Accipitridae – Kites, Hawks & Eagles
The Accipitridae is one of the four families within the order Accipitriformes; the others being Cathartidae, Pandionidae and Sagittariidae. They are a family of small to large birds with strongly hooked bills and variable morphology based on diet. They feed on a range of prey items from insects to medium-sized mammals, with a number feeding on carrion and a few feeding on fruit. The Accipitridae have a cosmopolitan distribution, being found on all the world’s continents (except Antarctica) and a number of oceanic island groups. Some species are migratory.
Hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures are included in this group. The Osprey is placed in a separate family (Pandionidae), as are the Secretary Bird (Sagittariidae) and the New World vultures. The other bird of prey family, which includes caracaras and falcons, are a distinct and separate group.
The Accipitridae are a diverse family with a great deal of variation in size and shape. They range in size from the tiny Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii and Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus, both of which are 23cm in length and weigh about 85g, to the Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus, which measures up to 120cm and weighs up to 14kg. Wingspan can vary from 39cm in the Little Sparrowhawk to more than 300cm in the Cinereous Vulture and Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis. Until the 14th century, even these huge vultures were surpassed by the extinct Haast’s Eagle Harpagornis moorei of New Zealand, which is estimated to have measured up to 140cm and to have weighed 15kg to 16.5 kg in the largest females.
Accipitrids are predominantly predators and most species actively hunt for their prey. Prey is usually captured and killed in the powerful talons of the raptor and then carried off to be torn apart with a hooked bill for eating or feeding to nestlings. A majority of accipitrids are opportunistic predators that will take any prey that they can kill. However, most have a preference for a certain type of prey which in harriers and the numerous buteonine hawks (including more than 30 species in the Buteo genus) tends towards small mammals such as rodents.
Larger Buteogallus, namely the solitary eagles, and Geranoaetus, are much larger than other buteonines and seem to have become avian apex predators of specific habitat niches, i.e. savanna, cloud forest and páramo in South America and are thus honorary ‘eagles’. In Accipiter hawks (the most species-rich accipitrid genus with nearly 50 extant species), prey is mainly other birds. Most accipitrids will supplement their diet with non-putrid carrion but, of course, none specialised with this as well as the 14-16 species of vultures, which have evolved very large bodies (which leave them equipped to fill their crop with carrion), weaker, less specialised feet relative to other accipitrids, large wingspans to spend extensively periods of time in flight over openings scanning for carcasses and complex social behaviour in order to establish a mixed species hierarchy at carrion.
A few species may opportunistically feed on fruit and in one species, the Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis (possibly not closely related to other vultures), it may form more than half of the diet. Most accipitrids will not eat plant material. Insects are taken exclusively by around 12 species, in great numbers by 44 additional species, and opportunistically by a great many others. The diet of the Honey-buzzards includes not only the adults and young of social insects such as wasps and bees, but the honey and combs from their nests. The Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis, Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus and Hook-billed Kites =Chondrohierax uncinatus are specialists in consuming snails, which usually constitute 50-95% of their diet.
Occasionally, an eagle or other raptor that kills prey considerably heavier than itself (too heavy for the raptor to carry and fly with) will then have to leave prey where they’ve killed and later return repeatedly to feed or dismember and bring to a perch or nest piece by piece. This has the advantage of providing a surplus of food but has the disadvantage of potentially attracting scavengers or other predators which can steal the kill or even attack the feeding accipitrid.
Using this method, accipitrids such as the Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila rapax, Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus and Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus have successfully hunted ungulates, such as deer and antelope, and other large mammals (kangaroos and emus in the Wedge-tailed) weighing more than 30kg, 7–8 times their own mass. More typical prey for these powerful booted eagle species weigh between 0.5kg and 5kg. The Haliaeetus eagles such as Steller’s Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus and the Ichthyophaga eagles mainly prefer to prey on fish.
These large acciptrids may supplement their diets with aquatic animals other than fish, especially the more generalised Haliaeetus eagles, which also hunt large numbers of water birds and are expert kleptoparasites. Reptiles and amphibians are hunted by almost all variety of acciptrids when the opportunity arises and may be favoured over other prey by some eagles, i.e. Spizaetus hawk-eagles and the ‘eagles’ in Buteogallus, and several species of buteonine hawks found in the tropics. Bazas and forest hawks in the genus Accipiter may take reptiles from trees whilst other species may hunt them on the ground. Snakes are the primary prey of the snake-eagles (Circaetus) and serpent-eagles (Spilornis and Dryotriorchis).
Apparently, the mammal-hunting, huge and endangered Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi is most closely related to the snake eagles. Another handsome aberration of the snake-eagle lineage (although, unlike the Philippine, has long been known to be a snake-eagle) is the Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus, which has evolved unusually bright plumage in adults, with a huge red cere, red feet, bright yellow bill, and boldly contrasting grey-and-white markings over black plumage. The Bateleur has specialised to feed extensively on carrion and almost any other feeding opportunity that presents itself.
There are, according to the IOC (2019), 255 extant species of Hawks, Buzzards, Kites, Eagles and Old World Vultures in the family Accipitridae. They are:
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Letter-winged Kite Elanus scriptus
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii
Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii
African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus
Madagascan Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides radiatus
Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
Madagascan Serpent Eagle Eutriorchis astur
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus
Cuban Kite Chondrohierax wilsonii
European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Barred Honey Buzzard Pernis celebensis
Philippine Honey Buzzard Pernis steerei
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura
Black-breasted Buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon
African Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda cuculoides
Madagascan Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda madagascariensis
Jerdon’s Baza Aviceda jerdoni
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
Long-tailed Honey Buzzard Henicopernis longicauda
Black Honey Buzzard Henicopernis infuscatus
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Rüppell’s Vulture Gyps rueppelli
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos
Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela
Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle Spilornis klossi
Mountain Serpent Eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis
Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus
Philippine Serpent Eagle Spilornis holospilus
Andaman Serpent Eagle Spilornis elgini
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi
Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Beaudouin’s Snake Eagle Circaetus beaudouini
Black-chested Snake Eagle Circaetus pectoralis
Brown Snake Eagle Circaetus cinereus
Southern Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus fasciolatus
Western Banded Snake Eagle Circaetus cinerascens
Congo Serpent Eagle Circaetus spectabilis
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Papuan Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus
Flores Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus floris
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis
Legge’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti
Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus alboniger
Javan Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus bartelsi
Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus lanceolatus
Philippine Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus philippensis
Pinsker’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus pinskeri
Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nanus
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori
Crowned Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus
Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga
Wahlberg’s Eagle Hieraaetus wahlbergi
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides
Pygmy Eagle Hieraaetus weiskei
Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Gurney’s Eagle Aquila gurneyi
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax
Verreaux’s Eagle Aquila verreauxii
Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle Aquila africana
Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata
African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus
Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar
Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates
Eastern Chanting Goshawk Melierax poliopterus
Pale Chanting Goshawk Melierax canorus
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus
Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk Erythrotriorchis buergersi
Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus
Doria’s Goshawk Megatriorchis doriae
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus
Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps
Grey-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster
Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter toussenelii
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius
Shikra Accipiter badius
Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
Frances’s Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae
Spot-tailed Sparrowhawk Accipiter trinotatus
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae
Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
Black-mantled Goshawk Accipiter melanochlamys
Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques
Moluccan Goshawk Accipiter henicogrammus
Slaty-mantled Goshawk Accipiter luteoschistaceus
Imitator Goshawk Accipiter imitator
Grey-headed Goshawk Accipiter poliocephalus
New Britain Goshawk Accipiter princeps
Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Dwarf Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus
Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythrauchen
Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus
New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus
Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster
Madagascan Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis
Ovambo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
White-breasted Hawk Accipiter chionogaster
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis
Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Gundlach’s Hawk Accipiter gundlachi
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor
Chilean Hawk Accipiter chilensis
Black Sparrowhawk Accipiter melanoleucus
Henst’s Goshawk Accipiter henstii
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Meyer’s Goshawk Accipiter meyerianus
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus
Papuan Harrier Circus spilothorax
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans
African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus
Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi
Malagasy Harrier Circus macrosceles
Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis
Black Harrier Circus maurus
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
Red Kite Milvus milvus
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptius
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Sanford’s Sea Eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi
African Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer
Madagascan Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides
Pallas’s Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Steller’s Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus
Lesser Fish Eagle Haliaeetus humilis
Grey-headed Fish Eagle Haliaeetus ichthyaetus
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea
Slate-colored Hawk Buteogallus schistaceus
Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
Cuban Black Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii
Rufous Crab Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus
Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Solitary Eagle Buteogallus solitarius
Chaco Eagle Buteogallus coronatus
Barred Hawk Morphnarchus princeps
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris
Harris’s Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
White-rumped Hawk Parabuteo leucorrhous
White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus
Variable Hawk Geranoaetus polyosoma
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus
White Hawk Pseudastur albicollis
Grey-backed Hawk Pseudastur occidentalis
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus
Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli
Grey Hawk Buteo plagiatus
Grey-lined Hawk Buteo nitidus
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Ridgway’s Hawk Buteo ridgwayi
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius
Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni
Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius
Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Cape Verde Buzzard Buteo bannermani
Socotra Buzzard Buteo socotraensis
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus
Archer’s Buzzard Buteo archeri
Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis
Madagascan Buzzard Buteo brachypterus
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur
Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatusBirdLife Species Account
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatusHBW Species AccountTaxonomy: Vultur barbatus Linnaeus, 1758, Santa Cruz, near Oran, Algeria. Individual variation in plumage considerable, and geographical variation based largely on size. Forms aureus (Europe and W Asia) and hemachalanus (higher mountains of C Asia) sometimes recognized, but probably better subsumed within nominate barbatus. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatusIUCN Species Status
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatusSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatusSpecies AccountThe bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), also known as the lammergeier[a] or ossifrage, is a bird of prey and the only member of the genus Gypaetus.
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheresBirdLife Species Account
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheresSpecies AccountThe Cape griffon or Cape vulture (Gyps coprotheres), also known as Kolbe's vulture, is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae. It is endemic to southern Africa, and is found mainly in South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana and in some parts of northern Namibia. It nests on cliffs and lays one egg per year. Since 2015, it has been classified as Endangered.
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheresHBW Species AccountVultur Coprotheres J. R. Forster, 1798, South Africa.Traditionally thought to form a species-group with G. himalayensis, G. indicus (with tenuirostris), G. rueppelli and G. fulvus, and formerly considered conspecific with G. fulvus. Recent genetic data, however, indicate that present species forms a clade with G. indicus and G. tenuirostris and that these three are sister to a clade comprising G. rueppelli and G. fulvus; this arrangement independently supported by study based on wider molecular sample from additional loci. An apparently mixed (and probably successful) pairing between present species and G. africanus was reported at last surviving colony in Namibia. Monotypic.
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheresIUCN Species Status
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheresSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusIUCN Species Status
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusBirdLife Species Account
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusHBW Species AccountTaxonomy: Vultur Perenopterus [sic] Linnaeus, 1758, Egypt.Original specific name incorrectly spelt, and officially emended. Following the naming of a new subspecies from Canary Is, further work revealed that population of this species in Balearic Is is equally distinct genetically; further work desirable. NW Himalayan population included in nominate, but possibly separable (as race rubripersonatus). Three subspecies currently recognized.
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusSpecies AccountThe Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is a small Old World vulture, found widely distributed from southwestern Europe and northern Africa to India….
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusWebsiteThe LIFE+ project "The Return of the Neophron" (LIFE10 1NAT/BG/000152) is bringing together 4 nature-protective non-governmental organizations from 3 countries determined to prevent the extinction of the globally threatened Egyptian Vulture from the Balkans
Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvusSpecies AccountThe griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) is a large Old World vulture in the bird of prey family Accipitridae. It is also known as the Eurasian griffon.
Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvusSpecies Account
Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvusSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Himalayan Griffon Vulture Gyps himalayensisSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Himalayan Griffon Vulture Gyps himalayensisSpecies AccountTaxonomy: Gyps himalayensis A. O. Hume, 1869, Himalayas. Was previously thought to form a species-group with G. indicus (with tenuirostris), G. coprotheres, G. rueppelli and G. fulvus. Sometimes considered a race of G. fulvus,
Himalayan Griffon Vulture Gyps himalayensisSpecies AccountThe Himalayan vulture or Himalayan griffon vulture (Gyps himalayensis) is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae. Closely related to the European griffon vulture (G. fulvus) and once considered a subspecies of it, this species is found along the Himalayas and the adjoining Tibetan Plateau. It is one of the two largest Old World vultures and true raptors.
Indian Vulture Gyps indicusIBC Species AccountImages, distribution etc
Indian Vulture Gyps indicusSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Indian Vulture Gyps indicusSpecies AccountThe Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) is an Old World vulture native to India, Pakistan and Nepal. It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2002, as the population severely declined.
Javan Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus bartelsiBirdLife Species Account
Javan Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus bartelsiSpecies AccountThe Javan hawk-eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi) (earlier placed in Spizaetus) is a medium-sized, approximately 60 cm long, dark brown raptor in the family Accipitridae. Its head and neck are rufous and it is heavily barred black below.
Javan Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus bartelsiHBW Species AccountTaxonomy: Spizaëtus nipalensis bartelsi Stresemann, 1924, western Java. Traditionally thought to form a species-group with N. nipalensis, N. alboniger (with N. nanus), N. lanceolatus and N. philippensis (with N. pinskeri). Sometimes considered to be a race of N. nipalensis, but clearly distinct. Monotypic.
Javan Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus bartelsiIUCN Species Status
Javan Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus bartelsiSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusHBW Species Account
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusSpecies AccountThe tiny hawk (Accipiter superciliosus) is a small diurnal bird of prey found in or near forests, primarily humid, throughout much of the Neotropics. It is primarily a bird-eater, and is known to prey on hummingbirds.
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusCornell Species AccountThe Tiny Hawk is among the most poorly known members of its genus in the Neotropics. Name for its diminutive size, the male Tiny Hawk is only about 75 g although females exceed 100 g.
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusSpecies AccountThe tiny hawk (Accipiter superciliosus) is a small diurnal bird of prey found in or near forests, primarily humid, throughout much of the Neotropics. It is primarily a bird-eater, and is known to prey on hummingbirds.
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusBirdLife Species Account
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrousBirdLife Species Account
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrousSpecies AccountThe White-bellied Goshawk (Accipiter haplochrous) is a species of bird of prey in the Accipitridae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia. The species is also known as the New Caledonia Sparrowhawk…
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrousHBW Species AccountTaxonomy: Accipiter haplochrous P. L. Sclater, 1859, Nu Island, off New Caledonia. Traditionally thought to form a species-group with A. melanochlamys, A. albogularis and A. rufitorques. Monotypic.
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrousIUCN Species Status
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrousSpecies AccountSound archive and distribution map.
Number of bird species: 255(According to IOC July 2019)
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The Kingdom of the Eagle| By Brutus Ostling & Staffan Soderblom | A&C Black | 2008 | Hardback | 160 pages, Colour photos | ISBN: 9781408107041 Buy this book from NHBS.com
The Life of Buzzards| By Peter Dare | Whittles Publishing | 2015 | Paperback | 292 pages, colour photos, colour & b/w illustrations, colour maps, colour tables | ISBN: 9781849951302 Buy this book from NHBS.com
The Red Kite| By David Minns & Doug Gilbert | Scottish Natural Heritage | 2001 | Paperback | 22 pages, Colour photos, figs | ISBN: 9781853970610 Buy this book from NHBS.com
The Red Kite's Year| By Ian Carter | Pelagic Publishing | 2019 | Paperback | 160 pages, 107 colour & b/w illustrations | ISBN: 9781784272005 Buy this book from NHBS.com
Winter's Hawk| (Red-Tails on the Southern Plains) | By James W Lish | University of Oklahoma Press | 2015 | Paperback | 166 pages, 188 colour & b/w photos, 1 colour map | ISBN: 9780806148359 Buy this book from NHBS.com
Carolina Raptor CenterWebsiteA non-profit organization, the CRC`s mission is the conservation of birds of prey through rehabilitation, research and education.
Hawk Migration Association of North AmericaWebsiteThe Hawk Migration Association of North America (HMANA) is a membership-based organization committed to the conservation of raptors through the scientific study, enjoyment, and appreciation of raptor migration...
New Guinea Harpy Eagle ProjectWebsiteOur goals are to complete first-ever studies on the little-known New Guinea Harpy Eagle and develop local capacity for raptor research and conservation through student support and training.
Society for the Preservation of RaptorsWebsiteThe Society for the Preservation of Raptors (Inc.) is a registered not-for-profit organisation based in Western Australia. Our volunteers work toward and support the conservation of Australia's raptors (birds of prey and owls) through wildlife rehabilitation and community education. On this site you will find information about the Society, information on our raptor rehabilitation facilities, the education sevices we provide and how you can become involved in helping our wildlife. We are also in the process of constructing a free, on-line database with information about all of Australia's raptorial bird species.
The Raptor Centre at the University of MinnesotaWebsiteThe Raptor Center is an international medical facility for birds of prey.
American Bald Eagle InformationWebsiteThe bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus); our national bird, is the only eagle unique to North America. The bald eagle`s scientific name signifies a sea (halo) eagle (aeetos) with a white (leukos) head. At one time, the word bald meant white, not hairless. The bald eagle is found over most of North America, from Alaska and Canada to northern Mexico. There are an estimated 50,000 bald eagles in the United States, with 80 percent of them found in Alaska.
Aves de Rapina BrasilWebsiteWelcome to the biggest Brazilian website dedicated to raptors. The webmaster, Willian MenQ, is a graduate student in Biological Sciences. He works in conservation and ornithology in the region the northwest of the Paraná, studying raptors…
Bearded Vulture Re-introduction to the AlpsWebsiteAgir pour la Sauvegarde des Territoires et des Espèces Remarquables ou Sensibles. Created in 1982, l`APEGE (Agence Pour l`Etude et la Gestion l`Environnement) became ASTERS in 2000. ASTERS employs 32 people and develops three main missions : Management of the natural reserves of Haute-Savoie. Academy of the sites / Studies and expertise. Programme of Reintroduction of the Bearded vulture.
Birds of PreyWebsiteLinks, images etc.
Birds of Prey in OklahomaWebsiteA very good effort from someone doing an eighth grade science project!
Hawk WatchingWebsiteFire Island Raptor Enumerations… rather out of date site but with lots of useful links to Hawk Watching in the US of A.
Perches for RaptorsWebsiteUS Dept of Agriculture instructions on building perches for raptors to encourage them into areas as natural pest controls
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosusVideoFatbirder's own 'digi-vid of a Tiny Hawk devouring a White-winged Jacobin…