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Tunisian Republic

Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor ©Nigel Blake Website

Tunisia, officially the Tunisian Republic, is a country located in North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. It is the northernmost country on the African continent, and the smallest of the nations situated along the Atlas mountain range. Around forty percent of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil and a 1300 km coastline. Both played a prominent role in ancient times, first with the famous Phoenician city of Carthage, then as the Africa Province which became known as the bread basket of the Roman Empire, and then as the Maghreb region of various medieval Islamic states.

Tunisia ranks high among Arab and African nations in reports released by The World Economic Forum. In the 2008-2009 version, it is first in Africa and 36th globally for economic competitiveness, well ahead of Portugal, Italy and Greece. It currently lies at the penultimate stage of development: efficiency-driven economies.

Tunisia is a country situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Valley. It is bordered by Algeria in the west and Libya in the south-east. An abrupt southern turn of its shoreline gives Tunisia two faces on the Mediterranean.

Despite its relatively small size, Tunisia has great geographical and climactic diversity. The Dorsal, an extension of the Atlas Mountains, traverses Tunisia in a northeasterly direction from the Algerian border in the west to the Cape Bon peninsula. North of the Dorsal is the Tell, a region characterized by low, rolling hills and plains, although in the northwestern corner of Tunisia, the land reaches elevations of 1,050 meters. The Sahil is a plain along Tunisia's eastern Mediterranean coast famous for its olive monoculture. Inland from the Sahil, between the Dorsal and a range of hills south of Gafsa, are the Steppes. Much of the southern region is semi-arid and desert.

There is an International Migration Camp each year iat Cap Bon - It is organised by Association Les Amis des Oiseaux - it is be usually held at El Haouaria early May - full details available from MILADI Issam who is responsible for the International Migration Camp by post to Association les Amis des Oiseaux Cap-Bon, Avenue Habib BOURGUIBA 8045 El HAOUARIA Tel/Fax : 00216 72- 269200 E-mail: aao.capbon@gnet.tn



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 369


iGoTerra Checklist

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Useful Reading

Collins Pocket Guide: Birds of Britain and Europe with North Africa and the Middle East

Hermann Heinzel, Richard Fitter, John Parslow Paperback - 384 pages Reissued 2nd Ed (1995) Collins

ISBN: 0002198940

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Oiseaux de Tunisie / Birds of Tunisia

Paul Isenmann et al 432 pages, 200 col photos, 150 maps. Soci?t? d'Etudes Ornithologique 2005

ISBN: 2950654894

Buy this book from NHBS.com


African Bird Club


The variety of ecological zones means that Tunisia, despite its limited area, enjoys a relatively high level of biodiversity. About 393 species of bird have been recorded, 187 of them breeding. Most species are of Palearctic or desert origin. During the migration and wintering period, because of the large number and extent of its wetlands, Tunisia hosts a considerable number of waterbirds, including rare and threatened species…

Association ‘Les Amis des Oiseaux’


Immeuble CERES, 23 rue d’Espagne, 1000 Tunis. + 216 1 350875; aao.capbon@gnet.tn [Website cannot be viewed without 'Flash']

Association les Amis des Oiseaux Section cap Bon

Facebook Page

Création d'un Centre d'Education à l'Environnement L'Association les Amis des Oiseaux Section Cap Bon a été crée le 10 Avril 1993. Elle a essentiellement pour objectifs - La préservation des oiseaux et de leurs habitats - La sensibilisation en matière d'éducation à l'environnement et de protection de la nature - Promouvoir et aider à faire appliquer la loi en matière de protection de l'avifaune…


Abbreviations Key



Tunisia is a major area of concentration for migrants including soaring species like birds of prey, European White Stork Ciconia ciconia and Common Crane Grus grus. In spring they move northwards through the country, concentrating at El Haouaria at the tip of Cape Bon before continuing their 146 km journey across the Mediterranean to Italy. In this period up to 40,000 individuals of 23 species of raptor may be observed including threatened species such as Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus and Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni. In addition to this huge concentration, thousands of passerines cross Tunisia during the autumn and spring migrations and are observed in coastal areas and oases…

Ichkeul National Park


Satellite View

More than 185 species of bird have been recorded (Hollis et al, 1977, Morgan, 1982, Skinner et al, 1986; Bousquet, 1988)…

National Parks


With a view to preserving its ecological heritage, Tunisia has embarked on a voluntarist policy for the protection of its ecosystems and its biodiversity. Eight natural areas identified as priority zones have been established as national parks.

Guides & Tour Operators

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Birding Pals


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2008 [02 February] - Ernesto G. Occhiato


Here is a short account of my recent trip to Tunisia, as usual accompanied by my wife Dina. The itinerary we followed was biased by my interest in desert birds and the typical North African species (Moussier’s Redstart, Tristram’s Warbler and Levaillant’s Green Woodpecker) and so, a part from the Sebkhet Kelbia, which was dry, and the pools around Douz, we did not explore any of the known barrages, marshes or saltpans of Tunisia…

2012 [01 January] - Andrea Corso

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…Marbled Ducks, Ferruginous Ducks, Long-legged Buzzards, Bonelli's Eagles, Lanners, Barbary Partridges, Slender- billed Gulls, Caspian Terns, Laughing Doves, Pharaoh Eagle Owl, Short-eared Owl, Little Swifts, Bar-tailed Larks, Desert Larks, Greater Hoopoe Larks, Thekla Larks, Temminck's Larks, Richard's Pipit , Red-throated Pipits, African Reed Warblers, Tristram's Warblers, Moussier's Redstarts, White-crowned Black Wheatears, Black Wheatears, Maghreb Wheatears, Red-rumped Wheatears, Desert Wheatears, Southern / Desert Grey Shrikes, Brown-necked Ravens, Trumpeter Finches…

2012 [05 May] - Georges Olioso - El Feija NP (NW Tunisia)

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…We stayed in this region from 8 till 21 May, concentrating our activities on the complete reserve and, more additionally, the other forest parts of the national park. We also exploited the possibilities offered by the vacation center of Aïn Soltane which, although situated inside a forest, just outside the park, at the height about 850 m, presents an aspect of urban park with lawns (sometimes wet) and hedges of old poplars and cypress…

2013 [06 June] - Mark Graham


…Spent a week at the Riu El Mansour Mahdia from 26/5/2013 to 2/6/2013. Didn’t do any research beforehand. It was intended as a relaxing break with whatever birdwatching was on hand. I wasn’t expecting much but the birdwatching turned out to be excellent…

2015 [02 February] - Mark Beevers

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As all the tour participants had arrived the previous day, day one saw a change to the itinerary in that we were able to visit Carthage for the morning. Here we started off by visiting the museum in which there were many artefacts and models of how the area looked back in the day.


North Africa Birds