State of Santa Catarina

Pearly-breasted Cuckoo Coccyzus euleri ©Lee Dingain Website
Birding Santa Catarina

Santa Catarina is a state in southern Brazil. Its capital is Florianópolis, which mostly lies on Santa Catarina Island while Joinville is Santa Catarina’s largest city. Neighbouring states are Rio Grande do Sul to the south and Paraná to the north. It is bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west it borders the province of Misiones, Argentina.The Serra Geral, a southern extension of the Serra do Mar, runs north and south through the state parallel to the Atlantic coast, dividing the state between a narrow coastal plain and a larger plateau region to the west. The Atlantic coast has many beaches, islands, bays, inlets, and lagoons. The humid tropical Serra do Mar coastal forests cover the narrow coastal zone, which is crossed by numerous short streams from the wooded slopes of the serras.

The central part of the state is home to Araucaria (Monkey Puzzle) moist forests, dominated by emergent Brazilian pines Araucaria angustifolia. The drainage of the plateau is westward to the Paraná River, the rivers being tributaries of the Iguaçu, which forms its northern boundary, and of the Uruguay River, which forms its southern boundary. The semi-deciduous Paraná-Paraíba interior forests occupy the westernmost valleys of the Iguaçu and Uruguay rivers.

The highest point of the state is the Morro da Boa Vista, with an altitude of 1,827m, and the second highest point is the Morro da Igreja, in the town of Urubici, with an altitude of 1,822m.Below are some of its top attractions and websites to the reserves and many places to stay where birding is an option. We welcome a proper introduction to this page from someone who knows the area well.

Top Sites
  • Garuva

    Satellite View
    A very good site is near Garuva, 30km before Joinville. Turn left off the BR116 to Garuva and zero your odometer at the bus station (rodoviária). Turn left at the main cross roads, just after the bus station, and drive straight as a die out of town (not bearing left with the main road}. At km 15.5 there is a marsh good for Marsh Antbird Stymphalornis acutirostris & Restinga Tyrannulet Phylloscartes kronei.At km 17 there is another marsh also for both, as well as Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus and Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgata. This is a good place to see forest birds with a scope as there are trees scattered about in the marsh and the forest edge is close. At km 26.3, turn left off the main road, doubling back somewhat, and at km 28.9 turn right over a low bridge over the Rio Cubatão. At km 31.6 a road loops up to the left through the forest to avoid a soft patch on the main road and you can walk this. Here you may see Kaempfer's Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi. Other species include Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius, Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrhochloris, Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata, Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus, Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa, São Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulistus and Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum, all Brazillian endemics.
  • Joinville

    Satellite View
    Kaempfer's Tody-tyrant was rediscovered at Salto do Piraí, just north of Joinville. The site is at the Santa Catarina electricity board (CELESC) generating plant near Vila Nova, at the foot of the Salto do Piraí waterfall. You may need to get permission from CELESC in Joinville to go there. Another recently confirmed site for this species is the Reserva Volta Velha at Itapoá, on the coast north east of Joinville.
  • São Joaquim

    Satellite View
    As one drives south Field Flicker Colaptes campestris campestroides, the southern form of Campo Flicker, starts to appear here, as does Chimango Caracara Milvago chimango. In the town there have been Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti and also beside the road to Bom Jesus.
  • Jeremy Minns

    São Paulo |

Number of Species
  • Number of bird species: 786

    (As at May 2019)
Museums & Universities
  • Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

  • COAVE - Clube de Observadores de Aves do Vale Europeu

    The European Valley Bird Watchers Club - COAVE is an OSCIP (Public Interest Civil Society Organization), founded in 2002 in Blumenau-SC, with the objective of promoting the practice of bird watching activity in the region, offering free lectures on environmental education for schools in the region, field activities to those interested in the practice, and also aimed at developing the tourism potential that the activity has.
  • Clube de Observadores de Aves de Joinville (COA Joinville)

    COA Joinville comprises a group of people from different knowledge areas interested in free-bird watching. Besides being a form of leisure, the idea is to sensitize people to the importance of birds and their role in ecological balance.

Abbreviations Key

  • Alto Vale do Itajaí

    InformationSatellite View
    The Valley is based on an area formed by one of the most extensive volcanic spills of the Mesozoic period (about 250 million years) and is part of the Serra do Mar complex.
  • NR Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural do Caraguatá

    Observatory WebsiteSatellite View
    The ecological rainforest reservation has approximately 3.313 hectares of conservation easement around 1000 hectares of all-use area.
  • NR Reserva Volta Velha

    WebsiteSatellite View
    ...more than 260 species of birds observed with 4 key species of high degree of endemism...
Places to Stay
  • EcoResort Vida Sol e Mar - Imbituba

    We offer great lodging options, a panoramic event hall (ocean view) and a pleasant restaurant, all with a beautiful view of the paradisiac Praia do Rosa.
  • Fazenda Boqueir

    Set in a region of surprising natural beauties and filled with centuries-old Araucária tree, the Boqueirão Hotel & Resort innovates by mixing the most modern concepts of hospitality with the rusticity of a typical brazilian south farm in operation.
  • La Dolce Vita - Rio do Una

    "The fascinating surroundings where La Dolce Vita is located, can be compared to the beauty of a postcard. Among the wonderful natural places, there is a 210.000 m2 long lake and walking along its edges you can see majestic green trees. The scenery is perfect at daybreak and at sunset. The fog coming from the waters announces that a new day is starting and choreographs the dance of the aquatic birds. When the night falls, the reddish nuances that appear on the horizon present you another breathtaking show when they join the almost black vigor of the leaves."

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