Free and Sovereign State of Campeche

Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata ©Gábor Orbán Website
Birding Campeche

he State of Campeche is a state in the south-east region of the Mexican Republic. It is bordered by the Mexican states of Yucatán to the north east, Quintana Roo to the east, and Tabasco to the south west. To the south it is bordered by the Petén department of Guatemala and to the west by the Gulf of Mexico. Since 1996, Campeche also shares a short border with the nation of Belize to the east, although the anexation of this area by Campeche remains disputed by Quintana Roo.The area of Campeche is 56,798 square kilometers (21,929.8 sq mi), and the population was only 754,730 inhabitants at the 2005 census. This makes Campeche one of the states with the lowest population densities in Mexico (fifth behind Baja California Sur, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua).

The capital city of the state is the city of San Francisco de Campeche.

Top Sites
  • BR Calakmul

    WebpageSatellite View
    Calakmul Biosphere reserve is also an area accepted by UNESCO as a natural heritage site. It has more than 1.7 million acres and it is the second largest protected area of Mexico. It is compose basically of a jungle area connecting with the jungle of Guatemala representing the second largest jungle in America after the Amazon.Calakmul has just recently started to been studied. There is not a lot of information on the reserve and the number of species, nevertheless it is known by the abundance and diversity of species that can be seen in the area. There are several groups working in the area such as WWF and Pronatura. A trip to the reserve early in the morning can provide you with a good cross section of bird species as well as other animals of the area.
Number of Species
  • Number of bird species: 578

    As at June 2018 (for whole peninsula)
  • Number of endemics: 7

    Yucatan Nightjar Antrostomus badius Cozumel Emerald Chlorostilbon forficatus Yucatan Jay Cyanocorax yucatanicus Yucatan Wren Campylorhynchus yucatanicus Cozumel Thrasher Toxostoma guttatum Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis Orange Oriole Icterus auratus
Useful Reading

  • Mexico: Birds – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

    | By Robert Dean & Mark Wainwright | Rainforest Publications | 2012 | Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 1 colour map | ISBN: 9780984010745 Buy this book from
  • Mexico: Butterflies – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

    | By Jannah Brown & Enrique Leal C | Rainforest Publications | 2012| Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 1 colour map | ISBN: 9780984010752 Buy this book from
  • Mexico: Mammals – Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Campeche

    | By Mark Wainwright | Rainforest Publications | 2012 | Unbound | 13 pages, colour illustrations, 2 colour maps | ISBN: 9780984010721 Buy this book from

Abbreviations Key

  • Calakmul Biosphere Reserve

    InformationSatellite View
    Calakmul Biosphere Reserve is one of the largest protected areas in Mexico, covering more than 14 percent of Campeche State in the Yucatan Peninsula…
Trip Reports

Click on WAND to see Fatbirder’s Trip Report Repository…

  • 2013 [01 January] - Michael R Greenwald - Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche

    PDF Report
    ...2 Thicket Tinamous (heard only), 4 Red-billed Pigeons, 2 White-winged Doves, 6 Olive-throated Parakeets, an Ivory-billed Woodcreeper, a Great-crested Flycatcher, 2 Boat-billed Flycatchers, 3 Couch’s Kingbirds, 2 Rosethroated Becards, a White-eyed Vireo, a Wood Thrush, 3 Brown Jays, 12 Yucatán Jays, 2 Black-and-White Warblers, an American Redstart, 2 Magnolia Warblers, a Summer Tanager, and 3 Yellow-throated Euphonias. I also heard a Mottled Owl calling...
  • 2017 [12 December] - Aidan G Kelly

    PDF Report
    Mexico was a country I had yet to visit, and I thought that the defined area of the Yucatán peninsula would be a good place to do a first birding trip. The Yucatán is generally a very safe area of Mexico to do an independent visit. The roads are very good, traffic is light and people are friendly.
Places to Stay

Click on WAND to see Fatbirder’s Trip Report Repository…

  • Holiday Inn

    Located on the main avenue of Carmen, across the street from the Pemex and Bechtel headquarters. A great place to relax after a long working day

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