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Birding Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (often abbreviated to Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the northeast, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

Elevations are high for the region in the north and west. These reach over 240m in the western projection around Tring which is in the Chilterns. The county's borders are approximately the watersheds of the Colne and Lea; both flowing to the south; each accompanied by a canal. Hertfordshire's undeveloped land is mainly agricultural and much is protected by green belt.

Hertfordshire is a relatively under-watched county and over the years has shown that it can turn up decent birds just like any other county - Paddyfield Warbler, Lesser Scaup, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Falcated Duck, Yellow-browed Warbler and Solitary Sandpiper are just a few examples.

Among the most popular birding sites are the reservoirs near Tring in the west of the county. Many of Hertfordshire's best birds have been found there. The reservoirs are famous for the first British record of breeding Little Ringed Plovers back in 1938 and other ornithological highlights include Britain's first Marsh Sandpiper in 1887 and England's first breeding record of Black-necked Grebe in 1918.

In the east of the county is the Lea Valley, (shared with Essex) where some more top sites are located, such as Amwell and Rye House Marsh/Rye Meads. One last site well-deserving of a mention is Tyttenhanger Gravel Pits near St Albans which has, in recent years, proven itself as a place to watch. The county has several RSPB Members Groups, some of which have an online presence.

Top Sites

Amwell Gravel Pits


Satellite View

Amwell underwent extensive restoration following the ending of gravel extraction (still going on nearby) and the plans continue. The restoration has produced an excellent quality site for wildlife, not just birds. Otters have been introduced into the area with some success. The site, being part of the Lea Valley, is noted for its wintering wildfowl (including Smew and Goldeneye) but there is also a diversity of breeding species, both waders and passerines included. (Grid reference is for the entrance at the north of the site).

Tring Reservoirs

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Tring Reservoirs were the site of England's first breeding Black-necked Grebes (1918) and the UK's first breeding Little Ringed Plovers (1938). They still form one of Hertfordshire's foremost birding sites. They are most noted for good numbers of wintering wildfowl. Recent rarities include Caspian Tern, White-winged Black Tern and Alpine Swift. (Grid reference is for the car park at Wilstone Reservoir)

Tyttenhanger Gravel Pits

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Tyttenhanger is another site undergoing restoration following gravel extraction. Recently it has become the county's foremost wader site with Redshank, Lapwing, Little Ringed and Ringed Plover all breeding. Unfortunately there is work going on to flood the area used by these breeding waders and make the area a large fishing lake. However, consideration is being given to wildlife and it is hoped that the site doesn't lose too much of its value. Yellow Wagtails also breed. Nearby fields host good numbers of Lapwing and Golden Plover in winter. This site played host to a drake Lesser Scaup in 1997.


Gareth Watkins


County Recorder

Alan Gardiner

199 Watford Road, St Albans, AL2 3HH

01727 863945


Number of Species

Number of bird species: 307

County Bird - Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Useful Reading

Birds of Hertfordshire

by Ken W Smith, Chris W Dee, Jack D Fearnside & Mike Ilett | Hertfordshire Natural History Society | 2015 | Hardback | 293 pages, colour & b/w photos, colour & b/w illustrations, colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 9780993121708

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Herts Bird Club

The Herts Bird Club publishes a bi-monthly bulletin on county birding and has a popular website which features much of this.

The Breeding Birds of Hertfordshire

by KW Smith, CW Dee, JD Fearnside, EW Fletcher, RN Smith & AJ Harris | Hertfordshire Bird Club | 1993 Hardcover| 320 pages, 100 line illus, 200 two-colour maps |

ISBN: 0952168502

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Where to Watch Birds in Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire & Oxfordshire

by Brian Clews, Andrew Herget & Paul Trodd | Christopher Helm | 2002 | Paperback | 320 pages, 69 maps, 30 line drawings |

ISBN: 0713640022

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Bishop's Stortford Natural History Society


Welcome to the BSDNHS. We are a traditional but forward-looking Natural History Society preserving the old skills of recording and observation whilst not hesitating to move forward and embrace new technology and ideas. We pride ourselves on being a Society and social interaction at our meetings is an important part of our philosophy. You would be very welcome to join us at any of our planned programme events and visits as outlined below.

Friends of Tring Reservoirs


Friends of Tring Reservoirs is a local conservation organisation formed in 1993 to promote the conservation of this important Site of Special Scientific Interest. With Over 400 Members, FoTR has become a significant voice in the local environment…

Hertfordshire Natural History Society


Hertfordshire Natural History Society was founded in 1879, having previously been called the Watford & District Natural History Society. From that date to the present, there has been a continuous pursuit of natural history study across the County…

Herts & Middlesex Wildlife Trust


Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust is a local charity supported by people who care about protecting wildlife, including over 21,000 members...

Herts Bird Club


Welcome to the Herts Bird Club website. We promote the study and recording of birds in Hertfordshire and encourage a wider interest in natural history including the conservation of wildlife habitats.

RSPB Chorleywood & District Local Group


Chorleywood & District RSPB Local Group was started in 1976 after a series of talks in Chorleywood Library by David Elcome who encouraged his mature students to start a local bird watching group. The Group has gone on from strength to strength since then and currently has a membership of about 150. We welcome new members both to our indoor meetings and our field events. We meet at the Russell School, Brushwood Drive, Chorleywood on the third Thursday of the month at 8pm. Membership is £3 and entrance to the talks is £2.50 for members and £3.50 for non-members. We welcome anyone whether they are a member of the group of not…

RSPB Harpenden Local Group


The group's aim is to support actively the work of the RSPB in the local community and to involve RSPB members and the wider public in the Society's conservation, public affairs, education, fundraising and other activities. We have regular monthly indoor meetings locally throughout the year and have occasional day-trips to local nature reserves. So, if you would like to have fun and meet like minded people contact us and help make a difference for birds and wildlife…

RSPB Hemel Hempstead Local Group


This is the website of the Hemel Hempstead RSPB Local Group which was formed in 1972. The Group is run by volunteers and aims to publicise the RSPB in our local community, to recruit new members, to raise funds and to engage in our fascinating hobby of bird watching. Money raised by the group is used principally to help the RSPB to help in the vital conservation work that it undertakes…

RSPB Hitchin & Letchworth Local Group


Welcome to the Home Page of the Hitchin & Letchworth Local Members Group. We are a group of RSPB members who meet on a regular basis for talks on a wide range of Natural History subjects and trips to a variety of sites in the south of England in search of Britains birds. We cover the north of Hertfordshire, including the towns of Hitchin, Letchworth, Baldock and Royston, and many of the villages in between. However, anyone is welcome to join us at any of our meetings, and you do not have to be a member of the RSPB to come along…

RSPB Potters Bar & Barnet Local Group


The Potters Bar and Barnet Group has a membership of approximately 1,800 members who are drawn from the area around Potters Bar, Barnet, Brookmans Park. The Group organises regular events and outings including visits to European sites…

RSPB South East Hertfordshire Local Group


The group covers Waltham Cross, Cheshunt, Broxbourne, Hoddesdon, Ware, Hertford and surrounding areas. Others come along from Bishop's Stortford, The Hadhams, Buntingford and Harlow. In all, the group has annual contact with over 2000 RSPB members…

RSPB St Albans Local Group


This is the website of the St Albans Local Group.

RSPB Stevenage Local Group


The group's aim is to support actively the work of the RSPB in the local community and to involve RSPB members and the wider public in the Society's conservation, public affairs, education, fundraising and other activities. We have regular monthly indoor meetings locally throughout the year and have monthly day-trips to local nature reserves. So, if you would like to have fun and meet like minded people contact us and help make a difference for birds and wildlife…

RSPB Stort Valley Local Group


This is the website of the Stort Valley Local Group. RSPB local groups are a great way to meet friendly, like-minded people in your area while learning more about birds and wildlife.

RSPB Watford Local Group


The Watford Members Group of the RSPB was formed in 1974, and exists in order to further the RSPB's national objectives within the local community. Their programme enables members to learn more about birds in Britain and abroad and to see birds - in company with fellow enthusiasts - in a wide variety of habitats. They extend a very warm welcome to anyone interested in bird protection, whether keen birders or determined twitchers, or members with more general interests.

Rye Meads Ringing Group


We are a volunteer group whose mission is to study the birds of Rye Meads, Hertfordshire (United Kingdom), by trapping and ringing them, logging sightings, conducting breeding surveys, and recording all nests found. We have been studying this site since 1960 and have data on more than a quarter of a million birds ringed, and have published many papers based on this data. This website presents a summary of the birds, ringing data and activities of the Group.

Tring Ringing Group


We are a group of volunteer bird-ringers operating as part of the national ringing scheme that is run by the British Trust for Ornithology. Our aim is to record and monitor the birds in our area through ringing and nest recording. We also undertake conservation work to maintain the habitat for the benefit of wildlife. Tring Ringing Group operate at a number of different sites around Tring Reservoirs, Wendover and Aylesbury.


Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)

H&MWT Lemsford Springs


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Lemsford Springs is a small nature reserve and contains an old watercress bed which is a valuable habitat - particularly for waterbirds, as it does not freeze in cold winter weather. Water rail, snipe, and the green sandpiper may be seen from the hides. The green sandpiper feeds on the shrimps which are abundant in the freshwater lagoons. The lagoons also support fifty species of water snail.

H&MWT Tewinbury


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A diverse reserve lying in the Mimram Valley which contains a variety of habitats including wet meadow, tall fen and swamp, alder carr, willow scrub, willow pollards and chalk stream. The tall fen/swamp occurs around a lagoon and along adjacent channels, and has a mixture of common reed, reed sweet-grass and common reed-mace. Water voles can be seen swimming in the reedbed channels. The surrounding banks support great horsetail, butterbur and town hall clock. Greater tussock sedge grows here, a species now uncommon in Hertfordshire.

Lee Valley Park


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Covering a thousand acres on either side of the River Lee between Waltham Abbey (Essex) and Broxbourne (Herts) River Lee Country Park is a unique patchwork of lakes, waterways, green open spaces and countryside areas all linked together by paths, walkways and cycle tracks. The River Lee Country Park abounds with wildlife throughout the year and is the perfect venue for informal, outdoor recreation.

LNR Cassiobury Park


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To gain a Green Flag Award a park or green space must be welcoming, safe and well maintained, with a strong involvement from the local community.

LNR Maple Lodge


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Maple Lodge is a 40 acre nature reserve consisting of lakes, marsh, hedgerows and wooded plantation. The reserve is in Maple Cross near junction 17 of the M25. It can be accessed by members any time of the year. The Reserve is basically a man-made wetland habitat consisting of two old gravel pits and a sludge settlement area formally used by the nearby sewage treatment works. Some refuse dumping also occurred on part of the site and during the late 1950s and early 1960s an area in the east of the Reserve was planted with poplars. In 1982 the Maple Lodge Conservation Society was formed and granted a licence by Thames Water (the owners of the land) to manage the site on a day to day basis. In managing the site the aims are to preserve a diverse habitat and to create and maintain an enhanced open water and mud habitat.

LNR Stockers Lake


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Stockers Lake is a nature reserve formed from old flooded gravel pits. Entrance is free. Use the Aqua-drome car park-follow signs to Aqua-drome on south approach to Rickmansworth. The lake forming the Aqua-drome water sports and sailing centre is Bury Lake, which does attract large numbers of birds but most are there to take advantage of food provided by the public. Swans, Canada Geese, Mallard, Tufted Ducks, Coots form the bulk of the birdlife.

Nature Reserves


Bird and Nature Reserves in Herts…

RSPB Rye Meads


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Rye Meads is a favourite with walkers, birdwatchers and photographers too. There are wheelchair-friendly trails, and 8 hides (come just to see the amazing murals!) look out over the reedbeds, wet meadows, open water and artificial sandbanks, which are a great place to spot the blue flash of a kingfisher.

Ver Valley


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Explore the beautiful rolling countryside of the Ver Valley through a new series of eight circular walks and the linear trail.

Forums & Mailing Lists

Bishop's Stortford Bird Group

Mailing Group

Mailing Group & Sightings

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Trip Reports


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.


Ornithology at The Natural History Museum


The Bird Group, in the Department of Zoology of The Natural History Museum, is located at Tring, Hertfordshire, on the site of The Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum, bequeathed to The Natural History Museum in 1937. The bird collections were moved out from London in the early 1970s and are housed in part of the original Rothschild complex and in a purpose-built four-storey building. Probably the biggest collection of bird skins in the world.


Dan Forder - At Home With Urban Nature


Not updated since 2016 - Creating a nature friendly family garden on a budget, attracting wildlife to our new home. Supporting local wild animals of town through simple backyard conservation. Identifying the new species to visit or colonise our green space. Appreciating the natural neighbours sharing our urban habitat....

Ephraim Perfect - Ephraim's Bird Blog


A young birder based in Hertfordshire fully enthroalled in the natural world. Crudely attempting to capture the beauty of wildlife with a box of bolts and glass.

Ian Bennell - Ian Bennell's Birding Blog


Born and bred in Watford,Herts, I started birding when I was just 8 years old because the old next door neighbours garden was very overgrown and attracted birds to his and our gardens! I first went to the Watford RSPB group at 15 and then I joined the Herts Bird Club in the same year. I was on the Herts Bird Club committee for 3 years.

Jim Anderson - Jim's Birding Blog


A diary of birds and birding trips…

Jono Forgham - Little Hadham Birding


A record of the wildlife in and around Hadham Ford as from January 2008. Please feel free to leave any comments or email me with details of interesting bird, mammal, butterfly, moth and dragonfly sightings…

Paul Ward - Diary of a part-time twitcher


This is going to be a part-time diary of an increasingly full-time twitcher. Based in Rickmansworth, my local patch covers the Colne Valley but I get out as much as work allows. Normally this means up to 3 hours away covering Norfolk, Kent and Dorset.

Phil Bishop - Phil Bishop's Birding Blog


These days I enjoy photographing birds, butterflies, dragonflies and landscapes with my Nikon D2x and lenses including a 300mm vr and 500 F4P. I now (April 2011) have a Nikon D3s, and I am also partial to Zeiss lenses, owning a 35mm F2 and a 100mm F2 macro.

The Grumpy Ecologist


A grizzled old ecologist/birder, usually to be found roaming around the Lee Valley and occasionally further afield. Fortunate to be involved in the management of some of the UK's finest nature reserves and always looking for ways of improving them for birds…

Other Links

Naturenet Herts


Lists info on parks & reserves etc.

Royston Wildlife


Welcome to Royston Wildlife, a web site set up to provide a personal view of the natural history associated with the town of Royston (North Herts) and its environs. On the face of it, Royston would seem unlikely to have a diverse and interesting natural history. For a start it is not situated either by or near a river or lake. Secondly, the land surrounding Royston is intensively farmed. Nevertheless, there is plenty of interest here for the naturalist.

Photographers & Artists

Artist - Ernest Leahy


I am a self taught artist and have painted wildlife for over 30 years. All my paintings are original works of art - I do not sell prints. I normally paint in watercolours but occasionally use acrylics, pastels, and ink for illustrations. most of my work is based on field studies and many of the paintings are started on site…

Photographer - Andy Bright


My pics are displayed at hi-res 800x600….and are all taken via a digital still camera and a spotting scope. The album site also includes pics and text descriptions of digiscoping techniques. i.e. camera to scope attachments.

Photographer - David Plant


This website is dedicated to my photography. I first got interested in nature when I lived in South Africa. My first passion was birds, something I have indulged in all over the world. Then this moved onto nature and wildlife in all their various forms…

Photographer - Jim Middleton


I have been taking wildlife photos for over 10 years now and have the urge to share a selection with you. My intention is for the site to evolve over time into a decent sized library of good quality nature photographs.