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People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor ©Ross Warner Website

Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country located in North Africa. It is the largest country of the Mediterranean sea, the second largest on the African continent and the eleventh-largest country in the world in terms of land area. It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, a few kilometers of the Western Sahara in the west, Morocco in the northwest, and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. Its size is almost 2,400,000 km² with an estimated population near to 35,000,000. The capital is Algiers.

Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are a few natural harbours. The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape, which ends with the Saharan Atlas; further south, there is the Sahara desert. The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, southern Algeria. They are located about 1,500 km (932 miles) south of the capital, Algiers and just west of Tamanghasset.

Algiers, Oran, Constantine, and Annaba are Algeria's main cities.

In this region even in winter, midday desert temperatures can be very hot. After sunset, however, the clear, dry air permits rapid loss of heat, and the nights are cool to chilly. Enormous daily ranges in temperature are recorded. The highest temperature recorded in Tiguentour is 145.4 °F (60.5 °C) and is probably the highest reliable temperature ever recorded in Algeria under standard conditions.

Rainfall is fairly abundant along the coastal part of the Tell Atlas, ranging from 400 to 670 mm annually, the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. Precipitation is heaviest in the northern part of eastern Algeria, where it reaches as much as 1000 mm in some years. Farther inland, the rainfall is less plentiful. Prevailing winds that are easterly and north-easterly in summer change to westerly and northerly in winter and carry with them a general increase in precipitation from September through December, a decrease in the late winter and spring months, and a near absence of rainfall during the summer months. Algeria also has ergs, or sand dunes between mountains, which in the summer time when winds are heavy and gusty, temperatures can get up to 110 °F (43 °C).



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 396


Number of endemics: 1

Kabylie Nuthatch Sitta ledanti
The Kabylian nuthatch population is about 108. It was discovered in 1975, and it is confined to a forested island on one mountain top in Algeria. Goats and cattle prevent adequate regeneration of nearby vegetation. It is one of the 50 most endangered birds in the world.


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

Oiseaux d'Algerie / The Birds of Algeria

Aissa Moali & Paul Isenmann - SEO 2000

ISBN: 2950654886

Buy this book from NHBS.com


African Bird Club


Algeria is the second largest country in Africa and much of the interior is unexplored ornithologically. With over 400 species recorded including the endemic Algerian Nuthatch Sitta ledanti and some of the most important wetlands in the Mediterranean area, there is much to interest the visiting birder. Although Algeria's security situation is stabilising, there are still travel risks but French birdwatchers have been visiting the country again since 2002…


Abbreviations Key

Important Bird Areas


Algeria is important for raptors, waterbirds including migrant wintering species, and large steppe birds. It has one endemic species Algerian Nuthatch Sitta ledanti which is a restricted range species, the distribution of which defines the North Algerian mountains secondary Endemic Bird Area. Algerian Nuthatch Sitta ledanti is known from four sites all within 30 km of each other on forested slopes above 1,000 m in the Petite Kabylie mountain range in the Tell region…

Parc National d'El Kala - Lac Oubeïra et Lac Tonga


Satellite View

Le caractère exceptionnel d'El Kala réside dans sa réserve naturelle théoriquement protégée qui laisse le visiteur de cette région admiratif et contemplateur. Crée en 1983, Le Parc National s'étend sur une superficie de 76438 ha. Situé au nord-est de l'Algérie, il est limité à l'est par la frontière algéro-tunisienne, au nord par la mer, à l'ouest par le Cap Rosa, au sud par les contreforts du djebel El Ghorra. Le Parc est composé d'une mosaïque d'écosystèmes forestiers, lacustres, dunaires et marins, lui conférant une haute valeur biologique et écologique dans le bassin méditerranéen. Sa flore, sa faune et son patrimoine culturel lui ont valu son inscription en tant que réserve de la Biosphère par l'UNESCO en 1990.

Parc National d'El Kala - Lac Oubeïra et Lac Tonga


Satellite View

In French - Ce site de 76 438 ha, également déclaré Réserve de la Biosphère, borde la Mer Méditerranée et comprend une belle mosaïque d'habitats : zones humides, forêts de pins et de chênes (dont une rare forêt littorale de Pins d'Alep), zones montagneuses et écosystèmes marins. La biodiversité y est très importante (818 espèces végétales) et El-Kala constitue en particulier la première zone d'hivernage algérienne pour les oiseaux migrateurs…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2004 [03 March] - G Durand & O Peyre


In French…


North Africa Birds


Other Links

Algerian Nuthatch Sitta ledanti


Text in french with some - very poor images

Algerian Nuthatch Sitta ledanti


Reasonable image



This checklist includes all bird species found in Algeria, based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years…

Les oiseaux d'Algerie


Annotated list [in french]

Ornithologie en Algérie


archived discussion of important birds in the country…



The area is of particular importance for wintering water birds, especially Anas penelope, A. strepera, Aythya ferina, A. fuligula and the globally threatened species Oxyura leucocephala…