Saint Lucia

Detail from Painting of St Lucia Oriole Icterus laudabilis ©Christopher Cox Website
Birding Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. It is a beautiful Caribbean island blessed with a bounty of indigenous fauna and flora. The lush, vibrant landscapes, mountainous interiors, dense rainforests and palm-fringed beaches of Saint Lucia are the perfect backdrop for a beautiful holiday and the ideal setting for bird watching.The volcanic island is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimmie, at 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island’s most famous landmark. They are located between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that boasts a drive-in volcano.From a birding point of view Saint Lucia is very accessible being just 27 miles long and 14 miles wide and is probably one of the most important of the Lesser Antilles as it holds 6 single island endemics.

Saint Lucia has six endemic species, one of which is the islands national bird, the St. Lucia Parrot (Amazona Veriscolor), a species that recovered from dangerously low population numbers in the early 1980s. The other endemics are the St. Lucia Pewee, St. Lucia Warbler, St. Lucia Oriole, St. Lucia Black Finch and Semper’s Warbler. This number gives Saint Lucia the distinction of having the highest number of endemic birds in the Eastern Caribbean region.

St Lucia Parrot The St Lucia Parrot is about 42-46 cm (16.5-18 inches) in length. It inhabits the rainforest in the mountains of St. Lucia. It feeds in the forest canopy on a wide variety of fruits, seeds and blowers. The parrot nests in the cavities of tall trees. St Lucia Black Finch The Black Finch is about 13-14 cm in length. It is found in both moist and dry forest areas. It forages in the leaf litter in dense understory. The finch usually nests in a spherical nest of twigs built in a low shrub or palm about 2 m above ground.St Lucia Pewee The adult pewee grows to about 15 cm in length. It is quite common and resides mostly in moist forest, but also found in dry forest areas. It perches low and sallies for insects. The pewee nests in a cup-shaped nest made of leaves and moss placed on a branch.St Lucia Oriole The adult oriole grows to about 22 cm in length. It is found in woodlands including dry and moist forest. It is uncommon and perhaps becoming scarcer. It feeds on insects, fruits, flowers and nectar. The oriole builds a nest sewn under a leaf or palm well above the ground.St Lucia Warbler The Warbler is about 12.5 cm in length. It is found in all forest types and at all altitudes. It forages for insects and spiders from leaves and twigs. It lays in a nicely woven, cup-shaped nest built in a tree about 1-5 m above the ground.Semper’s Warbler The Semper’s Warbler is extremely rare or possibly extinct. The bird is about 14.5 cm in length. The plumage of the adults is dark grey at the upperparts and greyish white at the underparts. The last reliable sighting was in 1961. Though unconfirmed sightings were in 1965, 1972, 1989, 1995 and 2003The St. Lucian race of the House Wren is considered by some as an endemic species (although this is not as yet widely accepted). Another Lesser Antillean endemic bird in St. Lucia is the endangered White-Breasted Thrasher.

  • St Lucia Birding

Number of Species
  • Number of bird species: 186

    (As at September 2018)

    National Bird: St. Lucian Amazon Amazona versicolor

    Of 186 species recorded six are endemic and there are 11 endemic sub-species and 7 Lesser antillean regional endemics.

  • Number of endemics: 5

    St. Lucia Parrot Amazona versicolor, St. Lucia Oriole Icterus laudabilis, St. Lucia Warbler Dendroica delicata, St Lucia Black Finch Melanospiza richardsoni, St. Lucia Pewee Contopus oberi, Semper's Warbler Leucopeza semperi
  • iGoTerra Checklist

    iGoTerra Checklist
    Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web
Useful Reading

  • The Birds of St Lucia

    | (An Annotated Checklist) | by Allan R Keith | BOU | 1997 | Hardback | 176 pages, 40 colour plates photographs, maps, table | ISBN: 9780907446194 Buy this book from
  • The Birds of the West Indies

    | By Guy M Kirwan, Anthony Levesque, Mark W Oberle & Christopher J Sharpe | Lynx Edicions | 2019 | 400 pages, 1600+ colour illustrations, 650+ colour distribution maps | ISBN: 9788416728176 Buy this book from
  • St Lucia National Trust

    The Saint Lucia National Trust (SLNT) is a membership organization established in 1975 under the Saint Lucia National Trust Act, Chapter 6.02 of the Revised Laws of Saint Lucia to conserve the natural and cultural heritage of Saint Lucia, and to promote values which lead to national pride and love of country.

Abbreviations Key

  • IBA Anse la Liberte

    InformationSatellite View
    The site features a diverse landscape featuring ridges and valleys, with both dry scrub forest and rainforest plants as well as many varieties of edible fruit trees remaining from the former agricultural estate. Some 17 species of birds have been sighted at Anse La Liberté, and the charm of bird life at the site is best experienced generally during early morning and late afternoon.
  • NR Maria Islands

    InformationSatellite View
    The islands are set about one half mile from Pointe Sable on the South East coast of Saint Lucia. Maria Major is 10.1 hectares and its little sister Maria Minor is 1.6 hectares. The island is also a major nesting site for migratory birds which travel thousands of miles from the west coast of Africa to nest annually. It is usually closed for the nesting season which runs from May to August. This time frame is adjusted annually by the Saint Lucia Forestry Department of the Ministry of Agriculture depending on the birds’ migratory patterns.
  • NR Morne Pavillon

    InformationSatellite View
    Following the loss of the adjacent green belt to development of Mount du Cap in early 2002, a group of interested Saint Lucians and Cap residents collaborated to initiate an effort to preserve the Morne Pavillon site. This effort resulted in the decision by Christopher Lutz to donate the property to the Saint Lucia National Trust for a Nature Reserve and Heritage site. This effort was successfully concluded in December 2010.
  • National Parks

    WebsiteSatellite View
    Over 19,000 acres of rain forest sprawl across the mountains and valleys of St. Lucia. The lush forest is home to interesting wildlife, giant ferns, wild orchids, and the St Lucia Parrot (Jacquot). Hike the seven-mile nature trail or take a guided tour lead by the Forestry Department
Guides & Tour Operators
  • Focus on Nature

    Tour Operator
    This tour may be done in conjunction with our Jamaica Birding Tour which precedes it, or our Puerto Rico Birding Tour which follows it
Trip Reports
  • 2017 [06 June] - Mark Van Beirs

    PDF Report
    Antigua, Barbuda, Montserrat, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Santa Lucia, Saint Vincent, Barbados and Grenada were the ten islands we visited on our recent Lesser Antilles tour. Some are independent countries in their own right, while others are Overseas Territories. All these islands exude a quite different flavour, as some are rich and well developed and some are obviously quite poor with pothole-riddled roads and limited infrastructure.
  • 2018 [07 July] - Colin Manville

    PDF Report
    We had been recommended St. Lucia by (non birding) friends as it was pretty! Having a few St. Lucia endemics and Lesser Antilles endemics it was good for me!
  • 2018 [09 September] - Pete Aley

    This brief report outlines the birding during a week’s trip from 27th August to 3rd September 2018, which I undertook with my wife, Alison Rowntree.
  • 2020 [02 February] - John Bowler

    We saw 59 species and had great views of all the target species including the five extant endemics: St Lucia Parrot, St Lucia Oriole, St Lucia Black Finch, St Lucia Warbler and St Lucia Pewee, plus Grey Trembler and White-breasted Thrasher which are only found here and on Martinique, as well as Lesser Antillean specialities such as Lesser Antillean Euphonia, Rufous-throated Solitaire, Pearly-eyed Thrasher, Scaly-naped Pigeon, Green and Purple-throated Caribs, Lesser Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Lesser Antillean Saltator, Lesser Antillean Flycatcher, Lesser Antillean Swift and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch and the more widespread Caribbean Elaenia, Caribbean Coot, Broad-winged Hawk, Caribbean Martin, Mangrove Cuckoo, Zenaida Dove, Eared Dove, Carib Grackle, Black-faced Grassquit, Shiny Cowbird and Common Ground-dove. Scarcer species seen included: Peregrine, Tricoloured Heron, Little Egret and Red-billed Tropicbird.
  • 2021 [09 September] - Bill Simpson

    PDF Report
    ...I walked the concrete track going steeply uphill past the radio mast a few hundred metres to a small house to get views of 3 sp of Swift and 2 St Lucia Parrots flying over...
  • 2021 [12 December] - Paul Holmes

    PDF Report
    ...We spent time acquainting ourselves with the common birds of St Lucia but also connected with many of the endemics including: 2 SL Amazons, SL Pewee, several SL Warblers and a SL Black Finch...
Other Links
  • Natural Attractions of St. Lucia

    Birdwatching - In areas such as the Bois D`Orange Swamp, the Rain Forest and Boriel`s Pond, visitors can observe some of St. Lucia`s rare, indigenous species, like the St. Lucian Parrot, White Breasted Thrasher, St. Lucia Peewee, St. Lucia Oriole, and St. Lucia Wren. Arrangements can be made through the St. Lucia Forestry Department for early morning or late afternoon trips. Four-hour excursions cost US$40.00 per person and accommodate a maximum of ten persons, minimum of three.
  • See the Birds of St. Lucia!

    From a bird watcher’s point of view, St. Lucia is a relatively easy island to work being only 28 miles long & 14 miles wide. St. Lucia is also the most important birding destination of the Lesser Antilles as it holds either 5 or 6 single island endemics.
Photographers & Artists
  • Artist - Christopher Cox

    Christopher works primarily in watercolour and acrylic, sometimes combining the two media to capture the subtlety of birds' plumages and the muted play of light and shadow in the forest environment. He is best known for his realistic interpretations of local flora and fauna drawing inspiration from wildlife artists that include Robert Bateman, Don R. Eckelberry and John James Audubon

Fatbirder - linking birders worldwide... Wildlife Travellers see our sister site: WAND

Skip to content