State of Palestine

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus ©Steve Arlow Website
Birding Palestine

Palestine is a name which has been widely used since Roman times to refer to the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Other terms that have been used to refer to all or part of this area include Israel, “Greater Israel” (Hebrew Eretz Yisrael), Retenu (Ancient Egyptian) Southern Syria, Greater Syria, Arabistan, Canaan, and the Holy Land. In the broad geographical sense, Palestine refers to an area that includes contemporary Israel and the Palestinian territories, parts of Jordan, and parts of Lebanon and Syria. In the narrow sense, it refers to the area within the boundaries of the former British Mandate of Palestine (1920-1948) west of the Jordan River.However, this page for Palestine refers to the State of Palestine proposed by the Palestinian National Authority.

Number of Species
  • Number of bird species: 470

    National Bird: Palestine Sunbird Cinnyris osea
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Useful Reading

  • Birds of the Bible

    | (A Guide for Bible Readers and Birdwatchers) | by Peter Goodfellow | John Beaufoy Books | 2013 | Paperback | 160 pages, 80 colour illustrations | ISBN: 9781909612143 Buy this book from
  • Birds of the Middle East

    | By Richard Porter, Simon Aspinall, A Birch, John Gale, Mike Langman, Brian E Small | Christopher Helm | 2010 | Paperback | 384 pages, 176 colour plates, 636 colour distribution maps | ISBN: 9780713676020 Buy this book from
  • The Fauna and Flora of Palestine

    | By Henry Baker Tristram | Cambridge University Press | 2013 | Paperback | 455 pages, 20 b/w illustrations | ISBN: 9781108042048 Buy this book from
  • BirdLife Palestine

    Wildlife Palestine (WLP) is an active and professional NGO working on the conservation of nature in Palestine
  • Palestine Wildlife Society

    Facebook Page
    Through the years Palestine Wildlife has proven dedication and effectiveness in raising environmental awareness throughout different Sections in the Palestinian territories
Other Links
  • Birds of Palestine

    The number of bird species found in Palestine today amounts to about 470. This is a very large and varied numbers compared with other countries, and especially so in view of the limited total land area of Palestine. There are three main reasons for the high number of bird species: a) Palestine is located on the main migration route to and from Africa of the birds of Europe and western Asia; b) Palestine has an abundant variety of environments, providing a range of habitats; c) Palestine stands at the crossroads of three continents and various climatic zones, and is the scene of interaction between three biogeographical regions

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