The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe and a member state of the European Union. The country borders on Poland to the northeast, Germany to the west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east. The capital and largest city is Prague. The country is composed of the historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia, as well as parts of Silesia.
The Czech landscape is quite varied. Bohemia to the west consists of a basin drained by the Elbe (Czech: Labe) and the Vltava (or Moldau) rivers, and surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Krkonoše range of the Sudetes. The highest point in the country, Sněžka, at 1,602 m (5,262 ft), is located here. Moravia, the eastern part of the country, is also quite hilly. It is drained mainly by the Morava River, but it also contains the source of the Oder (Czech: Odra) River. Water from the landlocked Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. The Czech Republic also leases the Moldauhafen, a 30,000-square-metre (7.4-acre) lot in the middle of the Hamburg Docks, which was awarded to Czechoslovakia by Article 363 of the Treaty of Versailles to allow the landlocked country a place where goods transported down river could be transferred to seagoing ships. The territory reverts to Germany in 2028.
Phytogeographically, the Czech Republic belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of the Czech Republic can be subdivided into four ecoregions: the Central European mixed forests, Pannonian mixed forests, Western European broadleaf forests and Carpathian montane conifer forests.
Weather and climate
The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy winters, usually with snow. Most rain falls during the summer. The temperature difference between summers and winters is relatively high due to the landlocked geographical position.
Within the Czech Republic, temperatures vary greatly depending on the elevation. In general, at higher altitudes the temperatures decrease and precipitation increases. Another important factor is the distribution of the mountains. Therefore the climate is quite varied.
At the highest peak (Sněžka, 1,602 m/5,260 ft) the average temperature is only −0.4 °C (31 °F), whereas in the lowlands of South Moravia, the average temperature is as high as 10 °C (50 °F). The country's capital Prague has a similar average temperature, although this is influenced by urban factors.
The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. During these months there is usually snow in the mountains and sometimes in the major cities and lowlands. During March, April and May, the temperature usually increases rapidly, and especially during April the temperature and weather tends to vary widely during the day. Spring is also characterized by high water levels in the rivers due to melting snow, with occasional floods.
The warmest month of the year is July, followed by August and June. On average, summer temperatures are about 20 Celsius or 36 Fahrenheit degrees higher than during winter. Especially in the last decade, temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) are not unusual. Summer is also characterized by rain and storms.
Autumn generally begins in September, which is still relatively warm, but much drier. During October, temperatures usually fall below 15° or 10°C (59° or 50°F) and deciduous trees begin to shed their leaves. By the end of November, temperatures usually range around the freezing point.
Compared to most European metropolitan areas Prague is quite green with abandoned slopes and a large variety of biotopes that can be hardly found in other towns. Perhaps as a result of hunting in the past rural areas have virtually no crows and none are breeding (zero pairs!) in Prague (500 km2). What a difference in comparison with cities abroad. However, the population of magpies is dramatically increasing in the last 3-5 years. On the other hand I estimate about 250 pairs of kestrels that breed mainly in the central area. Kestrels may not be surprising, but what about 100 pairs of sparrowhawks breeding in this area (70-90 pairs in the central 220 km2). Many people visit Prague because you can close observe nests of sparrowhawks that are quite unafraid of man. Peregrines have unfortunately disappeared from Prague, but in the parks buzzards are breeding more and more toward the city centre. During breeding they hunt in parks being hidden under canopy. We know this because some of them are equipped with radio transmitters. Also one or two eagle owls are breeding within the city limits of Greater Prague.
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Number of Species
Number of bird species: 412
Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web
Birds of the Czech Republic
Joseph Kren Hardcover - 272 pages (30 September, 2000) Christopher Helm
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ISBN: 0713647841Buy this book from NHBS.com
Where To Watch Birds In Eastern Europe
Gerard Gorman, 1994 (Hamlyn)
Guides & Tour Operators
Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…
We have been organizing the birdwatching tours since 1991. We work for leading UK and world`s birding tour operators and various associations. We have three main criteria in designing the BW holidays : Professional competence and personality of expert group leaders and the local ornithologist Choice of the most interesting sites Smooth organization and a comfortable environment to ensure customer enjoyment and commercial success. E-mail us for a detailed itinerary and birdlists! email@example.com
The Czech Republic is a fine, but surprisingly overlooked, birding destination. All ten species of European woodpecker are possible on a week-long tour in the Czech Republic: Grey-headed, Green, Black, Great Spotted, Syrian, Middle Spotted, White-backed, Lesser Spotted and Three-toed Woodpeckers and Wryneck…
Rockjumper Birding Tours
A brief foray into the Czech Republic forms part of our Central & Eastern Europe tour, which also explores the prime birding areas in Hungary, Austria and Slovakia.
Pygmy and Tengmalm`s Owls, Common Rosefinch, Nightingale, Golden Oriole, and River and Marsh Warblers…
In these areas we`ll be entertained by pipes, pianos and folk ensembles rather than grand opera, but the most memorable music to our ears will likely be the calls of White-tailed Eagle, Pygmy and Tengmalm`s Owls, and White-backed and Three-toed Woodpeckers…
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2009 [04 April] - Dave Read & Andy Shooter
…A very pleasant walk through the park provided us with many good sightings including Wryneck, Night Heron, White Stork, Collared Flycatcher and Sparrowhawk, although the highlight for many was a male Grey-headed Woodpecker…
2013 [03 March] - Stefan Stürup - Olomouc
…All three parks are easy accessible, the landscape is open with many old trees, there is a small lake in Smetanovy Sady and a stream runs through Bezrukovy Sady…
BirdLife Czech Republic
Ceska spolecnost ornitologicka je dobrovolne zajmove sdruzeni profesionalu i amateru, zabyvajicich se vyzkumem a ochranou ptaku, zajemcu o pozorovani ptaku a milovniku prirody…
Czech Society for Ornithology - Èeská Spoleènost Ornitologická
Èeská spoleènost ornitologická, Hornomecholupska 34, CZ102 00 Praha 10. +42 2 78 66700; firstname.lastname@example.org English version at: http://www.cso.cz/index.php?a=cat.53&basket=8f542bc830af4ed60f860cb056d6f7bb
Czech Rarities Committee
Czech Rarities Committee was established by Czech Ornithological Society in 1989. Includes a Checklist of the birds of the Czech republic as well as latest decisions on rarities etc.
Jihocesky Ornitologicky klub
Stranky Jihocesky Ornithology club…
Kuksovská Ornithological Society
Kuksovská Ornithological Society (abbr. KOS, respectively. KOSbird) is the name for the independent company (not officially registered anywhere), consisting of enthusiasts for ornithology, respectively. called. birdwatching. Founded in early 2015, its founder is Michael Stanek. Area of focus partly on Nachod district, but especially Trutnovsko, around the village of Kuks (ie. The village as such. Stipulating Kašov, Žireč, Choustníkovo Hradiste Vlčkovice in the foothills, Slotov, Brod nad Labem, Heřmanice, Krabčice etc.). Observations also underway to distant locations, eg. On the MV Delight and other locations around Nove Mesto nad Metuji, Hradec Kralove, etc.
Moravian Ornithological Society
Co zde mùžete najít: Zajímáte se o ornitologii a ochranu ptactva? Nezáleží na tom, jste-li profesionální ornitolog, zapálený birdwatcher nebo jednoduše milovník pøírodních krás - na internetových stránkách MOS se dozvíte vše, co chcete vìdìt. Mimo informací o naší spoleènosti zde získáte také pøehled o aktuálních problémech, zajímavostech a možnostech v souèasné ornitologii a birdwatchingu u nás i v zahranièí… …Are you interested in ornithology and protection of birds? No matter if you are a professional ornithologist or enthusiastic birdwatcher or, simply said, somebody who likes beauties of nature. MOS web pages bring you all what you want to know. Besides pieces of information about our society you gain a survey about topical problems, interesting news and possibilities of today’s ornithology and birdwatching in the Czech Republic and abroad…
Pøi letním putování v okolí Daèic jsme na polní cestì mezi lány obilí zaèali poèítat ?uhýky obecné. Asi na 1,5 km úvozové cesty s roztroušenými pøevážnì trnkovými keøi jsme zaznamenali 5 párù. Nebylo to pøíliš obtížné, protože ?uhýci, jak je pro nì typické, vìtšinou posedávali na vrcholcích keøù a silnìjších bylin a byli tedy dobøe viditelní. Pøi vyrušení odlétali postupnì dále po cestì a potom se obloukem vraceli na pùvodní místo (ke hnízdu s mláïaty).
Ornithological Club Holysov
Birds, bird protection and birding in southwestern Bohemia (Czech Republic)... see also: http://www.facebook.com/HolysovskyOrnitologickyKlub
Czech Society for Ornithology - branch east
Animal Rescue Centre - Makov
Every year lots of injured, ill, ground-down, immature or in other ways handicapped animals come to people's hands. To help these animals in 1993 the Rescue station for animals Makov has been established… (special projects for kingfishers, storks and raptors).
Biosphere Reserves in the Czech Republic
Map with notes on several reserves…
The Czech Republic presently has 10 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 41,861 hectares.
Forums & Mailing Lists
Czech on-line birding community - Website with a forum, blogs and a photogallery dedicated to Czech birders…
Birds of the Czech Republic
The Birds of the Czech Republic is the first-ever book on avifauna of the country written in English. Also has an up to date check list (also in English) and a list of journals etc.
Czech Republic birding from Jan Haber…
Black Storks on line
In the project, African Odyssey, we follow the life and long journeys of Black Storks (Ciconia nigra); with participation of the Czech Radio 2 - PRAGUE and its listeners…
Checklist of Birds of the Czech republic
The checklist of birds of the Czech Republic: 401 species (in categories A, B or C), 222 species nested, 186 species regularly nesting at the last 15 years, 8 irregularly and next 24 species nested only accidentaly or rare. 133 species regularly occurred at winter, another 53 irregularly…
Background reading on birds and birding in the Czech Republic…
History of bird ringing in the Czech Republic
Ringing of birds using aluminium rings was first applied by H.C. Mortensen, a Danish professor, in 1899…
Announcing as of September 2000 we will have an internet website about nature and the environment, in and around the town of Nepomuk. This town is situated in southwest Bohemia in the district of Pilsen-south. Now is ready English version of website about birds in this area. In the future, it will be in English and German all. (websites about mammals, plants, mushrooms, insect, fishes, snakes…in around Nepomuk. Visit the Nepomuk bird observatory at these websites.
Ornithological Page - Lubomir Peske
Zoologist LUBOMIR PESKE offers you updates about his research and development works and some technical details for discussion about reintroduction programs, radio-telemetry, tagging and capturing the birds and other issues…
Photographers & Artists
Pictures of birds, mammals and nature…
Gallery - PhotoTrip
Bird and nature photo gallery (photobank)…
Photographer - Alex Auer
Birds and Nature Photo Gallery…
Photographer - Ivan Miksik - NatureBlink
Nature, wildlife and travel photos…
Photographer - Jan Veber's Photobank
Photos of birds, mammals and nature…
Photographer - Jirí Bartos Wildlife Photography
Here you will find photos of birds taken from the wild mostly around Ústí nad Orlicí and Žamberk in eastern Bohemia. Occasionally I classified images of other species that have arisen by chance rather while waiting for some birds. To a lesser extent, I takie photos, in remote regions, and occasionally even outside the Czech Republic…
Photographer - Jiri Bohdal
Excellent all-round photographer with some great bird pictures…
Photographer - Jiri Jech
Photos of birds and other images of nature in the Czech Republic…