Trochilidae – Hummingbirds

Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica ©John Afdem Website

The Trochilidae or Hummingbirds are a family of birds exclusive to the Americas. They are among the smallest of birds, most species measuring 7.5cm to 13cm. Indeed, the smallest extant bird species is a hummingbird, the 5cm Bee Hummingbird, endemic to Cuba and weighing less than a penny 2.5g.

They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings which flap at high frequencies audible to humans. They hover in mid-air at rapid wing-flapping rates, typically around 50 times per second, allowing them also to fly at speeds exceeding 15 m/s (54 km/h; 34 mph). They have the highest metabolism of any homeothermic animal. To conserve energy when food is scarce, and nightly when not foraging, they go into torpor, a state similar to hibernation, slowing metabolic rate to 1/15th of its normal rate.

Their metabolisms are full of superlatives! With the exception of insects, hummingbirds while in flight have the highest metabolism of all animals – a necessity to support the rapid beating of their wings during hovering and fast forward flight. Their heart rate can reach as high as 1,260 beats per minute, a rate once measured in a blue-throated hummingbird, with a breathing rate of 250 breaths per minute, even at rest. During flight, oxygen consumption per gram of muscle tissue in a hummingbird is about 10 times higher than that measured in elite human athletes.

They are rare among vertebrates in their ability to rapidly make use of ingested sugars to fuel energetically expensive hovering flight, powering up to 100% of their metabolic needs with the sugars they drink (in comparison, human athletes max out at around 30%). Hummingbirds can use newly ingested sugars to fuel hovering flight within 30 to 45 minutes of consumption. This suggests that hummingbirds are able to oxidise sugar in flight muscles at rates high enough to satisfy their extreme metabolic demands. By relying on newly ingested sugars to fuel flight, they can reserve their limited fat stores to sustain their overnight fasting or to power migratory flights.

Studies of hummingbirds’ metabolisms are relevant to the question of how a migrating Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can cross 800km of the Gulf of Mexico on a nonstop flight. This hummingbird, like other birds preparing to migrate, stores fat as a fuel reserve, thereby augmenting its weight by as much as 100%, hence increasing potential flying time over open water.

There are, according to the IOC, 350 extant species of hummingbirds; they are:

Species List

Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius

White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila
Buff-tailed Sicklebill Eutoxeres condamini

Hook-billed Hermit Glaucis dohrnii
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus
Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aeneus

Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri
Sooty Barbthroat Threnetes niger
Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus

Broad-tipped Hermit Anopetia gounellei

White-whiskered Hermit Phaethornis yaruqui
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy
White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus
Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
Mexican Hermit Phaethornis mexicanus
Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus
Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris
Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus
Koepcke’s Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae
Needle-billed Hermit Phaethornis philippii
Straight-billed Hermit Phaethornis bourcieri
Pale-bellied Hermit Phaethornis anthophilus
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Sooty-capped Hermit Phaethornis augusti
Buff-bellied Hermit Phaethornis subochraceus
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus
Streak-throated Hermit Phaethornis rupurumii
Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus
Minute Hermit Phaethornis idaliae
Cinnamon-throated Hermit Phaethornis nattereri
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
White-browed Hermit Phaethornis stuarti
Black-throated Hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis
Tapajos Hermit Phaethornis aethopygus
Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
Grey-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis

Tooth-billed Hummingbird Androdon aequatorialis

Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae
Blue-fronted Lancebill Doryfera johannae

Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii

Curve-winged Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus pampa
Long-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus excellens
Grey-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis
Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus hyperythrus
Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
White-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus ensipennis
Lazuline Sabrewing Campylopterus falcatus
Santa Marta Sabrewing Campylopterus phainopeplus
Napo Sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio
Buff-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus duidae

Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca

Brown Violetear Colibri delphinae
Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus
Lesser Violetear Colibri cyanotus
Sparkling Violetear Colibri coruscans
White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris

Green-throated Mango Anthracothorax viridigula
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
Veraguan Mango Anthracothorax veraguensis
Antillean Mango Anthracothorax dominicus
Green Mango Anthracothorax viridis
Jamaican Mango Anthracothorax mango

Fiery-tailed Awlbill Avocettula recurvirostris

Crimson Topaz Topaza pella
Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra

Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus

Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus

Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus

Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti

Green-crowned Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
Purple-crowned Plovercrest Stephanoxis loddigesii

Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei

Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornatus
Dot-eared Coquette Lophornis gouldii
Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus
Short-crested Coquette Lophornis brachylophus
Rufous-crested Coquette Lophornis delattrei
Spangled Coquette Lophornis stictolophus
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus
Peacock Coquette Lophornis pavoninus
Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae
White-crested Coquette Lophornis adorabilis

Wire-crested Thorntail Discosura popelairii
Black-bellied Thorntail Discosura langsdorffi
Letitia’s Thorntail Discosura letitiae
Green Thorntail Discosura conversii
Racket-tailed Coquette Discosura longicaudus

Red-billed Streamertail Trochilus polytmus
Black-billed Streamertail Trochilus scitulus

Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notata

Golden-crowned Emerald Chlorostilbon auriceps
Cozumel Emerald Chlorostilbon forficatus
Canivet’s Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii
Garden Emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis
Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
Red-billed Emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni
Chiribiquete Emerald Chlorostilbon olivaresi
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii
Hispaniolan Emerald Chlorostilbon swainsonii
Puerto Rican Emerald Chlorostilbon maugaeus
Coppery Emerald Chlorostilbon russatus
Narrow-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon stenurus
Green-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon alice
Short-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon poortmani

Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis

White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura
Coppery-headed Emerald Elvira cupreiceps

Oaxaca Hummingbird Eupherusa cyanophrys
White-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa poliocerca
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris

Pirre Hummingbird Goethalsia bella

Violet-capped Hummingbird Goldmania violiceps

Dusky Hummingbird Cynanthus sordidus
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris
Doubleday’s Hummingbird Cynanthus doubledayi

Blue-headed Hummingbird Cyanophaia bicolor

Mexican Woodnymph Thalurania ridgwayi
Crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata
Long-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania watertonii
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis

Violet-bellied Hummingbird Juliamyia julie

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird Lepidopyga lilliae
Shining-green Hummingbird Lepidopyga goudoti

Blue-throated Sapphire Hylocharis eliciae
Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
Gilded Sapphire Hylocharis chrysura
Blue-headed Sapphire Hylocharis grayi
Humboldt’s Sapphire Hylocharis humboldtii

Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone

White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis

White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi
Tepui Goldenthroat Polytmus milleri
Green-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae

Buffy Hummingbird Leucippus fallax
Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri
Spot-throated Hummingbird Leucippus taczanowskii
Olive-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus chlorocercus

Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus

White-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia chionogaster
Green-and-white Hummingbird Amazilia viridicauda
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia castaneiventris
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia
Plain-bellied Emerald Amazilia leucogaster
Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor
White-chested Emerald Amazilia brevirostris
Andean Emerald Amazilia franciae
White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida
Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala
Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps
Green-fronted Hummingbird Amazilia viridifrons
Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird Amazilia wagneri
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea
Blue-chested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis
Charming Hummingbird Amazilia decora
Purple-chested Hummingbird Amazilia rosenbergi
Mangrove Hummingbird Amazilia boucardi
Honduran Emerald Amazilia luciae
Steely-vented Hummingbird Amazilia saucerottei
Indigo-capped Hummingbird Amazilia cyanifrons
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia edward
Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cyanura
Berylline Hummingbird Amazilia beryllina
Green-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia viridigaster
Copper-rumped Hummingbird Amazilia tobaci

Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

Santa Marta Blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps
Tolima Blossomcrown Anthocephala berlepschi

White-vented Plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia

Blue-throated Mountaingem Lampornis clemenciae
Amethyst-throated Mountaingem Lampornis amethystinus
Green-throated Mountaingem Lampornis viridipallens
Green-breasted Mountaingem Lampornis sybillae
White-bellied Mountaingem Lampornis hemileucus
Purple-throated Mountaingem Lampornis calolaemus
White-throated Mountaingem Lampornis castaneoventris
Grey-tailed Mountaingem Lampornis cinereicauda

Xantus’s Hummingbird Basilinna xantusii
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis

Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami

Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys

Ecuadorian Piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus
Peruvian Piedtail Phlogophilus harterti

Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda

Velvet-browed Brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys
Pink-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa gularis
Rufous-webbed Brilliant Heliodoxa branickii
Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii
Gould’s Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides
Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula
Empress Brilliant Heliodoxa imperatrix
Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri

Rivoli’s Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
Admirable Hummingbird Eugenes spectabilis

Scissor-tailed Hummingbird Hylonympha macrocerca

Violet-chested Hummingbird Sternoclyta cyanopectus

White-tailed Hillstar Urochroa bougueri

Buff-tailed Coronet Boissonneaua flavescens
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii
Velvet-purple Coronet Boissonneaua jardini

Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis
Purple-backed Sunbeam Aglaeactis aliciae
White-tufted Sunbeam Aglaeactis castelnaudii
Black-hooded Sunbeam Aglaeactis pamela

Ecuadorian Hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo
Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella
White-sided Hillstar Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
Black-breasted Hillstar Oreotrochilus melanogaster
Wedge-tailed Hillstar Oreotrochilus adela

Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi

Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena
Brown Inca Coeligena wilsoni
Black Inca Coeligena prunellei
Collared Inca Coeligena torquata
White-tailed Starfrontlet Coeligena phalerata
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei
Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina
Blue-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena helianthea
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae
Violet-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena violifer
Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris

Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera

Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus

Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas

Green-backed Firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes
Juan Fernandez Firecrown Sephanoides fernandensis

Orange-throated Sunangel Heliangelus mavors
Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis
Longuemare’s Sunangel Heliangelus clarisse
Merida Sunangel Heliangelus spencei
Gorgeted Sunangel Heliangelus strophianus
Tourmaline Sunangel Heliangelus exortis
Flame-throated Sunangel Heliangelus micraster
Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola
Royal Sunangel Heliangelus regalis

Black-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis nigrivestis
Gorgeted Puffleg Eriocnemis isabellae
Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestita
Black-thighed Puffleg Eriocnemis derbyi
Turquoise-throated Puffleg Eriocnemis godini
Coppery-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris
Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani
Golden-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera
Blue-capped Puffleg Eriocnemis glaucopoides
Colorful Puffleg Eriocnemis mirabilis
Emerald-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis aline

Greenish Puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae
Buff-thighed Puffleg Haplophaedia assimilis
Hoary Puffleg Haplophaedia lugens

Purple-bibbed Whitetip Urosticte benjamini
Rufous-vented Whitetip Urosticte ruficrissa

Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii

Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae
Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna

Red-tailed Comet Sappho sparganurus

Bronze-tailed Comet Polyonymus caroli

Black-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron dorsale
Purple-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron microrhynchum

Bearded Mountaineer Oreonympha nobilis

Green-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon guerinii
Blue-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon cyanolaemus
White-bearded Helmetcrest Oxypogon lindenii
Buffy Helmetcrest Oxypogon stuebelii

Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina
Perija Metaltail Metallura iracunda
Viridian Metaltail Metallura williami
Violet-throated Metaltail Metallura baroni
Neblina Metaltail Metallura odomae
Coppery Metaltail Metallura theresiae
Fiery-throated Metaltail Metallura eupogon
Scaled Metaltail Metallura aeneocauda
Black Metaltail Metallura phoebe

Rufous-capped Thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps
Olivaceous Thornbill Chalcostigma olivaceum
Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi
Bronze-tailed Thornbill Chalcostigma heteropogon
Rainbow-bearded Thornbill Chalcostigma herrani

Mountain Avocetbill Opisthoprora euryptera

Grey-bellied Comet Taphrolesbia griseiventris

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingii
Venezuelan Sylph Aglaiocercus berlepschi
Violet-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis

Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus
Hooded Visorbearer Augastes lumachella

Geoffroy’s Wedgebill Schistes geoffroyi
White-throated Wedgebill Schistes albogularis

Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus

Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus

Marvelous Spatuletail Loddigesia mirabilis

Plain-capped Starthroat Heliomaster constantii
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
Stripe-breasted Starthroat Heliomaster squamosus
Blue-tufted Starthroat Heliomaster furcifer

Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper

Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora

Sparkling-tailed Woodstar Tilmatura dupontii

Slender Sheartail Doricha enicura
Mexican Sheartail Doricha eliza

Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae
Inagua Woodstar Calliphlox lyrura
Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae
Purple-throated Woodstar Calliphlox mitchellii

Slender-tailed Woodstar Microstilbon burmeisteri

Lucifer Sheartail Calothorax lucifer
Beautiful Sheartail Calothorax pulcher

Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima
Bee Hummingbird Mellisuga helenae

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri

Anna’s Hummingbird Calypte anna
Costa’s Hummingbird Calypte costae

Bumblebee Hummingbird Atthis heloisa
Wine-throated Hummingbird Atthis ellioti

Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny

Chilean Woodstar Eulidia yarrellii

Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura

White-bellied Woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant
Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus
Gorgeted Woodstar Chaetocercus heliodor
Santa Marta Woodstar Chaetocercus astreans
Esmeraldas Woodstar Chaetocercus berlepschi
Rufous-shafted Woodstar Chaetocercus jourdanii

Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus
Allen’s Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin
Volcano Hummingbird Selasphorus flammula
Glow-throated Hummingbird Selasphorus ardens
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla
Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope

Species Links
  • Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus

    IUCN Species Status
  • Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map.
  • Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus

    Species Account
    The Antillean crested hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus) is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, north-east Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, the British Virgin Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Lesser Antilles
  • Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus

    Cornell Species Account
    As the name implies, Antillean Crested Hummingbird is one of the few hummingbirds with a crest, and is widely distributed in the Lesser Antilles. It occurs in edge habitats, clearings, and developed areas, where it feeds on nectar from a variety of flowers and on small arthropods.
  • Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map.
  • Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

    Species Account
    The snowcap (Microchera albocoronata) is a small hummingbird. It is the only member of the genus Microchera.
  • Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

    Cornell Species Account
    Snowcap is a spectacular, tiny hummingbird of Central American cloud forests. The male is black overall, but with a unique purple or bronze iridescence on the upperparts. Its namesake white crown is brilliant and constrasts sharply with the dark body plumage.
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica

    IUCN Species Status
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map.
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica

    Species Account
    The violet-crowned woodnymph (Thalurania colombica colombica), also known as the purple-crowned woodnymph, is a medium-sized hummingbird found from Guatemala and Belize to northern Colombia and western Venezuela. It is now considered by the AOU as the nominate subspecies of the crowned woodnymph.
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica

    Cornell Species Account
    Woodnymphs (Thalurania) are medium-sized hummingbirds with a slightly decurved, black bill; the males also have a noticeably forked tail, and glittering throat and belly.
Useful Reading
  • The World of the Hummingbird

    by Robert Burton - 158 pages, col photos. Firefly Books 2001 ISBN: 1552096076 Buy this book from
Festivals & Bird Fairs
  • Alaska Hummingbird Festival

    Discovery Center, 50 Main street, Ketchikon, AK 99901
  • Hummer Study Group

    Facebook Page
    The Hummer/Bird Study Group (HBSG) is dedicated to the study and preservation of hummingbirds and other Neo-tropical migrants (songbirds). The research programs with hummingbirds and migrating songbirds have been under way since 1987…
  • Hummingbird Monitoring Network

    he Hummingbird Monitoring Network is a science-based, project-driven, nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of hummingbird diversity and abundance throughout the Americas
  • Hummingbird Research

    Fred began researching winter hummingbirds in the southeastern United States in 1997 with a primary focus on south Alabama and Florida. From 1998 to 2008, Fred banded 1,598 wintering hummingbirds of ten species in those two states. His ground-breaking research was documented in "Wintering hummingbirds in Alabama and Florida: species diversity, sex and age ratios, and site fidelity," a scientific paper coauthored with Doreen Cubie and published in the June 2009 issue of the Journal of Field Ornithology, a peer-reviewed publication
  • Hummingbird Society

    A website dedicated to hummingbird fans everywhere
  • Operation Rubythroat - the Hummingbird Project

    Building Environmental Cooperation and Understanding Throughout North and Central America
Forums & Mailing Lists
  • The Hummingbird Forum

    A friendly place to discuss hummingbirds and the flowers that attract them…
Trip Reports
Other Links
  • Hummingbird Pics

    Mayan wisemen and elders said that the Gods created all things on Earth and in that moment, each animal, each tree and even each stone had a mission. However, when the Gods had finished, they noticed that there was no one responsible for carrying their wishes and thoughts. Because there was no more mud or corn to create more animals, they took a jade stone and made a tiny arrow with it. When the Gods finished, they blew on the small arrow, breathing life into it. It was an arrow no more but had a life; the Gods had made the hummingbird.
  • Hummingbirds

    Hummingbirds of Trinidad and Tobago…
  • Hummingbirds Net

    The website for information on attracting, watching, feeding, and studying North American hummingbirds.
  • Hummingbirds Plus

    Hummingbirds Plus - the leading source for hummingbird information & research online. Feeders, News, Study Group & More.
  • Unpave the Way for Hummingbirds

    How to Create a Haven for Hummingbirds! Hummingbirds rely on nectar as a major part of their diet. You can attract hummingbirds to your yard and help them along on their long journey by providing a hummingbird feeder with sugar water and by planting a hummingbird garden to provide natural nectar plants too!
  • World of Hummigbirds

    The World of Hummingbirds .com is designed to the ultimate resourcecenter for everything related to hummingbirds. Any information abouthummingbirds you would ever want can be easily accessible with just a fewclicks…
Photographers & Artists
  • Scott Kemp - Hand-feeding Hummingbirds

    Excellent footage of hummers coming to the hand!

Fatbirder - linking birders worldwide... Wildlife Travellers see our sister site: WAND

Skip to content