Fringillidae – Finches, Seedeaters, Euphonias & Allies

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster ©Trevor Hardaker Website

The true finches are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Fringillidae. Finches have stout conical bills adapted for eating seeds and often have colourful plumage. They occupy a great range of habitats where they are usually resident and do not migrate. They have a worldwide distribution except for Australia and the polar regions.

The smallest classical true finches are the Andean Siskin (Spinus spinescens) at as little as 9.5cm and the Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria) at as little as 8gm. The largest species is probably the Collared Grosbeak (Mycerobas affinis) at up to 24cm and 83 gm, although larger lengths, to 25.5 cm in the Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator), and weights, to 86.1gm in the Evening Grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertinus), have been recorded in species which are slightly smaller on average. They typically have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large; however, Hawaiian honeycreepers are famous for the wide range of bill shapes and sizes brought about by adaptive radiation. All true finches have 9 primary remiges and 12 rectrices. The basic plumage colour is brownish, sometimes greenish; many have considerable amounts of black, while white plumage is generally absent except as wing-bars or other signalling marks. Bright yellow and red carotenoid pigments are commonplace in this family, and thus blue structural colours are rather rare, as the yellow pigments turn the blue colour into green. Many, but by no means all true finches have strong sexual dichromatism, the females typically lacking the bright carotenoid markings of males.

Finches are typically inhabitants of well-wooded areas, but some can be found on mountains or even, like Trumpeter Finches, in deserts. They are primarily granivorous, but euphoniines include considerable amounts of arthropods and berries in their diet, and Hawaiian honeycreepers evolved to utilise a wide range of food sources, including nectar. The diet of Fringillidae nestlings includes a varying amount of small arthropods. True finches have a bouncing flight like most small passerines, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings. Most sing well and several are commonly seen cagebirds; foremost among these is the domesticated canary (Serinus canaria domestica). The nests are basket-shaped and usually built in trees, more rarely in bushes, between rocks or on similar substrate

Many birds in other families are also commonly called finches, including some species in the very similar-looking waxbills or estrildid finches (family Estrildidae) of the Old World tropics and Australia; several groups of the bunting and American sparrow family (Emberizidae); and the Darwin’s finches of the Galapagos islands, now considered members of the tanager family (Thraupidae).

The scientific name Fringillidae, comes from the Latin word fringilla for the common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), a member of the family which is common in Europe. The name was coined by the English zoologist William Elford Leach in 1820. The Fringillidae family is divided into three subfamilies, the Fringillinae containing a single genus with the chaffinches, the Carduelinae containing 183 species divided into 49 genera, and the Euphoniinae containing the Euphonias and the Chlorophonias.

Species List

Since DNA sequencing has revealed relationships, there are, according the IOC, 209 extant Fringillidae, they are:

Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Tenerife Blue Chaffinch Fringilla teydea
Gran Canaria Blue Chaffinch Fringilla polatzeki
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes

Evening Grosbeak Hesperiphona vespertina
Hooded Grosbeak Hesperiphona abeillei

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Chinese Grosbeak Eophona migratoria
Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis
Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Grey-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythaca
White-cheeked Bullfinch Pyrrhula leucogenis
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula murina

Asian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus
African Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys alienus

Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus
Mongolian Finch Bucanetes mongolicus

Blanford’s Rosefinch Agraphospiza rubescens

Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni

Golden-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta

Dark-breasted Rosefinch Procarduelis nipalensis

Plain Mountain Finch Leucosticte nemoricola
Brandt’s Mountain Finch Leucosticte brandti
Asian Rosy Finch Leucosticte arctoa
Grey-crowned Rosy Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis
Black Rosy Finch Leucosticte atrata
Brown-capped Rosy Finch Leucosticte australis

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Scarlet Finch Carpodacus sipahi
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla
Blyth’s Rosefinch Carpodacus grandis
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys
Himalayan Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus
Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus davidianus
Pink-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus waltoni
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rodopeplus
Sharpe’s Rosefinch Carpodacus verreauxii
Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus
Taiwan Rosefinch Carpodacus formosanus
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus
Pale Rosefinch Carpodacus stoliczkae
Tibetan Rosefinch Carpodacus roborowskii
Sillem’s Mountain Finch Carpodacus sillemi
Long-tailed Rosefinch Carpodacus sibiricus
Pallas’s Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus
Three-banded Rosefinch Carpodacus trifasciatus
Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura
Chinese White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus dubius
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus
Crimson-browed Finch Carpodacus subhimachalus

Oahu Alauahio Paroreomyza maculata
Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana

Akikiki Oreomystis bairdi

Laysan Finch Telespiza cantans
Nihoa Finch Telespiza ultima

Palila Loxioides bailleui

Iiwi Drepanis coccinea

Akohekohe Palmeria dolei

Apapane Himatione sanguinea

Kauai Nukupuu Hemignathus hanapepe
Maui Nukupuu Hemignathus affinis
Akiapolaau Hemignathus wilsoni

Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys

Anianiau Magumma parva

Hawaii Creeper Loxops mana
Akekee Loxops caeruleirostris
Hawaii Akepa Loxops coccineus
Maui Akepa Loxops ochraceus

Hawaii Amakihi Chlorodrepanis virens
Oahu Amakihi Chlorodrepanis flava
Kauai Amakihi Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri

Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus
Cassin’s Finch Haemorhous cassinii
House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus

European Greenfinch Chloris chloris
Grey-capped Greenfinch Chloris sinica
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Chloris spinoides
Vietnamese Greenfinch Chloris monguilloti
Black-headed Greenfinch Chloris ambigua

Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta

Socotra Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus socotranus
Arabian Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali
Somali Golden-winged Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus louisae

Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus

Principe Seedeater Crithagra rufobrunnea
Sao Tome Grosbeak Crithagra concolor
African Citril Crithagra citrinelloides
Western Citril Crithagra frontalis
Southern Citril Crithagra hyposticta
Black-faced Canary Crithagra capistrata
Papyrus Canary Crithagra koliensis
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops
White-rumped Seedeater Crithagra leucopygia
Black-throated Canary Crithagra atrogularis
Yellow-rumped Seedeater Crithagra xanthopygia
Reichenow’s Seedeater Crithagra reichenowi
Arabian Serin Crithagra rothschildi
Yellow-throated Seedeater Crithagra flavigula
Salvadori’s Seedeater Crithagra xantholaema
Lemon-breasted Canary Crithagra citrinipectus
Yellow-fronted Canary Crithagra mozambica
White-bellied Canary Crithagra dorsostriata
Ankober Serin Crithagra ankoberensis
Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis
Cape Siskin Crithagra totta
Drakensberg Siskin Crithagra symonsi
Northern Grosbeak-Canary Crithagra donaldsoni
Southern Grosbeak-Canary Crithagra buchanani
Yellow Canary Crithagra flaviventris
Brimstone Canary Crithagra sulphurata
Reichard’s Seedeater Crithagra reichardi
Streaky-headed Seedeater Crithagra gularis
West African Seedeater Crithagra canicapilla
Black-eared Seedeater Crithagra mennelli
Brown-rumped Seedeater Crithagra tristriata
White-throated Canary Crithagra albogularis
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata
Yellow-browed Seedeater Crithagra whytii
Kipengere Seedeater Crithagra melanochroa
Protea Canary Crithagra leucoptera

Twite Linaria flavirostris
Common Linnet Linaria cannabina
Yemen Linnet Linaria yemenensis
Warsangli Linnet Linaria johannis

Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea
Lesser Redpoll Acanthis cabaret
Arctic Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni

Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Cassia Crossbill Loxia sinesciuris
Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Hispaniolan Crossbill Loxia megaplaga

Mountain Serin Chrysocorythus estherae

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella
Corsican Finch Carduelis corsicana

Red-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
European Serin Serinus serinus
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus
Atlantic Canary Serinus canaria
Cape Canary Serinus canicollis
Yellow-crowned Canary Serinus flavivertex
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps
Black-headed Canary Serinus alario

Tibetan Serin Spinus thibetanus
Lawrence’s Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis
Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus
Antillean Siskin Spinus dominicensis
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
Black-capped Siskin Spinus atriceps
Black-headed Siskin Spinus notatus
Black-chinned Siskin Spinus barbatus
Yellow-bellied Siskin Spinus xanthogastrus
Olivaceous Siskin Spinus olivaceus
Hooded Siskin Spinus magellanicus
Saffron Siskin Spinus siemiradzkii
Yellow-faced Siskin Spinus yarrellii
Red Siskin Spinus cucullatus
Black Siskin Spinus atratus
Yellow-rumped Siskin Spinus uropygialis
Thick-billed Siskin Spinus crassirostris
Andean Siskin Spinus spinescens

Jamaican Euphonia Euphonia jamaica
Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plumbea
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Trinidad Euphonia Euphonia trinitatis
Velvet-fronted Euphonia Euphonia concinna
Orange-crowned Euphonia Euphonia saturata
Finsch’s Euphonia Euphonia finschi
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
Green-chinned Euphonia Euphonia chalybea
Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima
Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica
Fulvous-vented Euphonia Euphonia fulvicrissa
Spot-crowned Euphonia Euphonia imitans
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa
White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis

Yellow-collared Chlorophonia Chlorophonia flavirostris
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys
Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys

Species Links
  • African Citril Serinus citrinelloides

    Species Account
    Southern African demographyThe Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella) is a small songbird, a member of the true finch family Fringillidae. For a long time, this cardueline finch was placed in the genus Serinus, but it is apparently very closely related to the European Goldfinch…
  • American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

    IUCN Species Status
    IUCN Species Profile
  • Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

    Species Account
    The black-chinned siskin (Spinus barbatus) is a species of finch in the family Fringillidae. Found in Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands, its natural habitats are temperate forests and heavily degraded former forest.
  • Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

    Cornell Species Account
    The Black-chinned Siskin is the most southerly-distributed of the siskins. It is common in edge habitats, scrub, and towns in central and southern Chile, southern Argentina, and on the Falkland Islands.
  • Black-headed Siskin Carduelis notata

    Species Account
    The black-headed siskin (Spinus notatus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.
  • Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
  • Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis

    Species Account
    The black-throated canary (Crithagra atrogularis), also known as the Black-throated seedeater, is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family.
  • Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus

    Species Account
    The brimstone canary or bully canary, (Crithagra sulphuratus), is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is a resident breeder in central and southern Africa.
  • Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii

    Cornell Species Account
    Species account with images et al…
  • Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
  • Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

    Species Account
    The common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) or scarlet rosefinch is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe.
  • Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus

    RSPB Species Account
    Scarlet rosefinches are sparrow sized birds, mottled brown above with a streaked breast, pale belly and forked tail.
  • Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
  • Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
  • Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
  • European Serin Serinus serinus

    Species Account
    Sound archive and distribution map
Number of Species
  • Number of bird species: 226

Useful Reading
  • Ecology and Evolution of Darwin's Finches

    | By Peter R Grant | Princeton University Press | 2017 | Edition 2 | 459 pages, 63 plates with b/w photos, 101 b/w illustrations, 24 tables | ISBN: 9780691607979 Buy this book from NHBS.com
  • Finches & Sparrows

    | By Peter Clement, Alan Harris & John Davis | Christopher Helm | 2001 | hardback | 500 pages, 73 colour plates, 50 line drawings, 281 colour distribution maps | ISBN: 9781408135082 Buy this book from NHBS.com
  • The Hawaiian Honeycreepers

    | By H Douglas Pratt [Illustrated by the author] OUP | 2005 | Hardback | 342 pages, 9 colour plates, 130 b/w photos, 20 line illustrations | ISBN: 9780198546535 Buy this book from NHBS.com
Other Links
  • American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

    Webpage
    Audubon's original species account and image
  • American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

    Webpage
    Full species profile with [excellent] image and distribution & range maps etc.
  • Asian Rosy-Finch Leucosticte arctoa

    Image
    Excellent Image
  • Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

    Image
    Very good image
  • Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

    Image
    Brilliant close-up image
  • Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

    Webpage
    Good image
  • Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

    Image
    Image
  • Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

    Website
    Image
  • Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

    Image
    Image
  • Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

    Website
    Image
  • Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

    Website
    Fact file and [painted] image
  • Brown-capped Rosy-Finch Leucosticte australis

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Bullfinch

    Website
    Notes on the several bullfinch species
  • Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

    Webpage
    The Bullfinch is a large, plump finch which feeds on buds and fruit in woodlands, hedgerows, parklands, gardens and orchards. Beautiful, easy to tame and skilful at mimicry, it was often taken as a cage-bird in times past. Shy and secretive, its melancholy call may be the only indication of its presence in a thicket. Bullfinches usually nest in shrubs, such as hawthorn and blackthorn, making a flimsy nest out of twigs and moss.
  • Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

    Webpage
    Species profile with image etc…
  • Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii

    Image
    Brilliant images
  • Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs

    Website
    Images & notes
  • Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

    Website
    Very comprehensive species account
  • Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

    Website
    Notes and links
  • Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

    Image
    Excellent images
  • Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

    Website
    Image and links to others
  • Crossbill Natural History

    Website
    Notes on all species
  • Crossbills

    Website
    Audio-visual guide to Crossbills from the American Museum of Natural History
  • Crossbills

    Website
    Audio-visual guide…
  • Drakensberg Siskin Serinus symonsi

    Website
    Very comprehensive species account
  • Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula

    Website
    Very comprehensive species account
  • Eurasian Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus

    Wiki
  • Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus

    Website
    Image
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

    Website
    Notes and images
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

    Website
    Image
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

    Website
    All the information that you will find on this site is from Dr.Massimo Natale. It is a study of the variations of European Goldfinches.
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

    Website
    Species account and status in New Zealand and image
  • European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris

    Website
    Notes and [drawn] image and photograph
  • European Serin Serinus serinus

    Website
    Image
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Webpage
    IUCN species profile
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Website
    Profile and essays
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Website
    Brief profile with excellent image and distribution maps etc…
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Website
    Good images
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Webpage
    Cornell species account...
  • Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

    Website
    Full species account and images
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    [Brief] species account
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Crisp image
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Full image
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Excellent images
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Good image
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Close-up image
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

    Website
    Image
  • Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

    Webpage
    Collins 'New Naturalist' volumes have accumulated through the post-war years to provide an invaluable library. Earlier issues have become collector's items among them 'The Hawfinch' by Guy Mountford published in 1957. Seeking a copy of this excellent monograph reflects the difficulties in observing an often highly-elusive bird...
  • Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

    Webpage
    Distribution map
  • Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

    Website
    Simple species profile with UK distribution map and some good images…
  • Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

    Website
    North American winter range map
  • Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

    Website
    Image, links and N American range map
  • Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

    Website
    Excellent image
  • House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

    Webpage
    HBW species account with images et al…
  • Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata

    Website
    Good image
  • Lawrence`s Goldfinch Carduelis lawrencei

    Website
    Superb images
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Comprehensive species account
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Species profile
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Images and notes on ID etc.
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Good images
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Brilliant image
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Good images
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Webpage
    IUCN species profile
  • Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

    Website
    Extensive species profile
  • Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret

    Website
    Species profile including [painted] image
  • Long-tailed Rosefinch Uragus sibiricus

    Website
    Image
  • Long-tailed Rosefinch Uragus sibiricus

    Website
    Fine image
  • Oriental Greenfinch Carduelis sinica

    Website
    Excellent image
  • Pallas` Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus

    Website
    Good image
  • Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus

    Website
    Profile and [painted] image
  • Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

    Website
    Image
  • Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

    Website
    Factsheet and image
  • Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

    Website
    Great image and factsheet and distribution maps
  • Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

    Website
    Image, facts and distribution maps
  • Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

    Webpage
    HBW species account
  • Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

    Website
    Images, links, distribution and range maps etc.
  • Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

    Website
    Extensive species profile
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Webpage
    HBW species account
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    Profile
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    Distribution maps
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    Excellent images
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    Excellent [female] portrait
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    The Purple Finch is the bird that Roger Tory Peterson famously described as a “sparrow dipped in raspberry juice.” For many of us, they’re irregular winter visitors to our feeders, although these chunky, big-beaked finches do breed in northern North America and the West Coast….
  • Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

    Website
    Original species account by Audubon plus his illustrations
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    Very full species account with sound recordings et al…
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    A stocky finch of mature coniferous forests, the Red Crossbill is dependent on the seed cones that are its main food. Its peculiar bill allows it access to the seeds, and it will breed whenever it finds areas with an abundance of cones. It may wander widely between years to find a good cone crop…
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    Profile with image
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    [Mainly distant] images
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    Image
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Website
    Wisconsin distribution
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

    Webpage
    Distribution map
  • Red Siskin Carduelis cucullata

    Website
    Notes on species as cage bird
  • Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica

    Website
    Research on specific status
  • Siskins of the World

    Website
    Brief accounts and images
  • Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus

    Webpage
    IUCN species account....
  • Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni

    Webpage
    The Thick-Billed Seedeater (Serinus burtoni) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family.
  • Twite Carduelis flavirostris

    Webpage
    HBW species account...
  • Twite Carduelis flavirostris

    Webpage
    RSPB species account, image etc...
  • Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus

    Wikipedia
    The Vinaceous Rosefinch (Carpodacus vinaceus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family….
  • White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus

    Webpage
    HBW species profile...
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Website
    [very large] image
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Website
    Species account and [poor] image
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Website
    Excellent images
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Website
    Superb image
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Website
    Distribution in Wisconsin
  • White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

    Webpage
    Distribution map
  • Yellow Canary Serinus flaviventris

    Website
    Image

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