Great-spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius ©Steve Blain Website
Birding Algarve

Watching along the Algarve coast is focused on the Ria Formosa Reserve and the salt pans of Castro Marim, bordering the Guadiana River, which marks the border with Spain. While the West is now over overrun with tourists much of the Eastern Algarve remains off the beaten track.Salt Marsh Natural Reserve at Castro MarimCovering an area of 2,089 hectares, the reserve’s biggest attraction is undoubtedly the large number of birds – especially aquatic birds – that can be seen there.

There are 153 species to spot, including storks, avocets, sand pipers, mallards and the ever popular flamingos. Because the reserve is a permanent home

to some species, a seasonal refuge for others and a migratory stopping off point for yet others, it offers ornithologists a constantly changing year round panoply of sights and sounds. A visitors’ centre at Cerro da Rocha provides documentation and guides to itineraries.

The Ria FormosaNow a UN recognised nature reserve stretching from west of Faro to the Ilha de Tavira in the east, is important for numerous water-birds, especially beach-nesting Charadrius alexandrinus and Sterna albifrons and for wintering waders and duck. Over 20,000 water-birds winter regularly. The reed-beds of the site and salt pans at Tavira are important for several nesting water-bird species, as well as for large numbers of migrating Passerines during both autumn and spring migration.On land, holidaying birders regularly sight Short-toed Treecreepers, the Azure-winged Magpie, Serin, Golden Oriole, Waxbills, Hoopoe, Sardinian Warblers and Nightjars.

Ilha de Tavira , an easily accessible tidal lagoon system, is home to Redstart, Melodious Warblers and more common migrants in the mixed vegetation in the dunes, which flood at high tide. Barrill Beach, between Santa Luzia and Luz de Tavira is reached by a miniature railway for the idle or a 10 minute walk for the vigorous. There are many creeks – and the Canal de Tavira – where waders and terns are plentiful.The Tavira saltpans can be accessed from the road between St. Luzia and Tavira, or viewed from the road from Tavira to Quatro Aguas, the town’s beach. It is relatively easy to find parking spaces. Species to be found there include Audouin’s Gull, Greater Flamingo and breeding Avocet. Excellent close views of waders and Spoonbillls are possible.

This page is sponsored by EVOA - Tagus Estuary Birdwatching and Conservation Area

Top Sites
  • Sagres and Cape St Vincent

    Satellite View
    This is the most south-western end of Europe and can be exciting in autumn, when hundreds of breeding raptors move through the area.
  • Gerald Malone


Useful Reading

  • A Birdwatching Guide to the Algarve

    | By Kevin Carlson & Christine Carlson | Arlequin Press | 1995 | Paperback | 52 pages, Colour photos, line drawings, maps | ISBN: 9781900159005 Buy this book from
  • Birds of the Algarve and Southern Alentejo

    | (An Annotated Checklist) | By Gonçalo Elias | Gonçalo Elias | 2016 | Paperback | 98 pages, 1 b/w map | ISBN: 9781517497811 Buy this book from
  • Breeding Birds of the Algarve

    | By GA Vowles & RS Vowles | Centro de Estudos Ornitológicos no Algarve | 1994 | Paperback | 364 pages, b/w illustrations, maps | ISBN: 9780952376200 Buy this book from
  • Finding Birds in South Portugal - Booklet

    | By Dave Gosney | Easybirder| Jun 2013 | Paperback | ISBN: 9781907316401 Buy this book from
  • Finding Birds in South Portugal - DVD

    | By Dave Gosney | Easybirder | 2013 | Runtime: 78 min | ISBN: 9781907316418 Buy this book from
  • Summer Birding On The Central Algarve

    | By Jon Hardacre | Jon Hardacr | 2006 | Paperback | 124 pages, colour photos, maps | ISBN: 9780955230202 Buy this book from

Abbreviations Key

  • NP Ria Formosa

    InformationSatellite View
    The dunes, the sand banks, the canals and the marshes run along the undefined line of the horizon, guaranteeing the Formosa Estuary in the Algarve its role as one of the most important points in the network of wetlands that links Europe and sub-Saharan Africa…
  • NR Castro Marim & Vila Real de Santo António Marsh

    InformationSatellite View
    Castro Marim and Vila Real de Santo António Marsh Natural Reserve is one of the 30 areas which are officially under protection in Portugal.
  • NR Parque Natural do Vale do Guadiana

    InformationSatellite View
    The countryside is a mixture of wooded hills clad with pine or introduced eucalyptus, grasslands studded with holm oak trees under which the famous black pigs forage for acorns in the autumn, and the largest area of rolling steppes in Portugal.
  • NR Ria de Alvor

    InformationSatellite View
    The site covers 1454 hectares, and there are numerous walks of varying lengths which explore its diverse habitats, not just along the beach (or the extensive boardwalk there), but also along the cliffs at Quinta da Rocha and inland along the Alvor river towards the village of Mexilhoeira Grande.
Guides & Tour Operators
  • Algarve Birders

    Tour Operator
    From our base in Tavira in the Eastern Algarve we offer guiding services to birdwatchers and bird photographers visiting Southern Portugal
  • Algarve Selvagem

    Tour Operator
    Algarve Selvagem is made up of a team of professionals related to various activities in nature. They are connoisseurs of the regions morphology, from the coastline to in interior and its various habitats. Your guides with extensive experience gained over more than 30 years both her in Portugal and abroad. They have always been linked to outdoor activities such as diving, hiking, kayaking and bird observation. They would like to share their knowledge showing you various possibilities that this region offers in eco and nature tourism…
  • Birdwatching-Algarve

    Tour Operator
    Living in Central Algarve, right next to the beautifull Ria Formosa Natural Park, we can guide you through all Southern Portugal.Tours can be tailored to your individual needs
  • Simon Wates

    Tour Operator
    Simon Wates is resident in Portugal on the nature-rich Sagres peninsula right at the tip of southwestern Europe. He can bring you in close contact with all the birdlife of this region
Trip Reports
  • 2010 [05 May] - Mike Fox

    …This was our seventh birding trip as a trio and this year we choose to go to Portugal for our ’ Jolly Boy’s ’ Spring Birding week. We were based at the Cabanas Park Hotel in Cabanas de Tavira. Mike arranged the flights from Gatwick via Easyjet which were pretty much on time, and the hotel which we would all highly recommend…
  • 2010 [05 May] - Tony Jones

    …This was our first ever visit to Portugal as we had always associated it with packed, sun-tanned beaches, boozy night clubs and high-rise hotels - whereas Penny & me are more into quiet country lanes & high rise hills…
  • 2012 [05 May] - John Knight

    …Up fairly early, and while waiting for my friends to come and pick me up I found a Spotless Starling nest site in the roof of a house across the road. We took a short drive to a pull-in by the Castro Marim road just out of Villa Real de Santo Antonio which is a good vantage point over the southern part of the Sapal do Castro Marim IBA. The weather was overcast and cool, this kept the hirundines and swifts well down, and at scope range we picked up three or four Pratincoles hawking with them. I saw the only Great-Spotted Cuckoo of the trip, a stark contrast to previous years when they have been a noisy and obvious part of the scene here. We drove on to the main reserve just beyond Castro Marim (what is that enormous permanently closed visitor centre for I wonder?), stopping for Red-Rumped Swallow, Hoopoes and yet more of the wonderful Azure Winged Magpies…
  • 2012 [05 May] - Nigel Genn

    …The holiday was centred around the small resort of Alvor, staying at the Pestana Alvor Praia. The hotel is situated at the Eastern end of Alvor bay, in well laid-out gardens, which held Sardinian Warbler, Serin, Azure-winged Magpie and Blackcap. Looking from the balcony, Yellow-legged Gulls were plentiful, a pair of kestrels lived close by and, Whimbrels and Cattle Egrets passed daily. The sea was generally quiet but distant Gannets were usually present, flying West….
  • 2012 [08 August] - David & Amanda Mason

    …After a typical British spring and early summer we needed to get away from the rain and get some sun on our backs, so, after a break of 8 years, we decided to return to Portugal and the Algarve. This was to be a family holiday so, for once, birding took second place. We did however manage several trips to revisit old favourite haunts and to try a couple of new sites…
  • 2013 [04 April] - Paul Davis

    …I noticed a lot of Swallows and House Martins visiting a puddle for mud and drinking water, so I parked up and waited. After 10 minutes or so, they felt confident enough to return. I stayed here for 2 hours, until lunch and the toilet beckoned me away. I saw 30+ House Martins, 20+ Swallows, 3 Red-rumped Swallows, 4 Linnets, 3 Serin, 6 Collared Doves, 1 Turtle Dove and 4 Common Waxbills. All these birds used the puddle, alas later the puddle dried-up and all the birds had gone….
  • 2013 [04 April] - Tony Small & Dave Hardaker

    Report PDF
    …A superb adult Caspian Tern appeared just above us followed later by an Osprey which flew low over head with a large fish. Further along this path, as we approached the Ludo Farm area, the big inland pool immediately beyond the obvious line of tall trees pool had breeding White Stork…
  • 2013 [09 September] - Nigel Webber - East Algarve

    Annotated list…
  • 2013 [11 November] - Rob Macklin

    We continued our journey out to sea … two sooty shearwaters glided past the boat and at least four great shearwaters were present with some of these sitting on the sea, allowing us really good views. Several dainty storm petrels were flicking delicately over the waves, amazing for a bird no bigger than a house martin, up to 40 Mediterranean gulls joined the feeding frenzy while the area was constantly patrolled by at least 10 great skuas looking for an easy meal…
  • 2014 [09 September] - Neal Warnock

    PDF Report
    ...Azure-winged Magpie, 30+ Shoveler, Greater Flamingo, Yellow Wagtail, Black-winged Stilt,Black-tailed Godwit, 7 Curlew Sandpiper, Spoonbill , 3 Little Stint, 2 Green Sandpiper, 1 Knot,Kingfisher, Pied Flycatcher, 1 Melodious Warbler, 9 Whimbrel, White Stork, 1 adultMediterranean Gull, Kentish Plover, 1 Ruff, 1 juv Little Ringed Plover, 4 Glossy Ibis, Red- rumped Swallow, 3 juv Black Tern and 2 Whinchat...
  • 2015 [11 November] - Rob Macklin

    Report PDF
    The majority of the group enjoyed our pelagic trip out of Sagres harbour, going out 10 miles to the edge of the continental shelf. We were treated to great views of storm petrels and a Leach's petrel but the star bird was a rare Wilson's petrel. At the raptor viewpoint at Sagres we found an Egyptian vulture, goshawk, plus great views of booted and short-toed eagles. Another highlight here was a super view of a yellow-browed warbler.
  • 2016 [04 April] - Ken Noble

    My wife, daughter and I spent a week in Portugal, based in Albufeira for a week from 21st April. Although I am a keen birder the rest of the family likes to do other things so we weren’t focusing on birds only...
  • 2017 [08 August] - Derek Brennan - Alentejo & Algarve

    PDF Report
    ...While scanning the fields, I also found 2 Southern Grey Shrikes, several Lesser Kestrelsand a number of majestic Monty’s Harriers, which are unbelievably common. Little Owls were also perched out in the open. At the junction to the main road there is a small enclosed piece of farmland. This held yet more Partridge and I had my first glimpse of an Azure Winged Magpie. Bee-eaters were calling from all directions, occasionally resting on the wires...
  • 2017 [09 September] - Iain Brown

    PDF Report
    Annotated List
  • 2017 [09 September] - Nuno Barros

    We then took some time to appreciate the dragonflies preset, including Lesser Emperor, Red-veined Darter, Broad Scarlet, Long Skimmer and some lovely Iberian Bluetails next to a Lang's Short-tailed Blue, our only butterfly of the day. Some Iberian Magpies were flying around in the pine woods as we slowly walked back to the vehicles. It had been a promising first full day.
  • 2019 [03 March] - Ella Maria & Leif Bisschop-Larsen

    PDF Report
    Longing for springtime and warm weather made us leave Denmark and head for Southern Portugal in the last week of February. Our aim was to enjoy nature and bird-life of the region Alentejo in a relaxing way.
Places to Stay
  • Casa Flor de Sal - Ria Formosa

    Casa Flor de Sal lies in the Ria Formosa Nature Reserve and enjoys sea views and a seclusion. The 250 year old house has been renovated with true regional and historic features and atmosphere. Enjoy the sun, pool, and peace. Otherwise, the wonderful, long, sandy beaches and the birdlife of the Ria Formosa Nature Reserve are close at hand. The nature reserve is very rich in bird life and other wildlife, being the crossing point for migratory birds traveling between Africa and Europe…
  • Casa Redonda - Quinta da Saudade

    The Quinta da Saudade is a small British-run estate of privately-owned villas occupying approximately twenty-four acres about five miles west of Albufeira. Nestling in the peaceful country setting of an old hillside farm estate and set amid orange, almond and olive trees, the Quinta is about forty-five minutes drive from the Airport at Faro. There are attractive country walks in the vicinity and there is a wetlands nature reserve nearby with a wealth of bird and plant life not commonly found in the UK. Purple Heron, Little Bittern, Alpine Swift, Bee Eater, Red Necked Night Jar, Azure Winged Magpie and more
  • Casa Rosa

    Welcome to Casa Rosa a bird watching paradise in Portugal. In the peaceful rural Eastern Algarve, Portugal. Just 20 minutes from Faro Airport on the outskirts of the unspoiled historic old village of Moncarapacho, is the ideal base for a bird watching break
  • Quintamar - Ria Formosa

    Amidst the natural reserve of Ria Formosa, which stretches along the coast of the Eastern Algarve, Quintamar is situated in an olive and almond orchard less than 30 kilometres away from Faro International Airport. It is an ideal place for families, groups and people who would like to unwind in unspoilt nature and relax at white and beaches away from the madding crowd. A refreshing alternative for swimming is Quintamar

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