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Principality of Andorra

Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ©Andy Holt Website

Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a small landlocked country in western Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. Once isolated, it is currently a prosperous country mainly because of tourism and its status as a tax haven. The people of Andorra are currently listed as having the second highest human life expectancy in the world, at an average of 82.67 years at birth (2008 est). Andorra is the sixth smallest nation in Europe, after Malta, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Monaco, and the Vatican City.

Due to its location in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range, Andorra consists predominantly of rugged mountains of an average height of 1,996 metres (6,549 ft) with the highest being the Coma Pedrosa at 2,946 metres (9,665 ft). These are dissected by three narrow valleys in a Y shape that combine into one as the main stream, the Valira river, leaves the country for Spain (at Andorra's lowest point of 870 m/2,854 ft). Andorra's surface area is 468 square kilometres (181 sq mi).

Andorra's climate is similar to that of its neighbours' temperate climates, but its higher altitude means there is, on average, more snow in winter and it is slightly cooler in summer.

Phytogeographically, Andorra belongs to the Atlantic European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Andorra belongs to the ecoregion of Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 153

Useful Reading

Andoran Birds

Crozier et al; paperback 87pp.

Where to Watch Birds in Catalonia

J. del Hoyo, J. Sargatal et al. 38 itineraries to get to know the bestParks, Reserves and natural areasin Catalonia and Andorra.

ISBN: 8487334008

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Andorra Sostenible


Campaign for a sustainable Andorra…

Associacio per a la Defensa de la Natura


Apartado de Correus Espanyols No 96, Andorra La Vella +376 84 3248 and@andorra.ad

L`Associació per a la Defensa de la Natura (ADN) va neixer l`any 1986 com a resultat de la preocupació d`un grup de persones pel medi ambient. És una organització que té com a objectius la protecció i l`estudi de la natura a Andorra…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2011 [07 July] - Bob Shiret


…There were no trip reports to Andorra found for the summer, I did purchase “A Bird watching Guide to The Pyrenees” by Jacquie Crozier which although only three pages were devoted to Andorra did give an idea of what wildlife might be expected…

Other Links

Birds of Andorra


List with some photographs…

List of birds of Andorra


This is a list of the bird species recorded in Andorra. The avifauna of Andorra includes a total of 161 species, of which 1 have been introduced by humans, and 9 are rare or accidental.