Sandwiched between the lofty green-shrouded Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea lies Kerala, the quiet mystic - Gods Own Country. Kerala is well endowed with avifauna as nearly 500 species of resident and migratory birds abound in this area. Lush green tropical forests, numerous freshwater and brackish lakes and waterlogged paddy fields form the major birding habitats of this region. Since the time when Prof:K.K.Neelakantan first mesmerised a wide audience with his entertaining books in Malayalam; birdwatching has caught the public imagination. The new Kerala mailing list is the result of growing interest in birding and provides a digital habitat for birders of Kerala.
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Kumarakom is a large backwater lagoon. While moving around the lagoon, you are likely to see White-breasted Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Small Blue Kingfisher, Little Cormorant, White-breasted Waterhen, Black Bittern, Chestnut Bitten, Little Egret, Cattle Egret and Median Egrets. You may also see Great Cormorants, Open-billed Storks, Grey Herons, Yellow Bitterns, White Ibis, Cotton Teal, Pheasant-tailed Jacanas, Koras, Black-caped Kingfishers, Ruddy Crakes, Gull-billed Terns and Shikras.
Periyar Tiger Reserve
Parambikulam - Periyar is well located as a centre for seeing most of these ornithological specialties of the Western Ghats, as well as large numbers of other resident hill species and migrants. It is also one of the best-managed Tiger Reserves in the country and is home to large herds of elephants, bison, bears, leopards and tigers. Its attraction for birdwatchers is enhanced by the proximity of low-lying plains on three sides. There is considerable local migration of lowland species, often in the drier weather, up into the foothills, and several interesting examples of ecological counterparts in pairs of wet zone and dry zone species can be found, e.g. the Barbets. This is particularly noticeable at Thekkady, conveniently sited near the top of a steep 450m/1500ft ghat above the dry Tamil Nadu plain. In deciduous forest around Thekkady the commonest species in mixed foraging flocks are, in descending order Racket-tailed Drongo, Scarlet Minivet, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Bronzed Drongo, Grey Tit, Golden-backed Woodpeckers, White-bellied Treepie, Jungle Babbler, Indian Rufus Treepie, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Large Wood Shrike, Ashy Drongo, Small Minivet, Gold-fronted Leafbird, Small Green Barbet and a variety of Flowerpeckers. Other common birds include Orioles, Fairy Bluebird, Leaf Warbler, Flycatchers and Quaker Babbler. Almost all species recorded in the sanctuary can be seen at one time or another in the Tourist Zone, although it is necessary to climb to the grassy hilltops find some, such as Brown Pipit and Pied Bush Chat.
Silent Valley National Park
The Silent Valley National Park is a unique preserve of natural rainforests. Within an area of 237. 52 Sq.km, it houses a rich mosaic of varied habitats. Out of these springs the amazing variety of life forms some of them endemic to the Western Ghats.
If one makes a birding trip to Kerala try not to miss out on Thattekkad - the only tropical bird sanctuary in India. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, also known as Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, is 12 km NE of Kothamangalam in Ernakulam District, Kerala state, about 50 km east of Kochi. This is the prime birding destination in South India. Specialties here include Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl, Ceylon Frogmouth, Red Spurfowl, Bay Owl, Rufous Babbler, Blue-faced Malkoha, Brown-breasted, White-bellied Blue-tailed and Rusty-tailed Flycatchers, Grey-headed Bulbul and Wynad Laughing Thrush. Moreover, Thattekkad is ideal for seeing a good number of the 16 endemics of the Western Ghats. The more difficult birds are Wynad Laughing Thrush and Grey-headed Bulbul. Proceed to Orullathany, at one end of the reserve, for the Bulbul and Laughing Thrush. Also visit Edamalayar Power Plant land and the South side of the river for the owls, Streak-throated Woodpecker and Yellow-billed Babbler. Other notable species likely to be seen within the Reserve are Red Spurfowl, Ceylon Frogmouth, Blue-faced Malkoha, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Malabar Grey Hornbill, White-bellied and Heart-spotted Woodpeckers, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher, White-bellied Treepie and Black-throated Munia.
Thrissur Kole Wetlands
Kole Wetlands are a winter wildfowl area of international importance. The Kol lands (marshlands & open paddy fields) surrounding the town of Thrissur and are famed for birding. The traditional farming lands of Central Kerala grow rice, coconuts and other spices. Here Red Avadavat, Streaked Weaver, Clamorous Reed Warbler, Malabar Lark, abound as do many water birds.
Wayanad Wildlife Santuary
Established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is contiguous to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the northeast and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu on the southeast. Rich in bio diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve , which has been established with the specific objective of conserving the biological heritage of the region. The sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna. The management lays emphasis on scientific conservation with due consideration for the general lifestyle of the tribals and others who live in and around the forest. Elephant, spotted deer. Bison, tiger, cheetah, wild bear etc. can be spotted here. Elephant rides are arranged by the Forest department.
Moderator - Keralabirder
Number of Species
State Bird: Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
Number of endemics: 16 Western Ghats Endemics
Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Malabar Parakeet, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Treepie, Grey-headed Bulbul, Wynad Laughing Thrush, Black & Orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Flycatcher, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher, Nilgiri Pipit, Crimson-backed Sunbird, Nilgiri Laughing Thrush, White-bellied Shortwing, Broad-tailed Grassbird, Grey-breasted Laughing Thrush
Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web
* Field Guides & Bird Song
For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering India as a whole - please see the main India page of Fatbirder
A Book of Kerala Birds
Edited by KK Neelakantan, C Sashikumar and R Venugopalan 146 pages, col plates [identifying 28 birds], b/w illus [for 12 more], map. WWF India
ISBN: 35080Buy this book from NHBS.com
Bird Sounds of Goa and South India
Hannu Jannes, WildSounds
ISBN: 156613Buy this book from NHBS.com
Eravikulam National Park
In the forested high ranges of the south Indian state of Kerala is a valley watered by three rivers. The mountains that hunch out of the valley are covered in manicured slopes of tea. This is the Eravikulam National Park, known for the Nilgiri Tahr, a goat in dire need of the dedicated protection given by the State Forest Department and the company which owns the tea estates in Munnar. This is a good stop-over for wildlifers entering Kerala from Ooty and going toward the Periyar National Park.
Pampadum Shola National Park
Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India…
Periyar National Park
The birds include darter, cormorant, grey heron, ibis, great malabar hornbill and grey hornbill, kingfishers, ospreys and kites as well as orioles, hill mynas, racket tailed drongos, parakeets, including the unusual blue winged paraket and flycatchers.
Periyar National Park
Due to the abundant water bodies located all over the park, Periyar National Park is nothing short of a haven for bird life. Predominant among them are: Darters, Cormorants, Ospreys, Kingfishers, Racket Tailed Drongos, fish owls, Kites, Great Hornbills, Gray Hornbills, Hill Mynahs, Grey Herons, White Egrets and Orioles. There are over 200 bird species that have been in recorded in Periyar National Park.
Periyar Tiger Reserve
The forests of Periyar can be divided into four categories. The open grasslands are home to the Elephants, the Bison and herds of deer. The moist deciduous forest is dominated by trees like Terminalia and Teak which shed their leaves seasonally. The semi-evergreen forest occurs along wet stream areas and is often adjacent to the tropical evergreen forest. Lastly, the Sholas or tropical evergreen jungle which is typical of the entire western Ghats in the state, abounds in this Reserve.
Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary - Thattekad
On the western side of the Indian subcontinent is the rainward side of the western ghats, a lush green part of the country watered by every passing cloud. Here lies the quiet but beautiful Kerala, haven for a wide variety of exotic flora and fauna. Thattekad, on the banks of the river Periyar, is a dense monsoon forest, not very far from the port town of Cochin. Salim Ali described it as the birder`s paradise. A plantation forest with teak, mahogany and fruit-bearing trees along with the natural wild tropical deciduous vegetation, it is home to nearly 350 species of birds, most notably the Malabar grey hornbill. Other exotic birds are the Ceylon frogmouth, Malabar trogon, White-bellied treepie and Heart-spotted woodpecker. Elephants also live here, happy with the easily accessible ponds on the side of the river. It is now protected as the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary.
Forums & Mailing Lists
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A Discussion Forum for Birdwatchers of Kerala. In trend with the growing interest in birds and birdwatching in Kerala, we have set up an e-group for such people to interact and gather remotely through the fast facility of electronic access. This mailing list has been set up with the following interests in mind. Praveen J - Moderator
Guides & Tour Operators
All India Birding Tours
Your Birding itinerary depends upon your interests, the duration of the planned trip, and other matters such as your budget…
Anytime Tours - 13-Days Birding the Western Ghats & South India
This tour focuses on the endemic birds of the Western Ghats and South India. There is a good chance of picking up most of the endemic bird species associated with the Western Ghats. Species include White-bellied Treepie, Crimson-backed Sunbird, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Malabar Parakeet, Nilgiri Woodpigeon and Nilgiri Flycatcher, Ceylon Frogmouth, Malabar Trogon and Indian Pitta…
Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…
Birds of Kerala
A Complete Guide to Birding in Kerala, India. Kerala has abundance of forests, wetlands and a long coastline – making it rich in avifauna and hence a very rich destination for birding enthusiasts. This land is home to more than five hundred species of birds – some of them found nowhere else in the world. According to Birdlife International, it is also one of eight centers of endemism in the Indian sub continent.
Eldhose Bird Tours
Eldhose Bird Tours arranges Birding Expeditons to Kerala and other bird-rich areas of South India- Tamilnadu & Karnataka. We want all of our clients to share in the excitement and fun of a top-notch birding adventure, and we want to provide the best service possible to both our tour participants and our independent travel clients…
Ficus Wildlife and Natural History Tour
We organize natural history tours in south India and specialize in tours to the Western Ghats of south India, a mountainous eco-region, which are considered as a global biodiversity hotspot. We offer custom made itineraries to individuals and groups with specific interests on birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians as well for those with a broad interest in the natural history of the region…
Nature & Wild Life Team
We are passionate about birding, conservation and sharing India's natural history with others by organising outstanding, affordable and responsible wildlife experiences. Our tours are thoroughly researched, meticulously planned, and continually refined using our own inputs from the field, while the fact that we are a small company contributes to the affordability of the prices we pass on to our clients.
Sinclairs Bird Watching
Hotel Sinclairs offers three exotic destinations for bird lovers, namely Dooars, Portblair and Ooty. A pursuit for families, groups and individuals, birdwatching is becoming increasingly popular today. Birding is easy and inexpensive, requiring minimal equipment, skill and physical fitness. With their diverse habitats and hospitable climate, it is easy to see why the three destinations among the best for birdwatching in the Indian sub-continent…
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2010 [02 February] - Ficus - Pampadum Shola National Park
…At dawn, on a freezing morning, a brief period of quiet is quickly transformed by bird calls soon as the sunlight hit the tree tops. The foggy, dark forest had suddenly come alive. We walk along the main road on a typically productive morning. Mixed hunting parties of Scarlet Minivets, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Grey-headed Canary Flycatchers and Oriental Whiteeyes are particularly active in the warmth of the morning sun…
2010 [11 November] - Oscar Campbell
Other notable species included: Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Black Eagle, Black Baza (all by scanning the hills of the sanctuary), Green Imperial Pigeon, Emerald Dove, Vernal Hanging-Parrot (common), Plum-headed Parakeet, Great Eared Nightjar (scan open areas at dusk), Jungle Owlet seen very well (rufous-toned malabaricum race), Indian Swiftlet, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Asian Fairy Bluebird and (Lesser) Hill Myna…
2011 [03 March] - Ravi Kailas - South India Endemics
Our primary focus at Thattekad was birdwatching in the lowland evergreen, riverine and plantation forests around here. Highlight birds from here were Malabar Trogon, Crested Goshawk, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Dollar Bird, Sri Lanka Frogmouth, Black-naped Oriole, Jerdon’s Nightjar, Brown Fish Owl, Collared Scops Owl, Heart-spotted Woodpecker, Lesser Yellow-nape Woodpecker, Puff-throated Babbler, Malabar Grey Hornbill and Large-hawk Cuckoo. White-bellied Treepie were conspicuous by their absence - normally quite noisy and common here…
2013 [01 January] - David Bridges
…We arrived at Olivebrook Resort around midday. After lunch, we walked through the forest behind Olivebrook to Grassvena, an area of grassland then on to the hilltop (Pothamedu), birds seen included Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Nilgiri Flowerpecker, Kerala Laughingthrush, Common Rosefinch, Dusky Crag Martin, Pallid Harrier and Tickell’s Leaf Warbler….
2014 [02 February] - Bo Beolens
Places to Stay
CAG Pride - Coimbatore
…The CAG Pride has 71 centrally air-conditioned, full service rooms, located in the heart of the Coimbatore city…
Welcome to Hornbill Camp. Prepare for the Ultimate Eco- Adventure and enjoy the most pristine jungle, as natural as it gets! Let your stay at this camp be one with nature as you discover the joys of birding in a lowland tropical forest. With over 275 species in such a small area, most of them endemics, Thattekkad offers a rare view into the world of birding in Kerala. The Hornbill Camp has been specifically planned to make you get the most out of your short stay here at Thattekkad.
Kerala Tourism Development Corporation
Sprawling mansions set in lovely locales-exotic islands, luxuriant game reserves…on hill sides, by beaches, backwaters. That this description fits most of our hotels is not the only thing that makes one an ideal pick for a tourist. The largest hotel chain in Kerala has much much more to offer.
Lotus - Kochi Airport
Lotus8 A’part Hotel, lies close to Kochi, the Queen of the Arabian Sea and the commercial hub of Kerala, the southernmost state of India…
Olive Brook Resort - Munnar
Olive Brook, a unique, rustic Elettaria Cardamom Plantation Theme Resort, is one of the most desirable places to stay for tourists in Munnar. Embodying the veritable essence of the acclaimed traditional Kerala hospitality, Olive Brook pays meticulous attention to the minutest details to ensure your stay is a perfectly indelible one… Fatbirder Recommended
Our Land Resort
OurLand is an island resort situated on the backwaters of Kerala just 14 kilometres south of Alappuzha in Kuttanad area known as the 'rice bowl of Kerala' due to its wealth of paddy crops.,,
Palamattom Farm House
The Palamattom Farm House is situated within serene Palamattom plantations. The gently uindulating land overlooks the Thattekkad Sanctuary and is bordered by the Anamudi Hills on the side of the Periyar River on the other…
A perfect base to get close to the wild - Located on the banks of the Periyar Lake, Periyar House is a budget jungle lodge, which offers a vantage point for visitors to get close to the wildlife in Thekkady. It is inside the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. For a budget traveller who wish to stay in a wildlife sanctuary this is the best option here.
Periyar River Lodge
The Periyar River Lodge adjoins the Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in Kerala, which currently attracts lot of ardent birders. We also have an accomplished bird guide who takes the guests for birding trips from the Lodge…
Quiet, restful. A cozy little place, tucked away in the hills of Munnar. A hideout, if you like, from everyday life. For restful weeks or relaxed weekends…
Soma Birds Lagoon Resort
Soma Birds Lagoon Resort presents you a perfect harmony of Ayurveda, Yoga and Nature. Doing Yoga in the serene environs under expert guidance by the backwaters helps elevate the mind to a different realm…
Tharavadu Heritage Home
Ours is a 120 year old Christian Banglow at Kumarakom, the backwater tourist village in Kerala in India. Ours is an Eco Friendly property located by the side of a River and close to the lake. We provide homely stay, boat cruise, ayurveda body massaging etc. etc. for Tourists…
Birds of Kerala
This blog is dedicated to all the photography enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. This is an archive for the birds of Kerala. Most of the photos are only at a quality of reference. I am trying my best to capture the beauty of the birds. At the end I like to publish the contents to a book…
Birds in Thattekkadu
Thattekkadu is located in Cochin district at kerala and is the one of the best Birdwatching hot spots in kerala…
Photographers & Artists
Photographer - Praveen P Mohandas
Really stunning images from an award winning photographer…