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Republic of Djibouti

Black-chested Snake-eagle Circaetus pectoralis ©Ross Warner Website

Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. On the other side of the Red Sea, on the Arabian Peninsula, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coast of Djibouti, is Yemen. Djibouti's size is just over 23,000 km² with an estimated population of under 500,000. Its capital is the city of Djibouti.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 399


Number of endemics: 1

Ochre-breasted Francolin Pternistis ochropectus


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

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Useful Reading

Birds of the Horn of Africa

by Nigel Redman, Terry Stevenson & John Fanshawe - A&C Black 2009 - Paperback 496p

ISBN: 9781408157350

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of Western Africa: An Identification Guide

Nik Borrow and Ron Demey Series: CHRISTOPHER HELM IDENTIFICATION GUIDE SERIES 832 pages, 147 col plates, 1100 dist maps. Christopher Helm

ISBN: 0713639598

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Field Guide to the Birds of Western Africa

Nik Borrow and Ron Demey Series: HELM FIELD GUIDES 496 pages, 150 col plates, 1300 maps. Christopher Helm
See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 0713666927

Buy this book from NHBS.com


African Bird Club


Despite its small size, approximately 23,000 km2, and very limited amount of ornithological study, Djibouti boasts an impressive bird list, with 361 species identified to February 2001. The key to this variety is Djibouti’s location at the mouth of the African Rift Valley, the narrowest point along the Red Sea (the Bab el Mandeb straits) and close to the Arabian peninsula. The country therefore supports an interesting mix of African and Middle Eastern species and is on a major migration flyway for birds breeding in Eastern Europe, Russia and Western Asia and wintering in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2010 [09 September] - Nik Borrow - Djibouti & Somalia

Report PDF

…Warlords, pirates, chaos and lawlessness are all associated with Somalia. What isn’t always appreciated is that what was once British Somaliland has, since 1991, been the Republic of Somaliland, and this peaceful enclave doesn’t take kindly to being associated with the eastern half of the country’s descent into anarchy. The tiny country of Djibouti is also quite stable forming as it does an important port to the Horn of Africa at the narrowest part of the Red Sea and at the mouth of the Rift Valley…

2017 [04 April] - David Karr - La Forêt du Day

PDF Report

The primary purpose of the visit was to connect with country’s only endemic bird, the Djibouti Francolin, Pternistis ochropectus, listed as Critically Endangered and confined to two highly localized populations in small areas of montane habitat in the Forêt du Day and the Mabla Mountains at 700-1800m.* According to some surveys, the Francolin may number no more than approx. 600 pairs....

2017 [05 May] - David Karr

PDF Report

Annotated and illustrated list

Other Links

Djibouti Francolin Francolinus ochropectus


Species profile and conservation status etc…

The Fauna of Djibuti


In French