Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its provincial capital is Palangkaraya.
The province has a population of 1.9 million (As of 2007 census). The population grew 2.7% annually between 1990 and 2000, one of the highest provincial growth rates in Indonesia during that time. Far more than other province in the region, Central Kalimantan is dominated by the Dayaks, the indigenous inhabitants of Borneo.
Central Kalimantan is the 3rd largest Indonesian province by area with a size of 153,800 km2, about 1.5 times the size of the island of Java. It is bordered by West and East Kalimantan provinces to the north, by the Java Sea to the south, by South and East Kalimantan provinces to the east, and by West Kalimantan province to west.
The Schwaner Mountains stretch from the north-east of the province to the south-west, 80% of which is covered in dense forest, peatland swamps, mangroves, rivers, and traditional agriculture land. Highland areas in the north-east are remote and not easily accessible. Non-volcanic mounts are scattered in this area including Kengkabang, Samiajang, Liang Pahang and Ulu Gedang.
The centre of the province is covered with tropical forest, which produces rattan, resin and valuable timber such as Ulin and Meranti. The southern lowlands are dominated by peatland swamps that intersect with many rivers. Sebangau is a protected peatland area internationally acknowledged as sanctuary for the endangered Orangutan. Recently the peat swamp forests have been damaged by the Mega Rice Project, which unsuccessfully sought to turn large areas into rice paddies.
Central Kalimantan has numerous rivers from the catchment areas to the north in the Schwaner Mountains, flowing to the Java Sea.
The province's climate is wet weather equatorial zone with an eight-month rainy season, and 4 months of dry season. Rainfall or precipitation is 2,776 - 3,393 mm per year with an average of 145 rainy days annually.
Birds of Borneo
By Susan Myers| Christopher Helm | Paperback | March 2016 | 336 Pages | many Colour Plates and Distribution Maps | Edition 2 | I
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ISBN: 9781472924445Buy this book from NHBS.com
The Birds of Borneo
Bertram E Smythies and Geoffrey WH Davison 853 pages, 47 col plates, 4 b/w plates, 1 map. Natural History Publications 1999
ISBN: 9838120286Buy this book from NHBS.com
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Birding in Kalimantan – Burung-Nusantara / Birds-Indonesia
Information about birding sites in Kalimantan, including key species, maps, access, local guides and resources. Kalimantan is massive, making up by far the biggest proportion of the island of Borneo. It is rarely visited by birders, however, many of whom prefer the easier birding of Sabah and Sarawak. For those interested to give Kalimantan a go you’ll certainly avoid the crowds, and several of the Bornean endemic species are much easier to be found here. Browse sites from the map or the table. Each site page will show links to birding trip reports, guides and other content that is relevant. Help us keep this information up to date by posting your experiences back here as comments…