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A Note On Birding In Assam

Assam, the land of mystique blue hills and valleys interspersed by hundreds of rivers and wetlands serve as a rare refuge for diverse life forms. The rare biological diversity of this beautiful province of the Indian subcontinent results from the unique conjunction of four different Biomes (Sino-Himalayan Temperate Forest, Sino-Himalayan Subtropical Forest, Indo-Chinese Tropical Moist Forest and Indo-Gangetic Plain) in one place - Assam. This means that it harbours numerous endangered and endemic species of flora and fauna, which has made this little known area a Global Biodiversity Hotspot.

Assam is home to more than half of about 1200 varieties of avifauna recorded in the Indian subcontinent and also provides shelter to 3107 species of flowering plants, 192 species orchids, 185 species of reptiles, 190 species of mammals and hundreds of species of insects & butterflies.

Besides its widely visited protected areas, Bird life International has notified about 20 different Important Bird Areas in Assam and several others have already added to the proposed list.

Being associated with the GREEN GUARD (a non government organisation working in Assam for nature and natural resource conservation for more than a decade) I personally had the privilege to study birds in poorly known, and at times less-explored, areas of Assam. One such area is Deobali Jalah, (Jalah in Assamese stands for Wetland) which is a proposed Important Bird Area covering an area of around 15sq. km., and which lies between Latitude 26o15' N and longitude 92o32' E Nagaon district of Central Assam.

Studies undertaken so far in this particular area has enabled us to list as many as 109 species of birds including 10 types of Red Data Book species such as Asian Open bill Stork Anastomus oscitans, Lesser Adjutant Stork Leptotilos javanicus, Greater Adjutant Stork Leptotilos dubious, White Eyed or Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca, Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri, Red-necked or Red headed Falcon Falco chicquera, Swamp Francolin or Swamp Partridge Francolinus gularis, Manipur Bush Quail Perdicula manipurensis, Jerdon's Bushchat Saxicola jerdoni, Bristled Grass Warbler Chaetornis straitus. Fairly recently, Java Munia or Java Sparrow Lonchura oryzivora previously unrecorded from the Northeastern region of India, also has been sighted in the Deobali area.


Pranab J. Patar

Coordinator, GREEN GUARD-nature organisation

Morigaon - Assam


Number of Species

State Bird: White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

* Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering India as a whole - please see the main India page of Fatbirder

The Birds of Assam

Anwarddin Choudhury - 240 pages, col photos, illus, maps. The Rhino Foundation

ISBN: 8190086626

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

The seventeen restricted-range birds of Assam

Tawny-breasted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis longicaudatus
Blackish-breasted Babbler Sphenocichla humei
Snowy-throated Babbler Stachyris oglei
Striped Laughingthrush Garrulax virgatus
Brown-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax austeni
Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella
Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre
Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris
White-napped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri
Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii
Manipur Bush Quail Perdicula manipurensis No Recent Record.
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni
Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra


Abbreviations Key

Kaziranga National Park


Satellite View

Situated on the Brahmaputra River, the Kaziranga National Park covers an area of about 430 sq. km. Its swamps and grasslands with tall thickets of elephant grass and patches of evergreen forest, support the largest number of rhino in the subcontinent.

Kaziranga National Park


Satellite View

Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water…

Guides & Tour Operators

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Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Tragopan Tours

Tour Operator

Highlights: The Great and Little Rann, Asiatic Lion, Crab Plover and search for the Stoliczka’s Bushchat, White-naped Tit and Gray Hypocolius….

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2007 [12 December] - Nicolaas & Robert van Zalinge


The nine other top birds that we did see were: White-winged Wood Duck (2 in Nameri), Ibisbill (6 in Nameri), Ward’s Trogon (1 in Eaglenest), Bugun Liocichla (3 in Eaglenest), Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler (2 on the Mandala road), Wedge-billed Wren Babbler (2 in Eaglenest), Rufous-necked Hornbill (7 in Eaglenest), Fire-tailed Myzornis (2 on the Mandala road) and Beautiful Nuthatch (2 at Eaglenest). For one of us a pair of Black-breasted Parrotbills in Dibru-Saikhowa definitely rated as a topper…

2008 [02 February] - John van der Dol


Kaziranga, Nameri Tiger Reserve(Assam), Dirang and the Sangti Valley and Eagle’s Nest (Uranachal Pradesh) NE India…

2012 [11 November] - Mike Nelson - Bhutan & Assam

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…It was time for a scrumptious lunch at our base in Paro – the beautiful Ugyen Phendeyling Resort & Meditation Center. After lunch, a visit to the nearby river delivered a group of Rufous-breasted Accentors but the strong winds were not in our favor. We also enjoyed further views of Plumbeous and White-capped Water Redstarts – both common species that always impress. In the later afternoon it was time for another attempt at Ibisbill…

2013 [04 April] - Niels Poul Dreyer

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…Our trip to Arunachal Pradesh (mainly Eagle’s Nest) was a great success. The highlight for me was our sighting of Blyth’s Tragopan, which showed up in the dark forest like a fireball! It has always been a dream of mine to see a male Tragopan. For the Erards, it was also our sighting of the Himalayan Monal at Se-La Pass, plus many other species. It required a lot of effort to see those marvels after many failed attempts….

2013 [04 April] - James Eaton

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…At a large waterbody, up to 200 Temminck’s Stints were busy feeding on the muddy margins with a range of other waterbirds and an impressive Pallas’s Fish Eagle circled and flew just over our heads. In the skies Himalayan Griffons were floating by, with a few huge Greater Adjutants mixed in. The park now has a silly new rule, with only two hours allowed inside the ‘Western Range’, though we managed to stretch this by a further 30 minutes we could do no more…

2013 [05 May] - Craig Robson

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…A few Lesser Adjutants were also present for comparison, while a swirling mass of kites seemed to comprise mostly Black-eared, with lesser numbers of resident Black, and there were also three young Steppe Eagles. We headed off for Nameri along the southern route, taking lunch on the outskirts of Nagaon, before crossing the Brahmaputra River south of Tezpur. A birding stop by the Brahmaputra brought two Ferruginous Pochards, a single Eurasian Curlew, a Brown-headed Gull and a small group of Bank Mynas amongst many other birds…

2013 [05 May] - Erik Klop

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…At the outskirts of town we first visited the famous rubbish dump, where we saw several tens of Greater Adjutants as well as Lesser Adjutant, before we continued our long drive to Nameri Tiger Reserve. Driving through the plains of Assam produced roadside birds including Little Cormorant, Indian (Black-billed) Roller, White-throated Kingfisher, Yellow- footed Green Pigeon and Oriental Magpie-robin….

2013 [05 May] - Frank Lambert

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…Since we had missed Chestnut-backed Laughingthrush on our first visit to Digboi we returned there on our last morning, and after some time heard one singing. It could not be enticed into close proximity however, but eventually Simon spotted a pair of birds foraging on and near the ground on the other side of a deep ravine and most of us had good views….

2014 [04 April] - Hannu Jannes - Northeast frontier


…Some of the more memorable bird highlights of the tour included White-bellied Heron, Greater Adjutant, Jerdon’s Baza, Changeable, Mountain and Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagles, the critically endangered Slender-billed and White-backed Vultures, Pied Harrier, Pallas’s and Grey-headed Fish Eagles, Oriental Hobby, a heard only Sclater's Monal, Swamp Francolin, White-cheeked Partridge at its roost, Grey Peacock- Pheasant, Watercock, great views of a male Hodgson’s Frogmouth, memorable encounters with Dark- rumped Swifts, five species of hornbill including some really obliging Rufous-necked Hornbills, a lovely male Ward’s Trogon…

2015 [02 February] - David Stanton - North Bengal, Sikkim & Manas National Park

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...I had high expectations from this trip, especially with regards as to seeing Flycatchers, Thrushes and Laughing Thrushes. This was not to be. Numbers of birds however were very impressive, with feeding parties of over a hundred.

2015 [02 February] - Dion Hobcroft - Kaziranga National Park

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Our first day began with an early start, and before we could really wake up we found ourselves on the back of an elephant - and trunk to horn with our first Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros. We were definitely awake now. We also encountered good numbers of both Swamp and Hog deer and an excellent variety of grassland birds

2015 [04 April] - James Eaton - Mishmi Hills, Assam & Eaglenest

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This mammoth tour of the Eastern Himalaya lived up to everything it was set up to be –we recorded a total of 508 species (the biggest number on any of our tours to date), but as always in this region, it is quality, not quantity that impressed us most.

2015 [04 April] - Josh Engel - Bhutan and Kaziranga


In the modern world, it's difficult for a place to retain an air of mystery. Yet Bhutan, with its unclimbed peaks, rumors of yetis, revered monarchy, and vast forests is one such place. In birding terms, this means that virtually every tour makes an interesting discovery or two, while taking in the fascinating culture, beautiful scenery, tasty food, and of course the abundant and diverse birdlife

2015 [04 April] - Julian Thomas - Bhutan & Kaziranga


...Several additional bird species were seen around the lodge, the best being a superb adult male Montagu’s Harrier, with a supporting cast of Shikra, Hoopoe, Greater Coucal, Grey Francolin, Silverbill, Purple Sunbird, Common Kingfisher, Moorhen, Grey-crowned Sparrow larks and Rufous-tailed Larks, Lesser Whitethroat, Common Tailorbird, Blyth's Reed Warbler, Spotted Owlet, Indian Robin and Rosy Starlings.

2015 [04 April] - Oscar Campbell - Assam & Arunachal Pradesh

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Early April is a slightly in-between time to visit this area; many winter visitors have vacated the plains (including Ibisbill at Nameri) but a few summer visitors are yet to arrive in any numbers. Some key species at EagleNest, including Purple Cochoa and Begun Liocichla (for example) are vocal (sometimes) but not especially responsive compared to later in the month.

2015 [05 May] - Craig Robson - Eaglenest & Beyond

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...At Orang National Park our recent efforts really bore fruit this year, with the sighting of four rare and little known grassland species: Swamp Francolin, Bristled Grassbird, the mega-rare Indian Grassbird, and Slender-billed Babbler.

2015 [11 November] - Bhutan & Assam

PDF Report

We arrived on our short flight from Paro in Bhutan over the Himalayan foothills in a hot, humid, and grimy Guwahati...

2016 [12 December] - Tim & Carol Inskipp

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Illustrated checklist

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Bansbani Lodge Manas


Bansbani Lodge is near the entrance of Manas National Park, one of the top birding sites of Assam…

Chang Bungalows - Diburgarh


Accommodations in tea-plantation bungalows at Diburgarh, organise trips to good birding sites of Assam like Dibru-Saikhowa National Park which is important site for endangered birds like White-backed and Slender-billed Vultures, White-bellied Heron, Greater Adjutant, White-winged Wood Duck, Bengal Florican, etc, and for numerous other birds, Digboi, etc. Also, arranges trips to Arunachal sites.

Kaziranga National Park - Lodges


The Forest Lodges of the forest and wild life department are located at Baguri and Kohora. Of these lodges, Aranya has the maximum accommodation space available with Air-conditioned and non air-conditioned rooms available. These rooms are available with attached baths, private balconies, room service and an in house restaurant.

Wild Grass Resort - Kaziranga National Park


This is one of the top lodges at Kaziranga National Park with birding guides, library and other facilities. A good number of birds come into the property itself…




Assam is home of more than 800 species of birds; with sub-species the number will rise to 960 species! Among these birds 8 are listed as critically endangered, 9 as endangered and 29 as Vulnerable in the IUCN Redlist. An additional 31 species are listed in the Near Threatened category. Also, there are seventeen restricted-range birds found in Assam . This blog aim to provide information and photographs of all the endangered birds of Assam as well as exchange ideas on their conservation related issues. 'Assambirds' is created by Mithu Das in August 2011. Mithu loves bird…. He Lives in Golaghat, Assam (India)…

Other Links

Assam Birds


The Critically Endangered and Endangered Birds of Assam…

Bengal Birds


Bengalbirds is an initiative made by some amateur birders who aims to guide common people to identify local birds, know about different types and helps to understand bird conservation…

National Parks of Assam


Map of all sanctuaries…