of Makassar and Palu to the mossy forests of the Lompobattang mountains and Lore Lindu, delivering a great selection of endemics despite its short duration. Highlights of the south included Black-headed Kingfisher, Sulawesi Streaked Flycatcher, Black-ringed White-eye and the Endangered Lompobattang Flycatcher.

2018 [08 August] - Mark Van Beirs - Sulawesi & Halmahera

PDF Report

The highlight of our recent ‘Best of Sulawesi and Halmahera’ tour was the amazing spectacle of displaying Wallace’s Standardwings deep in the jungle of Halmahera, where the intrepid Alfred Russell Wallace himself had witnessed it c160 years ago.

2018 [08 August] - Matt Slaymaker - Makassar-Malino

Report

With a couple of weeks left on our Indonesian visas after Buton, we wanted to make the most of our time there and explore a couple of different areas. One I was keen to visit was the hilly areas above Makassar to look for a few very range-restricted endemics. This trip reports aims to provide some details on the logistics of our mini-Malino adventure.

2018 [10 October] - Mike nelson - Sulawesi and Halmahera

PDF Report

The four-pronged islands of Sulawesi and Halmahera are an amazing melting pot of geological formations, Sulawesi itself being comprised of three land masses formed between 5-10 million years ago. Though only 110 kilometers from Borneo the avifauna couldn’t be more different.

2018 [11 November] - Steve Clark - Sulawesi & Halmera

Report

This report covers a 3-week trip to Indonesia, primarily Sulawesi and Halmahera. I had not been to Indonesia before but had spent a week on East Timor in 2013.

Blogs

Iwan Hunowu - Suara Burung Sulawesi

BLOG

Last updated 2007! The blog contain of story of birding experience, birdwatching journal, reseach and everything related to the birding activities in Sulawesi, Indonesia…

Other Links

Birding in Sulawesi – Burung-Nusantara / Birds-Indonesia

Website

Information about birding sites in Sulawesi, including key species, maps, access, local guides and resources. Sulawesi has the highest percentage of endemic birds of any island in the world. The birding in many places is also easy, and almost all the endemic species can be seen at a small number of sites in the centre and north. For those looking for more adventure (and more birds!) the islands off the north of Sulawesi (Sangihe, Talaud, Siau) are also packed with goodies, as are the islands to the east (Banggai, Peleng). If that’s not enough to tempt you, it also has great beaches and world class diving. Browse sites from the map or the table. Each site page will show links to birding trip reports, guides and other content that is relevant. Help us keep this information up to date by posting your experiences back here as comments…

Operation Wallacia

Website

Operation Wallacea is a series of scientific wildlife survey and conservation expeditions to a remote corner of the island of Sulawesi. It has been running wildlife research and community development projects in SE Sulawesi for the last 6 years. In 2001 there were nearly 300 mainly University students, together with 35 scientists, a professional photographer, an artist, expert trackers and forest support teams, diving staff and extensive logistics team to support the wide range of projects completed.

Photographers & Artists

Photographer - Marie-France Grenouillet

Gallery

Excellent photos of North Sulawesi birds…