Republic of Tajikistan
Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and People's Republic of China to the east. Tajikistan also lies adjacent to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. Most of Tajikistan's population belongs to the Tajik ethnic group, who share culture and history with the Iranian peoples and speak the Persian language (officially referred to as Tajiki in Tajikistan). Once part of the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR).
After independence, Tajikistan suffered from a devastating civil war (1992-1997). Since the end of the war, newly-established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow. Trade in commodities such as cotton and aluminium wire has contributed greatly to this steady improvement, but lack of natural resources (besides hydroelectric power and its strategic location) has hampered its economic recovery.
Tajikistan is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than fifty percent of the country is over 3,000 meters (approx. 10,000 ft) above sea level. The only major areas of lower land are in the north (part of the Fergana Valley), and in the southern Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys, which form the Amu Darya. Dushanbe is located on the southern slopes above the Kofarnihon valley.
The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan, and the glaciers in Tajikistan's mountains are the major source of runoff for the Aral Sea. There are over 900 rivers in Tajikistan longer than 10 kilometers. About 1% of the country's area is covered by lakes.
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Number of Species
Number of bird species: 353
(As at August 2018)
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Birds of Central Asia
(Birds of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan) | By Raffael Ayé, Manuel Schweizer & Tobias Roth, Arend Wassink, Dave Nurney , Per Alström, Adam Bowley, Carl D'Silva, Kim Franklin, John Gale, Alan Harris, Ren Hathway, Christopher Schmidt, Brian Small, Jan Wilczur, Tim Worfolk & MartWoodcock | Christopher Helm | 2012 | Paperback | 336 pages | 141 plates with colour illustrations | 14 colour photos | 5 black & white illustrations | 3 colour maps | colour distribution maps |
ISBN: 9780713670387Buy this book from NHBS.com
It stretches about 2,6 mill.ha which is 18% of the total size of Tajikistan. It includes parts of the Pamir Mountains .In 2001 its area was increased to 2.6 million hectares by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. Species known to live in the national park include the brown bear, snow leopard, wolves, markhor, Marco Polo sheep, brown-headed gulls and bar-headed geese.
NR & IBA Zorkul
As well as for bar-headed geese, with up to 125 breeding pairs using the site, the reserve was classified as an IBA because it supports significant numbers of the populations of several other bird species, either as residents, or as overwintering, breeding or passage migrants. These include Tibetan snowcocks, Himalayan snowcocks, ruddy shelducks, saker falcons, Himalayan vultures, lesser sand plovers, brown-headed gulls, yellow-billed choughs, Hume's larks, white-winged redstarts, white-winged snowfinches, rufous-streaked accentors, brown accentors, black-headed mountain-finches, Caucasian great rosefinches and red-fronted rosefinches.
NR Tigrovaya Balka
Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve is in Tajikistan close to the Afghan border where the Vakhsh River and the Panj River join to form the Amu Darya. The reserve stretches over 40 km from the southwest to the northeast. Birds include include red-crested pochard, pygmy cormorants, saker falcons, common coots, common cranes, pale-backed pigeons, pallid scops-owls, Egyptian nightjars, white-winged woodpeckers, brown-necked ravens, great tits, desert larks, streaked scrub-warblers, Sykes's warblers, Asian desert warblers, saxaul sparrows and desert finches.
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2015 [09 September] - Florian Klingel - Fann Mountains
I was in Northern Tajikistan for work and did a short birding trip to the Fann mountains, which is a beautiful mountain range roughly half way between Khujand and Dushanbe. There is basically zero information available on birding in Tajikistan. I choose the location of the Kuli Kalon lakes in the Fanns because it was possible to arrange a trip there, because it promised to be a beautiful location even without birds, and because Raffael Ayé, one of the authors of the region’s field guide, mentioned this a possibly interesting site.
2018 [06 Jume] - Florian Klingel
I have been coming to Tajikistan for wor k about once per year since 2015, and I usually have added a weekend for birding. In the following I want to document briefly where I went and what I found. The possibilities in Tajikistan are endless, while my total birding time in Tajikistan summed up is not more than 10 days and I only visited a handful of locations. So , this report is certainly not the definitive birding guide to Tajikistan, but perhaps a helpful start for anyone with a n interest in birds planning to visit the country.
Santa Barbaras Bird Area software programme lists 292 species of birds in Tajikistan; The Fat Birder website says there are 343 and the National Strategy on Conservation states that resident birds include 82 species, nesters - 150, migratory - 108, wintering - 80, birds of passage - 21, as well as over 20 species of ducks and sandpipers. 37 endangered species are listed in The Red Data Book of Tajikistan.